The poem we're going to look at today is called 'Remains ...

The poem we're going to look at today is called 'Remains ...

The poem were going to look at today is called Remains. What do you think it might be about? Write down the connotations of the word Remains Look at the poem with some of the words missing. Summarise what you think it is about in a few sentences or in bullet points.

What ideas come to mind when you look at this image? What ideas come to mind when you look at this image of the Cenotaph War Memorial?

What ideas come to mind when you look at this image? What ideas come to mind when you look at this image of soldiers showing their respects to colleagues who have died?

What ideas come to mind when you look at this image of crowds celebrating soldiers return from war? Do you know why Bradley Coopers character in American Sniper behaves like this? In what way is he similar to the speaker of the poem? What about these words what does this semantic field make you think

of? 1. anxiety 2. fear 3. flashbacks 4. distress 5. upset 6. traumatic 7. severe 8. stress

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder caused by very stressful, frightening or distressing events. PTSD can develop immediately after someone experiences a disturbing event or it can occur weeks, months or even years later. PTSD is estimated to affect about 1 in every 3 people who have a traumatic experience. Someone with PTSD will often relive the traumatic event through nightmares and flashbacks, and may experience feelings of isolation, irritability and guilt. They may also have problems sleeping, such as insomnia, and find

concentrating difficult. These symptoms are often severe and persistent enough to have a significant and often extremely damaging impact on the persons dayto-day life. Over to you! Now that you understand the poem and its tone, fill in the gaps with words that YOU think fit best. Im not looking for you to pick the exact words that Armitage chose, but to show your understanding of the poem through your own language choices. Be ready to

share them and discuss them. Now lets look at Armitages choices. Why has he made these choices? Annotate each choice with an ideas to its effect on the reader. Can you identify any techniques he has used? tosses blood-shadow bursts sun-stunned

sand-smothered bloody What the poet said From a collection of poetry called The Not Dead. Inspired by a Channel 4 documentary of the same name (youtube) about

soldiers who returned from conflicts (Malaysia, Afghanistan and Bosnia) and how they coped. What the poet said These are poems of survivors the damaged, exhausted men who return from war in body but never, wholly, in mind.

These are poems of survivors the damaged, exhausted men who return from war in body but never, wholly, in mind. These are poems of survivors the damaged, exhausted men who return from war in body but never, wholly, in mind. These are poems of survivors the damaged, exhausted men who return from war in body but never, wholly, in mind.

Sense of repeated scenario On another occasion, we got sent out to tackle looters raiding a bank. And one of them legs it up the road, probably armed, possibly not. Conversational feel/ tone Parallelism: uncertainty

Why does the speaker shift from past to present tense in the third line? Conversational Vague why no names? Well myself and somebody else and somebody else are all of the same mind, Why does he repeat all so all three of us open fire.

and three so often? Three of a kind all letting fly, and I swear I see every round as it rips through his life - Horrific imagery I see broad daylight on the other side. sort of is he unable So we've hit this looter a dozen times to articulate the sight? and he's there on the ground, sort of inside out, He is more graphic and pain itself, the image of agony. serious here. One of my mates goes by

But this is informal/casual - juxtaposition and tosses his guts back into his body. Then he's carted off in the back of a lorry. There is a lack of respect- they get rid of the body quickly, like rubbish. Well myself and somebody else and somebody else are all of the same mind, so all three of us open fire. Three of a kind all letting fly, and I swear I see every round as it rips through his life I see broad daylight on the other side. So we've hit this looter a dozen times and he's there on the ground, sort of inside out,

pain itself, the image of agony. One of my mates goes by and tosses his guts back into his body. Then he's carted off in the back of a lorry. Enjambment = the poem feels conversational and relaxed, a juxtaposition with the horrific content, suggesting the ongoing struggle in the mind of the soldier who remains.

Full stop. Sense of finality. Physical remains have gone but what else remains? End of story, except not really. His blood-shadow stays on the street, and out on patrol I walk right over it week after week. Then I'm home on leave. But I blink

Long vowel sounds emphasise remains for a long time; contrasts with how quickly they disposed of the body. Mental effects begin to be felt/ described. Dramatic and quick. and he bursts again through the doors of the bank. Sleep, and he's probably armed, and possibly not. Dream, and he's torn apart by a dozen rounds. Repetition of this line =

recurrence of memories. More brutal than before. And the drink and the drugs won't flush him out He cannot escape these images and thoughts. Flush suggests the memory is a sickness. End of story, except not really. His blood-shadow stays on the street, and out on patrol I walk right over it week after week. Then I'm home on leave. But I blink

Caesura = contrasts with earlier enjambment. What and he bursts again through the doors of the bank. is the effect of this? What does it suggest? Sleep, and he's probably armed, and possibly not. Dream, and he's torn apart by a dozen rounds. And the drink and the drugs won't flush him out - Enjambment: continuation of the idea that he cannot escape these images and thoughts.

he's here in my head when I close my eyes, War term. Permanence. dug in behind enemy lines, not left for dead in some distant, sun-stunned, sand-smothered land or six-feet-under in desert sand, References to Afghanistan, Iraq reminder of the extent of the impact of conflict. He cant switch off the soldier in him even when hes home. but near to the knuckle, here and now,

The sun and sand are ruined by war. Sibilance links them to six feet under. Escape seems impossible. his bloody life in my bloody hands. Both a literal description and an expletive. Link to Macbeth:

A little water clears us of this deed; Out, damned spot! Look back to the title Remains. Why do you think Armitage chose it? Could it be interpreted in more than one way?

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