Texas Public School Finance Overview

Texas Public School Finance Overview

State Funding Update TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY OCTOBER 2017 9/28/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 1 Agenda TEASE Access for the FSP System Summary of Finances and Payment Cycle Update Closing out 2016-2017 Updates to 2017-2018

Property Value Growth and Decline and financial hardship grants Chapter 41 Wealth Equalization Other Legislative changes from 85th leg. 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 2 TEASE Access for the FSP System 3/8/2017

SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 3 FSP Modules 3/8/2017 Attendance Projections Bond Programs Chapter 41

Charter Schools NIFA Staff Salary State Compensat ory Education Tax Information Survey

Transportati on SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 4 TEASE Access for the FSP System Data submitted through this system affect state aid payments and recapture requirements The modules are set up to include multiple roles: user and approver The TEA does not use data until it has been approved by the district approver and has been submitted to TEA We do not recommend that the user and approver be the same person We do recommend: Checking TEASE access periodically to be sure that current staff are included and

staff that no longer work with the district are not included Making sure that major submissions are completed and approved on time 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 5 TEASE Deadlines Attendance Projections: October through December of even numbered years Transportation: Route Services Report: August 1 Operations Report: December 1

Tax Information Survey: End of August Staff Salary: August for Near Final and April for Final 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 6 TEASE TEA had been automatically adding all the roles district approvers (superintendents) need We had an audit finding and this will no longer be possible We will publish a list of all the roles and district staff will have to apply for them all

3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 7 Status of Foundation School Program Payment Cycle 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 8 Closing out 2016-2017

3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 9 Near Final Settle Up (20162017) Near Final summaries of finance (SOF) for the 20162017 school year were published 09/08. These incorporated: ADA and FTE counts from summer PEIMS Tax Collections estimates from the Tax collection Transportation module data Districts which have not submitted will have until final settle-up in April before allotments are zeroed out

Staff salary data for districts who did not submit at near-final Districts which have not submitted will have until final settle-up in April before allotments are zeroed out IFA and EDA near final will be run in October 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 10 Near Final settle-Up $428 million in negative adjustments were rolled to 2018 $575 million in Payments will be made late

September LPE ADA 5.02 million DPE 4.974 => 45,000 ADA down Special ED., CTE, Bilingual all increased WADA only 18,000 down 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 11 Updates to 2017-2018 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY

12 2017-2018 Funding Elements (LPE) Basic allotment and equalized wealth level are ($5,140 and $514,000). The guaranteed yield for the golden pennies is $99.41 Revised Available School Fund rate ($260.566) New Instructional Facilities Allotments (NIFA) for approved applications M&O tax Collections are 2016 PEIMS budgeted increased 7.04% Attendance projections submitted by the district in October 2016 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY

13 Compressed Tax Rate Adjustments Apply tax effort above compressed tax rate + .06 to tier I instead of tier II level II Are automatic from 2018 onward 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 14

2017-2018 Summary of Finances (LPE) Total FSP state aid: $19.2 billion Total ASF: $1.0 billion Total EDA: $219 million Total IFA: $190 million Total Recapture $2.1 billion 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 15 Updates to 2017-2018 Summary of Finances (SOF) Updates to SOF will include:

February Updated M&O tax rates from self report March Updated DPE with PEIMS fall enrollment data and budgeted tax collections April SCE counts June-August Chapter 313 and supplemental TIF payments 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 16 Property Value Decline and Hardship Grants

3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 17 Hardships caused by decreasing values 1 2 3 Districts with declining values are disadvantaged because the state uses prior year property values in calculating the local share of the FSP.

In these cases, prior year values dont fully reflect the decline and exaggerate the districts ability to raise local tax revenue. When making payments to districts during the fiscal year, the state is required to assume the same estimated percentage increase in property values for all districts. Districts with declining values therefore experience significant under-payments which can negatively impact cash flow and overall funding levels. SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 3/8/2017 18

Districts with Rapidly declining property values: a statewide perspective Districts marked in purple have declining property values Green is slowly declining Districts marked in red and orange still have increasing values and include the major urban areas of the state Overall the state still has increasing value

3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 19 Property Value Decline adjustments There is a provision in the TEC 42.2521(a) that provides for assistance for rapid property value decline, this provision requires an appropriation For the 2017-2018 biennium, the legislature appropriated $50 million for fiscal year 2018 and $25 million for fiscal 2019 3/8/2017

SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 20 Adjustment for rapid property value decline 2018 $50 million appropriated for value decline in excess of 4% For fiscal 2018 The decline addressed is from TY 2015 -> TY 2016 on 2017 SOF All eligible districts had their property values adjusted, the SOFs rerun and a prorated amount added to other programs detail report. 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY

21 Financial Hardship Grants Compare 2018 current law ($99.41 tier II, level I and no ASATR) to 2018 prior law ($77.53 tier II level I and ASATR) $155 million in total losses $100 million available in 2018 LPE estimates used, payments made in October Districts cannot get both Hardship and decline. TEA made best choice. 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY

22 Chapter 41 Update 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 23 2018 Chapter 41 Update 427 districts were notified of Chapter 41 status Districts with an EWL > $319,500 are identified as Chapter 41 and must tell the TEA how they intend to equalize wealth Final Chapter 41 designations will be made after we receive final

values and decisions regarding whether districts charge tuition Total estimated recapture for 20172018 is $2.1 billion Intent and choice selection and contract process is now online Not all districts that are identified as Chapter 41 owe recapture 5/2/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 24 Chapter 41 Process Final notification mid-July Intent and Choice Selection Due Sept 1 Options and Contracts Due Jan 15 Preliminary Payment Report: Published at the end of January Incorporates data estimates submitted by districts through the

Chapter 41 module in the FSP system in TEASE Option 3 payment schedule for payments submitted February through August 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 25 How is recapture revenue used by the State? The most commonly chosen method of paying recapture is Option 3 (paying directly to the State). Payments are made in seven equal installments from February through August of every fiscal year. Funds received by the state from recapture, which are

estimated to total $2.07 billion in FY2018, are appropriated in the General Appropriations Act to pay for the Foundation School Program (FSP). 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 26 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 27 All unexpended balances and all funds received

from the payment of school districts for attendance credits in excess of the amounts appropriated above pursuant to the provisions of 41.094 of the Texas Education Code, are hereby appropriated to the Texas Education Agency for distribution to school districts for Foundation School Program purposes. 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 28 Recapture 2007-2018 $2,500,000,000.00

$2,000,000,000.00 $1,500,000,000.00 $1,000,000,000.00 $500,000,000.00 $0.00 3/8/2017 2007 2008

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 2015

2016 2017 2018 29 Other Legislative Changes 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 30

House Bill 21 $100 million hardship grants in 2018, $50 million in 2019 Dyslexia and Autism grants for selected LEAs (10 selected for each grant). $10 million for each grant for each year 2019 EDA increase for school districts $37.30 ($60 million) EDA for charter schools $200 per ADA ($60 million) 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 31 HB21 All small districts funded on 300 square mile factor (5 year phase in beginning in 2019)

3/8/2017 Year Small district adjustment Factor 2019 .000275 2020 .0003

2021 .000325 2022 .00035 2023 .0004 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 32 HB21 Commission on public school

finance Commission on Public school finance Recommendations: Appropriate levels of local funding Purpose of the system Policy changes to adjust for student demographics and geographic diversity Report due Dec 31 2018 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 33 Other school finance legislation SB195 High risk of violence hazardous mileage and

walking routes for transportation SB1882 District charter campuses funded like they are charter schools SB3593 technology applications courses in cybersecurity eligible for CTE funding HB1081 NIFA $1,000 per ADA. Re-purposed and leased facilities eligible 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 34 Other school finance legislation SB1480 Increases BGP capacity for charter schools

Increased by 20% each year will be +- 2 Billion ? Guaranteed bonds are not subtracted from capacity Security interest to the state for any guaranteed properties Increased contribution to charter school bond reserve fund 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 35 Hurricane Harvey Adjustments TAA letter October 9th Districts and charter schools losing ADA as a result of Hurricane Harvey will be held harmless to their 3 year average attendance projection at near final Eligibility:

The school district or charter school has had damage to at least one campus which has resulted in a disruption of instruction lasting 2 or more weeks, OR The school district or charter school had instructional facilities that were closed for the 9 or 10 hurricane related waiver days, and The school district or charter school must complete the Governors Commission to Rebuild Texas Worksheet by October 27, 2017. 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 36 Contact Information Al McKenzie Director, State Funding

[email protected] (512) 463-9186 3/8/2017 SCHOOL FINANCE DEPARTMENT, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY 37

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