Teaching Method - Weebly

Dealing with developmental dyslexia in education By Jonathon Van Spronsen, Julia Yu and Heather Buckingham What Is Dyslexia? A type of neurodevelopmental disorder that impedes the ability to read (Tannock, 2004) Difficult to narrow down About Dyslexia Student Perspective Teaching Methods

Psychological Research Specific Learning Disabilities Originally thought to be a phonological processing disorder (Lyon & Moats, 1997) Currently hypothesised to be caused by visual attention deficits (Valdois, Bosse, & Tainturier, 2004) About Dyslexia Student Perspective Teaching Methods

Common Diagnostic Criteria Normal to high intelligence, with difficulty reading, writing, and spelling Sees non-existent movement of letters or symbols Distractibility; hyperactivity (Davis, 1992) About Dyslexia Student Perspective

Teaching Methods About Dyslexia 5-17% of Americans struggle with Dyslexia International Dyslexia Foundation Dyslexia is a lifelong struggle, though reading and writing can be learned Dyslexia does not mean a student is lazy It is never too late to improve reading and writing skills University of Michigan About Dyslexia

Student Perspective Teaching Methods Student Perspective I listen well, but have trouble filtering out background noise Reading instructions can be frustrating, difficult, and time consuming I spend a lot of time decoding information It is difficult for me to grasp the meaning of text I struggle with comprehending what we are doing I have trouble with time management skills I feel inferior to other students Examples of student struggles with dyslexia

About Dyslexia Student Perspective Teaching Methods Advice to Students from Dyslexic Peers Find out what support is available, and use it If you have questions, ask a teacher, supervisor, counselor, etc. Keep going, youll get there in the end! PhD student, University of Nottingham

About Dyslexia Student Perspective Teaching Methods Famous Dyslexics Famous and talented people who may have struggled with dyslexia: Albert Einstein Thomas Edison Leonardo da Vinci Winston Churchill William Butler Yeats

(West, 1991) About Dyslexia Student Perspective Teaching Methods If a child does not learn the way you teach then teach him the way he learns. (Chasty, cited in Chinn & Ashcroft, 1999, p.126) About Dyslexia

Student Perspective Teaching Methods The teacher responsible for a student with special needs is responsible for designing, supervising, and assessing the education program for that student. (BC Ministry of Education) About Dyslexia Student Perspective

Teaching Methods Teaching Methods Understand problems associated with dyslexia Involve repetition Introduce new words slowly Avoid reading aloud assignments Give extra time or modify assignments About Dyslexia Student Perspective

Teaching Methods Teaching Methods Avoid teaching above the students learning level Develop reading guides Provide a glossary in content areas Highlight or colour code essential information Use a tape recorder About Dyslexia Student Perspective Teaching Methods

Conclusions Understand student educational needs Help reading become a positive experience Be creative with teaching methods to assist student learning About Dyslexia Student Perspective Teaching Methods

References Boder, E., (1973) Developmental Dyslexia: a Diagnostic Approach Based on Three Atypical Reading-spelling. Developmental Medicine of Child Neurology, 15, 663-687 Chinn, S. T. & Ashcroft, J. R. (1999) Mathematics for Dyslexics: a teaching handbook. London: Whurr Publishers. Davis, R. D. (1992). 37 Common Characteristics of Dyslexia. Retrieved from Dyslexia.com: http://www.dyslexia.com/library/symptoms.htm dyslexia.com,. A Dyslexic Child in the Classroom. N.p., 2015. Web. 22 Sept dyslexiahelp.umich.edu,. Debunking The Myths About Dyslexia. N.p., 2015. Web. 22 Sept. Lyon, G. R., & Moats, L. C. (1997, December). Critical Coneptual and Methodological Considerations in Reading Intervention Research. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 580-588.

nottingham.ac.uk,. Case Study Coping With Dyslexia. N.p., 2015. Web. 22 Sept. References Tannock, R. P. (2014, January). DSM-5 Changes in Diagnostic Criteria for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD): What Are The Implications? Retrieved from International Dyslexia Association: http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/sites/ default/files/IDA_DSM-5%20Changes.pdf understood.org,. Understanding Dyslexia. N.p., 2015. Web. 22 Sept. Valdois, S., Bosse, M.-L., & Tainturier, M.-J. (2004). The Cognitive Deficits Responsible for Developmental Dyslexia: Review of Evidence for a Visual Attentional Deficit Hypothesis. Laboratoire de Psychologie et NeuroCognition, Universit Pierre Mends-France, Grenoble, France, 339-363. visd.com,. dyslexia handbook: teacher strategies. N.p., 2015. Web. 22 Sept.

Waddington, E., Jacob, S., & Bailey, S., (1996). Teaching Students with Dyslexia in the Regular Classroom. Childhood Education, 73(1), 2-5 West, T. (1991). In the minds eye. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books.

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