Under the skin.. of multiculturalism Critical Debates in the film
Problems of definition Promise and reality Colonial legacy Post war migrants Integration & Assimilation Fear of Multiculturalism?
Identity Politics Media Representations The City Limits to Diversity? Objectives 1. To review the findings from our
research 2. To suggest ways of opening up the debate to students through visual means 3. To obtain some feedback on these ideas and develop more interactive teaching materials
Definitions Problematic many conflate the fact of diversity (ie over 8% in UK) with diverse and conflicting values David Dabydeen - city is constituted rather like the separated cells in a beehive each one with its unique sensations, codes and values,
yet how often do many of us venture into the other cells and really get to know, to absorb, these? a set of principles, policies, and practices for accommodating diversity as a legitimate and integral component
of society. (Fleras in Charlton and Baker, 1994, p. 26) Discourses of Multiculturalism Recipe for segregation (Trevor Philips) Tokenistic at best (Chas Critcher) Means of containing black communities
through separate ethnic fiefdoms (Arun Kundnani) a critical dialogue with other cultures. (Bhiku Parekh) Non-existent (Malcolm Cumberbatch) Sleepwalking?
"I think we are: we are sleepwalking our way to segregation. We are becoming strangers to each other, and we are leaving communities to be marooned outside the mainstream."
Trevor Phillips today at the Manchester Council for Community Relations. 22 September 2005 Tokenism?
Diluting or disregarding good old British values - whatever they are... Shakespeare and soccer, the
'Dunkirk spirit'? A panacea? - opens the way to combat insularity and ethnocentrism Ethnic Absolutism?
The end of multiculturalism? Reasons for this backlash against the informal 'drift' of multiculturalism: motivated by a western fear of Islam and a sudden concern that boundaries have not been properly drawn. The superficial cool of multicultural,
(chicken tikka masala) Britannia was expedient now seen as mistaken As assertion of political and economic rights for minority groups become louder Sense of identities becoming submerged and blurred global processes
Rhetoric of diversity which sustained the CRE has withered away as the state requires consensus against threat to elite nations dominance Demonstrated through mass resistance to US & UK invasion of Iraq Doubts about the war on terror
Loss of hegemony containment of expedient multiculturalism not working Need to re-assert British values Shifting Media Representations Shifting Media Representations
Identity Politics? 5. The notion of 'identity politics' stemming from a postmodern shift in society is often sited as the cause of this focus on difference do you accept that some sort of postmodern phase took place and that
this created a different fragmented view of identity? Calls for community cohesion and the integration agenda (CRE) Assimilation and integration are not far removed
Focus on local level is important but withers away at point of delivery Difficulty of policy which always seems to be looking from the outside in Andharder to admit - academics have also preserved this insulation from reality
Fear of multiculturalism? We must end the ruinous doctrine of multiculturalism and reassert British identity and British values and insist that although Muslims are a valued minority, they must abide by majority rules.
Melanie Phillips (Daily Mail, November 7, 2005) following the demonstrations in France The real failure of multiculturalism is its failure to understand what is valuable
about cultural diversity. There is nothing good in itself about diversity. It is important because it allows us to compare and contrast different values, beliefs and lifestyles, make judgements upon them, and
decide which are better and which worse. Kenan malik.com
Essays: the real value of diversity This essay first appeared in Connections (winter 2002). A shorter version appeared on spikedonline. Cultural diversity only makes sense within a framework of common values and beliefs that enable us to treat all people equally.
and to create such a framework requires us to be a bit more intolerant and to show a bit less respect. (Kenan Malik) Limits to Diversity?
'lifestyle diversity and high immigration can erode feelings of mutual obligation, reducing willingness to pay tax [and contribute to welfare provisions]'. Goodhart, David Too diverse Prospect, February 2004
Limits? the real problem is not a surfeit of strangers in our midst but the abandonment over the past two decades of ideologically based politics for a politics of identity.
Limits? ...The result has been the fragmentation of society as different groups assert their particular identities - and the creation of a well of resentment within white working class communities who feel left out. Malik, K (2004) Too Diverse: A Response to
David Goodhart Charting shifts in idea of Multiculturalism visually
Using other visual codes Models Multiculturalism basically means that no culture is perfect or represents the best life and that it
can therefore benefit from a critical dialogue with other cultures. (Parekh, B, in BBC News Monday, 5 April, 2004) Bibliography
CRE, Speech transcript: CRE Chair Trevor Phillips today at the Manchester Council for Community Relations.
Critcher, Chas Interview from film Under the Skin Dabydeen, D 104 in McLeod 2000, 228 Fleras in Charlton and Baker, 1994, p. 26) Furedi, F (2005) Culture of Fear , Continuum Goodhart, David Too diverse Prospect, February 2004 Hall, S (2000) The Multicultural Question, Political Economy Research Centre, Lecture, transcript available on - http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/academic/N-Q/perc/lectures/Hall.html)
Kundnani, A (2002) The Death of Multiculturalism, 1 April 2002 online http://www.irr.org.uk/2002/april/ak000001.html Kundnani, A Kenan malik.com Essays: the real value of diversity This essay first appeared in Connections (winter 2002). A shorter version appeared on spiked-online. Malik, K (2004) Too Diverse: A Response to
David Goodhart Parekh, B, in BBC News Monday, 5 April, 2004) Spencer, S (2006) Race and Ethnicity: Culture, Identity and Representation, Routledge Spencer, S & Todd, M (2006) Reflecting on Practice: teaching race and ethnicity in Further and Higher Education , C-SAP Monograph, University of Birmingham
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