Veterans Incarcerated in NC Particularly Those Preparing to Return to Our Communities Background In 2000, the U.S. Department of Justice estimated that 12% of those incarcerated in jails and prisons were veterans 80% of those veterans were eligible for VA services. Without necessary intervention, this population is at high risk for medical and mental health problems as well as criminal recidivism. 2 The Case for Early Intervention
Policymakers in U.S. corrections and government have raised concerns about the societal and institutional costs of a criminal justice system that does not address re-entry. The re-entry movement has been fueled in part by a renewed hopefulness regarding criminal rehabilitation (Campbell, 2005) (Sherman et al., 1997;Loosel, 1995). 3 Health Issues
81% substance abuse 12% homelessness 19% mental health 5 times > general population for AIDS * 9 times > general population for hepatitis * 4 times > general population for tuberculosis * (2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics) (National Commission on Correctional Health Care Report *) 4 Benefits of Early Intervention
Veterans are able to preemptively plan for: Medical Care Mental Health Treatment Substance Abuse Treatment Vocational Rehabilitation Transitional Housing Social Services 5
Benefits of Early Intervention Securing needed services upon release will likely contribute to: Decrease in criminal recidivism Successful community adjustment Self Sufficiency Prevention of Homelessness Increased quality of life
Family reunification 6 HCRV Goal Promote successful community integration Conduct outreach while incarcerated Engage in treatment and rehabilitation to: Prevent homelessness Readjust to community life Desist from commission of new crimes or parole or probation violations Council of State Governments Justice Center. Justice Reinvestment in NC, 2011 2009 Release By County
Council of State Governments Justice Center. Justice Reinvestment in NC. 2011. Council of State Governments Justice Center. Justice Reinvestment in NC, 2011 BOP Federal Complex in Butner BOP Federal Contract Facility Rivers in Winton Veterans incarcerated in NCDPS On any given day between 2,000 and 2,500 Numbers from VRSS often miss those who served during/prior to Vietnam Self-report from NCDPS numbers are higher
1,920 Veterans in NC state prisons (VRSS) 414 with release dates in 2015 233 with release dates in 2016 146 with release dates in 2017 Filing Claims While Incarcerated Income is a protective factor against recidivism and homelessness Need the assistance of VSOs VA has a duty to assist Difficulties with C&P exams while in institutions http://www.va.gov/homeless/vjo.asp
Veteran Justice Outreach Specialists (presentencing) Fayetteville VA Medical Center W.G. Bill Hefner VA Medical Center 230 Ramsey Street 1601 Brenner Ave Fayetteville, NC 28301 Salisbury, NC 28144 Curtis Murrow, MSW (Harnett VTC)
Carolyn Cardwell, LCSW 800.771.6106 x 7225 800.469.8262 x 4129 (south) Cristen Koslik, LCSW (Cumberland VTC) 800.771.6106 x 5742 Kate Sullivan, LCSW 704.762.5064 (north) Charles George VA Medical Center 1100 Tunnel Road Asheville, NC 28805
Durham VA Medical Center http://www.va.gov/homeless/reentry.asp Health Care for Reentry Veterans Specialist Lucas Vrbsky, GED, MSW W.G. Bill Hefner VA Medical Center 1601 Brenner Ave (122) Salisbury, NC 28144 800.469.8262 x 5521 (office) 704.267.9565 (mobile) [email protected] Supportive Services for Veteran Families (SSVF) http://www.va.gov/homeless/ssvf.asp
Through the Supportive Services for Veteran Families Program, VA aims to improve very low-income Veteran families' housing stability by providing supportive services in, or transitioning to, permanent housing. VA funds community-based organizations to provide eligible Veteran families with outreach, case management and assistance in obtaining VA and other benefits. Grantees may also provide time-limited payments to third parties (e.g., landlords, utility companies, moving companies and licensed child care providers) if these payments help Veterans' families stay in or acquire permanent housing on a sustainable basis. Organization Agency Intake # Counties Served
Family Endeavors, Inc. (910) 672-6166 Anson, Beaufort, Bladen, Brunswick, Cabarrus, Carteret, Catawba, Chatham, Cleveland, Columbus, Craven, Cumberland, Davie, Davidson, Duplin, Gaston, Greene, Harnett, Hoke, Iredell, Johnston, Jones, Lee, Lenoir, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Montgomery, Moore, New Hanover, Pamlico, Pender, Pitt, Onslow, Randolph, Richmond, Robeson, Rowan, Sampson, Scotland, Stanly, Union, Wayne, Wilson Community Link Programs of Travelers Aid Society of Central Carolinas, Inc. (704) 943-9490 North Carolina: Mecklenburg, Cabarrus, Catawba, Gaston, Lincoln, Rowan, Davidson, Union, Stanly, Iredell. South Carolina: Lancaster, Chester, Chesterfield and York.
Volunteers of America of The Carolinas, Inc. (919) 530-1100 Alamance, Bertie, Caswell, Chatham, Durham, Edgecombe, Franklin, Granville, Halifax, Harnett, Hertford, Johnston, Lee, Martin, Nash, Northampton, Orange, Person, Pitt, Randolph, Rockingham, Vance, Wake, Warren, Wayne, Wilson, Washington Homeward Bound of Western North Carolina (828) 258-1695 Ext 108 Buncombe United Way of Forsyth County, Inc.
Passage Home Inc. The Alston Wilkes Society (AWS, Alston Wilkes Veterans Home) Community Action Partnership (704) 372-3404 Mecklenburg (and parts of SC) (803) 799-2490 Ext 315 (910) 347-0060 Onslow, Duplin, Pender Grant and Per Diem Program
Transitional Housing VA Grant and Per Diem Program (GPD) is offered annually (as funding permits) by the Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care for Homeless Veterans (HCHV) Programs to fund community agencies providing services to homeless Veterans. The purpose is to promote the development and provision of supportive housing and/or supportive services with the goal of helping homeless Veterans achieve residential stability, increase their skill levels and/or income, and obtain greater selfdetermination. GPD programs offer supportive housing (up to 24 months) or service centers. Most GPD programs charge 30% of your income. Following is a list of GPD programs in North Carolina. There are also several contract residential programs that provide transitional housing for up to three months Name & Location of GPD Program
Phone Number Comments Veterans Restoration Quarters and Transitional Housing (ABCCM) 1329 Tunnel Rd Asheville, NC 28805 828.299.8701 24 month program. Converted motel. www.abccm.org/ministries/veterans Mens Program. Steadfast House (ABCCM) 30 Cumberland Ave Asheville, NC 28801
828.259.5365 Womens Program. Women with young children welcome. http://www.abccm.org/ministries/women First at Blue Ridge (Vets First) PO Box 40 Ridgecrest, NC 28770 828.669.0011 For those in recovery from substance use disorders. www.firstinc.org Mens program and Womens Program. Near Asheville Family Forum (Independence Place) 3501 E Independence Blvd Charlotte, NC 28805
(704) 817-8049 Faith Farm (Lutheran Family Services) 842 Dallas-Stanley Highway Dallas, NC 28034 800.435.7464 Womens Program. www.lfscarolinas.org Near Charlotte. Healing with CAARE 214 Broadway St Durham, NC 27701
919.687.0793 24 month program. Shared living space, single rooms in several houses. http://caare-inc.org Maple Court (Volunteers of America) 207 Commons Blvd Durham, NC 27704 919.477.0571 Apartments. 24 month program. Triangle Residential Options for Substance Abusers (TROSA) 1820 James St Durham, NC 27707
919.419.1059 For those in recovery from substance use disorders (alcohol and other drugs). Must be able to work. 24 month program. www.trosainc.org Servant Center 1312 Lexington Ave Greensboro, NC 27403 336.275.8585 For those with medical issues and receiving or applying for benefits. Mens Program. http://www.theservantcenter.org Caring Services Vet Safety Net 102 Chestnut Drive
High Point, NC 27262 336.886.5594 For those in recovery from substance use disorders (alcohol and other drugs). Mens Program. www.caringservices.org Arthur Cassell Transitional House 1022 True Lane High Point, NC 27260 336.885.2166 For those in recovery from substance use disorders (alcohol and other drugs). 24 month mens program. www.odm-hp.org/ch.htm Healing Place of Wake County
1251 Goode St Raleigh, NC 919.838.9800 For those in recovery from substance use disorders (alcohol and other drugs). 24 month program. www.hpowc.org Veterans Helping Veterans Heal 3614 N Glenn Ave Winston-Salem, NC 27105 336.744.1313 For those in recovery from substance use disorders (alcohol and other drugs). Mens program. www.vhvh.org Good Shepherd Ministries
811 Martin St Wilmington, NC 28401 910.763.4424 For those in recovery from substance use disorders. 18 month program. http://www.goodshepherdwilmington.org 877.WAR.VETS 877.927.8387 Questions, Comments, Concerns What has been left out of this discussion? How can we work together to best serve Veterans incarcerated who will be returning citizens to our communities?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? References Blue-Howells, J. & McGuire, J. (2007). The VA-Corrections Partnership: Expanding Re-enty Services for Americas Incarcerated Veterans. On the Line: A Publication of the American Correctional Association, 30 (3). Campbell, R. (2003). Dollars and sentences: Legislators views on prisons, punishment, and the budget crisis New York, New York: Vera Institute of Justice. Council of State Governments Justice Center. Justice Reinvestment in NC: Analysis and Policy Framework to Reduce Spending on Corrections and Reinvest in Strategies to Increase Public Safety (New York: Council of State Governments Justice Center. 2011). Losel, F. (1995). The efficacy of correctional treatment: A review and synthesis of
meta-evaluations. In J. McGuire (Ed.), What Works: Reducing Reoffending (New York: John Wiley and sons). McGuire, J. (2007). DRAFT White Paper: A logic model for VA health care for re-entry veterans VA Homelessness Prevention and Incarcerated Veterans Programs. 28
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