The Protestant Reformation - Council Rock School District
The German Reformation Lesson #3 Essential Questions 5. What was reformed with the Protestant Reformation? 6. What was the goal of the 95 Thesis? Main Point:
Martin Luther Challenged the Catholic Church The Church The most powerful institution in all of Europe Almost everybody was Catholic (coming out of Middle Ages) (from year 350 Most Europeans were Christian)
The Church The Church controlled the lives of Europeans Health care Calendar of all holidays Everyone went to Church on Sunday and along comes the Renaissance Petrarch says: THINK!
THINK! THINK! BE HUMAN HAVE DIGNITY! Lessons from the Renaissance 1. 2. 3. 4.
Humanism: man has dignity People should be able to express their ideas Renaissance: people expressed through art Reformation: a challenge to power of the Church 5. Result of the Reformation: Leadership Power could be challenged THE STORY OF LUTHER
A middle class law student He was caught in a storm Thought he was going to die Promised God hed become a monk if he lived
Assigned to be a teacher at the University of Wittenberg LUTHERS PROBLEM Had NO desire to lead a revolution But he had some real problems with the way the Church did some things His biggest issue: He felt he was rejected by God and was full of sin He could not find a way to feel better about his sins
He prayed, and did all the things the Church taught him He thought if he obeyed Church teachings, hed feel God forgave him The Church The most powerful institution in all of Europe Almost everybody was Catholic (coming out of Middle Ages) (from year 350 Most Europeans were Christian)
The Church The Church controlled the lives of Europeans Health care Calendar of all holidays Everyone went to Church on Sunday THE STORY OF LUTHER
A middle class law student He was caught in a storm Thought he was going to die Promised God hed become a monk if he lived Assigned to be a teacher and preacher at the University of Wittenberg
LUTHERS CONFLICT WITH THE CHURCH Luther started questioning some of the practices of the Church One of them, the teaching of indulgences irritated him most And Indulgence is like a golden ticket out of hell later believed the state of purgatory Purgatory is where you go after you die, but before you get to go to heaven He researched the Bible he found no mention of them The best seller of indulgences was a man named John Tetzel
Click 5m Tetzel: 95 Thesis LUTHERS PHILOSOPHY What he DID find in the Bible is that it says that all you need is faith in God, and you get to go to heaven. In fact, you never have to DO anything Finally a revelation! Bible says you cant ever EARN
forgiveness for sins that God already forgave you sins, as long as you ask him to 95 Thesis Finally, Luther had enough. He wanted to challenge the practice of the Church to sell this ticket out of Purgatory. He found 95 reasons they were wrong. What do you think is wrong about these? What do you think the money was used for?
October 31, 1517 Posted this thesis of 95 reasons indulgences were wrong on the door of his Church His goal was to challenge Church leaders to a discussion What happened was WAY more What eventually happened was a FULL reform of Christianity!!! Luther started attacking other Church practices
Was through the Church really the only way to talk to God? Couldnt you talk to God directly? Luther taught others of this new idea: Priesthood of all believers Is the only way to heaven through actions the Church tells you to do? Luther: You get to heaven BY FAITH ALONE Priesthood of all Believers
What will this mean for individuals? What will they now be able to do? Click 3m Trailer for Luther Justification by Faith Alone It means you get to go to heaven simply by believing that God already did this for you Luther began to teach this to his students The Church tried to tell him to STOP
Why? Click 3m Luther teaching The Church and Public Reaction Pope Leo Xs Threat Pope Leo X told Luther to stop teaching and to apologize or else He threatened EXCOMMUNICATION
Luther refused He was called to a meeting with Catholic leaders They told him to recant (take back his teachings) HE REFUSED (here I stand!...) Pope excommunicated him Charles V Exiled him But, others followed his lead That led to the whole Protestant
Reformation Click Diet of Worms Click - Luther rap Offshoot religions ROMAN CATHOLIC LUTHER GERMAN
REFORMATION CALVINS PREDESTINATION (CALVINISM) ENGLISH REFORMATION PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
BAPTISTS AND ANABAPTISTS THE AMERICAN EPISCOPAL CHURCH THE AMISH The impact
How will this new idea change the lives of Europeans? Why is this an exceptional development for Europeans at a time when most people were living like animals?
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