Unit 3: Notes # PERSUASION

Unit 3: Notes # PERSUASION

UNIT 3: NOTES #20 PERSUASION Remember to label your notes by number. This way you will know if you are missing notes, youll know what notes you need, etc. Include the date of the notes given. PERSUASION VS. ARGUMENT Persuasion and argument are often used interchangeably Persuasion is a broad term, which includes many tactics

designed to move people to a position, a belief, or a course of action Argument is a specific kind of persuasion based on the principles of logic and reasoning ESSENTIAL PIECES OF AN ARGUMENT An issue open to debate Your position on the issue Your reasons for that position

Evidence to support your reason Experience, expert opinion, research and statistics THE ROLE OF THE AUDIENCE Understanding your audience is key to effective writing of all kinds, especially persuasive writing An argument is an implicit dialogue or exchange with your audience, so in writing arguments, assume there is a reader that will not agree with you Audience awareness is absolutely essential to successful persuasion and

argument; therefore Know your audience What is their position on the issue? How strongly do they feel about it? Are they open-minded enough to consider other views?

What will their objections be to your argument? STRUCTURE OF A CLASSIC ARGUMENT Introduction Thesis Statement Background Information Reasons and Evidence The Opposing View and the Refutation

Conclusions USING A REASONABLE TONE Shows you are fair-minded and therefore adds to your credibility When you acknowledge the opposition with balanced language, it shows that your respect the opposing views No matter how passionate you are about the issue, dont resort to careless, harsh words; this would show more about your than the issue

OFFERING A COUNTER ARGUMENT Addressing the opposition demonstrates your credibility as a writer It shows that you have researched multiple sides of the argument and have come to an informed decision Remember, keep a balanced tone when attempting to debunk the opposition

LETS PRACTICE NOW IT IS YOUR TURN Write a paragraph designed to PERSUADE the argument assigned to the audience assigned. Be sure to have three reasons with evidence to support your reasons. Remember to address the counter-argument and refute it appropriately.

Option 1: Nearly all private schools require students to wear uniforms. Should public school students wear uniforms too? Argue for or against school uniforms for public school students to the schools administration. Option 2: Should parents be a childs disciplinarian, or their best friend? Take a position and argue it as an open letter in the newspaper. Option 3: Many students feel that taking physical education in high school is not necessary, while others see great benefit in it. Should physical education be a graduation requirement? Write to convince your legislators Option 4: Celebrities normally get paid many times the amount that firefighters, teachers and policemen earn. Think about whether you believe that celebrity salaries should be lowered. Now convince the general public

that your point of view is justified. Option 5: Current research suggests that because teenagers have different sleep patterns, they would benefit from beginning the school day at a later time. Suppose the School Board proposed that high school schedules begin at 9:30 a.m. and end at 4:30 p.m. Argue to the School Board your thoughts about whether this later schedule would be beneficial

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