TOPIC 4 A CONSTITUTION FOR THE UNITED STATES Pages 193- 255 LESSON 1- A WEAK CONFEDERATION WORDS TO KNOW Currency Constitution Bill of Rights Articles of
Confederation Cede Northwest ordinance Shays rebellion Important Questions from reading support: 1,3 & 8 HOW WERE STATE CONSTITUTIONS SIMILAR ? 1. What did a state constitution spell out?
the state governments basic laws, principles, organization, and processes such as trial by jury and freedom of religion . 2. DESCRIBE
THE PERSON WHO WAS ALLOWED TO VOTE IN MOST STATES. a white male, over 21, who owned a certain amount of property or paid a certain amount of taxes 3. WHAT The articles of Confederation
WERE SOME OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION? esses of the Articles of Confederation? Let states make their own decisions Kept federal
government from being too powerful. Congress could not regulate trade; Congress could not tax :weak system Limited judicial the central
government economically and WEAKNESSES OF THE CONFEDERATION Why was it hard for the United States to pay off the debts it owed after the Revolution? 4. The federal government could not raise money because it
could not tax people. Without this money, it could not pay the countrys debts. What was the problem with Continentals, the paper currency that the Continental Congress printed? 5.
Continentals were not backed by gold or silver. POLITICAL CARTOON FROM # 4 . An Orderly ExpansionAn Orderly Expansion 6.How did Congress settle the disagreements about the western lands?
By creating the Northwest Ordinance, Congress said new territories could be admitted as new states and set up a process for that to occur. HOW DID ECONOMIC PROBLEMS LEAD TO CHANGE? Circle the group of people who demanded fair treatment as part of Shays Rebellion.
7. African Americans educators settlers
farmers 8. WHAT DID LEADERS DO AFTER SHAYS REBELLION? Farmers demanded fair treatment and many Americans saw Shays Rebellion as a sign that the Articles of Confederation were not working. Leaders from several states called for a meeting to revise the Articles.
LESSON 2 DRAFTING A CONSTITUTION- (PAGES 204-209) Important questions to Words to Know Constiutional Convention know from reading support # 1, # 4, & # 5 Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan Compromise Great Compromise Thrree-Fifths Compromise
WHO LED THE CONVENTION? 1.. GIVE A SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING KEY DELEGATES TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. oldest, wisdom president of the convention argued for strong central government favored strong central government and helped polish final draft : political knowledge helped clarify issues
Ideas about democratic government influenced the writing of the constitution 2WHY DID THE DELEGATES TO THE CONVENTION DECIDE TO KEEP THEIR DISCUSSIONS PRIVATE? to prevent being influenced by outside sources DISAGREEMENTS OVER A NEW GOVERNMENT AT THE CONSTITUTION CONVENTION, STATES DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS
ON THE QUESTION OF HOW REPRESENTATION SHOULD BE ORGANIZED IN THE NEW GOVERNMENT. CHOOSE THE SENTENCE THAT BEST DESCRIBES THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THOSE GROUPS. 3. States with lots of land vs. states with little land States with large populations vs. states with small populations
States that had a lot of industry vs. states that did not States that wanted a strong central government vs. states that wanted a weak one 4. 4. IN WHAT WAYS WERE THE VIRGINIA PLAN AND THE NEW JERSEY PLAN ALIKE? They both provided for three branches of government and said the legislative branch should
be made up of elected representatives THE GREAT COMPROMISE ? 5. EXPLAIN THE MAKE UP OF THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH THAT ROGER SHERMAN SUGGESTED IN THE GREAT COMPROMISE. THE LEGISLATURE WOULD HAVE TWO HOUSES TO FAIRLY REPRESENT ALL STATES. THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES WOULD BE BASED ON ITS POPULATION. ALL STATES WOULD HAVE THE SAME NUMBER OF DELEGATES IN THE SENATE.
THE THREE-FIFTHS COMPROMISE What conflict divided the northern and the southern states? Why? 6. Southern states wanted enslaved people included in their population counts and northern states did not. Counting
enslaved people would have given southern states much larger populations. 7. What was the Three-Fifths Compromise? Three-fifths of the enslaved people in any state would be counted when considering representation in the House of Representatives
THE CONVENTION COMES TO A CONCLUSION WAS THE NEW CONSTITUTION APPROVED BY ALL THE CONVENTION DELEGATES? WHY OR WHY NOT? . 8. 1.No, because some thought the Constitution gave too much power to
the central government. LESSON 2 DRAFTING A CONSTITUTION(LESSON 3: IDEAS THAT INFLUENCED THE CONSTITUTION PAGES 210-215 Words to Know Republic Dictatorship Magna Carta English Bill of Rights Seperation of powers
Important questions to know from reading WHAT DID AMERICANS LEARN FROM THE ROMAN REPUBLIC? 1. WHAT IS CIVIC REPUBLICANISM? 1. the tradition of encouraging citizens to take part in government to promote the well-being of the community/the common good
2.WHAT DID JEFFERSON MEAN WHEN HE WROTE, IF A NATION EXPECTS TO BE IGNORANT AND FREE, IN A STATE OF CIVILIZATION, IT EXPECTS WHAT NEVER WAS AND NEVER WILL BE? 2. to be free, independent, and civilized, a country must have educated people HOW DID ENGLISH DOCUMENTS INFLUENCE THE FRAMERS? 3. WHAT WERE THREE IDEAS IN THE MAGNA CARTA THAT HELPED SHAPE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT?
. a) monarchs are not above the law b) the Council (later the Parliament) had to be
consulted before raising taxes c) people had certain rights, including trial by jury and the right to private
# 4. WHICH DOCUMENT, WRITTEN IN 1689, ESTABLISHED PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, THE RIGHT TO A TRIAL BY JURY, AND THE RIGHT OF HABEAS CORPUS IN ENGLAND? English Bill of Rights
Compact Magna Carta Mayflower WHAT AMERICAN TRADITIONS DID THE FRAMERS DRAW ON? 5. HOW DID THE FRAMERS PLAN TO KEEP JUDGES SAFE FROM THE WILL OF THE PRESIDENT? They set up a court system that was
independent of the President and legislature. 6. WHAT PEOPLE DID NOT BENEFIT FROM THE NEW FREEDOMS SET UP IN THE CONSTITUTION? WHY? Women, African Americans, and American Indians were usually left out of the democratic rights in the Constitution because state voting laws usually allowed only adult white males who owned property to vote.
POLITICAL CARTOON ON WOMENS SUFFRAGE THE INFLUENCES OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT 7. WHAT IDEAS OF JOHN LOCKE INFLUENCED THE FRAMERS? Locke believed that all people had natural rights. He also believed that government is an agreement between a ruler and the people who are ruled. If
the ruler violates the peoples natural rights, they have the right to rebel 8. WHAT GUARANTEES IN THE CONSTITUTION HELPED PRIVATE BUSINESSES TO THRIVE? the right to private property, to enforce contracts, and engage in business activities .
9. DESCRIBE MONTESQUIEUS IDEA ABOUT THE SEPARATION OF POWERS. Montesquieu thoght the governments powers should be clearly defined and split up among three branches of government LESSON 2 DRAFTING A CONSTITUTION(LESSON 4 FEDERALISTS, ANTIFEDERALISTS, AND THE BILL OF RIGHTS: PAGES 217-222 Words to Know
Ratify Federalist Antifederalist Federalist Papers Amend Important questions to know from reading support # 2, 6 & 7 THE FEDERALISTS AND THE ANTIFEDERALISTS DEBATE
1. What were Federalists in favor of? a strong national government 2. WHAT WERE THE FEDERALIST PAPERS? a series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison to explain and defend the Constitution
3. WHAT DID THE ANTIFEDERALISTS FEAR THE CONSTITUTION MADE TOO POWERFUL AND TOO WEAK? central government, President states WHY DID ANTIFEDERALISTS DEMAND A BILL OF RIGHTS?
Choose the phrase that best describes what the Antifederalists believed that the Constitution should contain: 4. a legislative branch amendment process a bill of rights
an 5. HOW DID FIGHTING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR AFFECT HOW ANTIFEDERALISTS FELT ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION? The English king had violated many of the peoples rights, and the antifederalists wanted to make sure that such a situation would never happen again. THE RATIFICATION PROCESS
6.IN MASSACHUSETTS AND VIRGINIA, WHAT DID THE FEDERALISTS DO TO WIN OVER LEADERS WHO DID NOT SUPPORT RATIFICATION? They promised to add a bill of rights to the Constitution in the Virginia and Massachusetts Convention. 7. WHAT HAPPENED AFTER RATIFICATION? Ratification created a new system of government for the United States.
NEW AMENDMENTS 8.JAMES MADISON WROTE 12 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. HOW MANY DID THE STATES RATIFY? WHAT WERE THESE RATIFIED AMENDMENTS CALLED? . ten amendments that were called the Bill of Rights 9. WHAT ARE THE TWO PARTS OF THE FREEDOM OF RELIGION GUARANTEE IN THE FIRST AMENDMENT?
1. that people can practice any religion they want; 2. that the government will not establish a national religion LESSON 2 DRAFTING A CONSTITUTION(LESSON 5 UNDERSTANDING THE CONSTITUTION: PAGES 225-236 Words to Know Popular sovereignty Bill Veto
Override Impeach Important questions to know from reading support # 3, 8 & 10 Topic 3 test 1.A 12. D 2. C 13. B
3. A,D 14. C 4. B 15. B 5.D 16. B 6. A 17. A 7. CD 18. BD 8. C
19. C 9. BD 20. BD 10. A 21. D 11. C 22. D 23. C 24. A 25. D
26.C FIRST COMES THE PREAMBLE 1. WHAT ARE THE SIX GOALS OF THE CONSTITUTION? . to form a more perfect union; establish justice; ensure domestic tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare; secure the blessings of liberty 2.WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE SEVEN ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION? OF THE SEVEN, WHICH NO LONGER
APPLIES AND WHY? The seven articles of the Constitution set up the framework of our government. Article 7, which explained the process for ratification, no longer applies. SEVEN BASIC PRINCIPLES 3.THE GOVERNMENT GETS ITS AUTHORITY FROM THE PEOPLE AND PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR ABOLISH THE GOVERNMENT. WHAT IS THIS PRINCIPLE CALLED?
popular sovereignty 4. INSTEAD OF TAKING PART DIRECTLY IN GOVERNMENT, AMERICANS ELECT REPRESENTATIVES. SELECT THE TERM THAT DESCRIBES THIS FORM OF GOVERNMENT CALLED. Limited government Federalism Republicanism
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH CONGRESS 5. Compare and contrast the Senate and the House of Representatives in terms of the following criteria: basis of representation, length of terms, and leadership. Then list some powers that both chambers have. :2 senators/sta
te Sixyear terms VicePresident is Senate President : Can make laws and treaties Regulate commerce
Have many special committees : Based on state population Twoyear terms THE EXECUTIVE BRANCHTHE PRESIDENT 6. What is the Presidents role in relations
to the armed forces? as commander in chief 7. CHOOSE THE PHRASE THAT ACCURATELY DESCRIBES WHO OFFICIALLY ELECTS THE PRESIDENT. the American people the Congress
Electoral College the THE JUDICIAL BRANCHTHE SUPREME COURT 8. What is the power of judicial review?
the Supreme Courts ability to review acts by the President or laws passed by Congress and declare them unconstitutional WHAT SYSTEM EXISTS TO PREVENT THE ABUSE OF POWER? 9. What is the most extreme check that Congress has on the President? . impeachment
10.ON WHAT PRINCIPLE IS THE SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES BASED? Article I-III of the constitution illustrates the checks and balances and is based on separation of powers. LESSON 2 DRAFTING A CONSTITUTION(LESSON 6 : FEDERALISM AND AMENDMENTS. PAGES 237-245 Words to Know Bill of rights
Civil Constitutional initiative Infrastructure Local government Important questions to know from reading support # 1, 4 & 6 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT 1. What are the methods by which a proposed Constitutional amendment can be ratified?
By 2/3 vote of the house and 2/3 of the senate : By legislature in of the states;
By state convention in of the states WHAT FUNDAMENTAL LIBERTIES DOES THE BILL OF RIGHTS ENSURE? 2. What five freedoms are protected by the First Amendment? . freedom of speech, religion, the press, peaceful assembly, and petition
3. WHICH AMENDMENTS PROTECT AGAINST ABUSE OF POWER? Second, Third, and Fourth 4. WHEN PEOPLE ACCUSED OF WRONGDOING SAY, I TAKE THE FIFTH, WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? They are using their right, given by the Fifth Amendment, to not incriminate, or give evidence against, themselves.
WHY HAVE ADDITIONAL AMENDMENTS BEEN CREATED? 5. Why has the Constitution been amended over the years? . to allow it to grow and change as society changes 6. HOW HAVE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AFFECTED AMERICAN VOTERS? The 15th Amendment gave African American men the right to vote; the 19th Amendment
gave women the right to vote; and the 26th Amendment lowered the voting age to 18. STATE GOVERNMENT 7. WHICH AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION FOCUSES ON STATES RIGHTS? Tenth Amendment 8. NAME ONE SERVICE THAT A STATE GOVERNMENT PROVIDES THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT DOES NOT.
. creation of state roads, parks, transit lines; professional licensing; educational standards WHAT RESPONSIBILITIES DO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE? 9. What service does local government spend the most money on? . education
LESSON 2 DRAFTING A CONSTITUTION(LESSON 7 : CITIZENS RIGHTS AND RESPONIBILITIES. PAGES 247-252 Words to Know Citizen Naturalized Immigrant Resident alien Civic virtue Patriotism Jury duty
Important questions to know from reading support # 1, 2 & 3 AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP 1. HOW CAN A PERSON BECOME AN AMERICAN CITIZEN? by being born in the United States, by being naturalized, or by being under 18 when a parent is naturalized
2. WHAT ARE THE STEPS NEEDED FOR AN IMMIGRANT TO BECOME A NATURALIZED AMERICAN CITIZEN. Become a resident alien Take citizensh ip test
Wait five years Take citizensh ip oath CIVIC VIRTUE, CITIZENSHIP, AND DEMOCRATIC VALUES 3. WHAT IS CIVIC VIRTUE?
the willingness to work for the good of the country even if it means making sacrifices. Ex: volunteering for a community program . 4. WHAT ARE SOME VALUES THAT FORM THE BASIS OF OUR DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM? honesty, compassion, patriotism,
respect, responsibility, and courage RESPONSIBLE CITIZENSHIP 5. WHY IS VOTING CONSIDERED PART OF BEING A RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN? Its important to learn about the issues and candidates so you can make an informed choice about whats best for the community or country. 6. WHAT ARE TWO WAYS THAT YOU CAN PARTICIPATE IN YOUR COMMUNITY?
: volunteering, taking part in charity fundraisers such as marathons or walka-thons, donating blood.
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