The Elements and Principles of Design - RCAS

The Elements and Principles of Design - RCAS

The Elements and Principles of Design By Chelsea Flattery What Are They?

Elements of design are the parts. They structure and carry the work. Principles of design are concepts. They affect content and message.

Line Lines strokes that show motion and connect two points. May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion.

Value The lightness or darkness of an object or color.

Color Color is the part of light reflected by the object we see.

Texture Texture is the feel of an object or its surface. It can be real or implied.

Space What is between objects, also known as negative space. Shape and Form

Shape is an area enclosed when both sides of a line meet. Forms are shapes that are three dimensional. Size

Size is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one shape to that Emphasis

When one area in a work of art stands out more than another. The part that catches your attention first. Rhythm

The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement. Movement

The visual motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this. Curved lines and Diagonal lines also achieve this. Contrast

A difference created when elements are placed next to each other in a work of art. Unity

Occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole Balance

Balance relates to our physical sense of balance. Your Turn! What elements and principles do you see being used in this


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