Unit 5-Poetry Study Guide Notes - Chandler Unified School ...
Unit 5Poetry Study Guide Notes Personification Definition: When non-human objects or animals are given human characteristics Examples: When you let proud words go, its not easy to call them back; they walk off proud Brooks are always laughing
I thought the earth remembered Alliteration Definition: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words Examples: Crusts of black burned buttered toast, gristly bits of beefy roasts the slim curved crook of the moon tonight
Well do it all, on our Metaphor Definition: A comparison drawn between two or more unlike things Examples: Raymond is a bear when hes tired. Fame is a bee; it has a songit has a sting. The earth is a black shuffling bear I am a feather on the bright sky Simile
Definition: A comparison drawn between two or more unlikely things using the words like or as Examples: Ethan was like a bull in a china shop. His back felt stiff as a board. The sight of his destroyed home mad him recoil like a snake.
The rollercoaster was as high as a mountain. Hyperbole Definition: An exaggeration or impossible statement Examples: Strong as 10 regular men, definitely. You know Id walk 1,000 miles if I could just see you tonight. Ive told you a million times It was so cold, I saw polar bears wearing jackets
Onomatopoeia Definition: the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings Examples: Bong! Bong! Bong! The bell sounded over and over again It SUSHES. It hushes the loudness in the road Plop, plop, fizz, fizz, oh what a Mood
Definition: the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader Examples: The mood in Scaffolding was hopeful. The mood in Annabel Lee was solemn, sad, and depressing. What was the mood of Childhood? Reminiscent, happy, energetic, Speaker
Definition: the voice that talks to the reader, similar to the narrator in fiction Examples: The speaker in Scaffolding is someone in a lovely relationship The speaker in Annabel Lee is the person in love with Annabel Lee Who is the speaker in Tamaras Opus? Tamaras brother, Josh Bennett Imagery
Definition: words or phrases that appeal to a readers five senses Examples: Look- The sun paints the desert with its gold. Feel- The teddy bear felt as soft as velvet. Sound- Saras loud scream pierced the hallways like a fire alarm. Taste-The tangy, juicy lemon was Rhyme Scheme Definition: the pattern of end rhymes in a
poem; rhyme scheme is noted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with a, to each line Example: It was many and many a year ago A In a kingdom buy the sea, B That a maiden there lived whom you may know A By the name of Annabel Lee; B
Repetition Definition: a technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for emphasis or unity Examples: Cannon to the right of them/ Cannon to the left of them/ Cannon in front of them How thin and sharp is the moon tonight How thin and sharp and ghostly white Inference Definition: a technique to better understand
poetry by making a logical guess about images and figurative language in a poem Example: Sleeping in the Forest LINE: I slept/ as never before, a stone/ on the riverbed. I KNOW: The speaker compares herself to a stone. Stones are completely still. INFERENCE: The speaker slept soundly, without moving. Connotation Definition: the ideas and feelings associated
with the word, as opposed to its dictionary definition; connotation can be either negative or positive Example: The word mother has the connotation of love, warmth, and security. Heather was very skinny. (negative connotation) Heather was very slender. (positive connotation) Free Verse Poem Definition: poetry without regular
patterns of rhyme and rhythm; some poets use free verse to capture the sounds and rhythms of ordinary speech Examples: Childhood Sleeping in the Forest Black Hole Brain Under the Back Porch Standard/Traditional Poem Definition: poems that follow fixed rules; for instance, they might have a certain number of lines or a repeating
pattern of rhythm or rhyme Examples: A Minor Bird Scaffolding Limericks Haikus Types of Poems Lyric Poems Characteristics: presents the feelings and personal thoughts of a single speaker
varies in form covers many subjects from love to death to everyday events Examples: Taramas Opus Sleeping in the Forest Types of Poems continued Haikus Characteristics: Japanese poetry consists of 17 syllables arranged in three lines
of 5, 7, and 5 syllables strict rules to follow (traditional poem) poets conveys a strong emotional response centers on a symbol that instantly reminds its readers of a season Examples: Two Haiku by Bash Types of Poems continued Limericks Characteristics: humorous poem
composed of 5 lines with the rhyme scheme aabba has a sing-song rhythm Example: There was an old man with a beard A Who said, "its just how I feared! A Two owls and a hen B Four larks and a wren B Have all built their nests in my beard. A
- Anonymous- Types of Poems continued Humorous Poems Characteristics: sound devices that make the poem fun to read aloud descriptions that are exaggerated for comic effect elements of fantasy that sweep readers into another world Examples: Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout Would Not Take
the Garbage Out Limericks Types of Poems continued Narrative Poems Characteristics: Tells a story Contains elements of fiction: characters, setting, and plot Contains elements of poetry: rhyme, rhythm, imagery, and figurative language Examples: Annabel Lee
The Highwayman Types of Sentences Exclamatory: An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling and ends with an exclamation point. Example: I cant believe you did that! Interrogative: An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark. Example: Which way did the ice cream truck go?
Types of Sentences Declarative: A declarative sentence makes a statement and ends with a period. Example: The dog wore a blue collar. Imperative: An imperative sentence makes a request or gives a command and usually ends with a period or exclamation point. Example: John, take out the trash. Mom said. OR John, take out the trash! Mom said.
Passive vs. Active Voice Passive Voice: In a sentence that uses the passive voice, the subject of the sentence receives the verbs action. Example: The Light Brigade will be remembered by the world. Active Voice: In a sentence that uses the active voice, the subject performs the verbs action. Example: The world will remember the Light Brigade.
Transitional Words Definition: words that allow the reader to flow more smoothly from one point to the next; to show the sequence or order of events Examples: Again, moreover, as well as, first, second, third, furthermore, similarly, in contrast, after all, nevertheless, however, since, in order to, in other words, especially, as a result of, in conclusion, etc. Refer to your list of transitional words/phrases
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