The American Revolution - Denton ISD

The Political Spectrum in Review American Revolutionary Ideas: The more the British moved to the right, the more the Americans moved to the left. Radical

Far left Violent Immediate and drastic change Looks forward Reactionary

Far right Violent Immediate and drastic Looks backward The American Revolution is the only radical act in American history that meets with the approval of the public today.

When the press refers to a radical idea or program, they really mean that it is new, innovative, drastic, or unpopular. American Freedom and Issues of the Revolution List

Cause of Revolution 1. Writs of Assistance 2. 3.

4. 5. Addressed by Declaration of Independence (p. A31)

Resolved by The Bill of Rights in The Constitution (p. A34) The American Revolution The War for Independence No Taxation Without Representation!

1. What does this mean? 2. What country controls the English colonies? 3. Where do the colonists want representation?

4. How many colonies are there? Do they make laws for themselves? Why or why not? 5. What should England do for the colonists? 6. Why did this quote become a battle cry? 7. How does this relate to the Tea Party Movement today? I. Background

A. French and Indian War ended in 1763 B. England (Great Britain) defeated France and controlled North America Join or Die by Ben Franklin Proclamation Line of 1763 Pontiacs Rebellion led to

British policy to set aside western lands The Paxton Boys had attacked Conestoga Indians as retaliation Paxton Boys (approx. 250) marched on Philadelphia and were subdued by promises

made by Ben Franklin to bring their issue to the legislature C. Salutary NeglectEngland did not enforce all laws of mercantilism during the war against France (spirit of the law) D. England needed money to pay for the war (letter of the law)

E. Taxes raised on colonies: *Navigation Act *Stamp Act *Townsend Acts *Tea Tax *Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts-punishment for the

Boston Tea Party) Terms Duty Tariff Internal tax External tax

Stamp Act of 1765 The purpose of the Stamp Tax was to raise revenue to support the British troops stationed in America and pay off debts incurred during French and Indian War Issues: does Parliament have the right to tax the colonies and can Parliament truly reflect colonial interests? Colonists demonstrated their willingness to use violence

rather than legal means to frustrate British policy British claimed that the colonists were obligated to Parliamentary authority The colonists claimed that the act denied them their British birthrightsthe rights and privileges of all British subjects to representation in Parliament The Stamp Act led to The Stamp Act Congress which was

the first successful gathering of delegates from the 13 colonies Colonial boycott of British exports led to the repeal of the Stamp Act II. Colonial Rebellion A. Boycotts B. Sons of Liberty

C. Committees of Correspondence D. Aggression toward Loyalists (Tories) and Redcoats E. Gaspee Affair What is a boycott?

D. Militias formed (minute men) E. Boston Massacre F. Boston Tea Party The Adams Family

John Adams Lawyer who defended the Redcoats in the Boston Massacre Sam Adams Moderate

Radical Cousin to Sam Cousin to John Tavern owner who

organized the Sons of Liberty and led the Boston Tea Party Coercive Acts--1774 Called Intolerable Acts by Americans Parliaments response to the Boston Tea Party Massachusetts lost power of the legislature, Port of

Boston was closed until Tea Party damages were repaid Included Quebec Act which denied access to lands except for French Catholics Writs of Assistance Quartering Act-- G. First Continental Congress created a

colonial army led by George Washington III. Revolution A. Lexington and Concordfirst battle From The Concord Hymn By the rude bridge that arched the flood, Their flag to Aprils breeze unfurled.

Here once the embattled farmers stood, And fired the shot heard round the world. B. Thomas Paine published Common Sense encouraging the colonies to

declare independence Common Sense, 1776 Thomas Paines pamphlet Call for independence Called for Republic over Monarchy Addressed loyalty issues to Britain

Used Biblical imagery to persuade colonistsGeorge III was called the Pharaoh! These are the times to try mens souls. Thomas Paine Disperse ye rebels, lay down your arms! British officer at Lexington

Stand your ground. Dont fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here. American minuteman at Lexington Olive Branch Petition Second Continental Congress Affirmed our loyalty

to Britain and Crown Issued after A Declaration of Arms Received in England after Parliament had labelled the colonies as rebellious traitors

C. Second Continental Congress declared independence on July 4, 1776 in Philadelphiaauthor was Thomas Jefferson of Virginia1st signer was John Hancock See Google Bookmarks Its Too Late to Apologize

Declaration of Independence Second Continental Congressindependence proposed by Richard Henry Lee and voted upon on July 2 Presider was John Hancock Committee for document was Jefferson, Adams, Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert Livingston Emphasized natural rights of man (see Jeffersons list of unalienable rights) Abigail Adams wrote her husband, John Adams to remember to include

women among those who benefit from republican ideals of equality and individual rights Meetings Albany Plan of Unionfailure Stamp Act Congress First Continental Congress Second Continental CongressThe Olive Branch

Petition of 1775 preceded the Declaration of Independence in 1776 Excerpt of letter from Abigail to John Adams and by the way in the new code of laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make, I desire you would remember the ladies, and be

more generous and favorable to them than you ancestorsRemember, men would be tyrants if they could. Reasons colonists supported the war George III as tyrant Parliamentary control of internal affairs of colonies

Corruption of British ministers Wanted greater political participation in colonial policies (ideas of republicanism and civic virtue exercised for the common good, not personal interest) Resented quartering of British troops Wanted to preserve local autonomy and way of life 3100 miles distance between Boston and London D. Battles included:

*Bunker Hill (Boston, Mass.) *Trenton (NJ) (Hessians on Xmas) *Saratoga (NYturning point France decided to help us) *Yorktown (surrender of England!) Winter at Valley Forge

E. French helped with Lafayette F. Treaty of Paris (1783) Patriots (VIPs)

George Washington Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

John Adams Sam Adams Paul Revere More Patriots

Alexander Hamilton Ethan Allen Henry Knox

Benedict Arnoldlater traitor! Nathan Halespy Patrick Henry John Hancock And more patriots

Charles Carroll Benjamin Rush John Jay

John Witherspoon John Peter Muhlenberg Jonathon Trumbull (only colonial governor to support the Revolution) Slaves British enticed slaves to fight on the side of England in return for freedom

Some slaves fought with Americans in the hopes of living in a future free nation Crispus Attucks was a former slave and first to die in the revolution at the Boston Massacre European Allies Lafayette (France) Von Steuben (Prussia)

Pulaski (Poland) French help After victory at Saratoga Financial assistance French wanted to weaken British empire (not promote republicanism) Influenced British to sign treaty ending conflict

British Opponents King George III General Cornwallis Loyalists Redcoats Hessians (German mercenaries)

Patrick Henry Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it Almighty God! I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!

Mercy Otis Warren Satirical poet & playwright Referred to Redcoats as Blockheads in anonymously published works Corresponded with

Adams and Jefferson Ben We must all hang together boys, or most assuredly, we will all hang separately. Nathan Hale I only regret that I have but one life to lose for

my country. Ethan Allen Surrender in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress! John Paul Jones I have not yet begun to fight!

Molly Pitcher Fought at the Battle of Monmouth in New Jersey Mary Ludwig Hays or composite of women who fought in the war

Treaty of Paris, 1783 (not to be confused with Treaty of Paris, 1763 ending the French and Indian War) New boundaries of U.S. included Mississippi River on the West, Great Lakes in the North, and south to Spanish Florida America agreed that Loyalists would not be

further persecuted New Government Articles of Confederation, emphasized state authority with little power to the federal government Then what happened?

Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Rise of Nationalism Jacksonian Democracy

First Industrial Revolution Mexican War California Gold Rush Civil War Reconstruction U.S. Classes See class set and answer 1-16 on separate

paper. Answers to Class Set 1-16 1. England defeated France in the French and Indian War. 2.

England raised taxes to pay for the war against France. 3. A boycott is when people stop buying things as a sign of protest 4.

The Boston Massacre is when the British fired into a crowd 5. The Boston Tea Party is when Americans dumped tea into the harbor 6.

They dumped the tea so Americans would not buy it or pay taxes on it 7. Intolerable Acts were the punishments for the Tea Party 8.

Minute men are men of the militia or volunteer army 9. Paine suggested that Americans declare independence from England. 10. John Hancock was the first signer

11. July 4 is Independence Day or our Declaration of Independence from England 12. Battle of Saratoga was the turning point (we started to win!) 13. Americans started winning the war and France decided to help us in the war

14. France helped us! 15. United States of America was recognized as a free country.

16. United States of America won the American Revolutionary War U.S.--Find the similarities (compare) Constitution see p. 81 Declaration of Independence see p. 50

1. 1. 2. 2.

3. 3. 4. 4.

5. 5.

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