Using Workgroups to Strengthen and Expand the Anti ...

Using Workgroups to Strengthen and Expand the Anti ...

Human Trafficking and Child Welfare in NC D. F. Duncan Research Professor UNC-CH School Of Social Work Eastern Region Program Administrators August 23, 2018 Agenda Introduction to Project NO REST Human Trafficking in North Carolina Human Trafficking and Child Welfare Identifying Potential Human Trafficking Survivors

Group Discussion This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Language & Sensitivity What ideas, images, or words come to mind when you hear the words Human Trafficking? This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01,

and the Governors Crime Commission. Project NO REST Project NO REST (North Carolina Organizing and Responding to the Exploitation and Sexual Trafficking of Children) is a five year effort funded by the U. S. Childrens Bureau The project addresses the trafficking of youth in North Carolina through age 25 A primary focus is the trafficking of childwelfare involved youth This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission

Project NO REST Goals Increase awareness of human trafficking affecting children and youth in NC, especially those involved in the child welfare system Reduce the number of these youth who are trafficked Improve outcomes for those who are trafficked This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01,

and the Governors Crime Commission Project NO REST Goals Overall, strengthen and expand the anti-trafficking infrastructure in North Carolina Increase the capacity of agencies statewide to identify human trafficking and to offer victims services This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission.

Project NO REST Project NO REST is a federally funded project to address trafficking of child welfare-involved youth in North Carolina The project brought together a broad base of stakeholders from public agencies and private organizations to develop and implement a comprehensive strategic plan to address trafficking of these youth That plan addresses approaches to prevention as well as ways to engage youth, screen them, and provide services so that they can heal and transition to independent living

This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission Project NO REST You can find that plan at: http://projectnorest.web.unc.edu/ This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission.

Project NO REST We also recruited five pilot sites, representing 17 counties and the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians, to implement that plan This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Project NO REST Pilot Sites This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the

US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in North Carolina Funded through the Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant #90CA1822-01 Human Trafficking in North Carolina Common Threads https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nD21t2kzkts

This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in North Carolina What is human trafficking? Human trafficking is defined as forcing, fooling or frightening someone into performing labor or sex acts for profit. Any commercial sex act with minors is considered trafficking. Human trafficking can occur anywhere, in large cities, small towns and rural areas.

This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in North Carolina There is human trafficking in North Carolina. We think the state is a hub for human trafficking due to its major highways, big sporting events, and large population. Trafficking occurs all over the state. This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01,

and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in North Carolina In 2017, North Carolina ranked 8th in the nation for the number of human trafficking cases This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in North Carolina This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01,

and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in North Carolina This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in the US: Major Types 1. Escort Services 14.Construction

2. Illicit Massage, Health & Beauty 15.Hotels & Hospitality 3. Outdoor Solicitation 16.Landscaping 4. Residential 17.Illicit Activities 5. Domestic Work 18.Arts & Entertainment 6. Bars, Strip Club, & Cantinas 19.Commercial Cleaning Services 7. Pornography 20.Factories & Manufacturing 8. Traveling Sales Crews

21.Remote Interactive Sexual Acts 9. Restaurants & Food Service 22.Carnivals 10.Peddling & Begging 23.Forestry & Logging 11.Agriculture & Animal Husbandry 24.Health Care 12.Personal Sexual Servitude 25.Recreational Facilities 13.Health & Beauty Services Source: https://polarisproject.org/sites/default/files/Polaris-Typology-of-Modern-Slaver This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01,

and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking in North Carolina Human trafficking is one of the most difficult crimes to spot because victims are ordinary people. However, there are signs that can help you identify yourself and others as potential trafficking victims. Learning the risk factors and potential indicators is the first step in getting the help you or a victim needs. This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission.

Human Trafficking in North Carolina Cindy https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=6&v=k90rPnuwNF Y This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Are Risk Factors For Children Who Are Sex Trafficked?

Parental or Caregiver Risk Factors 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Abuse or Neglect Addiction (substances and gambling) Severe and (or) chronic psychological disturbances Teenage parenting Prolonged absence (prison, hospital) and (or) desertion

Source: Hargreaves-Cormany et al. 2016b This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Are Risk Factors For Children Who Are Sex Trafficked? Child Factors 1. 2. 3. 4.

Temperament Medical conditions Hospitalizations and (or) separations Genetic factors Source: Hargreaves-Cormany et al. 2016b This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Are Risk Factors For Children Who Are Sex Trafficked?

Environmental Factors 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Poverty Witnessing or being a victim of violence Lack of support and (or) resources Multiple out of home placements High stress and (or) chaos in the family or community

Lack of stimulation Source: Hargreaves-Cormany et al. 2016b This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Are Risk Factors For Children Who Are Sex Trafficked? History of running away or getting kicked out of home Definition of running away or getting kicked out of home: Include times the youth did not voluntarily return within 24 hours, and include incidents not

reported by or to law enforcement. History of homelessness or housing instability This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Are Risk Factors for Foreign Nationals Who Are Trafficked? May have specific vulnerabilities due to: Low English proficiency Cultural differences Lack of trust of governmental authorities or systems

History of trauma, including civil unrest or prolonged community violence Social isolation Lack of legal status (documentation) This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Do We Know About Exploiters Who Traffic? Four methods of sex trafficking Pimp Controlled Gang Controlled

Familial Survival Sex Mapp, 2016 This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Do We Know About Exploiters Who Traffic? Motivation for most pedophiles is driven by sexual fantasy while the motivation for exploiters is frequently predatory in nature with the intent to gain financially or sexual gratification Exploiters provide a false sense of love and often create an

illusion of a fantasy life while preying on the victims vulnerabilities and attachment issues They manipulate a victim to train and control them This increases the victims physical and psychological isolation Source: Hargreaves-Cormany et al. 2016a This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. What Do We Know About Exploiters When targeting victims, sex traffickers gain trust and confidence of vulnerable children or adults by

manipulating their emotions and offering them a better life through false promises of security, protection and love Victims typically form trauma bonds with their traffickers through traumatic dependency, shame, and hopelessness This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare

Funded through the Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant #90CA1822-01 Human Trafficking and Child Welfare PL 113-183 Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act Enacted September 29, 2014 Required state child welfare agencies to develop and implement policies, protocols, and procedures for: Identifying, documenting, and providing services for trafficking

victims Reporting and locating children missing from foster care Collecting and reporting data This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare PL 114-22 Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act Enacted May 29, 2015 Requires state child welfare agencies to develop and

implement policies and procedures for: Identifying and assessing reports involving known or suspected child trafficking victims Training child welfare workers Collecting and reporting data This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare House Bill 776 Changes the definition of Abused Juveniles under GS 7B101(1)

Changes the definition of Neglected Juvenile under GS 7B101(15) Senate Bill 162 Provision that allows human trafficking victims to use their status as a victim for certain protections and legal defenses Changes the definition of Abused Juveniles under GS 7B101(1) This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare You will need to screen to determine if the child is being held in involuntary servitude

Involuntary servitude is a type of human trafficking called labor trafficking. It is defined as: The performance of labor, whether or not for compensation, or whether or not for the satisfaction of a debt and By deception, coercion, or intimidation using violence or the threat of violence or by any other means of coercion or intimidation. This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare

You will need to screen to determine if the child is being held in sexual servitude Sexual servitude is a type of human trafficking called sex trafficking. It is defined as: Any sexual activity as defined in G.S. 14-190.13 for which anything of value is directly or indirectly given, promised to, or received by any person, which conduct is induced or obtained by coercion or deception or which conduct is induced or obtained from a person under the age of 18 years or Any sexual activity as defined in G.S. 14-190.13 that is performed or provided by any person, which conduct is induced or obtained by coercion or deception or which conduct is induced or obtained from a person under the age of 18 years

This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare Sex trafficking sometimes occurs when individuals exchange children for acts of sex. This exchange may involve: An individual being directly or indirectly given, promised, or receiving anything of value in exchange for the child or An individual using a child or childs acts of sex to satisfy a debt Sex trafficking may involve: Allowing, forcing or coercing the child to engage in prostitution or

Allowing, forcing or coercing the child to engage in the production of child pornography This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare If the allegations meet the statutory criteria for juvenile human trafficking, the referral shall be accepted, regardless of the relationship between the perpetrator and the juvenile Such reports must be accepted as abuse and neglect

Dependency may be present but if the report is screened in due to the human trafficking allegations, it must be screened in as abuse and neglect. This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare The requirements of a CPS Assessment are not altered when it involves allegations of human trafficking Within 24 hours of accepting the report the County child welfare agency must: Check the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children to see if the child or

youth has been reported missing Check the North Carolina Center for Missing Persons to see if the child or youth has been reported missing Check with the appropriate local law enforcement agency to see if the child or youth has been reported missing/runaway This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Human Trafficking and Child Welfare If the child is a foreign national, you must notify the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to facilitate

the provision of interim assistance The County Child welfare worker must contact OTIP Child Protection Specialists at [email protected] or (202) 205-4582 You will need to provide the childs name, age, location, country of origin, and plus some additional information This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Identifying Potential Human Trafficking Survivors

Funded through the Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant #90CA1822-01 Identifying Potential Human Trafficking Survivors Interviewers should be comfortable working with trafficking victims, sensitive to their special needs, and aware that they are likely to be suffering the impacts of traumatic experiences It is critical to establish a safe place Individual needs to feel comfortable and protected Never interview within sight of the potential trafficker.

Ensure privacy The interviewer may experience secondary trauma This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Identifying Potential Human Trafficking Survivors Visible signs of abuse such as unexplained bruises, black eyes, cuts, or marks. Fear of person accompanying them. Exhibit hyper-vigilance or paranoid behavior. Secrecy of whereabouts

Wearing new clothes of any style or getting hair or nails done with no financial means to do this independently. This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Identifying Potential Human Trafficking Survivors A young person with a tattoo which he or she is reluctant to explain Childs appearance and/or actions contradict the information they give

Personal information such as age, name, and/or date of birth might change with each telling of the story or information given is contradictory Has no identification or is not in control of his or her identification documents This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Identifying Potential Human Trafficking Survivors Frequency or multiple sexually transmitted diseases, STI or pregnancies

Unaccounted for times, vagueness concerning whereabouts, and/or defensiveness in response to questions or concerns Truancy or tardiness from school This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Group Discussion Case Scenario What indicators of possible human trafficking are present in the scenario?

How would I respond if I were the legal custodian of Julie? What resources would I contact for additional assistance? This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Stay in Touch Websites: http://projectnorest.web.unc.edu/ https://www.projectnorest.org/

Social Media Project NO REST on Facebook Also a Spanish version on Facebook Project_NO_REST on Twitter project_norest on Snapchat This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the

US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission. Question? For more information, contact: D. F. Duncan [email protected] This project was supported by Grant No 2015-VA-GX-0019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, US Department of Justice, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Childrens Bureau, Grant No 90CA1822-01, and the Governors Crime Commission

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Construction Noise & Hearing Loss Prevention Noise  What

    Construction Noise & Hearing Loss Prevention Noise What

    Noise - What are the health risks? Construction Noise & Hearing Loss Prevention. Exercise B-2(A) INSTRUCTOR NOTES: The Stand-Alone Exercises (individual PowerPoint slides) and the Cumulative Presentation (includes slides for all 4 lessons), can be used on their own or...
  • State of Settlement: Manitoba Plan October 27, 2017

    State of Settlement: Manitoba Plan October 27, 2017

    Manitoba - Urban & Small Centers. The city of Winnipeg is the only Major Urban Center in Manitoba. In 2016, a Small Centers Strategy was adopted across the Prairies and Northern Territories (PNT) region to focus on a consistent approach...
  • Introduction to Rhetoric

    Introduction to Rhetoric

    Vivid imagery: pictures or words describing the beauty of a natural resource, the horror of a bird dying from pesticides, etc. Tone: Does the author/ad create a sense of urgency, drama, sarcasm, humor, fear? What feelings does the author try...
  • HemoCue H201DM

    HemoCue H201DM

    Clinitest hCG Technique Set the test table up correctly, ensuring the table insert has the cassette side is facing upwards. Fill the mini-pipette (found within the foil packet) with enough urine so that the lower of the two bulbs is...
  • Utility-Allowance-Calc-Basics-2018

    Utility-Allowance-Calc-Basics-2018

    Check, calculate and change utility allowance at least once per calendar year as. applicable. Make sure that the utility allowance used is a method approved by OHCS and the IRS. Reduce rents within time frame allowed if applicable
  • Bellwork- fill in the blank 1. 1. ______________

    Bellwork- fill in the blank 1. 1. ______________

    Bellwork- fill in the blank _____ Effect= when consumers react to an increase in a good's price by consuming less of that good and more of other goods.
  • Live Centers - University of Idaho

    Live Centers - University of Idaho

    -Borings bars are universal, however the tool mountsare different for CNC and manual lathes. by Bryce Winterbottom & Beth Madsen. Boring bars come in various shapes and sizes. They can be used to cut contours such as those found in...
  • Basic Biology (Ch. 1)

    Basic Biology (Ch. 1)

    Periodic Table Basics . Mass Number (atomic mass number) - Total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom . ... Chemistry in Biology. A catalyst is a substance that lowers the activation energy needed to start...