Warm-up #15: This graph is titled the "Malthusian Trap." Why ...

Warm-up #15: This graph is titled the "Malthusian Trap." Why ...

Warm Up # 6 What do you think is the most important invention that you use each day. Why is it so important? Cannot say smartphone. Before the Ind. Rev. Notes (13-14)

1. Write questions on the left hand side of your notes. One Questions per box Each questions should be answered by what you have circled or highlighted in that box. 2. Write you Summary

Two to four sentences in length Must include ALL words that you circled in your notes THE BIRTH OF INDUSTRIALISM Pg. 17 Essential Question What conditions/

events lead to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution? The Beginning of Change: Agricultural Revolution Enclosure Movement:

Causes of Enclosure Movement: The enclosing or fencing off of land to secure ownership of expensive crops/animals Better crops, advances in farming techniques/technologies and animal breeding lead to farming for profit not just to live Results of Enclosure Movement:

Farming needs far less workers to produce far more crops Peasants are kicked off land and have no jobs/home Workers move to cities to find work - Urbanization The Beginnings of Change: Industrial Needs 1. Land (Natural Resources)

Raw materials Water (transportation) Coal Iron or steel 2. Labor (workers)

Large, local population to work in factories 3. Capital (Money) Money to invest in infrastructure Buildings, machinery, roads, raw materials etc.

The Beginnings of Change: Textile Industry Demand for colorful, cool, cotton cloth grows by 1700 Domestic system cant meet demand, new ideas are needed 1760 Spinning Jenny

James Hargreaves 1787 Power Loom Edmond Cartwright 1793 Cotton Gin

Eli Whitney 1760s Steam Engine James Watt The Beginnings of Change: Textile Industry

New industries and machines increase demand for Iron and Steel New steel refining strategies developed People began paving roads Improved drainage crushed gravel MANKIND: THE STORY OF ALL OF US Workbook pg. 20

Mankind: The Story of All of Us Ep. 10 Revolutions Start at 4:13 27:00 1st: 2nd: 6th: 11:19

7th: 9:36 Last year day 1 15-19 minutes. Warm Up # 7 What are the 3 things that a country needs in order to industrialize. What is the importance of each?

Hint: Look in your notes (pg. 18) Essential Question What events lead to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution? The Growth of Industry

Great Britain tried to keep its industrial developments a secret Prevented inventors from leaving the country 1789: Samuel Slater, in disguise, snuck on ship to the U.S. Profit to be made by explaining industrialization = Intellectual Property

Until late 1800s only Great Britain, France, U.S. and Germany had industrialized. Growth of Industry: New Terms Capitalism: free enterprise. Economic system where individuals and firms, not the government, own the means of production.

land, machinery, workplace Industrial Capitalism: Continually expanding factories and new investments. Using profits from one business to create/expand another Mass Production: Using Machines to replace human labor.

Interchangeable Parts: identical parts that could be exchanged from one machine to another. Makes production faster, easier, and cheaper Made production faster and easier Division of Labor (Specialization):

Breaking down production into specific tasks instead of making an entire product. Allows worker to focus on one task Makes production faster, easier, and cheaper Interactions

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