The Three Domains - MISS SHARP'S 6TH GRADE SCIENCE

The Three Domains - MISS SHARP'S 6TH GRADE SCIENCE

The Three Domains All organisms belong to one of three domains, depending on their characteristics. A domain is the broadest taxonomic category. A single domain can contain one or more kingdoms. 1. Archaea 2. Bacteria 3. Eukarya TAXONOMY: The science of finding, describing, classifying and naming

organisms. 1 The Three Domains 1. Archaea: ancient forms of bacteria 2. Bacteria : more advanced forms of bacteria 3. Eukarya: all life forms with eukaryotic cells 2 The Three Domains of Life Organisms are placed into domains and kingdoms based on their cell type, their ability to make food, and the number of cells in their bodies. Ability to make

food Heterotrophic or Autotrophic Cell Type Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic Ability to reproduce Asexual or Sexual Reproduction Number of cells in their body Unicellular or Multicellular 3 The Three Domains of Life Organisms can be: Prokaryotic cells that lack a nucleus

Eukaryotic cells that contain a nucleus Unicellular single-celled; made up of one cell Multicellular made up of many cells Autotrophic can make their own food Heterotrophic can not make their own food Asexual reproduce with only one organism. Sexual reproduction 2 parents are needed for reproduction. 4 The Six Kingdoms of Life Domain Archaea

(under this tab write this information) Kingdom Archaebacteria Characteristics: 1. Known as ancient bacteria; 2. They thrive in the most extreme environments on Earth; they are often referred to as extremophiles 3. Found in hot springs, very salty water, swamps, and the intestines of cows

4. Unicellular 5. Prokaryotic 6. Small cells 7. Asexual 5 The Three Domains of Life Domain Bacteria (write this under the Domain Bacteria tab) Kingdom Eubacteria 1. They are found everywhere on Earth except extreme environments. 2. Unicellular, 3. Prokaryotic no nucleus 4. Asexual 5. Example: Bacteria

6 Domain Eukarya Kingdom Fungi eukaryotic most are multicellular Heterotrophic Have a Cell Wall Examples: yeast, molds, mildews, and mushrooms

7 Domain Eukarya Kingdom Protista (Protists) the odds and ends kingdom; includes any organism that can not be classified as a animal, plant, or fungus eukaryotic some are unicellular, others are multicellular some are autotrophs, others are heterotrophs Lives in moist environments. euglena

amoeba paramecium 8 Domain Eukarya Kingdom Plantae (plants) multicellular eukaryotic autotrophic

most live on land 9 Domain Eukarya Kingdom Animalia ( (Animals you) multicellular eukaryotic heterotrophic live in diverse environments 10 Last Tab of the Foldable Domain Eukarya Below are the 4 Kingdoms

Draw the table Animalia Plantae Protista Fungi 11

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