Template - Pixel

Template - Pixel

LITERARY CRITICISM Seven Different Lenses What is literary criticism? Literary criticism are the various lenses you can use to analyze a piece of literature. None is more right than any other. They allow the critic to focus on aspects they think are most important to a specific text. 2

SCHOOLS OF LITERARY CRITICISM MARXIST CRITICISM PSYCHOANALYTICAL CRITICISM ARCHETYPAL CRITICISM NEW CRITICISM (FORMALISM) READER-RESPONSE NEW HISTORICISM GENDER CRITICISM MARXIST CRITICISM Focuses mainly on social class and political ideologies within a text.

Asks how the text conforms to, contradicts, or challenges societal structures. Based on the writings and political theories of Karl Marx. MARXIST CRITICISM Questions that a Marxist Critic might ask: What role does class play in the work? How do characters overcome oppression? In what ways does the work serve as propaganda for the status quo; or does it try

to undermine it? Are social conflicts being ignored? PSYCHOANALYTICAL CRITICISM Focuses on the characters and what is going on internally and their motivations. Can also seek to understand the mind or intentions of the author. Based on the works of Sigmund Freud (father of Psychology) and Carl Jung (ID, EGO, SUPEREGO).

PSYCHOANALYTICAL CRITICISM Questions that a Psychoanalytical Critic might ask: Why do characters act or not act on their desires? In what way is the author expressing their fears about a topic in this novel? Is the character a reflection of the authors personality? ARCHETYPAL CRITICISM Focuses on cultural archetypes and myths. Places importance on reoccurring images, symbols

and character types (hero, villain, etc). ARCHETYPAL CRITICISM Questions that a Archetypal Critic might ask: How is the author using this symbol differently than in older texts? How does a character contradict the classic image of their archetype? Does an archetype represent something larger than itself? NEW CRITICISM

Also called Formalist criticism. Focuses on the literary elements of the text, like metaphor, plot structure, symbolism, etc. What you most often focus on in English classes. Does not look at the author, time period, or

anything else outside of the text. NEW CRITICISM Questions that a New Critic might ask: How does this piece work as literature? How and why is the author using literary devices? Why did the author structure the plot a certain way? READER-RESPONSE

Considers the reader as just as important as the text they are reading. Explores the effects the text has on the reader. Texts can be interpreted different ways based on who the reader is. READER-RESPONSE Questions that a Reader-response Critic might ask: Why do people from one part of the world like this text more than those from another part? What is the dominant interpretation of a

text and why? How has my experience with this text changed over the years? NEW HISTORICISM Assumes that every piece of literature is a product of its historical time period. Literature is influenced by the political, social, and cultural climate of that time period. Also questions how we look back and view that time period as opposed

to those who were there. NEW HISTORICISM Questions that a New Historicism Critic might ask: How has the interpretation of this text changed over time? What was this texts impact on popular culture at the time it was released? How was the author influenced by the historical time period?

GENDER CRITICISM Examines how gender roles are reflected or contradicted in a literary text, or how the authors gender impacts their work. These critics typically argue that differences in men and women are cultural, not sexual. GENDER CRITICISM Questions that a Gender Critic might ask: Would this novel be different if it were written by a man instead of a woman or vice versa? How do characters defy gender

stereotypes? If a character is L.G.B.T. does it change my interpretation of the text at all? Same Poem, Different Lense The Red Wheelbarrow How might the different schools of literary criticism interpret William Carlos Williams poem The Red Wheelbarrow?

so much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens. Same Poem, Different Lense Marxist Criticism: The wheelbarrow represents the working class, and Williams is perhaps calling

attention to how much the rest of society -- the chickens -- depends upon their labor. The Red Wheelbarrow so much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens.

Same Poem, Different Lense Psychoanalytical Criticism: In this poem, the poet is not questioning how dependent we are on simple tools, but instead making a desperate case that we are dependent on poetry, which the wheelbarrow represents, thereby revealing his own insecurities. The Red Wheelbarrow so much depends upon

a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens. Same Poem, Different Lense Archetypal Criticism: The use of water, a universal symbol of life, reinforces Williams notion that we depend so much on the agricultural efforts of those who help feed our society,

as represented by the rain-covered wheelbarrow. The Red Wheelbarrow so much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens.

Same Poem, Different Lense New Criticism (Formalism): Through his use of alternating threeword and one-word lines, Williams is depicting small wheelbarrows, and through them subtly drawing attention to the subject of his poem. The Red Wheelbarrow so much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain

water beside the white chickens. Same Poem, Different Lense Reader-response: By refusing the give the reader anything more beyond this simple scene, Williams is challenging the reader to question the very notion of what a poem must be. The Red Wheelbarrow so much depends

upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens. Same Poem, Different Lense New Historicism: While contemporary readers of Williams poem would have connected strongly to his stark agricultural references, that

impact is mostly lost on the digital generation who come across this classic poem for the first time. The Red Wheelbarrow so much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens.

Same Poem, Different Lense Gender Criticism: By drawing a connection of dependency between the wheelbarrow and the chickens, was Williams also making a connection between traditional male roles of the working world and traditional dependent roles of women? The Red Wheelbarrow so much depends upon

a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens. MARXIST CRITICISM PSYCHOANALYTICAL CRITICISM ARCHETYPAL CRITICISM NEW CRITICISM

(FORMALISM) READER-RESPONSE NEW HISTORICISM GENDER CRITICISM

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • DCS-930 Sales Guide

    DCS-930 Sales Guide

    DCS-932/932L Wireless N Day & Night Mjpeg Network Camera Sales guide D-Link Confidential * Agenda The Design The Market Positioning Highlights Benefit to adopt this product Product Application Guidelines mydlink portal Competitive Comparison & Analysis Main Competitors Key Comparison The...
  • Implementing Facebook in an Academic Library as a

    Implementing Facebook in an Academic Library as a

    The Survey Short and sweet Surveymonkey Linked off of the library homepage Several status updates in Facebook Survey Pacman Student habits on Facebook Of 94 open-ended questions: 13% never log off 9 % are on for several hours 20% spend...
  • Chapter 1: Organization of the Human Body

    Chapter 1: Organization of the Human Body

    System, cell, organ, organism, tissue. Cell, system, tissue, organ, organism. Studies of the Human Body (Review) (cont.)? Pop Quiz Answer. 1.2 There are numerous levels of organization in the body. The correct order from simplest to most complex is.
  • Part II The Switch Statement The switch Statement

    Part II The Switch Statement The switch Statement

    Part II The Switch Statement The switch Statement Provides alternative to if-else chain For cases that compare value of integer expression to specific value Reserved words: switch case default break The switch Statement (continued) Syntax: switch (expression) { // start...
  • E-MAIL 2.0 - SFU.ca

    E-MAIL 2.0 - SFU.ca

    Who we are. Mid-sized university with ~30,000 students, 5000 staff/faculty. 50,000 accounts . Highly centralized IT dept provides all users with Mail, Web, File storage, Authn/Authz, as well as eLearning, ERP, etc
  • Impact of Antibiotic Use in Animal Agriculture and

    Impact of Antibiotic Use in Animal Agriculture and

    BTM: 37/48 =77%. QMS: 93/115 = 81% . NO MRSA strain isolated from Pennsylvania dairy herds . Jayarao, unpublished 2015. Prevalence of fecal shedding in adult cattle-110 cow free stall barn. Bedded on sand. Vaccine intervention. Water and feed hygiene...
  • Las TICs en Educación - Visión de la Industria

    Las TICs en Educación - Visión de la Industria

    Hoy Las TIC en el futuro de la Educación: una visión de la industria Áreas de I+D+i: Evolución alrededor de la Web 2.0 Plataformas de nueva generación (Web Semántica) Sistemas móviles, PDAs, etc. Pupitres electrónicos Interfaces naturales, realidad aumentada integrados...
  • Part I: Introduction - Smith College

    Part I: Introduction - Smith College

    Passed data to deliver to receiver upper layer udt_send(): called by rdt, to transfer packet over unreliable channel to receiver rdt_rcv(): called when packet arrives on rcv-side of channel deliver_data(): called by rdt to deliver data to upper state 1...