The Commercial Revolution - Mrs. Oliver's World History

The Commercial Revolution - Mrs. Oliver's World History

The Commercial Revolution In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: The Commercial Revolution Mercantilism Colonies Mother Country Capitalism Joint Stock Company

Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 The Commercial Revolution marked an important step in Europe from local economies to a global economy. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Mercantilism In order to acquire

gold and silver, European countries established overseas colonies. Colonies provided gold and silver. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015

Mercantilists believed that a countrys wealth was based on the amount of gold and silver it acquired. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Mother Countries and Colonies Mother countries were conquerors.

The conquered land was a colony. In addition to mining for gold and silver, Mother countries imported natural resources or raw materials and exported finished goods.

Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Colonies Exported cheap raw materials like cotton and Imported more expensive finished goods like shirts.

Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Capitalism Merchants and bankers laid the foundations for capitalism. In a capitalist system, business owners risk their capital (money) to start new businesses hoping to make profits.

Individuals formed joint-stock companies. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Joint Stock Companies A Joint stock company is a privately owned company that sells stock or partial ownership in the company to investors. Investors risk their capital or money when they purchase stock.

If the company is successful, the investor receives his share of the profits. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 A stock certificate represents partial ownership in a

business. Joint stock companies were sometimes given charters to establish settlements in the New World. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Cy- Ranch 2014-2015

Triangular trade & Colombian Exchange made some continents wealthy while it impoverished other continents. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 European kings increased

their wealth and power through conquest and colonization. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015

While European Kings and capitalists increased their wealth, Native American Indians and Africans were terribly exploited. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 European Interest in Slaves Native American populations declined Europeans needed a cheap labor source for their plantation colonies in

the Americas Why Africans? Disease resistance Experienced farmers Did not know the land Skin color made it difficult to escape and hide among others Cause and Effect

The Transatlantic Slave Trade Europeans removed millions of Africans between the 1500s to the 1800s. Africans were stripped of their

language and culture and forced to labor on plantations in the Americas. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Captured Slaves -1 Slaves were traded in exchange for guns

and other goods. Captured Africans were brought across the Atlantic ocean to the Americas. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 The Middle Passage was the voyage

across the Atlantic to the Americas. - 2 Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 The Middle Passage It was a long and brutal journey. Many slaves died during the Middle Passage. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015

Captured Africans were crammed into small quarters during the

Middle Passage. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 African slaves were brought to sugar plantations in the Caribbean and large farms in Brazil. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 African slaves encountered

brutality and cruelty on plantations in the Americas. Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Consequences of Slave Trade African communities American colonies &

lost their strongest economic success workers were built upon the unwilling labor of Families torn apart African slaves Guns added to the Africans brought

cycle of violence cultural influences West Africans became with them dependent on Most American European goods countries have large

Populations were cut African-American or in half in some African populations regions Questions for Reflection: Why did many Native American Indians die?

How did the deaths of Native American Indians affect Africans? What was the Transatlantic Slave Trade? Why did so many Africans die during the Middle Passage? How did slavery harm Africans and Africa? Cy- Ranch 2014-2015 Questions for Reflection:

Define mercantilism. How did European nations increase their wealth and power? Define capitalism. Why did individuals invest in Joint stock companies? What was Triangular trade? What was the relationship between a mother country and a colony?

Cy- Ranch 2014-2015

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