The Book of Proverbs - crosstraining.us

The Book of Proverbs - crosstraining.us

The Book of Isaiah Chapters 58-66 the glory of God in the future kingdom the work of the Holy Spirit 01/30/2020 The Book of Isaiah 1 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 58-66 Chapter 58 Messages of Encouragement and Rebuke Chapter 59 Sin has come Between Israel and her God Chapter 60 The Glory of the New Jerusalem Chapter 61 The Messiah's Mission and Israel's Destiny Chapter 62 Jehovah Will not Rest Until Zion is Redeemed Chapter 63 Israel's Avenger and Redeemer Chapter 64 Israel's Plea and Jehovah's Answer Chapter 65 Israel's Plea and Jehovah's Answer

Chapter 66 A Man-Made Temple Cannot Hold an Infinite God Postscript Bibliography 2 01/30/2020 The Book of Isaiah Assyrian Empire 3 01/30/2020 Isaiah 58:1 Piousness Without Compassion Is Unacceptable to the Lord 1 Shout at the top of thy voice, hold not back, Lift up thy voice like a trumpet, And tell my people their transgressions, And the house of Jacob their sins.

Shout at the top of thy voice, hold not back The Book of Isaiah Cry - groan. Literally, "with a full throat, spare not." God told Isaiah to shout aloud with a voice like a trumpet and announce the sins of the nation. 4 01/30/2020 Isaiah 58:1 1 Shout at the top of thy voice, hold not back, Lift up thy voice like a trumpet, And tell my people their transgressions, And the house of Jacob their sins. Lift up thy voice like a trumpet The Book of Isaiah Trumpet - Hos 8:1; Joel 2:1.

The Hebrew word for "trumpet or horn," is "shofar - a ram's horn used by the priests to call the people to a solemn assembly, or by a military commander to sound the signal for alarm or for action. Isaah is commanded to sound the trumpet to warn his people of the imminent danger of apostasy, in spite of all the superficial manifestations of piety. 5 01/30/2020 Isaiah 58:2 The Book of Isaiah 2 Yet they seek me day by day, And delight to know my ways, Like a nation which acts righteously, And has not forsaken the judgment of their God: They inquire of me about righteous judgments, And delight to draw near unto God.

01/30/2020 6 They seek me day by day and delight to know my ways Even while they grievously offend God and provoke Him to wrath, the people act as if they are truly seeking God and delight to know His ways. The people went to the temple, obeyed Gods laws, fasted, and appeared eager to seek the Lord, They are not even conscious of their hypocrisy, because they have convinced themselves that to know the LORD and to serve Him is simply a matter of a scrupulous, outward show observance of certain religious procedures. Their hearts were far from God (Isa 1:10-15; 29:13; Mat 15:8-9) When we worship because it is the popular thing to do, not because it is the right thing to do, then our worship becomes hypocritical. The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 58:2 01/30/2020

7 2 Yet they seek me day by day, And delight to know my ways, Like a nation which acts righteously, And has not forsaken the judgment of their God: They inquire of me about righteous judgments, And delight to draw near unto God. They inquire of me about righteous judgments And delight to draw near unto God This great intellectual curiosity about "God's righteous judgments, right procedures, has in time produced an involved, voluminous and speculative literature, the Talmud, which dealt with all the minutiae of proper religious behavior and procedures and rites, affecting the daily life of "the good Jew" from morning till evening and from cradle to grave. However, it did little to change the hearts of men. Recall the words of Jesus Mat. 22:37-40 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah 58:3 3 "Why do we fast and thou seest not? Why do we afflict ourselves and thou payest no heed?" Behold on the day of your fast you pursue your pleasure, And enforce all your labors. "Why do we fast and thou seest not?" Worshipping God involves more than observing an outward ritual; there must be an inward obedience and submission to the Lord (Mat 6:16-18) Believing that they were scrupulous in seeking to do the will of God, the people felt wronged that God did not hear their prayers and did not take notice of their fasting, without realizing that their religious life did not affect their moral behavior. Perhaps they were trying to buy Gods blessing by their fasting. The Jews were commanded to observe only one fast on the annual Day of Atonement (Lev. 16:29-31), But they were permitted to fast personally if they wished. False fasting (Lev 23). 8 01/30/2020 Isaiah 58:3

3 "Why do we fast and thou seest not? Why do we afflict ourselves and thou payest no heed?" Behold on the day of your fast you pursue your pleasure, And enforce all your labors. The Book of Isaiah Behold on the day of your fast you pursue your pleasure Their fasting is not the result of true contrition, but mere compliance with the Law and tradition. In reality their thoughts were far removed from God and absorbed with their own business and pleasure. Even on their fast day, they exacted from their servants all the labors which had been imposed on them. If in my religious duties I am doing what pleases me, and if doing it does not make me a better person, then I am wasting my time, and my worship is only sin. 9 01/30/2020 Isaiah 58:4

4 Behold, you fast for strife and contention, And to deal blows with a vicious fist. Such a day of fasting will not cause your voice to be heard above. Their behavior was outwardly pious, but in reality their conduct was ungodly and cruel. Fasting and fighting do not go together! The moral and social scene described by Isaiah is extremely dark. Isaiah makes the point that physical fasting, devoid of repentance and mercy, will not be heard by God. 01/30/2020 10 The Book of Isaiah Behold you fast for strife and contention and to deal blows with a vicious fist 5 Is this the fast which I have chosen?

A day in which a man afflicts his soul, And bows down his head like a reed, And puts sackcloth and ashes under himself? A day which is acceptable to the LORD? Is this the fast which I have chosena day which is acceptable to the LORD? Fasting was always voluntary, except for Day of Atonement (which was a mandatory fasting day, Lev 16:29, 31). Israel fasts, self-imposed (1Sa 7:6; Jdg 20:26; 1Kg 21:12; Jer 36:9) Having made abundantly clear that the Lord despises all sham piety, Isaiah proceeds to describe to those who are His what the Lord does desire. To appear as if not fasting (Mt 6:10-18) . It is to be something done between you and the Lord. 01/30/2020 11 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 58:5

6 Is not rather this a fast which I have chosen: To loose the fetters of wickedness, To undo the bands of the yoke, To let the oppressed go free, And to break every yoke? True fasting will lead to humility before God and ministry to others. We deprive ourselves so that we might share with others and do so to the glory of God. If we fast in order to get something for ourselves from God, instead of to become better people for the sake of others, then we have missed the meaning of worship. It delights the Lord when we delight in the Lord. It is a ringing challenge not only to Israel but to men of all generations to be done with outward appearances and to set free those who are crushed and oppressed and to break every yoke. Freedom in Christ. 01/30/2020 12 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah 58:6 Isaiah 58:7 7 Is it not rather a day to distribute thy bread to the hungry, And to bring home the poor wanderer? When thou seest the naked to cover him, And that thou hide not thyself from thy own flesh? The deeds of mercy which are acceptable to the Lord are spelled out in ringing and challenging detail. Isaiah's pronouncement reminds us of the words of Christ in which He identified Himself with all the sufferers and distressed: (Matt 25:35-36). 01/30/2020 13 The Book of Isaiah Is it not rather a day to distribute thy bread to the hungry

And to bring home the poor wanderer? 8 Then shall thy light break forth as the dawn, And thou shalt be healed quickly, And thy righteousness shall go before thee, And the glory of the LORD shall be thy rearguard. Then shall the light break forth as the dawn and thou shalt be healed quickly. God's favor and blessing are contingent upon a man seeking to do what is acceptable to Him. "Thy light" is contrasted with the darkness of a sinful heart and mind. "Thy healing" is physical health and renewal of strength which comes from living in harmony with God. "Thy righteousness" is the righteousness of obedience to the will of God. It is the righteousness of faith. Faith and action must go together. 01/30/2020 14 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah 58:8 Isaiah 58:9-10 01/30/2020 15 The Book of Isaiah 9 Then wilt thou call and the LORD will answer, Thou shalt cry and he will say: "Here I am," If thou wilt remove the yoke from the midst, If thou wilt cease to point a finger and to speak wickedness. 10 If thy soul will go out in compassion and bestow thy bread on the hungry To satisfy the afflicted soul, Then shall thy light shine forth in darkness, And the dusk will be like noonday.

Isaiah 58:11 11 And the LORD will guide thee continually, And satisfy thy soul in drought, He will strengthen thy bones, And thou shalt be like a well-watered garden, And like a spring, whose waters never fail. And the Lord will guide thee continually, and satisfy the soul in drought.... And thou shalt be like a well-watered garden.... One of the most beautiful promises to the true servant of God. The Lord's continuous guidance and a never-failing spring of divine resources. Here again we recall the words of Jesus spoken to the woman of Samaria: John 4:14 01/30/2020 16 The Book of Isaiah A watered garden - Cf. Jer 31:12.

Isaiah 58:12 12 Then shall thy own rebuild the old ruins, And raise up the ancient foundations, And thou shalt be called "a breach mender" And "restorer of ruined paths for habitation. The blessings of God will also be poured out not only on the penitent person alone, but on the penitent nation. This will manifest itself in the reclamation of the ancient ruins, so that they will become known as a nation of "breach menders" and "restorers of ruined paths. 01/30/2020 17 The Book of Isaiah Then shall thy own rebuild the old ruins... And thou shalt be called "a breach mender" and "restorer of ruined paths"...

Isaiah 58:13 13 If thou wilt withhold thy foot from the sabbath, To do thy pleasure on my holy day, But wilt call my sabbath a delight, And the LORD's holy day a day to be honored, And honor it by not pursuing your own affairs, Or doing whatever pleases you, nor talking business on it. If thou wilt withhold thy foot from the sabbath to do thy pleasure on my holy day The importance of the keeping of the Sabbath is repeatedly emphasized by Isaiah, as a visible acknowledgment of the sovereignty of Jehovah, as Lord of our lives and of our time. The Sabbath was of particular importance to Israel in exile as a unifying and sanctifying force, and has remained such throughout the ages. 01/30/2020 18 The Book of Isaiah

Sabbath - Isa 56:2; Jer 17:21-27; Mk 2:27. Isaiah 58:13 13 If thou wilt withhold thy foot from the sabbath, To do thy pleasure on my holy day, But wilt call my sabbath a delight, And the LORD's holy day a day to be honored, And honor it by not pursuing your own affairs, Or doing whatever pleases you, nor talking business on it. When the children of Israel shall observe the Sabbath not merely as a burden, the Sabbath will become a delight to them. A Jewish sage: "More than the Jews kept the Sabbath, the Sabbath kept the Jews. It was the Jews failure to keep the Sabbath of the land that deterined the length of the Babylonian captivity. 01/30/2020 19

The Book of Isaiah But wilt call my sabbath a delight and the LORD's holy day a day to be honored 14 Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD, And I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, And I will feed thee with the heritage of thy father, Jacob, For the mouth of the LORD has spoken this. 14 Then. . . will I cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth Real joy in life is doing His Will, not ours! The honoring of the Sabbath and of the LORD who sanctified the Sabbath will bring exaltation and honor to Israel from the nations of the earth, also restoration and enjoyment of their ancestral heritage. For the mouth of the LORD has spoken this A most solemn declaration that the promise does not originate from a human source but from the very mouth of God. 01/30/2020

20 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 58:14 Isaiah 59:1 Israel's Sins Stand Between Her and Jehovah 1 Behold the hand of the LORD Is not so short that it cannot save, Neither is his ear so dull that it cannot hear. Behold, the hand of the LORD is not so short 01/30/2020 21 The Book of Isaiah The reason why God does not come to Israel's rescue is not: His inability to help (the hand too short), nor is it His indifference (a dull ear).

Isaiah 59:2 2 But your iniquities, these have separated you from your God, And your sins have caused his face to hide from you, So as not to hear. The real issue is the accountability of sin. The enormous sins of the people have formed a barrier between them and their God. There was a great deal of injustice in the land, with the rich exploiting the poor and the rulers using their authority only to make themselves rich (Isa. 1:17-23; 3:13-15; 5:8-30). God could not answer their prayers because their sins hid His face from them. 01/30/2020 22 The Book of Isaiah But your iniquities, these have separated you from your God

3 For your hands are stained with blood, And your fingers with inquity. Your lips have spoken lies, And your tongues have uttered wickedness. For your hands are stained with blood From a general indictment Isaiah proceeds to point out specific sins. The first is the shedding of innocent blood. The people lifted their hands to worship God, but their hands were stained with blood (Isa. 1:15, 21). Their fingers are defiled with iniquity, an allusion to wicked manipulations and schemes. It was a conflict between truth and lies, just as it is today. Their lips speak lies, their tongues are used for wickedness. There is no truth in daily communications between the people. 01/30/2020 23 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 59:3

Isaiah 59:4 4 There is none who sues justly, And none is judged faithfully. They trust in vanity and speak lies. They conceive mischief and bring forth iniquity. They conceive mischief and bring forth iniquity Vanity = chaos = randomness - entropy. Isa 30:12; Jer 2:4, 8. Religion of today is randomness, evolution. When the mind is perverted, what comes out of it can only be iniquity. 01/30/2020 24 The Book of Isaiah There is none who sues justly and none is judged faithfully The judicial process is perverted by the litigants and by the judges.

Isaiah 59:5 01/30/2020 25 The Book of Isaiah 5 They hatch adders' eggs and weave a spider's web, He who eats of their eggs will die, And that which is crushed hatches a viper. They hatch adders' eggs and weave a spider's web Isaiah compared the evil rulers to pregnant women giving birth to sin (Isa. 59:4; Ps. 7:14; Isa. 33:11), to snakes hatching their eggs, and to spiders weaving their webs. What they give birth to will only destroy them (Js 1:13-15), and their beautiful webs of lies can never protect them. Isaiah aptly describes the prevailing corruption among the people. Adders incubate their eggs internally and 'give birth' to tiny live but fully lethal young.

Spiders web - not silk, but a trap. No garment can be made of the flimsy web of a spider. Isaiah 59:6-7 6 Their webs shall not be made into a garment, Neither shall men cover themselves with their works. Their works are works of evil, And violence is in their palms. 7 Their feet run to do evil, And they hasten to shed innocent blood. Their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity, Desolation and ruin are in their paths. Just as they are slow in doing justice (v. 4), they are quick to do evil and to shed innocent blood. Feet - Prov 1:16; Rom 3:15. 01/30/2020 26 The Book of Isaiah

Their feet run to do evil, and they hasten to shed innocent blood Isaiah 59:8 8 They know not the way of peace, Neither is there justice in their tracks. They have perverted their paths, Whosoever follows them knows no peace. They know not the way of peace they have perverted their paths Isaiah accuses his compatriots that they have perverted and twisted their path and lost the way of peace. Isaiah accuses his people that they have so perverted all social, personal and national relationships that "shalom" has become impossible. Isaiah draws a bleak picture of the moral scene, which is strongly reminiscent of Isaiah's first chapter. 01/30/2020 27 The Book of Isaiah

The Hebrew term for peace shalom is a much more encompassing term than our word "peace." Shalom means harmony between man and his neighbor, peace within and peace with God. Isaiah 59:9 9 This is why justice is far from us, And righteousness does not reach us, We wait for light, and behold darkness For brightness, - but we walk in gloom. The lamentable consequences of moral corruption When people live on lies, they live in a twilight zone and do not know where they are going. We wait for light, and behold darkness One feels the constant sense of frustration of the helpless victims of injustice who wait for a glimmer of light amidst the night of darkness which refuses 01/30/2020 to pass. 28

The Book of Isaiah This is why justice is far from us Under the conditions so vividly described by Isaiah there can be no justice, but constant frustration and disappointment. Isaiah 59:10 10 We grope along the wall like the blind And feel our way like sightless men. We stumble at noonday as if it were twilight And like the dead we dwell in the dark. We grope along the wall like the blind Noonday - Ps 91 01/30/2020 29 The Book of Isaiah

Without the guidance of the God-revealed righteousness, the people are like the blind who grope along the walls. This is a striking picture familiar to the inhabitants of Jerusalem where blindness was such a frequent and pathetic occurrence. Isaiah 59:11 11 We all growl like bears And we keep moaning like doves. We look for justice, but there is none. For salvation, but it is far from us. We all growl like bears and we keep moaning like doves 01/30/2020 30 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah compares the complaining and lamenting people, the victims of their own domestic oppressors,

to the growling of bears which in the days of Isaiah must have been quite numerous in the land, and to the mournful cooing of doves. 12 For our transgressions against thee are many, And our sins bear witness against us, For our transgressions are with us And we know our iniquities. The confessions of a repentant people For our transgressions against thee are many A righteous remnant in Israel was keenly aware of the sinful condition of their people and confessed to God on behalf of their compatriots. It is also possible that Isaiah himself, identifying himself with his people, confesses their sin. All sins which a man commits against men are basically sins against the holiness and righteousness of God Himself (Psa. 51:4). 01/30/2020 31

The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 59:12 Isaiah 59:13 13 Rebelling and denying the LORD And turning away from following our God, Speaking oppression and revolt, Conceiving and uttering words of falsehood from our hearts. From specific transgressions Isaiah goes on to the roots of the sinful conditions which are in the hearts and minds of the people: rebelling and denying God, ceasing to follow Him, scheming rebellion in their hearts and speaking all kinds of falsehoods. 01/30/2020 32

The Book of Isaiah Rebelling and denying the LORD 14 And justice has been turned back, And righteousness stands afar off, For truth has stumbled in the broad street, And fairness cannot enter. Justice has been turned back and righteousness stands afar off Isaiah sees, justice, righteousness, truth and fairness as living persons, who were assaulted by wicked men, wounded in the main street (rehov), and forbidden to enter the city. When trust falls, it creates a traffic jam, and justice and equity (honesty) cannot make progress. The tragic nature of sin and the lack of justice. God is displeased with injustice, and He wonders that none of His people will intercede or intervene (Prov. 24:11-12). So the Lord Himself intervened and brought the Babylonians to destroy Judah and Jerusalem and to teach His people that they cannot despise His law and get away with it. 01/30/2020

33 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 59:14 Isaiah 59:15 15 So truth is missing, And he who avoids evil is plundered, And the LORD saw this and it appeared evil in his eyes That there was no justice. And the LORD saw this and it appeared evil in His eyes The outraged God intervenes to punish the wicked and to restore justice. 01/30/2020 34 The Book of Isaiah

So truth is missing Isaiah sees truth as a missing person, and those who do not join the wicked majority, or their leaders, as exposed to plunder and injustice. Isaiah 59:16 16 For he saw that there was no man, And he was amazed that there was no intercessor, Therefore, his own arm brought him salvation, And his righteousness sustained him. Therefore, his own arm brought him salvation As there was no man to stand up for the cause of justice, the LORD Himself decided to intervene. "The arm of the LORD" symbolizes God in His mighty acts of salvation (Isa. 53:1). 01/30/2020 35 The Book of Isaiah

For he saw that there was no man The LORD waited for a man worthy of the name, who would come and restore righteousness and punish the wicked, but there was none. Man - Rev 5! Isaiah 59:17 17 He clothed himself with righteousness as a breast plate, The helmet of salvation on his head. He put on the garment of vengeance for his clothing, And wrapped himself with zeal as with a robe. The Lord is presented as a mighty man of war, attired as a warrior to do battle with the enemies of righteousness. He is depicted as ancient warrior with the breastplate (shirion), or coat of mail, for protection from the swords and darts of His enemies. His head is covered with the helmet of salvation, and the garment of vengeance covers His body. For His outside tunic, He wears His zeal (cf. Eph. 6:10-17). 01/30/2020

36 The Book of Isaiah He clothed himself with righteousness as a breast plate Isaiah 59:18 18 According to their deeds so will he repay. Wrath to his adversaries, retribution to his enemies To the inhabitants of the islands he will repay as they deserve. According to their deeds so will he repay: Wrath to his adversaries, retribution to his enemies The Apostle Paul said that God is no respecter of persons, but judges the Jews according to the divine revelation which they have received, and the Gentiles who are outside the Law according to their innate sense of right and wrong (Rom. 2:11-15). 01/30/2020 37

The Book of Isaiah It now become apparent that the adversaries and enemies of God are not only the wicked of Israel, but also "the inhabitants of the islands," the heathen nations who are the enemies of His people and also of His righteousness. Isaiah 59:19 19 And they, from the west, shall fear the name of the LORD And from the east, his glory For distress shall come like a pent-up stream Driven by the spirit of the LORD. The consequences resulting from God's judgment upon the nations and upon Israel. "To fear the name of the LORD," is not abject terror but a reverential awe before the majesty, omnipotence and holiness of God. 01/30/2020

38 The Book of Isaiah And they, from the west, shall fear the name of the LORD And from the east, his glory Isaiah 59:19 19 And they, from the west, shall fear the name of the LORD And from the east, his glory For distress shall come like a pent-up stream Driven by the spirit of the LORD. For distress shall come like a pent-up stream driven by the spirit of the LORD pent-up stream; aFlood - Dan 9 01/30/2020 39

The Book of Isaiah God manifests Himself in history and in nature in cataclysmic acts which reveal Him as creator and sustainer of the universe and as judge of all men and nations. Isaiah 59:20 20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, And to those in Jacob who turn away from transgression, Says the LORD. And the Redeemer shall come to Zion Redeemer - Acts 15:14-17. (Comes after Church completion of Church!) Goel - Lev 25:25,48; Gal 4:5; Eph 1:7,11,14; Ruth 3:12-13; 4:4-6; Jer 50:34; Jn 10:11,18. 01/30/2020 40 The Book of Isaiah

When judgment shall come upon the nations of the world, the Lord will send the Redeemer to Israel. The advent of the Redeemer is not further defined as to time and circumstance, except that He will come "to those who turn away from trangression," that is, to a repentant remnant. Isaiah 59:20 20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, And to those in Jacob who turn away from transgression, Says the LORD. Gods judgment on His people was a foreshadowing of that final day of the Lord when all the nations will be judged. When it is ended, then the Redeemer shall come to Zion (Isa. 59:20), and the glorious kingdom will be established. Israel will be not only While we are waiting and praying, Thy kingdom come, perhaps we should also be interceding and intervening. We are the salt of the earth and the light of the world (Matt. 5:13-16), and God expects 01/30/2020 us to make a difference.

41 The Book of Isaiah Gods chosen people but Gods cleansed people, and the glory of the Lord will radiate from Mount Zion. The glory of the Lord in the promised kingdom is the theme of the closing chapters of Isaiah. Isaiah 59:21 The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 42 21 And as for me: this is my covenant with them, says the LORD. My spirit which is upon thee, And the words which I have put in thy mouth They shall not depart from thy mouth,

Nor from the mouths of thy seed, Nor from the mouths of thy seed's seed, Says the LORD, from now on and for ever. And as for me: this is my covenant with them, says the LORD Covenant - Jer 31:31-34; Joel 2:20. God's covenant with them, His people, Isreal, is the promise that the Spirit of God manifested in His revelation to Israel shall remain with His people throughout the coming generations. The "covenant" has nothing to do with the merits or disobedience of Israel. It is an act of the sovereign will and grace of God. Israel is destined to remain forever His witness whether in obedience or disobedience, the custodian of His Word. Isaiah 59-62 Chapters (59-62) are addressed to Israel and not to the Church, as many Christian commentators have maintained. To apply this to the Church and not to Israel is to obfuscate and distort the plain sense of the Scriptures. 01/30/2020

43 The Book of Isaiah This unfortunate practice of confusing Israel with the Church started in the early Christian centuries and was later followed by most of the Reformers and commentators. This misinterpretation had its roots in the teaching that Israel by rejecting Christ has forfeited her election and promises of future blessings, which were inherited by the Church, "the New Israel. Isaiah 59 QUESTIONS FOR REFLECTION AND DISCUSSION 1. What does Christs suffering and sacrifice mean to Israel, to the Gentiles, and to rebellious sinners? 2. In Isaiah 54:1-17, what does God promise to restore to His unfaithful wife? 3. What reasons did Israel have to have confidence in God and not be afraid? 5. What threefold invitation did God give to the Gentiles?

01/30/2020 44 The Book of Isaiah 4. When believers rebel against God, what is Gods response? What is Gods motive? Isaiah 59 QUESTIONS FOR REFLECTION AND DISCUSSION 6. What obstacles prevent a person from responding to Gods invitation? 7. What is involved in seeking the Lord? 8. What was the significance of Gods house being called a house of prayer for all the peoples? 01/30/2020 45 The Book of Isaiah

9. What, in Gods view, is true fasting? How can you put this into practice? 1 Arise, shine; for thy light has come, And the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. Arise and shine! is Gods wake-up call to Jerusalem (v. 14), because a new day is dawning for Israel. This light is not from the sun but from the glory of God shining on the city. Gods glory had once dwelt in the tabernacle (Ex. 40:34-38), only to depart because of Israels sin (1 Sam. 4:21). Gods glory then came into the temple (1 Kings 8:11), but it departed when the nation turned to idols (Eze 9:3; 10:4, 18; 11:22-23). The glory came to Israel in the person of Jesus Christ (John 1:14), but the nation nailed that glory to a cross. Today, Gods glory dwells in His church (Eph. 2:20-22) and in His people individually (1 Cor. 6:19-20); but one day His glory will be revealed to the earth when He answers His peoples prayer: Thy kingdom come. 01/30/2020

46 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 60:1 THE DAWNING OF A NEW DAY Isaiah 60:1 The Glory of the New Jerusalem 1 Arise, shine; for thy light has come, And the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. Arise, shine; for thy light has come Zion, the personification of Israel, is commanded to arise from the former gloom of depression and to radiate the light and the glory of God. The Hebrew verb, "zarah," is used to describe the rising of the sun. The light of the glory of God, is in later literature called "The Shechinah. 01/30/2020

47 The Book of Isaiah Recognize this as being used in Handels Messiah Isaiah 60:2 For behold darkness shall cover the earth ... but upon thee the LORD will arise Darkness - Amos 8:11 - famine of Word of God. Isaiah was describing the awful darkness that will cover the earth during the day of the Lord (Amos 5:18), when God punishes the nations of the earth for their sins (Isa. 2:12; 13:6). Ten plagues of Egypt: 3 - under rod of Aaron 3 - no rod 3 - under rod of Moses The last being the death of the firstborn Patterns, very designed (Ex 10:22). 01/30/2020

48 The Book of Isaiah 2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, And deep darkness the peoples: But upon thee the LORD will arise, And his glory shall be seen over thee. Isaiah 60:2 2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, And deep darkness the peoples: But upon thee the LORD will arise, And his glory shall be seen over thee. But Isaiah was also describing the glorious light that will come to Israel when her Messiah returns to reign in Jerusalem. Then the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea (Hab. 2:14). Israels sons and daughters will come home again (Isa.

60:4, 8-9), and all of them will know the Lord. 01/30/2020 49 The Book of Isaiah For behold darkness shall cover the earth ... but upon thee the LORD will arise Isaiah 60:3 3 And nations shall walk toward thy light, And kings toward the gleam of thy rising. And nations shall walk toward thy light and kings toward the gleam of thy rising The sun of righteousness and God's favor shining upon redeemed Israel will attract nations from distant lands to walk toward her light. Israel is to be, so to speak, the Pied Piper of the nations for God. It is the same vision described by Isaiah in Isa. 2:2-5.

01/30/2020 50 The Book of Isaiah Nations - Gentiles. Isaiah 60:3 3 And nations shall walk toward thy light, And kings toward the gleam of thy rising. And nations shall walk toward thy light and kings toward the gleam of thy rising It will be the dawning of a new day for the nations of the world as well as for Israel (Isa. 3, 10-13). Some people spiritualize these promises and apply them to the Gentiles coming to Christ and His church today, but that is not the basic interpretation. 01/30/2020

51 The Book of Isaiah The Gentiles will come to Jerusalem to worship the Lord and to share their wealth (Isa. 2:2-4; 11:9; 27:13; 56:7; 57:13; 65:25; 66:20). Isaiah 60:4 4 Lift up thine eyes round about, and look: They are all assembled and are coming to thee,. Thy sons shall come from afar, And thy daughters are carried on the side. Isaiah bids his people to share in his vision of the nations come to her, bringing back Israel's exiled sons and daughters. The phrase, "thy daughters are carried on the side," refers to the oriental custom of mothers carrying their children on the hip. 01/30/2020

52 The Book of Isaiah Lift up thine eyes round about and look: they are all coming to thee Isaiah 60:5 5 Then shalt thou see and be radiant, And thy heart shall throb and swell, For the abundance of the sea shall be turned over to thee, And the wealth of the nations shall come to thee. A description of the reunion of Israel with her long-lost sons and daughters returning to the land seen today in Israel and elsewhere. 01/30/2020 53 The Book of Isaiah

Then shalt thou see and be radiant and thy heart shall throb and swell Thine heart shall fear - throb. Forces - riches. Abundance of sea / wealth of nations Isaiah 60:6 6 The caravans of camels shall cover thee, The young camels of Midlian and Ephah; They shall all come from Sheba: They shall carry gold and frankincense; And shall proclaim the praises of the LORD. One of the results of Israel's restoration to divine favor will be a great increase in commerce with all her neighbors. "The young camels" translated by the KJV's as "dromedaries" are actually young camels and not the onehumped camels. 01/30/2020 54

The Book of Isaiah The caravans of camels shall cover thee Isaiah 60:6 6 The caravans of camels shall cover thee, The young camels of Midian and Ephah; They shall all come from Sheba: They shall carry gold and frankincense; And shall proclaim the praises of the LORD. A number of descendants of Ishmael are mentioned: Ephah is a Midianite tribe (Gen. 25:4), the son of Keturah and Abraham. Most commentators believe that Sheba is modern Yemen. 01/30/2020 55 The Book of Isaiah The most significant aspect of this prophecy is the reconciliation

of the Arab tribes with Israel and their worship of Jehovah. This prophecy, together with Isaiah 19:23-25, indicates that in Isaiah's time there was a live hope and desire that Israel and her Arab neighbors might be reconciled and worship together one God. 6 The caravans of camels shall cover thee, The young camels of Midian and Ephah; They shall all come from Sheba: They shall carry gold and frankincense; And shall proclaim the praises of the LORD. They come bringing their most precious gifts, gold and frankincense, proclaiming the praise of Jehovah. The reference to gold and frankincense brings to mind the story of the wise men from the East who brought gifts to the newborn child, Jesus, of gold, frankincense and myrrh (Mt. 1:11). The first time they brought myrrh, frankincense, and gold speaking of His coming roles of Prophet, priest and king. Gold and incense - notice no myrrh, because by this time, his death will be behind him. Kingdom age they bring: only frankincense and gold:

priest and king. No 01/30/2020 Myrrh, speaks of embalming, 56 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 60:6 Isaiah 60:7 All the flocks of Kedar. . . the rams of Nebaioth Kedar and Nebaioth are mentioned in Genesis 25:13 as sons of Ishmael. Kedar - second son of Ishmael, he settled in what is now Kuwait. Saddam Hussain attributes his genealogy also to the second son of Ishmael. Another descendant of the tribe of Kedar is Mohammed who started Islam. The hope of the future conversion of the children of Ishmael to

Jehovah and their reconciliation with Israel is in view. 01/30/2020 57 The Book of Isaiah 7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together for thee, The rams of Nebaioth shall serve thee, They shall be offered up acceptably upon mine altar, And I will adorn my beautiful house. Isaiah 60:7 7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together for thee, The rams of Nebaioth shall serve thee, They shall be offered up acceptably upon mine altar, And I will adorn my beautiful house. 01/30/2020 58

The Book of Isaiah And I will adorn my beautiful house The prophet's words are apparently predictive that the Temple will one day be rebuilt, in God's own time. Isaiah 60:8 8 Who are these which fly like a cloud, Like doves to their dovecotes? The return of the sons of Israel from the east 01/30/2020 59 The Book of Isaiah Who are these which fly like a cloud, like doves. The comparison here is with the swift flight of flocks of doves to their cotes. Israel's children are similarly endowed with a homing instinct.

9 For the coastlands are waiting for me, The ships of Tarshish are in front, To bring thy sons from afar, Their silver and gold is with them, For the sake of the name of Jehovah, thy God, And the Holy One of Israel, who has glorified thee. For the coastlands are waiting for me to bring thy sons from afar In verse 4, Isaiah predicted the return of the exiles from the east. Now he predicts the same about the exiles from the west. "The islands" or "coastlands" are usually a reference to the people along the shores of the Mediterranean. It may be an expanded reference to nations and lands not known to Isaiah or his people in their day. 01/30/2020 60 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah 60:9 Isaiah 60:9 The ships of Tarshish are in front Tarshish was a city at the extreme end of the Western Mediterranean - many argue this is a reference to Britain and beyond. Ex. Jonah. 01/30/2020 61 The Book of Isaiah 9 For the coastlands are waiting for me, The ships of Tarshish are in front, To bring thy sons from afar, Their silver and gold is with them, For the sake of the name of Jehovah, thy God, And the Holy One of Israel, who has glorified thee.

9 For the coastlands are waiting for me, The ships of Tarshish are in front, To bring thy sons from afar, Their silver and gold is with them, For the sake of the name of Jehovah, thy God, And the Holy One of Israel, who has glorified thee. "The ships of Tarshish" is a term applied to the large, seagoing ships. Isaiah saw ships and caravans bringing people and wealth to Jerusalem (Isa. 60:5-7), The nations that refuse to honor the Lord and His city will be judged (Isa. 60:12). Even Israels old enemies will submit and help to serve the Lord (Isa. 60:10, 14). Like the exiles from the east, the western exiles will return from by their dispersion bringing gifts of gold and silver as a tribute to Jehovah from the nations from which they are returning. 01/30/2020 62

The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 60:9 Isaiah 60:9 9 For the coastlands are waiting for me, The ships of Tarshish are in front, To bring thy sons from afar, Their silver and gold is with them, For the sake of the name of Jehovah, thy God, And the Holy One of Israel, who has glorified thee. Israel's restoration and return to her homeland will be an act of God's favor which will result in the conversion of the nations. Note duo of thy God and the Holy one of Israel. The place where He has set His Name. 01/30/2020 63

The Book of Isaiah For the sake of the name of Jehovah, thy God Isaiah 60:10 10 And the sons of strangers shall rebuild thy walls, And their kings shall minister unto thee; For in my wrath have I smitten thee, But in my favor I had compassion on thee. Sons of foreigners - Cyrus (Ezek 3:7), Artaxerses Longimanus (Neh 1:3; 2:5-8). Future ?? !! ?? The rebuilding of the walls of Zion by the sons of strangers will be motivated by their desire to honor Jehovah and also as compensation for the wrong which they have done to Israel in former days. This action brings to mind the compensation or the "Wiedergutmachung" which the West Germans have in recent years paid to the Jews for the wrongs committed against them under the rule of Hitler. 01/30/2020

64 The Book of Isaiah the sons of strangers shall rebuild thy walls, and their kings Isaiah 60:10 10 And the sons of strangers shall rebuild thy walls, And their kings shall minister unto thee; For in my wrath have I smitten thee, But in my favor I had compassion on thee. For in my wrath have I smitten thee But in my favor I had compassion on thee The same thought was previously expressed Isaiah 54:7-8. God's intention toward Israel is one of favor and compassion. 01/30/2020 65

The Book of Isaiah God's wrath for Israel is a temporary phase, which will pass. Isaiah 60:11 11 And thy gates shall be continuously open, Never shut by day or by night, To bring to thee the wealth of the nations, Led by their kings. And thy gates shall be continuously open, never shut.. Forces = wealth. 01/30/2020 66 The Book of Isaiah The constant influx of people from all the nations, crowding

the city of Jerusalem, either bringing tribute to Jehovah, or trading with Israel, will be so great that constantly open gates will become essential. Isaiah 60:12 12 For that nation and that kingdom Which shall refuse to serve thee shall perish; And those nations shall be completely destroyed. For that nation and that kingdom Mat 25. It complements the thought, "the meek shall inherit the earth. 01/30/2020 67 The Book of Isaiah The words sound harsh or even vindictive, but the thought expressed in them is that every nation or government which

opposes God, will have no future and will eventually perish. Isaiah 60:13 13 The glory of Lebanon shall come to thee: The cypress, the boxwood and the larch To adorn the place of my sanctuary; And I will make the place of my feet glorious. 01/30/2020 68 The Book of Isaiah The glory of Lebanon shall come to thee The famous trees of Lebanon mentioned here which were used in the building of the first and second temples were Lebanon's glory (1 Ki. 5:10 and Neh. 2:8). Isaiah 60:13 13 The glory of Lebanon shall come to thee: The cypress, the boxwood and the larch

To adorn the place of my sanctuary; And I will make the place of my feet glorious. 01/30/2020 69 The Book of Isaiah And I will make the place of my feet glorious The vision here is of Jehovah who inhabits the heavens, but has chosen Zion as the resting place of His feet. This parallels another vision of God, in Christ, who came down to earth to dwell among men (John 1:14). Isaiah and Ezekiel called the Temple: "The place of the soles of my feet" (Ezek. 43:7). Isaiah 60:14 14 And the sons of thy oppressors shall come to thee bowing down; And all they who despised thee shall bow down to the soles of thy feet,

And they shall call thee "The City of the LORD," "Zion of the Holy One of Israel. The homage paid to Jerusalem by the nations of the world is the result of her repentance and her restored favor with God, manifested by His presence in the Temple. 01/30/2020 70 The Book of Isaiah And they shall call thee "The City of the LORD" "Zion of the Holy One of Israel" Isaiah 60:15-22 01/30/2020 71

The Book of Isaiah In verses 15-22, the Lord describes some of the joys and wonders of the glorious kingdom. The nation will no longer be forsaken but will be enriched by the Gentiles and nursed like a beloved child (Isa. 4, 16; 49:23; 61:6). As in the days of King Solomon (1 Kings 10:21, 27), precious metals will be plentiful. It will be a time of peace and safety. I will make peace your governor and righteousness your ruler (Isa. 60:17 NIV). Isaiah 60:15 15 Instead of being forsaken and hated, Without anybody passing through, I will make thee an eternal excellence, A joy to generation after generation. Instead of being forsaken and hated 01/30/2020

72 The Book of Isaiah Regenerated Zion's relationship to the nations will undergo a radical transformation. No longer will she be shunned or hated but will become a place of eternal excellence, the spiritual center of the world. Isaiah 60:16 Thou shalt suck the milk of the nations the breast of kings Suck the milk Classic expression which alludes to providing for someone. El Shaddai = Almighty in provisional sense. Suck the breast shad = breast. Nations - Gentiles. A figure of speech descriptive of Zion's most favored position among the nations and their rulers. The same thought is expressed

01/30/2020 in Isaiah 49:23, 26. 73 The Book of Isaiah 16 And thou shalt suck the milk of nations, And the breast of kings shalt thou suckle. And thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour, And that the Mighty One of Jacob is thy Redeemer. Isaiah 60:17 17 Instead of brass, I will bring gold, And instead of iron, I will bring silver, Instead of wood, there will be brass, And instead of stones-iron: I will appoint peace for thy magistrates, And righteousness for thy administrators. I will appoint peace for thy magistrates and righteousness for thy administrators Israel shall be governed by rulers and judges who will

personify peace and righteousness. 01/30/2020 74 The Book of Isaiah Instead of brass I will bring gold Jerusalem's material prosperity and splendor will be matched by her spiritual transformation. Isaiah 60:18 18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, Nor desolation and destruction within thy borders, But thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, And thy gates Praise. But thou shalt call thy walls Salvation and thy gates Praise Salvation and praise are personified as the very foundation and bulwarks of restored Jerusalem.

01/30/2020 75 The Book of Isaiah Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, nor desolation... A vision of the new Jerusalem, free from violence and desolation. Isaiah 60:19 19 The sun shall no more be thy light by day, Nor shall the brightness of the moon give light to thee. But the LORD shall be thy everlasting light, And thy God shall be thy glory. The sun shall no more be thy light by day The effulgence of God's presence, the Shechinah, will be so intense that it will outshine the sun and the moon. Sun..moon - Rev 21:23; 22:5. Also, in Rev 12 where sun and moon are alluding

to Israel. 01/30/2020 76 The Book of Isaiah Shekinah Glory - See in Exodus, might also be present in Genesis (Gen 1:3). Isaiah 60:20 20 Thy sun shall no more go down, Neither shall thy moon wane, For the LORD shall be for an everlasting light to thee, And the days of thy mourning shall come to an end. Thy sun shall no more go down, neither shall thy moon wane Isaiah elaborates in some detail the vision of verse 19. Rev 20, 21 01/30/2020

77 The Book of Isaiah And the days of thy mourning shall come to an end In the city of God there will be no sorrow or mourning. Isaiah 60:21 21 Thy people shall all be righteous, They shall inherit the land forever, The branch which I planted, My handiwork to glorify me. Israel will become a nation of righteous people. The prophetic idea of perfect Israel: not a nation of philosophers-the Greek idea; nor a nation of invincible warriors-the Roman ideal; but a nation of "tsadikim," men who are righteous in the sight of God. Only such a people shall in the end inherit the earth. 01/30/2020

78 The Book of Isaiah Thy people shall all be righteous, they shall inherit the land forever Isaiah 60:21 21 Thy people shall all be righteous, They shall inherit the land forever, The branch which I planted, My handiwork to glorify me. The branch (or twig) which I planted, my handiwork to glorify me Israel's highest calling and destiny is to glorify God. The same thought is expressed in Isaiah 43:21: This people have I formed for myself; That they might tell of my glory. 01/30/2020 79

The Book of Isaiah Branch or twig, sprout, Hebrew "netser," appears in Isaiah 11:1 and 14:19. Isaiah 60:22 22 The smallest shall become a thousand, And the least a mighty nation: I, the LORD, will hasten it in due time. I, the LORD, will hasten it in due time A solemn assurance that the LORD Himself will hasten the day of fulfillment, in the fullness of time. 01/30/2020 80 The Book of Isaiah The smallest shall become a thousand, and the least a mighty nation

It is not just the thought of numerical increase which is expressed here, but the vision of regenerated Israel who will reproduce herself spiritually by her wonderful power to attract the nations to the worship of her God. Isaiah 60:22 22 The smallest shall become a thousand, And the least a mighty nation: I, the LORD, will hasten it in due time. The city Isaiah described is the capital city of the restored Jewish nation, and Jesus Christ shall sit on the throne of David and judge righteously. The Jewish remnant, the smallest, will increase and fill the land (Isa. 60:22; 51:2; 54:3). 01/30/2020 81 The Book of Isaiah

John used some of the characteristics of the millennial Jerusalem when he described the Holy City (Rev. 21-22): The sun never sets; There is no sorrow; The gates never close; etc. The Kingdom and the Glory Isaiah 60-66 Whatever begins with Gods grace will lead to Gods glory (1 Ptr 5:10), and that includes the nation of Israel. Isaiah began his Book of Consolation (chaps. 40-66) by promising that the glory of the LORD shall be revealed (40:5). Now he concludes by describing that glory for us. In these last seven chapters, he used the word glory in one form or another at least twenty-three times. 01/30/2020 82 The Book of Isaiah

When Gods glory is on the scene, everything becomes new. Isaiah 61:1 The Mission of the Servant of the Lord and Israel's Glorious Destiny 1 The spirit of the LORD God is upon me, For the LORD has anointed me To bring good tidings to the humble, He sent me to bind up the broken-hearted; To proclaim liberty to the captives, And to open the prison to them who are bound. The spirit of the LORD God is upon me for the LORD has anointed me The Book of Isaiah 83 The question arises who is the speaker of these and the following words? Jewish commentators apply these words to Isaiah himself. But no prophet ever spoke of himself in this manner. These can only be the words spoken by the servant of the LORD, previously mentioned in Isa 42:1, 50:4, 5. The mission described in verses 1-3 is of such a sweeping

nature that only God Himself is able to perform it, using the servant as His agent. Compare these statements to the Beatitudes 01/30/2020 Isaiah 61:1 1 The spirit of the LORD God is upon me, For the LORD has anointed me To bring good tidings to the humble, He sent me to bind up the broken-hearted; To proclaim liberty to the captives, And to open the prison to them who are bound. Note that Isa. 61:1 names the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. To bring good tidings to the humble The anointed servant of God is to bring good tidings to the humble, A term which usually describes God's faithful remnant. The good tidings is that their enslavement is about to end He sent me to bind up the broken-hearted This means to bring comfort and healing to those who suffer for righteousness' sake. 01/30/2020

84 The Book of Isaiah Anointed me - Luke 1:35 in the womb. Isaiah 61:1 1 The spirit of the LORD God is upon me, For the LORD has anointed me To bring good tidings to the humble, He sent me to bind up the broken-hearted; To proclaim liberty to the captives, And to open the prison to them who are bound. And to open the prison to them who are bound This line complements the former, enlarging upon the fact that besides being captives in bondage, some of them were also confined in prison. 01/30/2020 85

The Book of Isaiah To proclaim liberty to captives This is an immediate reference to the captives of Israel, In a larger sense, it points to the deliverance from the bondage of sin. Isaiah 61:2 2 To proclaim the year of the LORD's favor, And a day of vengeance of our God, To comfort all who mourn; To proclaim the year of the LORD's favor Shnath-ratson la-Jehovah the year of the LORD's favor is that glorious time when God shall turn His face in mercy toward His people (Isa 60:10). To comfort all who mourn Those who mourn for righteousness will be comforted through the presence and the work of the servant (Mt. 5:4). 01/30/2020 86

The Book of Isaiah And a day of vengeance of our God In contrast to the year of God's favor toward His remnant, this will also be the day of reckoning for the ungodly. Isaiah 61:1-2 Luke 4:16-21 records that Jesus read the above words of Isa 61:12a in the synagogue of Nazareth At that time He indicated that He came to fulfill this messianic prophecy and program. The Two Comings of Christ Start at Luke 4:16 in the synagogue at Nazareth. Verse 18 starts a quote from Isaiah 61, Verse 19 note where Jesus stops at a period. Note in Isaiah 61, that Jesus stopped at a 01/30/2020 87 The Book of Isaiah

1 The spirit of the LORD God is upon me, For the LORD has anointed me To bring good tidings to the humble, He sent me to bind up the broken-hearted; To proclaim liberty to the captives, And to open the prison to them who are bound. 2 To proclaim the year of the LORD's favor 1 The spirit of the LORD God is upon me, For the LORD has anointed me To bring good tidings to the humble, He sent me to bind up the broken-hearted; To proclaim liberty to the captives, And to open the prison to them who are bound. 2 To proclaim the year of the LORD's favor Jesus did NOT read: And the Day of Vengeance of our God 1 Pet 3:12; Ps 34:16; Isa. 34:8; 35:4; 63:4 Day will come when this phrase will be fulfilled. Jesus is our Kinsman-redeemer, the goel. Role of redeemer of the land and of the Bride, yet there

is another role of the goel: the avenger of blood! The comma equals 1900+ years between comings! Dan 9:26; Rev 12:5-6 01/30/2020 88 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 61:1-2 Isaiah 61:3 3 To appoint deliverance to the mourners of Zion, And to give to them a garland instead of ashes, The oil of gladness instead of mourning, A garment of praise instead of a failing spirit, And they shall be called "the oaks of righteousness," The planting of the LORD for his glory. To "appoint" and to "give" are synonymous expressions; the first is general, the second more specific. The word "deliverance" is not in the original text, but is

implied. 01/30/2020 89 The Book of Isaiah To appoint deliverance to the mourners of Zion And to give to them a garland instead of ashes Isaiah 61:3 01/30/2020 90 The Book of Isaiah The Year of Jubilee is described in Leviticus 25:7. Every seven years, the Jews were to observe a sabbatical year and allow the land to rest.

After 7 sabbaticals, or 49 years, they were to celebrate the 50 th year as the Year of Jubilee. During that year, all debts were canceled, all land was returned to the original owners, the slaves were freed, and everybody was given a fresh new beginning. This was the Lords way of balancing the economy and keeping the rich from exploiting the poor. If you have trusted Christ as your Savior, you are living today in a spiritual Year of Jubilee. You have been set free from bondage; Your spiritual debt to the Lord has been paid; You are living in the acceptable year of the Lord. Instead of the ashes of mourning, you have a crown on your head, for He has made you a king (Rev. 1:6). You have been anointed with the oil of the Holy Spirit and you wear a garment of righteousness (Isa. 61:3, 10). Israel was like a fading oak and a waterless garden (Isa. 1:30), but in the kingdom, she will be like a watered garden (Isa. 58:11) and a tree (oak) of righteousness (Isa. 61:3). But all of Gods people should be His trees (Ps. 1:1-3), the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified (Isa. 61:3).

01/30/2020 91 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 61:3 Isaiah 61:3 3 To appoint deliverance to the mourners of Zion, And to give to them a garland instead of ashes, The oil of gladness instead of mourning, A garment of praise instead of a failing spirit, And they shall be called "the oaks of righteousness," The planting of the LORD for his glory. And they shall be called "the oaks of righteousness" A term which conveys a meaning similar to 'the pillars of righteousness." The planting of the LORD for his glory The line is similar in sense to Isa 60:21.

01/30/2020 92 The Book of Isaiah In the Hebrew text there is a play on words: pe'er"-"a garland"; "aipher"-"ashes." Those who wore the ashes of mourning shall obtain a garland of joy. Isaiah 61:4 4 And they will rebuild the ancient ruins, They will raise up the former desolations, And restore the ruined cities That were wasted for many generations. And they will rebuild the ancient ruins 01/30/2020 93

The Book of Isaiah The ruins of the Holy Land will be rebuilt. "They" refers to the children of Israel who will return and rebuild their ruined cities. Isaiah 61:5 5 And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, And the sons of aliens shall tend your farms and your vineyards. And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks 01/30/2020 94 The Book of Isaiah A similar thought is expressed in Isa 60:10, indicating that the converted Gentiles out of love for the LORD and for His people will work in harmony with the children of Israel as farmers and vine-dressers and in the rebuilding of the land.

6 But you shall be called, "the priests of the LORD," And they will speak of you as "the ministers of our God." You will feed on the wealth of the nations And revel in their splendor. But you shall be called, "the priests of the LORD "the ministers of our God" In Exodus 19:6, the children of Israel were called to be "a kingdom of priests and a holy nation." (1 Ptr 2:9) In appreciation of the material help and service of the converted Gentiles, the redeemed Jews will minister to them as "the priests of the LORD." The expression, "our God," points significantly to the sharing of a common faith and the worship of the same God. The term, "meshorthei - "ministers - means servants who perform higher functions. Isaiah sees Israel as the Godappointed minister to the nations of the world.. 01/30/2020 95 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah 61:6 Isaiah 61:6 6 But you shall be called, "the priests of the LORD," And they will speak of you as "the ministers of our God." You will feed on the wealth of the nations And revel in their splendor. The word, translated "revel" ("boast" in KJV), literally means "to take in exchange." The thought here is that Zion Israel - will share her spiritual wealth with the nations and in exchange will participate in everything which is great and noble among the nations. We have translated "kavod - usually translated "glory" as "splendor." It comes from a root which means "heavy or weighty." It refers to all that which is truly meaningful and glorious. 01/30/2020 96

The Book of Isaiah You will feed on the wealth of the nations and revel in their splendor Isaiah 61:7 7 Instead of shame, you will receive a double share [of honor] And for humiliation, they will rejoice with their portion And so in their land shall they possess double, Everlasting joy shall be theirs. At first glance the Hebrew text sounds incomplete, but the meaning of it is clear. For her shame and humiliation which her oppressors inflicted on her, she will now receive a double portion of joy in her own land. In their kingdom Year of Jubilee, the Jewish people will rebuild, repair, and restore their land and the Gentiles will shepherd Israels flocks and herds and tend to their crops. Instead of being farmers and shepherds, the Jews will be priests and ministers! God will acknowledge them as His firstborn (Ex. 4:22) and give them a double portion of His blessing (Isa. 61:7; Deut. 21:17).

01/30/2020 97 The Book of Isaiah Instead of shame, you will receive a double share [of honor] Isaiah 61:8 8 Because I the LORD love justice, I hate robbery with iniquity, And I will recompense them faithfully And will make an everlasting covenant with them. Robbery with "inquity" instead of the Massoretic "olah - "burnt offering." We read the same consonants as "avlah - "in justice or inquity," which makes better sense, and follows the Septuagint, the Tar-gum and several Hebrew manuscripts which read this word in the same way. God is just and hates all injustice. Israel will be recompensed faithfully for the wrong done to her. The everlasting covenant is described in Jeremiah 31:31-37 and

includes the blessings of the new covenant that Jesus Christ instituted by His death (Heb. 10:1-18; Matt. 26:28). 01/30/2020 98 The Book of Isaiah Because I the LORD love justice, I hate robbery with inquity Isaiah 61:9 9 And their offspring shall be renowned among the nations, And their posterity among the peoples, All they who will see them shall recognize them, That they are the seed whom God has blessed. Note this speaks of the Jews descendants. Redeemed and restored Israel and her posterity shall be acknowledged by the nations as God's people, whom He has blessed and distinguished in a singular way. Those who enter into the millennial kingdom will marry, have families, and enjoy Gods blessings on the earth for

a thousand years (Rev. 20:1-5). They will study Gods Word from generation to generation (Isa. 59:21). 01/30/2020 99 The Book of Isaiah And their offspring shall be renowned among the nations Isaiah 61:10 10 I will rejoice exceedingly in the LORD, My soul shall be joyful in my God, For he has clothed me with the garments of salvation, And covered me with the robe of righteousness, As a bridegroom puts on a priestly diadem, And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels. I will rejoice exceedingly in the LORD, Called by His name, Jehovah - tsidkenu - Jer 23:5,6 vs. Ro 10:3 These words and the following lines are a brief hymn of praise, which Isaiah puts into the mouth of the redeemed.

The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 100 Isaiah is speaking on behalf of the remnant who are praising God for all He has done. They rejoice that He has cleansed them and clothed them and turned their desert into a fruitful garden (Isa 55:10). They have gone from a funeral to a wedding! Isaiah 61:10 10 I will rejoice exceedingly in the LORD, My soul shall be joyful in my God, For he has clothed me with the garments of salvation, And covered me with the robe of righteousness, As a bridegroom puts on a priestly diadem, And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels. As a bridegroom puts on a priestly diadem ... a bride her jewels Robe of righteousness - Isa 64:6; Gen 3:21; Rev 19:8.

The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 101 Bride and Bridegroom - in Mishna, the Bridegroom wears a crown. Isaiah compares Israel adorned with the garments of salvation to a bride and bridegroom in their festive wedding attire. The "priestly diadem" refers to the Biblical custom according to which the bride put on a special wedding turban and adorned herself in her jewelry. After the destruction of the Temple in 70 A. D., this ancient custom became defunct in sign of mourning. Isaiah 61:11 11 For as the earth brings forth her growth, And as a garden causes its plantings to spring forth So shall the LORD Jehovah cause righteousness and praise For as the earth brings forth her growth a garden ... its plantings

God's promises to Israel are as sure as the laws of nature, just as the seed planted in the soil will under favorable conditions bring forth new growth and plant life. 01/30/2020 102 The Book of Isaiah The thought is similar to Isaiah 55:10. Isaiah 61:11 11 For as the earth brings forth her growth, And as a garden causes its plantings to spring forth So shall the LORD Jehovah cause righteousness and praise So shall the LORD Jehovah cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations As the earth brings forth her growth in due season so also shall the LORD cause righteousness and glory to sprout forth before all nations.

01/30/2020 103 The Book of Isaiah "The LORD Jehovah" is a most emphatic use of God's name. Isaiah 62:1 The Salvation and Glory of Zion 1 For Zion's sake I will not be silent, And for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest Until her righteousness shines forth like the dawn, And her salvation like a blazing torch. The question has been raised who is the speaker of the words, the Lord or Isaiah. The I in v6 indicates that the Lord is the speaker. God promises to keep speaking and working till His purposes for Jerusalem are fulfilled. This is not only for the sake of Zion but also for the sake

of the nations of the world. 01/30/2020 104 The Book of Isaiah For Zion's sake I will not be silent . . . for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest Isaiah 62:1 The Salvation and Glory of Zion 1 For Zion's sake I will not be silent, And for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest Until her righteousness shines forth like the dawn, And her salvation like a blazing torch. Righteousness is here synonymous with the vindication of Israel before the nations of her world. There will be no righteousness and peace on this earth till Jerusalem gets her new name and becomes a crown of glory to the Lord.

01/30/2020 105 The Book of Isaiah Until her righteousness shines forth like the dawn, And her salvation like a blazing torch. Isaiah 62:2 2 And nations shall see thy righteousness, And all the kings thy glory: And thou shalt be called by a new name Which the mouth of the LORD shall design. The nations which once despised Israel will now see what God has done for His people and Israel's glory, which will reflect the glory of Jehovah Himself. In the past Jacob wrestled with the angel of the LORD and was named Israel - a prince with God; As a mark of Israels new dignity, she will receive a new

name, which the LORD Himself will designate, A name which will be appropriate to her new stature as a regenerated and holy people. 01/30/2020 106 The Book of Isaiah And nations shall see they righteousness and all the kings thy glory Isaiah 62:2 2 And nations shall see thy righteousness, And all the kings thy glory: And thou shalt be called by a new name Which the mouth of the LORD shall design. Names are important: God assigns names (Rev 3:12), God chooses to change names (Abram to Abraham; Sarai to Sarah..).

New name - Isa. 62:4, 13; Isa 65:15; Rev 2:17. 01/30/2020 107 The Book of Isaiah His Name (Ex 3:14; 20:7; Ps 25:1; Mt 23:19; Jn 17:11), object of praise (Heb 13:15; Rev 15:4; Rom 15:9), Isaiah 62:3 Instead of bringing dishonor and disgrace upon God's name about which Ezekiel bitterly lamented (Ezk. 36:17-20), Israel will now become God's masterpiece. The crown and royal diadem symbolize royal and high-priestly dignity. The Hebrew word "tsanaph" or "mitsnepheth" is the headdress of the high priest (Ex. 28:4) and of the king (Ezk. 21:26). Out of her lowly beginning in history the LORD is shaping

a kingdom of priests. 01/30/2020 108 The Book of Isaiah 3 And thou shalt be a crown of splendor in the hand of the LORD And a royal diadem in the palm of thy God. Isaiah 62:4 4 Thou shalt no more be called, "Forsaken," Neither shall thy land be called, "Desolate," But thou shalt be called [Hephzi-bah] -"I Delight in her" And thy land "Married," [Beulah] For the LORD delights in thee And thy land shall be married. Thou shalt no more be called, "Forsaken" . . . "Desolate" For the LORD delights in thee and thy land shall be married These words explain clearly the reason for Zion's new

names. 01/30/2020 109 The Book of Isaiah "Forsaken" and "Desolate" were the designations of Zion in the days of her humiliation and degradation, When restored to divine favor, she will be called Hepzi-Bah, that is, "My delight-is-in-her" and "Married - Beulah. Isaiah 62:4 4 Thou shalt no more be called, "Forsaken," Neither shall thy land be called, "Desolate," But thou shalt be called [Hephzi-bah] -"I Delight in her" And thy land "Married," [Beulah] For the LORD delights in thee And thy land shall be married. Whos the Bridegroom? - God. Whos the Bride? - His people, Israel When a bride marries, she receives a new name.

Israel is already married to Jehovah, but she will get a new name when she is reconciled to Him. The Book of Isaiah 110 Israel, an unfaithful wife, was forsaken, but not divorced (Isa 50:1-3). Her trials will all be forgotten when she receives the new name, Hephzibah, which means my delight is in her. The name of the wife of Hezekiah, of a daughter of Isaiah, and the name of the mother of Manassah, The old name Desolate will be replaced by Beulah, which means married (Isa 54:1). 01/30/2020 Isaiah 62:5 5 For as a young man marries a virgin, So shall thy Sons marry thee, And as a bridegroom rejoices over the bride, So shall thy God rejoice over thee.

And as a bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall thy God rejoice over thee Israel in her redeemed state and splendor is figuratively called, "The Bride of God," just as the new Jerusalem is referred to in Revelation 21:2 and 22:17 as "The Bride of Christ, beloved and precious to the LORD. 01/30/2020 111 The Book of Isaiah For as a young man marries a virgin so shall thy sons marry thee The sense of these words is that Zion's sons will marry and possess their land, just as a young man marries and possesses his beloved. Isaiah 62:6 The Book of Isaiah

01/30/2020 112 6 Upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, Have I set watchmen. They shalt never keep silence by day or by night, You who remember the LORD take no rest. Upon thy walls, O Jerusalem have I set watchmen Ancient cities had their appointed watchmen, whose primary duty was to warn the citizens against any impending attack by the enemy. God gave His people leaders to guide them, but they were not faithful (Isa. 56:10). The LORD has set faithful watchmen on the walls of His holy city, Jerusalem, whose duty is to guard the city against her spiritual enemies, against wicked and ungodly men and against spiritual and moral corruption and who constantly remind God of His promises. These watchmen, the prophets of God, must never be silent or at ease, but keep on pleading with God on behalf of Jerusalem - Israel. What an encouragement to us to pray for the peace of Jerusalem (Ps. 122:6).

Isaiah 62:7 7 And give him no rest until he establish, And make Jerusalem a praise in the earth. God will have no rest till He accomplishes His purposes for His people, and the world will have no peace till He succeeds. He asks us to give him no rest; to intercede for Israel and Jerusalem, the prayers of His people are an important part of the program of God. The watchmen and the remembrancers of God must never cease their intercessions until Jerusalem becomes what God intended her to be: "a praise in the earth," the "holy city of God. 01/30/2020 113 The Book of Isaiah ... until he establish and make Jerusalem a praise in the earth

Isaiah 62:8 8 The LORD has sworn by his right hand, And by his strong arm Never again will I give your grain to your enemies for food, Nor will strangers drink your wine, For which you have toiled. Only place where it is by his right hand. Other places sworn by: Himself (Gen 22:16; 45:23; Jer 44:13; 51:14; Amo 6:5); His Holiness (Ps 89:35; Amos 4:2); His Great Name (Jer 44:26); 01/30/2020 114 The Book of Isaiah The LORD has sworn by his right hand and by his strong arm The right hand and the strong arm of God are figurative of God's power, manifested in His redemptive actions on behalf of

Israel. Isaiah 62:8 Never again will I give your grain to your enemies for food The LORD will not permit that Israel should again be robbed of the fruits of her labors or to become a prey of the nations. Curse foreseen by Moses that Israel would labor and another would eat of their labor. This saying that the curse is lifted, reversal of what Moses prophesied. God promises that the Jews will never again lose their harvests to the enemy but will enjoy the fruit of their labors in the very courts of His sanctuary. 01/30/2020 115 The Book of Isaiah 8 The LORD has sworn by his right hand, And by his strong arm

Never again will I give your grain to your enemies for food, Nor will strangers drink your wine, For which you have toiled. Isaiah 62:9 But they who harvest it, shall eat it and praise the LORD... In the courts of my sanctuary According to Ezekiel 40-48, there will be a millennial temple, and the Jews will worship the Lord there. Having received their Messiah, they will now clearly understand the spiritual meaning of their worship. Today, their minds are veiled (2 Cor. 3:14-18; Rom 11:11-27), but then, their eyes will be opened. 01/30/2020 116 The Book of Isaiah 9 But they who harvest it, shall eat it

And praise the LORD. And they who gather it, shall drink it In the courts of my sanctuary. Isaiah 62:10 10 Pass through, pass through the gates, Clear the way of the people. Cast up, cast up a highway, Remove the stones, Raise a signal over the peoples. Pass through, pass through the gates, clear the way of the people 01/30/2020 117 The Book of Isaiah Another reference to the highway (Isa. 11:16; 40:3-5), and there is an urgency about these words. The Lord is about to arrive, and the people must get the road

ready! Isaiah 62:10 10 Pass through, pass through the gates, Clear the way of the people. Cast up, cast up a highway, Remove the stones, Raise a signal over the peoples. Raise a signal over the peoples When the work is completed, they must lift a banner to signal they are ready. See, your Savior comes! (Isa. 62:11 NIV). This is a proclamation that goes to the ends of the earth! 01/30/2020 118 The Book of Isaiah The thought here and the words are similar to those in Isaiah 49:22, where God lifts a signal for the peoples of the world that

they should bring back the captive Sons and daughters of Zion. Isaiah 62:11 11 Behold the LORD has proclaimed to the ends of the earth, Say to the daughter of Zion: "Behold, thy salvation is coming; Behold, his reward is with him, And his recompense before him. Behold the LORD has proclaimed to the ends of the earth... thy salvation is coming. God has proclaimed (hishmeca), that they, that is the nations, should announce to the daughter of Zion that her salvation is coming. Behold his reward is with him and his recompense before him This salvation or Savior brings His reward of redemption with Him and His recompense before Him (Isaiah 40:10; 48:20; Rev 22:12). 01/30/2020 119

The Book of Isaiah This salvation (Yesha) is personified suggesting a personal Saviour (Yeshua-Jesus). Isaiah 62:12 12 And they shall be called, "The holy people, The redeemed of the LORD." And thou shalt be called, "The sought out, A city not forsaken. And thou shalt be called, "The sought out, a city not forsaken Just as they were once forsaken and desolate (v. 4), now they shall be a sought-after people, a city which will be the spiritual center and the attraction of all nations. 01/30/2020 120 The Book of Isaiah

And they shall be called, "The holy people, The redeemed of the LORD" And when He comes, He shares more new names: the Holy People and the Redeemed of the LORD, God's basic plan for Israel is that they should be a holy people (Ex. 19:6). This will become a reality when they will be redeemed and regenerated. Isaiah 63 The Day of Vengeance 1 Who is this, that comes from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah, resplendent in his attire, Swaying in his great strength? It is I who speak in righteousness, the mighty to save. Who is this? The Meshiach Nagid, Jesus Christ. Hos 5:15. I will return again to My place Till they acknowledge their offense. Then they will seek My face; In their affliction they will earnestly seek Me." Jesus performed his duty of Kinsman-redeemer at the cross by paying for our sins.

He has yet to perform the second part of His duty as Kinsman, that of the Avenger of Blood! 01/30/2020 121 The Book of Isaiah Offense is singular, not sins in a generic sense, but a specific offense. Isaiah 63:1 Jehovah, the Avenger and Redeemer 1 Who is this, that comes from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah, resplendent in his attire, Swaying in his great strength? It is I who speak in righteousness, the mighty to save. Who is this, that comes from Edom in crimsoned garments from Bozrah

Moses - denied passage (Num 20:14-21); David subdues them (2 Sam 9:14); revolt under Jeroboam (2 Chr 21:8-10); smote Judah under Ahaz (2 Chr 28:17); ready to shed blood (Ezek 35:5); to be cut off (Obad 18). 01/30/2020 122 The Book of Isaiah In Edom: Isaiah 63:1 Jehovah, the Avenger and Redeemer 1 Who is this, that comes from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah,

resplendent in his attire, Swaying in his great strength? It is I who speak in righteousness, the mighty to save. Obadiah 3 attributes sin of pride to Edom (Jer 49:16). Cursed in Amos 1:11,12. Rejoiced under Nebuchadnezzars captivity (Ps 137:7; Obad 10-14; Lam 4:21, 22; Ezek 35:1013). Esau to serve Jacob (Gen 25:23, 27:40). Edom: Possession for Judah (Num 24:18). Bozrah or Petra (Amos 1:11, 12; Jer 49:13). 01/30/2020 123 The Book of Isaiah Who is this, that comes from Edom in crimsoned garments from Bozrah

Isaiah 63:1 Jehovah, the Avenger and Redeemer 1 Who is this, that comes from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah, resplendent in his attire, Swaying in his great strength? It is I who speak in righteousness, the mighty to save. The Book of Isaiah Who is this, that comes from Edom in crimsoned garments from Bozrah Edom from Esau, twin of Jacob. - The name Edom, the other name of Esau (Gen. 36:8) comes from "adom"-"red," suggesting blood. - location and pun red [traditional enemies of Israel (God)] 01/30/2020 124 Edom, although a brother nation, personifies the unrelenting

hostility of the pagan world toward Israel (Isa. 34:5ff., Jer. 25:22ff., 49: 17ff., etc.). Isaiah 63:1 Jehovah, the Avenger and Redeemer 1 Who is this, that comes from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah, resplendent in his attire, Swaying in his great strength? It is I who speak in righteousness, the mighty to save. Apparel usually speaks of righteousness or lack there of. Swaying in his great strength? "Tsoch" is translated in the KJV as "travelling" or "marching." The Hebrew term means "to sway" describing a mighty man, as he marches. It is I who speak in righteousness, the mighty to save The speaker introduces Himself as Jehovah, the perfectly righteous God who is mighty to save, that is, who is able to accomplish His righteous purpose. 01/30/2020 125

The Book of Isaiah Who is this, that comes from Edom in crimsoned garments from Bozrah Isaiah 63:2 2 Why is thine apparel so red? And thy garment like his who treads the wine press? Why is thine apparel so red? 01/30/2020 126 The Book of Isaiah Literally, why is there red (adorn) in Thy apparel? A clear allusion to Edom. Treading grapes, clothing would get stained red. Isaiah 63:3 3 I have trodden the press by myself, And of the peoples there was none with me.

I trod them in my wrath, and trampled them in my fury. Their life sap spurted on my garments, And all my apparel was stained. I have trodden the press by myself And of the peoples there was none with me 01/30/2020 127 The Book of Isaiah The judgment which Jehovah executed over Edom, He accomplished by Himself without any human assistance. 3 I have trodden the press by myself, And of the peoples there was none with me. I trod them in my wrath, and trampled them in my fury. Their life sap spurted on my garments, And all my apparel was stained.

I trod them in my wrath and trampled them in my fury Their life sap spurted on my garments and all my apparel was stained Jehovah trampled a winepress, but the grapes were the grapes of His wrath. Their life sap (nitscharn) spurted and reddened His clothing. The extreme wrath of God is here described. Gods wrath - spoken of as Bowls of wrath, wrath sometimes spoken of as the wine of His wrath. Rev 14:15-20; 19:15. Joel 3;13; Lam 1:15. 01/30/2020 128 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 63:3 Isaiah 63:3 Bozrah was a great city in Edom, on the east shore of the Dead Sea

Bozrah is related to the word, "Bazir"-"a vintage" or a grape gathering During the Roman rule the coins of Bozrah had a winepress for their emblem. 01/30/2020 129 The Book of Isaiah The ancient winepress was a large, hollowed rock into which the grapes were put for the people to tread on them. The juice ran out a hole in the rock and was caught in vessels. As the people crushed the grapes, some of the juice would splash on their garments. Isaiah 63:3 Our Lords garments were dyed with blood as the result of the great victory over His enemies (Rev. 19:13). The enemy will be crushed like grapes and forced to drink their

own blood from the cup of Gods wrath (Isa 51:17; Jer 25:1516). 01/30/2020 130 The Book of Isaiah When Jesus came to earth the first time, it was to inaugurate the acceptable year of the LORD (Isa. 61:2; Luke 4:19). When He comes the second time, it will be to climax the day of vengeance of our God (Isa. 63:4; 61:2). Isaiah 63:4 4 For a day of vengeance was in my heart, And my year of redemption has come. In order that Israel might be redeemed, Edom the eternal enemy of Israel and of her God must first be obliterated. The vengeance of God is "for a day, - a short period of time; 01/30/2020

131 The Book of Isaiah His redemption is "for a year,"- a long, or indefinite time. Isaiah 63:5 5 And I looked and there was none to help, And I was amazed that there was none to uphold; Therefore, my own arm brought me salvation, And my fury, it upheld me. Therefore my own arm brought me salvation my fury upheld me The divine arm and fury symbolize His power to perform redemptive acts. His fury refers to His holy nature which is outraged by the iniquity of men. 01/30/2020 132

The Book of Isaiah And I looked and there was none to help A virtual repetition of Isa. 59:6; 63:3a. None to uphold - Lk 18:8? Isaiah 63:6 6 And I trod down the peoples in my wrath, And made them drunk with my fury. And I caused their lifeblood to flow down to the earth. These figurative expressions are descriptive of the staggering effect of divine punishment, which makes people reel like drunks. Some manuscripts read instead of "I made them drunk" rather "I broke them," A change of one letter in the Hebrew text, a "b" instead of a "k" ("Ashabreim" instead of "Ashakreim"). 01/30/2020 133

The Book of Isaiah And I trod down the peoples in my wrath and made them drunk in my fury Isaiah 63:6 6 And I trod down the peoples in my wrath, And made them drunk with my fury. And I caused their lifeblood to flow down to the earth. Isaiah continues the comparison of the red grape juice from the winepress with the lifeblood (nitzcham), which flows down to the earth. The political and physical end of the Edomite kingdom actually came during the Maccabean period, when the Edomites were compelled to become Jews. Later their land became a desert with few inhabitants. 01/30/2020 134

The Book of Isaiah And I caused their lifeblood to flow down to the earth Isaiah 63:6 6 And I trod down the peoples in my wrath, And made them drunk with my fury. And I caused their lifeblood to flow down to the earth. Rev 5 (Scroll is the title deed to that which Adam forfeited) through chapter 19 describes details which Jesus performs as our kinsman / redeemer. Hos 5:15, what offense? Not recognizing their Messiah Zech 9:9; triumphal entry not recognized One view is that the remnant flee to Bozrah and recognize their need to call upon His Name, and Jesus then returns to fight for them in Bozrah. 01/30/2020

135 The Book of Isaiah Why is He in Edom? Shouldnt He be in Armageddon? (Isa 66:16; 10:27; Rev 19:17; Gen 36:1). Isaiah 63:7-64:12 The Jews asked, Where is our God who did wonders for His people? Why is He not working on our behalf? Isaiah looked up and called on God to bare His arm and display His power (Isa. 63:15-64:12). For Abrahams sake, for Israels sake, because God is their Father, he pled for a demonstration of power just as God did in the ancient days. 01/30/2020 136 The Book of Isaiah

Then Isaiah looked back at what God has done for Israel (Isa. 63:7-14). He praised God for His loving kindness and goodness, for the pity and love bestowed on Israel. God identified with their sufferings (Isa. 63:9; Judg. 10:16; Deut. 32:10-12) as He does with His people today (1 Peter 5:7). 7 I will mention the loving acts of the LORD, The praises of the LORD according to all that Which the LORD has done for us, According to all that which the LORD has bestowed on us, And all the great goodness toward the house of Israel, Which he has bestowed on them, According to his compassion and his great kindness. Isaiah recalls Jehovah's compassion for Israel in the days of old. I will mention the loving acts of the LORD The word, "loving acts" (chardei) is in the plural, indicating specific acts of God's mercy and undeserved favor which Jehovah bestowed upon Israel in the course of their history. This is the prophet's act of thanksgiving and praise of the LORD.

01/30/2020 137 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 63:7 Isaiah 63:8 8 And he said: Surely they are my people, Children who will not deal falsely, So he was their Saviour. And he said: Surely they are my people, children who will not deal falsely Having shown Israel so much loving kindness, Jehovah had the right to expect gratitude rather than treachery. On that assumption He became their Savior, rescuing them repeatedly from many perilous situations. God is called a compassionate Father who carries His people, as Savior (the Angel of His Face) and Redeemer (v.8-9), and Holy Spirit (v10).

This is an indirect reference01/30/2020 to God in His triune nature. 138 The Book of Isaiah My people - Ex 1:9 vs 3:7. Passage speaks of Israel Isaiah 63:9 9 In all their afflictions he was afflicted, And the angel of his face saved them. In his love and his pity he redeemed them, And he took them up and carried them all the days of old. Here is one of the most disputed lines in Isaiah, resulting from the uncertain spelling of the short negative "lo"-"no" or "not," which has a negative meaning; the same word "to" with a long o" has a positive sense and means "to him." In our verse "to" is spelled in the negative way, but has an

asterisk over the aleph, indicating that the negative sense should be ignored. In the KJV there is a marginal note: omit "not. 01/30/2020 139 The Book of Isaiah In all their afflictions he was afflicted and the angel of his face saved them Isaiah 63:9 In all their afflictions he was afflicted and the angel of his face saved them There are fifteen such passages in the Hebrew Old Testament where the word "to" was misspelled. It is written "no" (ketib), but should be read (ken) in a positive sense. We have followed the obvious sense of the text, which states that God does care and shares our afflictions. This is in stark contrast to the ancient Greek concept of

god, as being completely indifferent to the affairs of men, a god who is "without passion or compassion. 01/30/2020 140 The Book of Isaiah 9 In all their afflictions he was afflicted, And the angel of his face saved them. In his love and his pity he redeemed them, And he took them up and carried them all the days of old. 9 In all their afflictions he was afflicted, And the angel of his face saved them. In his love and his pity he redeemed them, And he took them up and carried them all the days of old. "The angel of his face" (or Presence) - malach panav. Deu 33:16 This angel personifies the presence of God with His people to save and protect them. He is the supreme manifestation of God. This angel is mentioned on a number of occasions (Ex. 14:19; 23:2023; 32:12, 14, 15 etc.).

In later rabbinical literature, "The Angel of His Face" became another name for the Messiah. And he took them up and carried them all the days of old As a father picks up his little child and carries it when it is weary and unable to walk by itself, so did Jehovah act with Israel. Father - Ex 4:22-23. 01/30/2020(Jn 19:25; Ps 19:14; 78:35). Our redeemer - 14x in Isaiah 141 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 63:9 Isaiah 63:10 10 But they rebelled and grieved his holy Spirit, So he turned against them and became their enemy, And he waged war against them. But they rebelled and grieved his holy Spirit, so he turned against them...

As a result, Jehovah turned against them and acted as if He were their enemy, even to the point of fighting against His people, yet with the ultimate purpose of bringing them to their senses. 01/30/2020 142 The Book of Isaiah Instead of being profoundly grateful to Jehovah who had done so much for them, they rebelled against Him and grieved His Spirit (the Hebrew word "yitsvu" means to cause a cutting pain) -they cut Him to the quick. Isaiah 63:11 11 Then his people remembered the days of old, of Moses: ' Where is he who brought them up from the sea, With the shepherd of his flock, Where is he who put within their midst his holy Spirit?' Then his people remembered the days of old, of Moses In Hebrew, this sentence begins with the word-"vaizkor - "he

remembered." Does "he" refer: to Jehovah or to Israel? The Hebrew text reads: "Moses his people." Some manuscripts amended the Hebrew text to read: "Moses, his servant" ("abdo" instead of "ammo"). 01/30/2020 143 The Book of Isaiah This is one of the especially perplexing sentences in Isaiah. Isaiah 63:11 Then his people remembered the days of old, of Moses The people having experienced a period of great calamities finally woke up to the fact that all their misfortunes and miseries were the direct result of their disobedience and unfaithfulness. Israel is asking agonizing questions: "Where is he who brought them up from the sea with the shepherd of his flock"

A reference to the crossing of the Red Sea under the leadership of Moses and Aaron, a central event in the history of Israel. "Where is he who put within their midst his holy Spirit?" The Holy Spirit rested on Moses and those whom Jehovah chose to lead His people. 01/30/2020 144 The Book of Isaiah 11 Then his people remembered the days of old, of Moses: ' Where is he who brought them up from the sea, With the shepherd of his flock, Where is he who put within their midst his holy Spirit?' Isaiah 63:12 12 Who caused his glorious arm to walk at the right hand of Moses Who split the waters before them, To make himself an everlasting name?

Who split the waters . . . to make himself an everlasting name The crossing of the Sea brought Jehovah a name which would last forever. 01/30/2020 145 The Book of Isaiah Who caused his glorious arm to walk at the right hand of Moses "The glorious arm" of God is the personified might of God in action, so that what Moses did was not in his own strength, but through the enabling might of God. Isaiah 63:13-14 13 Who led them through the abyss, Like a horse in the wilderness, Without stumbling? 14 As the cattle go down into the valley, The Spirit of the LORD caused them to rest,

Thus didst thou lead thy people, To make for thyself a glorious name. As the cattle go down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused them to rest A further picture of God's loving care for His people. 01/30/2020 146 The Book of Isaiah "The horse in the wilderness" is another figure of speech which expresses the personal care of God for His people, Just as a man might lead his horse by the halter through a dangerous land in order that it should not stumble. Isaiah 63:15 Look down from heaven and see From thy holy and glorious habitation, Where is thy zeal and thy mighty acts, The yearning of thy innermost heart and thy compassion, Are they now withheld from us?

After extolling Jehovah's great mercies in the past, Isaiah now pleads with God for His renewed favor. In his despair he all but accuses Jehovah of having closed His heart to Israel and of having abandoned her in her dire distress. 01/30/2020 147 The Book of Isaiah Look down from heaven and see, from thy holy and glorious habitation Isaiah 63:15 Look down from heaven and see From thy holy and glorious habitation, Where is thy zeal and thy mighty acts, The yearning of thy innermost heart and thy compassion, Are they now withheld from us?

Where is thy zeal thy compassion are they now withheld from us? 01/30/2020 148 The Book of Isaiah Only a prophet who had so completely identified himself with his people would dare plead with God in such grief-stricken and almost reproachful terms. Isaiah 63:16 16 For thou art our Father, Though Abraham does not know us, And Israel does not acknowledge us, Thou, O Jehovah, art our father, Our Redeemer, is thy name from everlasting. In a physical sense, Abraham and Jacob (Israel) are the people's ancestors, they are now gone and do not remember their offspring any longer.

Yet in the truest sense, it is Jehovah who is everlastingly their God. He is their Creator, their Father and their Redeemer. Twice Jehovah is called "our Father" and once, "our Redeemer. 01/30/2020 149 The Book of Isaiah For thou art our Father though Abraham does not know us Isaiah 63:16 16 For thou art our Father, Though Abraham does not know us, And Israel does not acknowledge us, Thou, O Jehovah, art our father, Our Redeemer, is thy name from everlasting. The idea that Jehovah is the Father of His nation Israel is deeply rooted in the consciousness of Israel: Israel is my son, my firstborn (Ex. 4:22).

When Israel was a child I loved him and called my son out of Egypt (Hosea 11:1, also Jer. 3:4). To this day the Jewish prayer book refers to God as "our Father." Yet the awareness that God is the Father of the individual Israelite, although implied, is either absent or muted. 01/30/2020 150 The Book of Isaiah For thou art our Father though Abraham does not know us Isaiah 63:17 17 Why, O LORD, dost thou cause us to err from thy ways, And hardenest our hearts from thy fear? Return, for the sake of thy servants, The tribes of thine inheritance. This sounds like half plea and half reproach. The deeper sense of it is that the constant showing of His wrath without letup causes the people to become disheartened and to fall into a mood of

"What's the use, no matter what we do we are going to be punished." 01/30/2020 151 The Book of Isaiah Why, O LORD, dost thou cause us to err from thy ways? 17 Why, O LORD, dost thou cause us to err from thy ways, And hardenest our hearts from thy fear? Return, for the sake of thy servants, The tribes of thine inheritance. And hardenest our hearts from thy fear The incessant punishments of the past have resulted in a hardening of Israel's heart. Isaiah pleads with Jehovah to renew His compassionate relationship with His people, to be their Father again. The relationship between Israel and Jehovah has a strong element of family drama:

a disobedient and rebellious son and a father who has been deeply hurt and disappointed. Yet the more the child is punished, the more it becomes hardened and rebellious. Isaiah pleads that the Father deal more gently with His son, Israel. 01/30/2020 152 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 63:17 Isaiah 63:18 18 Thy holy people possessed [the land] but for a little while, Our adversaries have trampled down thy sanctuary. The difficulty with this sentence is partly due to the unusual structure of the sentence and partly to the Hebrew word "mitsar" "a very short time." "the land" is implied as the object. Israel possessed the land for a comparatively short time during the reigns of David and Solomon.

This was followed by a series of repeated invasions which culminated in the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities and the destruction of "thy sanctuary." Our adversaries have trampled down thy sanctuary - could be Babylon or Romans in 70 A.D. 01/30/2020 153 The Book of Isaiah Thy holy people possessed [the land] but for a little while Isaiah 63:18 18 Thy holy people possessed [the land] but for a little while, Our adversaries have trampled down thy sanctuary. Thy holy people possessed [the land] but for a little while For thou art a holy people unto the LORD thy God. The Lord thy God has chosen thee to be a special people unto himself (Deut. 7:6).

01/30/2020 154 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah refers to Israel as "thy holy people" or "the people of thy holiness" by virtue of the fact that Jehovah has set them apart for Himself. Theirs is an imparted holiness. Isaiah 63:19 19 We have become as they over whom thou hast never ruled, As they over whom thy name has not been called. We have become as they over whom thou hast never ruled 01/30/2020 155 The Book of Isaiah

The lamentable situation of Israel is such as though Jehovah had never been their God and their King. Isaiah 64:1 1 Oh, that thou wouldst tear the heavens apart and come down, That the mountains might melt away before thy presence. Oh, that thou wouldst tear the heavens apart and come down Israel's situation is so desperate and hopeless that only God's personal intervention can save her. The cry that God might tear apart the heavens and come down to earth is probably the most passionate outburst of the human soul. At a time when the cup of suffering and woe was full, God heard and answered that cry and actually came down to earth. 01/30/2020 156 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah asked God to look down (Isa. 63:15) and to come down (Isa. 64:1). This is one of the greatest revival prayers found in Scripture. Isaiah 64:1 1 Oh, that thou wouldst tear the heavens apart and come down, That the mountains might melt away before thy presence. That the mountains might melt away before thy presence 01/30/2020 157 The Book of Isaiah The twofold reference to the mountains melting away and to the fire burning the desert brushwood indicates that Isaiah thinks of the theophany at Mount Sinai with all its terrifying phenomena. In her present desperate situation Israel again needs such divine intervention to save her from her enemies and To make known to the nations who hold the name of Jehovah in

contempt that He alone is the omnipotent God. Isaiah 64:2-3 2 As fire kindles dry twigs and makes water bubble up, So make thy name known to thy enemies, That the nations might tremble before thee. 3 When thou didst awesome things, For which we did not look, Thou camest down and the mountains melted away before thy presence. Melting fire - Mic 1:3,4. Just as God came down in fire at Sinai (Ex. 19:16-19), Let Him come down again and reveal His awesome power to the nations. They trust in dead idols, Let them see what the living God of Israel can do! 01/30/2020 158 The Book of Isaiah

When thou didst awesome things, for which we did not look Isaiah 64:4 4 Since the times of old, no man has heard, nor perceived by ear, Neither has eye seen a God besides thee, Who works for him that waits for thee. From extolling the fearful and unexpected miracles of the past, Isaiah now expresses his faith in what Jehovah will yet do for those who wait for Him. It will be more amazing than anything He has done before and beyond what men can even perceive. As it is written: Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him (1 Cor. 2:9). 01/30/2020 159 The Book of Isaiah

Since the times of old, no man has heard, nor perceived by ear Isaiah 64:4 4 Since the times of old, no man has heard, nor perceived by ear, Neither has eye seen a God besides thee, Who works for him that waits for thee. Who hath worked for him who hath waited for him. Isa 65:17; Jn 14:2; 1 Cor 2:9; Rev 21:1 (quoted in 1 Cor 2:9 in different context). God has planned for His people wonderful things beyond their imagination, but their sins prevent Him from sharing His blessings (1 Cor. 2:9; Eph. 3:20-21). Yet there is hope because God is a forgiving Father and a patient Potter (Jer. 18). He can cleanse us and make us anew if we will let Him have His way. 01/30/2020 160

The Book of Isaiah Who works for him that waits for thee Isaiah 64:5 5 Thou didst meet him who rejoices to work righteousness, Who remembers thee in thy ways. Behold, thou hast been angry with us, and we sinned, We have continued long in these ways, That we might be saved. The Hebrew word, "paga -"thou hast met," usually has a hostile connotation. But here it is used in a positive sense, that God graciously meets those who rejoice in doing justice and remember Him, as they walk in His ways. 01/30/2020 161

The Book of Isaiah Thou didst meet him who rejoices to work righteousness Isaiah 64:5 5 Thou didst meet him who rejoices to work righteousness, Who remembers thee in thy ways. Behold, thou hast been angry with us, and we sinned, We have continued long in these ways, That we might be saved. Behold thou hast been angry with us, and we sinned 01/30/2020 162 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah is contrasting God's favorable dealing with those who rejoice to walk in His ways with His anger toward the obdurate sinners. Lack of repentance is in itself a sign of divine anger.

Isaiah 64:5 01/30/2020 163 The Book of Isaiah 5 Thou didst meet him who rejoices to work righteousness, Who remembers thee in thy ways. Behold, thou hast been angry with us, and we sinned, We have continued long in these ways, That we might be saved. We have continued long in these ways that we might be saved The KJV translates it, "In those is continuance and we shall be saved." This leaves the meaning obscure. In the first part of the sentence we translated "olam - which usually means "ancient" or "everlasting" as "we have continued a long time in these ways," which makes better sense. Disobedience to Jehovah brought on disaster.

Isaiah 64:6 6 All of us have become as one who is unclean, And all our righteousness is like a filthy rag. We all fade away like a leaf, And our iniquities carry us away like the wind. God is not working wonders because they have sinned and must confess their sins and turn from them. If our righteousness is filthy, what must our sins look like in His sight! Isaiah delves deeply into the moral and spiritual degradation of his people, comparing their state to a plague of leprosy. According to Leviticus 13:45, anyone afflicted with this dread disease was kept in isolation and wherever he went was obliged to cry "unclean, unclean" to prevent others from becoming contaminated by him. 01/30/2020 164 The Book of Isaiah

All of us have become as one who is unclean Isaiah 64:6 6 All of us have become as one who is unclean, And all our righteousness is like a filthy rag. We all fade away like a leaf, And our iniquities carry us away like the wind. This is one of Isaiahs most scathing descriptions of what people usually call "righteousness." In the sight of the Holy God even their so-called righteousness is nothing but a filthy, cast-away rag. We sense the same moral outrage and disgust which Isaiah voiced in the opening chapter of his book. Filthy rags = really means used menstrual cloths Righteousness as a garment - Mt 6:33; Gen 3:21; Rev 19:8. 01/30/2020 165 The Book of Isaiah

And all our righteousness is like a filthy rag Isaiah 64:6 6 All of us have become as one who is unclean, And all our righteousness is like a filthy rag. We all fade away like a leaf, And our iniquities carry us away like the wind. We all fade away like a leaf, and our iniquities carry us away like the wind 01/30/2020 166 The Book of Isaiah Without spiritual health the nation is devoid of staying power; it fades away like a leaf and is carried away by the wind. Isaiah 64:7 7 And there is none who calls upon thy name,

Who bestirs himself to take hold of thee. For thou has concealed thy face from us And hast consumed us through our iniquities. Spiritual indolence and indifference have taken a hold of the nation, so that there is no one to storm the heavens for mercy and forgiveness. This is because God has concealed His presence from the people and has permitted their own degeneracy to take its natural course. 01/30/2020 167 The Book of Isaiah And there is none who calls upon thy nameto take hold of thee Isaiah 64:8 8 But now, O LORD, thou art our Father,

We are the clay, and thou art our potter. We are all the work of thy hand. A broken-hearted prayer to God for compassion in view of all of the calamities which have befallen the nation. Having unsparingly uncovered the sinfulness of his people, Isaiah casts himself and his people on the mercy of God. He is their Creator. He is their Father. They are merely clay in the potter's hand. He can make them or break them, according to His will. 01/30/2020 168 The Book of Isaiah But now, O LORD, thou art our Father, we are the clay and thou art our potter Isaiah 64:9 9 Be not, O LORD, angry with us to the utmost,

And do not remember iniquity forever. Behold, consider, we beseech thee, we are all thy people. Be not, O LORD, angry with us to the utmost Israel has been punished sufficiently. God cannot hold against them their iniquities forever, else they must perish. Israel may have become a prodigal son; nevertheless, they are still God's people. 01/30/2020 169 The Book of Isaiah Behold, consider, we beseech thee, we are all thy people Isaiah 64:10 A lament over Israel and her desolate country 10 Thy holy cities have become a wasteland, Zion is a wilderness; Jerusalem, a desert.

The holy cities have become a wasteland. Zion is a wilderness; Jerusalem a desert 01/30/2020 170 The Book of Isaiah A heart-broken and dramatic description of the holy cities which have become a wilderness. Isaiah 64:11 11 Our holy and beautiful house, Where our fathers praised thee is burned by fire, And all that which was our delight is in ruins. Our holy and beautiful houseis burned by fire And all that which was our delight is in ruins 01/30/2020 171

The Book of Isaiah The Temple which was the visible emblem of Jehovah's presence amidst His people, all their delight, their pride and joy is now in ruins. All this was surely a sign that Jehovah had abandoned His people. Isaiah 64:12 12 Wilt thou, O LORD, in spite of all these things, restrain thyself? Wilt thou be silent and afflict us to the utmost? Wilt thou, O LORD, in spite of all these things, restrain thyself? This prayer ends with a question: Why is God silent? His temple has been destroyed, His glorious land has been ravaged, and His people are in exile. Gods reply is found in the next two chapters. 01/30/2020

172 The Book of Isaiah After all this, O LORD, will you hold yourself back? Will you keep silent and punish us beyond measure? 1 I was sought by them who did not ask for me, I was found by them who did not seek me; I said: "Here I am, here I am" to a nation, Which was not called by my name. Now Jehovah answers the people: I was sought by them who did not ask for me I was found by them who did not seek me I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom (Isa.6:6). God announces His salvation will go to the Gentiles, even though they did not seek the Lord or experience the blessings that He gave to Israel. Romans 10:19-21; 11 If Israel did not want what God had to offer, then He would give it

to others. (Luke 14:16-24; 21:10; Acts 28:23-31 = other illustrations of this divine principle.)01/30/2020 173 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 65:1 Isaiah 65:1 1 I was sought by them who did not ask for me, I was found by them who did not seek me; I said: "Here I am, here I am" to a nation, Which was not called by my name. Jehovah answers the people: I was found by them who did not seek me "I was found by them" (in Hebrew, nidrathti) is the reflective passive form of the verb - "darash" - "to seek, to inquire after." The Book of Isaiah

01/30/2020 174 I said: "Here I am, here I am" to a nation which was not called by my name Jehovah made Himself known to a nation which originally was not called by Him. The expression, nation - goi, is usually applied to a nonJewish nation, although on a number of occasions Israel, too, is called, "goi." Israel is generally called, "am - "a people. Isaiah 65:2 2 All day long have I spread out my hands To a rebellious people, Who walk in a way which is not good, Following their own thoughts. God describes the sins of His people that kept Him from answering their prayers (Isa. 65:2-7). They resisted His grace and His loving appeals, though He held out His arms to them and spoke to them through His Word (Ro 10:21). They went their own way (Isa. 53:6) and provoked Him with their evil worship of false gods, getting involved with the occult and

demons. They ate food that was unclean and openly worshipped idols in the high places. Yet these rebellious people considered themselves to be better than others! I am holier than thou! 01/30/2020 175 The Book of Isaiah All day long have I spread out my hands to a rebellious people Isaiah 65:2 2 All day long have I spread out my hands To a rebellious people, Who walk in a way which is not good, Following their own thoughts. All day long have I spread out my hands to a rebellious people The conversion of Gentiles to Jehovah happened from time to time in the pre-Christian era but later became a widespread reality

through the Messiah of Israel and His apostles. Paul refers to these two verses in the above sense in Rom 10:21. 01/30/2020 176 The Book of Isaiah While God constantly pleaded with His people to follow Him in faith, their response was rebellion and defiance. By contrast, many of the Gentiles to whom God has not specifically made Himself known as He did to Israel, nevertheless have found Him. Isaiah 65:2 2 All day long have I spread out my hands To a rebellious people, Who walk in a way which is not good, Following their own thoughts. While God constantly pleaded with His people to follow Him in faith, their response was rebellion and defiance.

By contrast, many of the Gentiles to whom God has not specifically made Himself known as He did to Israel, nevertheless have found Him. The conversion of Gentiles to Jehovah happened from time to time in the pre-Christian era but later became a widespread reality through the Messiah of Israel and His apostles. Paul refers to these two verses in the above sense in Rom 10:21. 01/30/2020 177 The Book of Isaiah All day long have I spread out my hands to a rebellious people Isaiah 65:3 A detailed description of Israel's idolatry Speaking of their idol worship. The altars of God were of unhewn stone, no tool was to touch it vs the bricks used here.

The idolatry described here resembles the Canaanite and other Semitic cults. The burning of incense on bricks or brick altars may have been of Babylonian origin. 01/30/2020 178 The Book of Isaiah 3 This people that angers me constantly to my face, Who sacrifice in the gardens and burn incense upon bricks. Isaiah 65:4 4 Who sit in the graves and spend nights in the vaults, Who eat the flesh of swine, And the broth of foul things is in their vessels. Who sit in the graves and spend nights in the vaults 01/30/2020

179 The Book of Isaiah This was one of the ancient necromantic cults specifically forbidden in Scripture (Dt. 18:11, 1 Sam. 28:3). Isaiah 65:4 4 Who sit in the graves and spend nights in the vaults, Who eat the flesh of swine, And the broth of foul things is in their vessels. Who eat the flesh of swine 01/30/2020 180 The Book of Isaiah The meat of swine - Swines flesh - was forbidden to Israel as ritually impure - unclean (Lev. 11:5-7, Dt. 14:8).

Cf. 2 Cor 6:17; 14; 15. Be ye separate Isaiah 65:4 4 Who sit in the graves and spend nights in the vaults, Who eat the flesh of swine, And the broth of foul things is in their vessels. And the broth of foul things is in their vessels "Foul things," Hebrew "piggulim" refers to To the foul creatures alluded to in Isaiah 66:17 and To the creeping or crawling creatures, forbidden in Leviticus 11:41-47. 01/30/2020 181 The Book of Isaiah The broth, here written (ketib), "parak," should be read, "marak" -a "broth" or thick soup.

Isaiah 65:5 5 Who say: "Keep to thyself, do not come close to me, For I am holy to thee." These are a smoke in my nostrils, a fire which burns all day. These are a smoke in my nostrils, a fire which burns all day All their evil and immoral practices constantly provoke God to anger and bring about His retribution. 01/30/2020 182 The Book of Isaiah Keep to thyself, do not come close to me, for I am holy to thee The perversity of the apostate people who practice these abominable cults is apparent in that they consider themselves holy or sanctified by these idolatrous rites, or as the KJV puts it "holier than thou." That which is their shame, they consider as their pride.

Isaiah 65:6 God keeps strict account of the misdeeds of the wicked (and of the righteous also). There is a common belief held among the Jews, even to the present day, that God keeps balance sheets of the deeds and misdeeds of His people and judges them accordingly (especially on the Day of Atonement). Rev 20:12-13 The Lord will not rest until He settles accounts with the evildoers. "To repay in their laps" is a figure of speech, meaning to punish in full measure. 01/30/2020 183 The Book of Isaiah 6 Behold, it is written before me; I will not be silent until I repay, And I will pay them back in their laps.

Isaiah 65:7 7 Your iniquities together with the iniquities of your fathers, Who burned incense on the mountains, And blasphemed me on the hills, says the LORD; I will first measure out their reward into their laps. The iniquities of Israel have a long history and go way back to their ancestors. Before a righteous God can again be merciful to His people, He must first measure out punishment to the wicked. He cannot be merciful to unrepentant sinners, without compromising His holiness and righteousness. 01/30/2020 184 The Book of Isaiah Your iniquities together with the iniquities of your fathers

Nevertheless Jehovah will preserve a faithful remnant after punishing the rebels. 8 Thus says the LORD: as when new wine is found in a cluster And one says: "Destroy not, for there is a blessing in it," So will I do for the sake of my servants not to destroy all. God explains that He had to judge the nation for her sins. Shortly after Isaiahs day God called the Babylonians to be His instrument of punishment to teach His people that they could not sin and get away with it. Jehovah promises that although He will exact severe punishment from those who defied Him, He will not completely obliterate His people. In mercy He preserved a remnant - like a few grapes rescued from the winepress - and that remnant would return to the land and restore the nation. 01/30/2020 185 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah 65:8 Isaiah 65:8 8 Thus says the LORD: as when new wine is found in a cluster And one says: "Destroy not, for there is a blessing in it," So will I do for the sake of my servants not to destroy all. Just as the vinedresser may preserve a cluster, after the grapes have been pressed out, for the sake of the little wine which may still be left, so will the LORD spare a remnant of the nation for the sake of His faithful servants. Thus the idea of a remnant emerges again just as in the earlier writings of Isaiah (Isa. 1:9, 10:20-23, 11:11-16). 01/30/2020 186 The Book of Isaiah

as when new wine is found in a cluster Isaiah 65:9 9 And I will bring forth a seed from Jacob And from Judah an heir of my mountains. And mine elect shall inherit it, And my servants shall dwell there. And I will bring forth a seed from Jacob 01/30/2020 187 The Book of Isaiah This preserved seed of Jacob, the remnant, shall again repossess the land and inhabit it. Isaiah 65:10 10 And Sharon shall be a fold for flocks, And the valley of Achor a place for herds to lie down, For my people who have sought me.

Sharon is the fertile valley stretching from the Carmel mountains in the north, down to Yaffa (Tel Aviv) in the south. The valley of Achor runs from the lower regions of the river Jordan to the plains of Jericho in the South. Isaiah is predicting that Israel's remnant shall again inhabit their land from north to south. Flocks: Troop - cryptic illusion to tribe of Gad? 01/30/2020 188 The Book of Isaiah And Sharon shall be a fold for flocks and the valley of Achor for herds Isaiah 65:10 10 And Sharon shall be a fold for flocks, And the valley of Achor a place for herds to lie down, For my people who have sought me. And Sharon shall be a fold for flocks and the valley of

Achor for herds The Valley of Achor was the place where Achan was stoned to death because he disobeyed the Lord (Josh. 7:24-26). When the Lord restores His estranged wife, Israel, the Valley of Achor will become for them a door of hope (Hos 2:15) 01/30/2020 189 The Book of Isaiah When His people sincerely seek Him, then He will bless them (2 Chr. 7:14). Isaiah 65:11 11 But you, forsakers of the LORD, who forget my holy mountains, Who prepare a table for Gad, [the idol of Fortune], Who fill a mixed potion for Meni, [the idol of Destiny]: But you, forsakers of the LORD, who forget my holy mountains To forget "the holy mountains of God" refers to the abandonment of

God's holy Temple for the spurious cults of various idols. The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 190 God sees two kinds of people (My Servant has now become My servants) in the land: those who forsake the Lord and those who serve the Lord. Those who forsake the Lord ignore His temple and worship false gods, such as fortune and destiny. These disobedient Jews will not live but be destroyed, and those who do survive will not enjoy it. Their very names will be used as curses in the years to come! Isaiah 65:11 11 But you, forsakers of the LORD, who forget my holy mountains, Who prepare a table for Gad, [the idol of Fortune], Who fill a mixed potion for Meni, [the idol of Destiny]:

Who prepare a table for Gad [the idol of Fortune] Who fill a mixed potion for Meni [the idol of Destiny] Gad and Meni were the gods of Fortune and Destiny, worshipped among the Semitic peoples and identified later by the Greeks and Romans with Jupiter and Venus. To worship "good luck" charms or "good fortune" idols is a denial of the sovereignty of the LORD. The ancient cults of Gad and Meni have their modern counterparts in astrology, chiromancy, card reading, fortune telling, etc. 01/30/2020 191 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah declares that Jehovah alone is the sole controller of the destiny of men and nations. Isaiah 65:12 12 I will destine you to the sword,

And you shall bow down to the slaughter, Because when I called, you answered not. When I spoke, you did not hear, But did that which was evil in mine eyes And chose that in which I had no pleasure. I will destine you to the sword "I will destine"- is a warning that God will destine those who worship Meni [the God of destiny] to the sword. The reason for their unhappy future will be the result of their oblivion to Jehovah's voice and their neglect of His pleadings. 01/30/2020 192 The Book of Isaiah Alluding to the idol Meni, Isaiah uses the verb "manitht Isaiah 65:13-14 13 Therefore, thus says the LORD: Behold, my servants shall eat, but you shall hunger,

Behold, my servants shall drink, but you shall thirst. 14 Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, But you shall cry for grief of heart and wail from a broken spirit. 01/30/2020 193 The Book of Isaiah A dismal set of contrasts between the destinies of the sinful majority and the Gods' remnant is graphically depicted. Tribulation? Rev 4,5. Luke 21:36! Isaiah 65:15 15 And you shall leave your name for a curse for mine elect: "Thus may the LORD God slay thee." But his servants he shall call by another name.

But his servants he shall call by another name It will be a new name of honor and distinction, suitable to their new status as servants of the Lord (cf. Gen. 32:28 Jacob - Israel). 01/30/2020 194 The Book of Isaiah And you shall leave your name for a curse for mine elect Literally for a swear word or curse. The name of the ungodly shall be used as a grim warning when it will be said: "So may the LORD God slay thee" (as He did those wicked men). Isaiah 65:16 16 So that he who blesses himself on earth, Shall bless himself by the God of Truth, And he who swears on earth, Shall swear by the God of Truth. Because past troubles shall be forgotten,

And hidden from mine eyes. Because past troubles shall be forgotten and hidden from mine eyes The unhappy past shall be crowded out by the new, glorious events which shall replace them. 01/30/2020 195 The Book of Isaiah So that he who blesses himself on earth shall bless himself by the God of Truth Just as the name of the ungodly shall be used as an execration, so shall the name of God's servants be used for a blessing, remember what the God of Truth, literally the God of Amen, has done for His faithful ones (2 Cor. 1:20). Isaiah 65:17 17 For, behold, I create a new heaven and a new earth, And past events will not be remembered nor brought to

mind. For, behold, I create a new heaven and a new earth 01/30/2020 196 The Book of Isaiah God saves the best for the last: His description of the new heavens and new earth (the millennial kingdom) in Isa. 65:17-66:24. This is not the same as Johns new heaven and new earth (Rev. 21:1ff.), because the characteristics Isaiah gives do not fit the eternal state. Rev 21:1; 2 Pet 310-13; Heb 1:10-12; 12:26, 27. Cf. Matt 24:35. Isaiah 65:17 17 For, behold, I create a new heaven and a new earth, And past events will not be remembered nor brought to mind.

For, behold, I create a new heaven and a new earth Create - bara to create out of nothing (vs asa which means to make). 01/30/2020 197 The Book of Isaiah Just as in the beginning God created a perfect heaven and earth, so now, after having executed judgment upon the ungodly, the Lord will recreate a new heaven and earth, a new cosmos, a completely new order of things. Isaiah 65:18 18 But rejoice and be glad forever, For, behold, I create Jerusalem a joy And her people a rejoicing. For behold I create Jerusalem a joy and her people a rejoicing

01/30/2020 198 The Book of Isaiah The glory of this new world will be Jerusalem and her people, in whom God Himself will have joy. Isaiah 65:19 19 And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and have joy in my people; And the voice of weeping and the voice of crying Shall no longer be heard in her. And the voice of weeping and the voice of crying Shall no longer be heard in her 01/30/2020 199 The Book of Isaiah

One of the wonderful aspects of the new Jerusalem will be the absence of tears, of sorrow and suffering. Jerusalem will be a source of joy, not only to the Lord but to the whole earth. It will be a city of holiness, harmony, and happiness. Isaiah 65:19 The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 200 Revelation 21:1-4, the same theme is enlarged upon in detail, surpassing in splendor the original vision of Isaiah: And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, For the first heaven and the earth were passed away; And there was no more sea, And I, John, saw the holy city, new Jerusalem Coming down from God out of heaven,

Prepared as a bride adorned for her husband And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying: "Behold the tabernacle of God is with men and he will dwell with them. And they shall be his people, and God shall be with them and be their God. And God shall wipe away all the tears from their eyes; And there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, Neither shall there be any more pain; For the former things are passed away. 20 From then on there shall no longer be an infant of days Nor an old man will not live out his days, For the youth shall die a hundred years old, And the sinner of a hundred years shall be accursed. From then on there shall no longer be an infant of days As far as we know, in the eternal state people will not get old or die, nor will there be any danger of losing anything to invaders. Not eternity, millennial conditions. Rev 20:1-3. Edenic conditions? Long lives, yet death, therefore not eternity. A prominent aspect of the new era will be the longevity of men

and the absence of premature death. This brings to mind the Genesis story of the long-lived men before sin and moral decay set in. 01/30/2020 201 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 65:20 Isaiah 65:21 21 And they shall build houses and inhabit them, They shall plant vineyards and shall eat their fruit. 01/30/2020 202 The Book of Isaiah The long enjoyment of their labors and security from hostile

ravages will be another of the blessings which God shall bestow upon His people. Deut 28:30 curse lifted? Isaiah 65:22 22 They shall not build and another inhabit, They shall not plant and another eat, For the days of my people shall be like the days of the tree, And my chosen ones shall enjoy for a long time The labors of their hands. For the days of my people shall be like the days of the tree 01/30/2020 203 The Book of Isaiah The people shall be as long-lived and sturdy as the trees. Perhaps Isaiah had in mind the great oak tree and the gnarled olive of the Holy Land, famous for their longevity.

Isaiah 65:23 23 They shall not labor in vain, Nor give birth for terror, For they are the seed of the blessed of the LORD, And their offspring with them. They shall not labor in vain nor give birth for terror 01/30/2020 204 The Book of Isaiah The fear of enemy invasion and destruction was an ever present danger for the inhabitants of Israel and Judea. In the new era all this will be a thing of the past. They and their offspring will live in perfect security, protected by the Lord Himself, Isaiah 65:24 24 And it shall be so that before they will call, I shall

answer. And while they are still speaking, I shall hear. During the millennial kingdom, people will work, and God will bless their labors. People will pray and God will answer before they speak and finish asking. The greatest of blessings of redeemed Israel will be the readiness, indeed, the eagerness of Jehovah to answer their prayers, even before they formulate their prayers or express their needs. 01/30/2020 205 The Book of Isaiah And it shall be so that before they will call, I shall answer Isaiah 65:25 25 The wolf and the tender lamb shall feed together as one,

And the lion shall eat straw like the ox, And the serpent's food shall be dust. They shall do no harm nor destroy, In all my holy mountain says the LORD. Nature will be at peace because the curse will be lifted. (Rom_8:22 ) Isaiah reverts to his early vision of perfect peace in the animal world, paralleled by peace among the nations, who will be led by a little child (Isa. 11:6-9). It is a Messianic vision of the kingdom of God presided over and guided by the King Messiah (Isa. 11:1-5, 10). 01/30/2020 206 The Book of Isaiah The wolf and the tender lamb shall feed together as one Isaiah 65:25

The wolf and the tender lamb shall feed together as one The wolf and the tender lamb (Hebrew - toleh), a lamb which is so young and delicate that it has to be carried. The meaning of this passage is not merely of harmony, but of a total transformation of human and animal nature. This will cause the wolf not to feed upon the helpless lamb, The lion will cause it to eat straw like the ox, and The serpent to feed upon dust. Dust is still the serpents food! 01/30/2020 207 The Book of Isaiah 25 The wolf and the tender lamb shall feed together as one, And the lion shall eat straw like the ox, And the serpent's food shall be dust. They shall do no harm nor destroy, In all my holy mountain says the LORD. Isaiah 65:25

25 The wolf and the tender lamb shall feed together as one, And the lion shall eat straw like the ox, And the serpent's food shall be dust. They shall do no harm nor destroy, In all my holy mountain says the LORD. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain. For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the LORD Even as the waters cover the sea (Isa. 11:9). 01/30/2020 208 The Book of Isaiah The passage may be understood both in its literal as well as in its figurative sense. In such a transformed world there shall be no war, no destruction among the nations, even as Isaiah 25 The wolf and the tender lamb shall feed together as one,

And the lion shall eat straw like the ox, And the serpent's food shall be dust. They shall do no harm nor destroy, In all my holy mountain says the LORD. It is interesting to note that among the blessings of the new era immortality is not mentioned. However, it is not completely absent from the prophet's thought. In his earlier writings Isaiah exclaims triumphantly: He will swallow up death forever. And the LORD God shall wipe away tears from all faces (25:8) The dead shall live, their dead bodies shall arise (26:19). The hope of immortality is not absent from other writings in the Old Testament: (Job 19:25-27; Psa. 17:15, 49:15, 73:24; Dan. 12:2 ) 01/30/2020 209 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 65:25

25 The wolf and the tender lamb shall feed together as one, And the lion shall eat straw like the ox, And the serpent's food shall be dust. They shall do no harm nor destroy, In all my holy mountain says the LORD. The dominant theme of the Old Testament is that the LORD blesses His saints with favors here on earth, with peace, long life, godly children, good harvests, above all with the abiding presence of a prayer-hearing and prayer-answering God. As the centuries passed, the experiences of invasions, enemy oppression, exile, and every kind of injustice and suffering, personal and national longing for eternal life where the just shall receive their rewards, and all the wrongs will be set right, greatly increased. In the Gospels and the Epistles, the resurrection and eternal life through the Risen Christ are central themes. If in this life only we hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable (1 Cor. 15:19). 01/30/2020 210

The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 65:25 Isaiah 66:1 A Man-Made Temple Cannot Contain an Infinite God, Nor Can the Sacrifice by the Wicked Please a Holy God 1 Thus says the LORD, the heavens are my throne, And the earth my footstool. Where is the house which you could build me? And where is the place of my rest? Since the whole universe is the handiwork of God and the earth merely His footstool, how can puny man build a temple for this infinite God? 1 Kgs 8:27; 2 Chr 2:6. 01/30/2020 211 The Book of Isaiah

Thus says the LORD: the heavens are my throne. . . the earth my footstool Isaiah 66:1 A Man-Made Temple Cannot Contain an Infinite God, Nor Can the Sacrifice by the Wicked Please a Holy God 1 Thus says the LORD, the heavens are my throne, And the earth my footstool. Where is the house which you could build me? And where is the place of my rest? The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 212 Where is the house - Cf. Rev 11. There will be a new temple (Isa. 66:1-6; Ezek. 40-48), but the ceremonies of worship can never take the place of a humble heart. God does not live in buildings; He dwells with those who submit

to Him. Stephen quoted Isaiah 66:1-2 in his defense before the Jews (Acts 7:48-50) Paul referred to these words in his address to the Athenian philosophers (Isa. 17:24). Isaiah 66:2 Yet I look to him who is poor and of a contrite spirit The transcendent and infinite God condescends in His mercy to take notice of a man who is humble and of a contrite spirit. The Hebrew word, "ani - "poor," is closely related to the word, "aniv - "humble," Occasionally both are used interchangeably, that is, "poor in spirit" or "humble." Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven (Mt. 5:3). Blessed be ye poor, for yours is the kingdom of God (Lk. 6:20). 01/30/2020 213

The Book of Isaiah 2 For all these things were made by my hand, And so came into being, says the LORD. Yet to such a man shall I look: To him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, Who trembles at my word. Isaiah 66:2 Who trembles at my word refers to a man who stands in absolute awe and in obedience to God's Word. In Isaiahs day, were Gods people were not trembling at His Word. They were going through the motions of worship without having a heart for God. The people were not sacrificing the animals; they were murdering them! Because their hearts were far from God (Isa. 29:13), their offerings were as unclean things to the Lord. It is the heart of the worshipper that determines the value of the offering. 01/30/2020

214 The Book of Isaiah 2 For all these things were made by my hand, And so came into being, says the LORD. Yet to such a man shall I look: To him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, Who trembles at my word. Isaiah 66:3 The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 215 3 He who slaughters an ox is, as if he had slain a man. He who sacrifices a lamb is, as if he had broken a dog's neck. He who brings a meal offering is, as if he offered a pig's blood.

And he who makes an offering of incense is, as if he blessed an idol. All they have chosen their own ways, And their souls delight in their abominations. 3 He who slaughters an ox is, as if he had slain a man Dogs neck - Deut 13:18. The expression, "as if," is absent from the Hebrew text, but is clearly implied. Four lawful sacrifices are paired and contrasted with four unlawful and disgusting sacrifices, used in pagan rites. Even the sacrifices commanded by the Law are to the Lord just like pagan offerings, if the one who brings the sacrifice is wicked, A theme which Isaiah preached right from the beginning of his book (Isa 1:11ff.). 4 Therefore I also will choose their mockeries, To bring their fears upon them. Because when I called, none answered. When I spoke, none did hear, But did that which was evil in mine eyes, And chose that in which I do not delight. Therefore I also will choose their mockeries to bring their fears upon them

Just as the ungodly have chosen their wicked ways to defy and to outrage God, so He also will choose their outrageous acts to punish and to bring upon them the very fears which they tried to avert by their pagan rites. The word "tauleihem - their "mockeries" or "frivolous acts is derived from a word which describes a spoiled child, what in contemporary speech might be called "a brat." This is how the wicked, apostate and self-willed children of Israel appeared to Jehovah. 01/30/2020 216 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 66:4 Isaiah 66:4 4 Therefore I also will choose their mockeries, To bring their fears upon them. Because when I called, none answered. When I spoke, none did hear, But did that which was evil in mine eyes,

And chose that in which I do not delight. Because when I called, none answered 01/30/2020 217 The Book of Isaiah This is a repetition of Isa 65:12. Isaiah 66:5 A message of comfort for the faithful but despised remnant. 5 Hear the word of the LORD, you who tremble at his word, Your brethren who hate you, And have cast you out for my name's sake, have said: "Let the LORD be glorified that we may see your joy." But they shall be put to shame. Hear the word of the LORD, you who tremble at his word 01/30/2020

218 The Book of Isaiah The message is addressed to the despised remnant who cling to the word of God. Isaiah 66:5 5 Hear the word of the LORD, you who tremble at his word, Your brethren who hate you, And have cast you out for my name's sake, have said: "Let the LORD be glorified that we may see your joy." But they shall be put to shame. The faithful remnant and the apostate people are both a part of Israel, they are therefore called "your brethren." The term "to cast out" later became a technical term for excommunication from the synagogue. It was used in this sense in the Gospels: They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea the time is coming that whosoever kills you will think that he does

God a service (John 16:2, Mt. 24:9 and Lk. 21:12). 01/30/2020 219 The Book of Isaiah Your brethren who hate you and have cast you out. Isaiah 66:5 5 Hear the word of the LORD, you who tremble at his word, Your brethren who hate you, And have cast you out for my name's sake, have said: "Let the LORD be glorified that we may see your joy." But they shall be put to shame. A taunting remark, addressed by the ungodly to the faithful. As if to say: "If you consider your persecution as suffering for the sake of God, then let us see how you enjoy it." But these wicked will be ashamed when God delivers His saints and settles accounts with those who despised them.

01/30/2020 220 The Book of Isaiah "Let the LORD be glorified so that we may see your joy" Isaiah 66:6 6 Hark, a sound of uproar from the city. Hark, a tumult from the temple, It is the voice of the LORD, Who executes retribution to his enemies. Hark, a sound of uproar from the city 01/30/2020 221 The Book of Isaiah

This verse describes the punishment about to fall upon the ungodly city and on the Temple. This prophecy was dramatically fulfilled when the Babylonians and later the Romans invaded Jerusalem and razed the Temple. Isaiah 66:7 7 Before she was in labor, she gave birth. Before the pangs of birth came upon her, She brought forth a son. After the pureplenish the population of Jerusalem. Travailednishment of the wicked, the LORD will rapidly Jer 30:7. Man-child: Rev 12:7-9 express amazement at the speedy rebirth of the nation and the land as Israel takes center stage on the international scene. Israels travail her labor will be the day of the Lord or the time of Jacobs trouble (Jer. 30:7), after the nation is reborn, when God will purify His people and prepare them for the coming of their Messiah. 01/30/2020

222 The Book of Isaiah Before she was in labor, she gave birth Isaiah 66:8-9 8 Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen anything like this? Is a land brought forth in one day? Is a nation born at once? But as soon as Zion was in labor, She gave birth to her children. 9 Shall I bring to birth and not cause to bring forth? Or shall I bring forth and shut the womb? Says thy God. The LORD who brought about the rebirth of the nation will not leave His work unfinished but will complete it. The promise ends with the solemn assurance, "says thy God. 01/30/2020 223

The Book of Isaiah Shall I bring forth and shut the womb? Isaiah 66:10 A message of comfort to the mourners of Jerusalem 10 Rejoice with Jerusalem and be glad for her, All you who love her. Rejoice with her exceedingly, all you who mourn for her. Rejoice with Jerusalem all you who love her Isaiah commands those who love Jerusalem and have mourned for her in her degradation to rejoice with her in her glory. 01/30/2020 224 The Book of Isaiah The verbs "imhu" and "gilu" are synonymous expressions of rejoicing.

Isaiah 66:11 The Book of Isaiah 225 11 That you may suck consolation from her breast and be fully satisfied, That you may drink in deeply and delight yourselves With the abundance of her glory. That you may suck consolation from her breast and be fully satisfied Jerusalem will experience joy, peace, and satisfaction (Isa 66:10-14). Jerusalem is here movingly personified as a loving mother who embraces all her returning children and feeds them from her breast. Here the mourners and lovers of Jerusalem are compared to an infant, long deprived of its mother's milk and comfort. Like a nursing baby, she will find health and peace in the arms of the Lord. The infant, which is the faithful remnant, will soon be restored to its mother's breast, Jerusalem. It will drink in hungrily and with delight the nourishing abundance of

its mother, (the word, "ziz" literally means an "udder," a figure of abundance). 01/30/2020 Isaiah 66:12 12 For thus says the LORD: Behold, I will extend to her peace like a river, And like an overflowing stream the glory of the nations. And you shall suck and be carried on the side And dandled on the knee. Behold, I will extend to her peace like a river Peace like a river reminds us of Isaiahs words to Ahaz (Isa. 35:58) and Gods promises in Isa. 41:18 and Isa. 48:18. Peace will flow toward her like a river, whose waters never cease to roll. 01/30/2020 226 The Book of Isaiah

Jerusalem, which in the past has suffered endless ravages of war and disaster will at last become that which her name signifies, "The City of Peace." 12 For thus says the LORD: Behold, I will extend to her peace like a river, And like an overflowing stream the glory of the nations. And you shall suck and be carried on the side And dandled on the knee. And like an overflowing stream the glory of the nations Flowing stream - overflowing torrent. Jerusalem will become a spiritual center and will draw towards her "the glory of the nations," that is, the best among the nations and the best of what they possess. "The glory of the nations" should be understood as the best of everything which the nations possess both in spiritual and material values. All this they will bring to Jerusalem as a tribute to Jehovah, the God of Jerusalem and of her people. Israel will no longer be despised among the nations, but beloved for 01/30/2020 the sake of her God.

227 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 66:12 Isaiah 66:12 12 For thus says the LORD: Behold, I will extend to her peace like a river, And like an overflowing stream the glory of the nations. And you shall suck and be carried on the side And dandled on the knee. And you shall suck and be carried on the side and dandled on the knee The carrying of children on the side was practiced in antiquity among the Semitic nations. The children of Israel will be brought back from exile, carried and fondled by their former captors and hosts because of their new reverence and love for Jehovah. The same thought is expressed in detail in Isa. 49:22 and Isa. 60:4. The Book of Isaiah

01/30/2020 228 The result will be a flow of people to Jerusalem (Isa. 50:3-14; 66:12) to bring offerings to the Lord. In the past, Gentile nations came to Jerusalem to attack and destroy, but in the Kingdom Age, they will come to worship and glorify God. Isaiah 66:13 13 Like a man whom his mother comforts, so shall I comfort you. And you shall find comfort in Jerusalem. Isaiah now leaves the figure of the hungry infant craving to be comforted by its mother and introduces in its place the figure of a mature but troubled man who seeks comfort, understanding and compassion from his mother. It is rare in the Old Testament to find God compared to a loving mother. Usually He is compared to a compassionate father (Psa. 103:13; Isa. 63:16, 64:8).

In a similar manner, God will comfort His faithful servants. 01/30/2020 229 The Book of Isaiah Like a man whom his mother comforts, so shall I comfort you in Jerusalem Isaiah 66:14 14 When you shall see this, your heart shall rejoice, And your bones shall flourish like grass. And the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, But he shall be indignant against his enemies. When you shall see this, your heart shall rejoice 01/30/2020 230

The Book of Isaiah The abundant grace of God in restoring the children of Israel to Jerusalem will fill the hearts of His people with joy. Isaiah 66:14 14 When you shall see this, your heart shall rejoice, And your bones shall flourish like grass. And the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, But he shall be indignant against his enemies. And your bones shall flourish like grass 01/30/2020 231 The Book of Isaiah "The bones" in Old Testament usage represent the whole physical structure of man, his body, and well being which are affected by joy or sorrow (Psa. 35:10, 51:8; Isa. 58:11).

Isaiah 66:14 01/30/2020 232 The Book of Isaiah 14 When you shall see this, your heart shall rejoice, And your bones shall flourish like grass. And the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, But he shall be indignant against his enemies. And the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his ervants. . . and. . . enemies The LORD shall manifest Himself to His servants in love, but toward His enemies in indignation. This is a line which forms a natural transition to the next passage. Isaiah 66:15-16

The wrath of God against all sinners will be manifested in fire and the whirlwind, especially against the sinners of Israel. Gods hand will bring blessing to His servants but indignation toward His enemies (Isa. 66:14), Isaiah described that indignation in Isa. 66:15-18. 01/30/2020 233 The Book of Isaiah 15 For behold the LORD shall come with fire, And his chariots will be like a whirlwind, To assuage his anger with fury, And his rebuke with flames of fire. 16 For with fire will the LORD contend And with his sword against all flesh; And many shall be the slain of the LORD. 15 For behold the LORD shall come with fire, And his chariots will be like a whirlwind,

To assuage his anger with fury, And his rebuke with flames of fire. 16 For with fire will the LORD contend And with his sword against all flesh; And many shall be the slain of the LORD. Who will be slain? Those who have disobeyed Gods law in their eating and their worshipping (Isa. 17-18). Instead of worshipping the true and living God, they turned to pagan idols and pagan practices. It is not enough to be religious; we must serve Him according to what He says in His Word (Isa. 8:20). 01/30/2020 234 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 66:15-16 15 For behold the LORD shall come with fire, And his chariots will be like a whirlwind,

To assuage his anger with fury, And his rebuke with flames of fire. 16 For with fire will the LORD contend And with his sword against all flesh; And many shall be the slain of the LORD. Fire Burning bush (Ex 3:2); Sinai (Ex 19:18); Pillar of fire (Ex 13:21,22); Tabernacle (Ex 40:34); Davids altar (1 Chr 21:6); Solomon (2 Chr 7:1); Elijah (1 Kgs 18:38); Isaiah (Isa 10:16-18; 27:4; 29:6; 30:27,30; 33:12, 14,...) And also (2 Thess 1:8; 2 Pet 3:7-10). Chariots - Ps 68:17; Hab 3:8.22 01/30/2020 235 The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah 66:15-16 Isaiah 66:17 17 They that sanctify themselves and purify themselves, [To attend] the gardens, one following the other, standing in the middle, Eating the flesh of swine, of vile things and rats, They shall all come to an end together, says the LORD. They that sanctify themselves and purify themselves (to attend) the gardens 01/30/2020 236 The Book of Isaiah This describes the pagan rites practiced by some apostate Jews, which were preceded by special ceremonies of "sanctification and purification," performed in groves dedicated to various idols. Isaiah 66:17

17 They that sanctify themselves and purify themselves, [To attend] the gardens, one following the other, standing in the middle, Eating the flesh of swine, of vile things and rats, They shall all come to an end together, says the LORD. one following the other, standing in the middle 01/30/2020 237 The Book of Isaiah The Hebrew text is not completely clear but seems to refer to a magic circle formed by the participants of an occult pagan rite. Isaiah 66:17 17 They that sanctify themselves and purify themselves, [To attend] the gardens, one following the other, standing in the middle, Eating the flesh of swine, of vile things and rats, They shall all come to an end together, says the LORD.

Eating the flesh of swine, of vile things and rats Isaiah predicts that they who do these things shall be destroyed (Isa. 65:4). 01/30/2020 238 The Book of Isaiah The eating of swine and of all the other "vile things" was forbidden to the children of Israel as an abomination (Lev. 11:431). Isaiah 66:18 The manifestation of God among the nations and their tribute to Him. 18 But [I know] their works and their thoughts, [The time] will come when I will gather together all nations and tongues And they shall see my glory. But [I know] their works and their thoughts

Although the ungodly may delude themselves that their works and their hidden thoughts are unknown to God, they shall be judged for them. "The time," another implied word, will come when God shall make Himself known to all nations. 01/30/2020 239 The Book of Isaiah The words "I know" are implied. Isaiah 66:19 19 And I will set a sign among them, And I will send those who escaped to the nations: to Tarshish, to Pul and Lud, Who draw the bow: to Tubal and Javan and to the far islands, Who have never heard my name, nor seen my glory, And they shall declare my glory among the nations. The word, "sign"-"oth," indicates a miraculous manifestation of

divine providence or power. This sign will finally convince the nations that Jehovah alone is God. 01/30/2020 240 The Book of Isaiah And I will set a sign among them Isaiah 66:19 01/30/2020 241 The Book of Isaiah 19 And I will set a sign among them, And I will send those who escaped to the nations:

to Tarshish, to Pul and Lud, Who draw the bow: to Tubal and Javan and to the far islands, Who have never heard my name, nor seen my glory, And they shall declare my glory among the nations. And I will send those who escaped to the nations The survivors will be the remnant of faithful Israel. Them will Jehovah send to the nations which do not know Him as yet, nor have yet seen His glory. Isaiah 66:19 19 And I will set a sign among them, And I will send those who escaped to the nations: to Tarshish, to Pul and Lud, Who draw the bow: to Tubal and Javan and to the far islands, Who have never heard my name, nor seen my glory, And they shall declare my glory among the nations. to Tarshish, to Pul and Lud, Tarshish - to the West at the extreme western end of the Mediterranean, presumably Spain;

The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020 242 Pul and Lud are North African tribes renowned for their prowess with bows. These African tribes were closely associated with the Egyptians. Pul = Phut - southward (North Africa) Gen 10:6; Jer 46:9; Eze 27:10; 30:5. Lud - (Lydia?) Jer 46:9; Ex 27:10; 30:5 (Africa?) Gen 10:13 = subdivision of Egyptians. Isaiah 66:19 19 And I will set a sign among them, And I will send those who escaped to the nations: to Tarshish, to Pul and Lud, Who draw the bow: to Tubal and Javan and to the far islands, Who have never heard my name, nor seen my glory, And they shall declare my glory among the nations. to Tubal and Javan and to the far islands,

The Book of Isaiah 243 Tubal - Russia Tubal and Meshech are mentioned in Eze 32:26, 38:2-3 and 39:1. These tribes lived in the area south of the Black Sea. Javan is the ancient name of Greece (Ionia). Coasts afar off - northward. Gen 10:2; Ex 27:13 "The far islands who have not heard my name" refers to all the nations around the east and north coasts of the Mediterranean and beyond. 01/30/2020 Isaiah 66:19 And they shall declare my glory among the nations This is Israel's highest calling which Jehovah has entrusted to her: The people which I formed for myself, That they may declare my glory (Isa. 43:21).

01/30/2020 244 The Book of Isaiah 19 And I will set a sign among them, And I will send those who escaped to the nations: to Tarshish, to Pul and Lud, Who draw the bow: to Tubal and Javan and to the far islands, Who have never heard my name, nor seen my glory, And they shall declare my glory among the nations. And I will send those who escaped to the nations Isaiah 66:20 20 And they shall bring all your brethren from among the nations, As an offering to the LORD. On horses and chariots, on litters and mules, On dromedaries to Jerusalem, my holy mountain, says the LORD. Even as the children of Israel bring their offering In a clean vessel into the house of the LORD.

And they shall bring all your brethren from among the nations The Book of Isaiah 245 "All your brethren" refers to the scattered of Israel. They were the descendants of those who from time to time were carried away into slavery by the numerous invaders, or voluntarily settled abroad as traders, craftsmen, or specialists in various fields and professions. These exiles shall be brought home again by their brethren with the cooperation of converted Gentiles who will put every means of transportation at their disposal. This they will do out of love and reverence for Jehovah, the God of Israel. Parallel passages are found in Isaiah 80:4ff. and Zephaniah 3:10. 01/30/2020 Isaiah 66:20 20 And they shall bring all your brethren from among the nations, As an offering to the LORD.

On horses and chariots, on litters and mules, On dromedaries to Jerusalem, my holy mountain, says the LORD. Even as the children of Israel bring their offering In a clean vessel into the house of the LORD. The bracketing together of Gentiles who believe in Jehovah with the children of Israel indicates a new dispensation in history, the gathering of believing Jews and Gentiles into a new fellowship, a prophetic anticipation of the Church which became a reality through the Messiah of Israel, the Savior of Jews and Gentiles (Eph. 2:10-16). The motley collection of animals and conveyances in this verse expresses the eagerness of the believing Gentiles to hasten the return of the remnant to their homeland when prompted by the Spirit of God. 01/30/2020 246 The Book of Isaiah Even as the children of Israel bring their offering in a clean vessel into the house of the Lord

Isaiah 66:21 21 And also from among them will I take for priests, for Levites, says the LORD. To whom does the expression "of them also will I take" apply? What Isaiah has in mind here is a completely new order of things: the inclusion of Gentiles in the service of the LORD, without regard to race or descent. The only condition implied is the acceptance of the LORD in faith and a willingness to serve Him. 01/30/2020 247 The Book of Isaiah Some have thought that the reference applies to the formerly exiled Jews. But this would be the normal privilege of the descendants of Aaron and Moses.

Isaiah 66:22 22 For even as the new heavens and the new earth, which I make Shall endure before me, says the LORD, So shall your seed and your name endure. 01/30/2020 248 The Book of Isaiah The survival and eternal existence of restored Israel is a basic element in the prophetic message (Jer. 31:35-37, 33:25-26). Isaiah 66:23 23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, And from one Sabbath to another, all flesh shall come To worship before me, says the LORD. Formerly only the Israelites used to appear before the LORD, at the

appointed times, according to the lunar calendar, that is, "from month to month." But in the new dispensation not only the Jews, but Gentiles also will participate in the worship of God. The LORD will one day include in His kingdom also the Gentiles, without rejecting or casting away His people, Israel, as some prejudiced theologians have taught for centuries, and still do today. Among such theologians, we record with sadness, belong even some illustrious men such as Luther, Calvin and a host of others. 01/30/2020 249 The Book of Isaiah And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another shall all flesh come Isaiah 66:24 24 And they shall go out and see the corpses of men, Who rebelled against me; For their worm shall not die,

And their fire shall not be quenched, And they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh. As the pilgrims from distant lands return from their pilgrimage to Zion, they shall, on their way home, look upon "the slain [by] of the LORD," that is, the bodies of those who rebelled against Him (v16). 01/30/2020 250 The Book of Isaiah And they shall go out and see the corpses of men who rebelled. Isaiah 66:24 The Book of Isaiah 01/30/2020

251 24 And they shall go out and see the corpses of men, Who rebelled against me; For their worm shall not die, And their fire shall not be quenched, And they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh. For their worm shall not die, and their fire shall not be quenched Worm shall not die - Mk 9:43-48. Isaiah probably had in mind the valley of Hinnom in Jerusalem, where human sacrifices were offered to the pagan gods, and in later times refuse was cast away, and the bodies of unclaimed, or unknown criminals were disposed of. All this was in time decomposed by worms or burned by fire (2 Chr 28:3, Jer. 7:32, Neh. 11:30). This location gave rise to the rabbinical tradition of Gehinnom, which means "the valley of Hinnom" or "Gehenna." This is reflected in Mark 9:43-48. 24 And they shall go out and see the corpses of men, Who rebelled against me;

For their worm shall not die, And their fire shall not be quenched, And they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh. And they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh "Abhorrence," in Hebrew "deraon," is a word which occurs in the Old Testament only twice, here in Isaiah and in Daniel 12:2 both in a similar context. The sight of the decomposing bodies of the rebels against the LORD will be a horrible reminder of divine judgment to all humanity. Because of the Jewish distaste to end the book of Isaiah on such a dismal and downbeat note, the Hebrew Bible repeats verse 23 after verse 24, in order to end the prophecy on a note of universal hope: "All flesh shall come to worship before Me, says the LORD." Similar repetitions occur at the end of the books of Lamentations, Ecclesiastes and Malachi. 01/30/2020 252 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 66:24

Isaiah 01/30/2020 253 The Book of Isaiah Throughout his book, Isaiah has presented us with alternatives: Trust the Lord and live, or rebel against the Lord and die. He has explained the grace and mercy of God and offered His forgiveness. He has also explained the holiness and wrath of God and warned of His judgment. He has promised glory for those who will believe and judgment for those who scoff. He has explained the foolishness of trusting mans wisdom and the worlds resources. Isaiah

01/30/2020 254 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah calls the professing people of God back to spiritual reality. He warns against hypocrisy and empty worship. He pleads for faith, obedience, a heart that delights in God, and a life that glorifies God. There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked (Isa. 48:22; 57:21); for in order to have peace, you must have righteousness (Isa. 32:17). The only way to have righteousness is through faith in Jesus Christ (Rom. 3:19-31). Isaiahs message has been Be comforted by the Lord! (Isa. 12:1; 40:1-2; 49:13; 51:3, 19; 52:9; 54:11; 57:18; 61:2; 66:13). But God cannot comfort rebels! If we are sinning against God and comfortable about it,

something is radically wrong. That false comfort will lead to false confidence, and that will lead to the chastening hand of God. Seek ye the LORD while he may be found (Isa. 55:6). Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow (Isa. 1:18). And in that day you will say: "O LORD, I will praise You; Though You were angry with me, Your anger is turned away, and You comfort me. (Isa 12:1 NKJV). 01/30/2020 255 The Book of Isaiah Isaiah 1. What evidence have you seen that God finishes what He begins? What unfinished areas do you look forward to Him completing? 2. What process often lies bePveen grace and glory according to

1 Peter 5:10? 3. What becomes new when a person trusts Christ as Savior and Lord (2 Cor. 5:17)? 4. What victory does Isaiah look ahead to in Isaiah 63:1-6? What great blessing on Israel did Isaiah look back on in Isaiah 63:7-14? 5. How does God describe His attitude toward His people and their response to Him (Isaiah 65:1-7)? 01/30/2020 256 The Book of Isaiah Be comforted! QUESTIONS FOR REFLECTION OR DISCUSSION 6. Who was, and will be, saved in the remnant? 7. What do you look forward to in the new heaven and new earth? 8. What are the qualities of a person about whom God says, But to this one I look (Isaiah 66:2)?

9. What does Isaiah call people to do? Warn them against? Plead for? 10. Who will be comforted? How? Why them? 01/30/2020 257 The Book of Isaiah Be comforted! QUESTIONS FOR REFLECTION OR DISCUSSION It should be remembered that only the Bible in the original languages was inspired by the Holy Spirit, but no translation, however excellent or popular, can make this claim. Every Bible scholar will readily admit that even with his best commentary efforts there always remains an element of the incomprehensible, the obscure, and the mystical which eludes complete comprehension.

We are reminded of the words of St. Paul: For now we see in a mirror, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as I am known (1 Cor. 13:12). 01/30/2020 258 The Book of Isaiah Postscript Albright, William Foxwell - Archeology and the Religion of Israel. Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1942. Alcalay, Reuben - Complete English - Hebrew Dictionary. 4v. (Tel Aviv, 1959-61) Anderson, Sir Robert, The Coming Prince, Hodder & Stoughton, London 1895. Alexander, Joseph Addison - Commentary on the Prophecies of Isaiah, 1846. Grand Rapids, Zondervan Publishing House, 1953. Barnes, Albert - Notes on the Book of Isaiah Isaiah, 2v. New York,

1840. Barnhouse, Donald Gray, The Invisible War, Zondervan Pub. House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1965. Brenton, Sir Lancelot Lee-The Septuagint, Greek and English. Buksbazen, Victor; Isaiah Isaiah: A Commentary Collingswood, New Jersey 1973 01/30/2020 259 The Book of Isaiah Bibliography Bullinger, E.W., The Companion Bible, Zondervan Bible Publishers, Grand Rapids, MI, 1958. Burrows, Millar - The Dead Sea Scrolls, N.Y., Viking, 1955. Burrows, Millar - The Dead Sea Scrolls of St. Marks Monastery. New Haven, American Schools of Oriental Research, 1950. V.I. The Isaiah Manuscript and the Habakkuk Commentary. Calvin Commentaries, Isaiah. Reprinted Associated Publisher and Authors, Inc. Grand Rapids. Delitzsch, Franz - Biblical Commentary on the Prophecies of

Isaiah. 1866. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1949. Douglas, James Dixon, ed. - The New Bible Dictionary. Consultin editors F. F. Bruce (others). (Inter-Varsity Fellowship) Gran Rapids, Eerdmans, (c1962). Drechsler, Moritz - Der Prophet Jesaiah. Stuttgart, 1849. Driver and Neubauer - The "Suffering Servant" of Isaiah According to the Jewish Tradition. Hermon Press, New York, 01/30/2020and London, 1877. reprinted 1969 First Edition Oxford 260 The Book of Isaiah Bibliography Driver, Samuel Rolles - Isaiah, His Life and Times and the Writings which Bear His Name. N.Y., Fleming H. Revell Company, (1888). Duhm, Bernard - Das Buch Jesaia. Gottingen, 1922. Edersheim, Alfred - Prophecy and History in Relation to the Messiah; the Warburton Lectures for 1880-1884, London,

Longmans, Green and Co., 1885. Ellison, Harry L. - Men Spake from God; studies in the Hebrew Prophets. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, (c1958). Ewald, George H. A. - Commentary on the Prophets of the Old Testament, 5v. William and Nortgate, 1876. Free, Joseph Paul - Archaeology and Bible History. Wheaton, Ill., Van Kampen Press, (c1950). Fruchtenbaum, Arnold Israelology: The Missing Link in Systematic Theology, Ariel Ministries Press, Tustin, CA, 1993. 01/30/2020 261 The Book of Isaiah Bibliography Gaster, Theodor Herzl - The Dead Seat Scriptures, Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1956. Ginsberg, H. L., Editor - The Book of Isaiah, The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1973. Harrison, Roland Kenneth - A History of Old Testament Times.

Grand Rapids, Zondervan Publishing House, 1955. Harrison, Roland Kenneth - Introduction to the Old Testament, Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1969. Heschel, Abraham - The Prophets. The Jewish Publication Society of Philadelphia, 1962. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (Gen Ed. Geoffrey W. Bromiley), William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI, 1982. Ironside, H.A. Expository Notes on Isaiah Isaiah, Loizeaux Brothers, Inc., NY, NY, 1952. 01/30/2020 262 The Book of Isaiah Bibliography Jamieson, Rev. Robert, Rev. A.R. Fausset, and Rev. David Brown, A Commentary Critical, Experimental and Practical on the Old and New Testaments, vol. 3, Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1948.

Jennings, Frederick Charles - Studies in Isaiah. N.Y., Loizeaux Bros., 1959. Jocz, Jakob - The Spiritual History of Israel. London, Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1961. Kahn, David The Code Breakers; the Story of Secret Writing, Macmillan, New York, 1967. Kaufmann, Yechezkel - The Religion of Israel from Its Beginnings to the Babylonian Exile. Translated and abridged by Moshe Greenberg. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, (1966, c. 1960). Kimchi, David - The Commentary of David Kimchi on Isaiah, edited by Louis Kinkeistein (Columbia University Oriental Studies. V. XIX). N.Y., Columbia University Press, 1926. 01/30/2020 263 The Book of Isaiah Bibliography

Kissane, Edward J. - The Book of Isaiah, translated from a critically revised Hebrew text with Commentary by Rev. Edward J. Kissane, Dublin, Browne and Nolan, Limited, 1941-43. Kittel, Rudolf - Gestalten und Gedanken in Israel, Leipzig, Queue and Meyer, (Vorwort, 1925). Klausner, Joseph - The Messianic Idea in Israel, London, G. Allen and Unwin, (1956). Konig, Edward - Hebraisches und Aramaisches Wrterbuch zum Alten Testament, Leipzig, Dieterich, 1931. Kramer, Samuel Noah - History Begins at Sumer. Anchor Books, 1959. Leupold, H.C., Exposition of Isaiah, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1968. Margalioth, Rachel - The Indivisible Isaiah, N.Y., Yeshiva University, 1964. 01/30/2020 264 The Book of Isaiah Bibliography

Kissane, Edward J. - The Book of Isaiah, translated from a critically revised Hebrew text with Commentary by Rev. Edward J. Kissane, Dublin, Browne and Nolan, Limited, 1941-43. Kittel, Rudolf - Gestalten und Gedanken in Israel, Leipzig, Queue and Meyer, (Vorwort, 1925). Klausner, Joseph - The Messianic Idea in Israel, London, G. Allen and Unwin, (1956). Konig, Edward - Hebraisches und Aramaisches Wrterbuch zum Alten Testament, Leipzig, Dieterich, 1931. Kramer, Samuel Noah - History Begins at Sumer. Anchor Books, 1959. Leupold, H.C., Exposition of Isaiah, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1968. Margalioth, Rachel - The Indivisible Isaiah, N.Y., Yeshiva University, 1964. 01/30/2020 265 The Book of Isaiah

Bibliography Marshall, Peter and David Manuel, The Light and the Glory, Fleming H. Revell Company, Old Tappan, NJ, 1940. Marti, Karl. - Das Buch Jesiah. Tilbingen, 1900. Owen, George Frederick - Archeology and the Bible. Westwood, N.J., Revell, (c1960).. Pember, George Hawkins, Earths Earliest Ages; and Their Connection with Modern Spiritualism and Theosophy, 4th ed., Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1887. Pfeiffer, Charles Franklin - ed. The Biblical World: a Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology, Grand Rapids, Baker Book House, 1966. Pfeiffer, Charles Franklin - Introduction to the Old Testament. Silver, Abba H. - Messianic Speculation in Israel. Beacon Press, 1927. Pritchard, James B., ed Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1950. 01/30/2020 266

The Book of Isaiah Bibliography Pusey, Edward B. Daniel the Prophet, Funk & Wagnalls, New York, 1891. Rawlinson, G., Isaiah from Vol 10 of The Pulpit Commentary (ed. H.D.M. Spence and Joseph S. Exell) Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1950. Rosenberg, Rabbi A.J., Isaiah, The Judaica Press, Inc., NY, NY, 1989. Ross, Hugh The Fingerprint of God, Promise Publishing Co., Orange, CA, 1989. Scofield, C.I., The New Scofield Study Bible, (KJV) Oxford University Press, New York, 1967. Schroeder, Gerald Genesis and the Big Bang, Bantam Books, New York, 1990. Skinner, J. - Isaiah (in the Cambridge Bible) 2v. 1896. Cambridge University Press, 1963. Smith, George Adam - The Book of Isaiah, Harper and Brothers. 1927. Slotki, I. W. - Isaiah (Soncino Bible). 1949. 01/30/2020

267 The Book of Isaiah Bibliography Thiele, Edwin Richard - The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings. Rev. Ed. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, (c1965). Thompson, John Arthur - The Bible and Archaeology. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, (c1962). Tipler, Frank J. The Physics of Immortality, Doubleday, New York, NY, 1994. Unger, Merrill Frederick - Archeology and the Old Testament, Grand Rapids, Zondervan Publishing House, (1956, 1954). Vine, W.E., Isaiah, Prophecies, Promises, Warnings, Lamplighter Books (Zondervan Publishing House), Grand Rapids, MI, 1971. Wiseman, Donald J. The Chronicles of the Chaldean Kings (626556 B.C.), Trustees of the British Museum, London, 1956. Wright, George Ernest - Biblical Archaeology. Philadelphia, Westminster Press, (1957). 01/30/2020 268

The Book of Isaiah Bibliography The Wycliffe Bible Commentary - edited by Charles F. Pfeiffer and Everett F. Harrison. Chicago, Moody Press, c1962. Young, Edward Joseph - My Servants the Prophets. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1954. Young, Edward Joseph - Studies in Isaiah. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, Young, Edward Joseph - Who Wrote Isaiah? (Pathway Book) Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1958. Young, Edward Joseph - The Book of Isaiah. 3v. Grand Rapids, Eerdrnans, 1965-70. Young, Edward, The New International Commentary of the Old Testament - The Book of Isaiah, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI, 1969. 01/30/2020 269

The Book of Isaiah Bibliography

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