The Byzantine Empire - Mr. Crossen's History Site

The Byzantine Empire - Mr. Crossen's History Site

The Byzantine Empire Eastern Roman Empire Capital moved to Constantinople by Constantine Called selves Romansbut spoke Greek Closer contact to the eastPersia Able to hold off barbarians Roman law and bureaucracy survived

Justinian Attempted to recover the West Building projectsHagia Sophia Revised codification of Roman law Stable Borders (sorta) Survived Arab (Umayyad and Abbasid) advances (but lost some in the Eastern Mediterranean) Survived Bulgarian threat, but constant Slavic

pressures Even survive the Mongols Politics and Military Kinda, sorta, comparable to China Emperor ordained by God Emperor head of church and state Elaborate court ritual Women occasionally on the throne Large bureaucracy, trained in traditional mores (Hellenistic and

Confucian) Well organized military Troops given land for service (brings in Slavs, Armenians) Officer corps eventually becomes hereditary, acquire regional power Economy and Society Centered on Constantinople Regulated trade and food prices (note about Justinian!) Low food prices satisfy urban class

Trade extended from Scandinavia to Russia, Western Europe to Africa, the Middle East to the Far East (i.e. the known world) Peasants supply grain and tax revenues Extremely large merchant class had no political power. Culture based on Hellenistic secular traditions and Orthodox Christianity No innovations in literature, but architecture and art flourish.

The Great Schism Latin bible in the west; Greek in the east. Spawns different rituals Conflict between the popes religious power and the emperors political power 1054 C.E. formal break over bread and celibacy of priests. Decline

Muslim Turks seize most Asian territory important source of grain and taxes Lose Battle of Manzikert to Slavs in 1071. Independent Slavic states pop up all over. Venetian Crusaders come to help but sack Constantinople instead. Conquered in 1453 by Ottomans. Influence on Eastern Europe

Conquest, Commerce, Christianity St. Cyril and MethodiusCyrillicwriting for the Slavic language. Orthodox church allowed use of local languages in Church service Competition with Catholic missionaries in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland. East Central Regional Monarchies

Poland, Bohemia, Lithuania Powerful land-owning aristocracies. Like the rest of Eastern Europe, lots of Jews Fled persecution from the West and Middle East Usually barred from agriculture, so involved in commerceSee the origins of a stereotype? Maintain own, separate traditions Emphasize education for males.

Kievian Rus Slavic peoples from Asia Mixed with locals, brought iron and agricultural practice to Ukraine and western Russia Politically centered in family tribes and villages Animistic religion Highly developed musical taste and oral legends

The Rus Rise Scandinavian traders introduce them to trade with Constantinople Kievan monarchy under Rurik emerges as a growing power c. 855 C.E. (and until wait for it the Mongols) Vladimir I (980-1015) converts to Orthodox Christianity. Formal law code (influence of Byzantines?) Largest single European state at the time

Rusian/Russian Culture Adopt much but not all of Byzantine patterns Yes to strong ruler, religion, architecture, and ceremony No to central bureaucracy and education system Different from West Not catholic Most peasants were free farmers; boyars less

political power Kievan Decline Rival princes vie for succession Asian invaders seize territory Trade with weaker Byzantines declines then collapses Mongols! Orthodoxy preserved, but much else wrecked. Reemergence after decline of Romans.

The End of the World (as we know it) Mongols and Turks Russia falls Constantinople, Near East, North Africa, the Balkans Thus Eastern Europe will develop separately from the West.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Writing Analytically

    Writing Analytically

    Choose one paragraph in your draft and label the type of sentence for EVERY sentence in that paragraph. (S = Simple, Cd = Compound Cx = Complex, CdCx = Compound-Complex) Do you use one sentence type more than others? Are...
  • Nouns - Belle Vernon Area School District

    Nouns - Belle Vernon Area School District

    Common nouns name non-specific people, places, things, or ideas. They are not capitalized. Ex. football player, skyscraper. Concrete and Abstract Nouns. Nouns are classified as concrete if they can be touched. police officer, Grand Canyon, flute.
  • January 9, 2010 Feed the Homeless Event - AACN

    January 9, 2010 Feed the Homeless Event - AACN

    January 9, 2010 Feed the Homeless Event Sponsored by The Northern Illinois Chapter of American Association of Critical Care Nurses January 9, 2010 Feed the Homeless Event Sponsored by The Northern Illinois Chapter of American Association of Critical Care Nurses...
  • The Particles in An Atom

    The Particles in An Atom

    Boardworks Science for Scotland: S1 and S2 . Atoms. What is the structure of an atom? Protons, neutrons and electrons are . not. evenly distributed in an atom. The electrons are spread out around the edge of the atom. They...
  • Pandemic Preparedness

    Pandemic Preparedness

    (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide. For example, illness from the 1918 flu pandemic,...
  • As we travel down this weary road, Amani utupe na ustawi. We ...

    As we travel down this weary road, Amani utupe na ustawi. We ...

    Father God, I wonder how I managed to exist without the knowledge of Your parenthood and Your loving care. PTO But now I am Your child, I am adopted in Your family, And I can never be alone, 'Cause Father...
  • New Legislation Chapter 12 pp. 407-463

    New Legislation Chapter 12 pp. 407-463

    equals. Total Basic Exclusion . plus . Any DSUE Amount received from estate of predeceased spouse. Issue 1 p. 240Prior Estate Planning. A-B Trust. ... A trust or estate is treated as an individual to the extent it retains the...
  • The Manitoba Schools Question - Weebly

    The Manitoba Schools Question - Weebly

    The Manitoba Schools Question September 26 2011 Lecture Outline What is the Manitoba Schools Question? Manitoba before and at Confederation Thomas Greenway & Provincial Rights Legal challenges Laurier-Greenway Compromise/ 1897 Manitoba Schools Act Impact of the legislation Manitoba Schools Question...