STAYING HEALTHY AN ENGLISH LEARNERS GUIDE TO HEALTH CARE AND HEALTHY LIVING LUNCHTIME LESSONS 90 MINUTES FOR 4 CONSECUTIVE WEEKS Health Care The Doctor Medicines Nutrition STAYING HEALTHY LESSON 1: HEALTH CARE Lisa Leiby, RN
HEALTH CARE Learning Objectives Students will list 3 reasons for visiting a doctor for a checkup Students will recognize emergency health care situations and when to call 911 Students will know where they can find local programs and facilities they can contact for health care Tools required: handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks HEALTH CARE
Health Care System Hospitals, Medical Clinics, Public Health and Emergency Departments Doctors, Nurse Practitioners, Physician Assistants Nurses, Workers Dieticians, Pharmacists, Social HEALTH CARE
Different Kinds of Health Care 1) Regular Checkups Well Visits Health or Medical History Form (p. 30 handbook) Check Yes or No Specific dates/year of illnesses, immunizations Physical Examination Height and Weight and Blood Pressure Heart Lungs Eyes/Ears/Throat/Mouth
Tests: blood, urine, (female) pap smear, (male) prostate Staying Healthy Diet Exercise No Smoking Immunizations HEALTH CARE 2) When you are sick Symptoms Tell doctor how you feel and for how long
Contagious Diseases You get sick from other peoples germs Good Hand Washing! Hospitals and grocery stores have hand wipes Making an Appointment (Role play) HEALTH CARE 3) Emergency Visits 911 Chest pain Difficulty Breathing Car Accident
Drowning Snake bite Unconscious Use any phone to call 911 immediately Tell what the emergency is Answer all questions If you do not understand, say I speak Spanish, wait for someone who speaks your language DO NOT HANG UP the phone Wait with the sick person until the ambulance arrives HEALTH CARE
Learning Medical Words Vocabulary Words Pronunciation: Tap the Stress (p. 7 Teachers Guide) Activities: Health Care Vocabulary Bingo (www.bingocardcreator.com) Hospital Signs and Symbols (p. 12 handbook) Phone Call: 211 or access website @ www.flairs.org Community Health Care Resources (handout) www.healthyroadsmedia.org/index.htm
HEALTH CARE Conversation 1: (Role play) Operator: 911. What is your emergency? Parent: My boy fell out of the tree. Operator: Is he conscious? Parent: Yes. Operator: Is he hurt? Parent: I think he broke his leg. Operator: An ambulance is on its way. HEALTH CARE
Conversation 2: (Role play) Information Desk: May I help you? Patient: Yes, where do I go for an X-Ray? Information Desk: Do you have an appointment? Patient: Yes. Information Desk: You need to go to Radiology. Go past the gift shop and turn right. Look for the X-Ray sign. You will need to sign in at the desk. Patient: OK. Thank you. STAYING HEALTHY: LESSON 2: THE DOCTOR Lisa Leiby, RN
THE DOCTOR Learning Objectives Students will identify 2 helpful ways to prepare for a doctors appointment Students will know 3 important questions to ask the doctor Students will describe 8 common symptoms clearly Tools required: b/p machine or cuff and stethoscope, handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks THE DOCTOR
Things To Do Before Your Doctors Visit Write down the medicines you take or bring the medicines with you Write down all of the health problems you have ever had and the symptoms you are feeling now Practice describing your symptoms in English Bring bilingual book Ask a friend or family member to go with you Request interpreter THE DOCTOR The Doctors Office Visit (Role play) Sign in
Tell clerk your name and time of your appointment Fill out Health History Form Wait in the waiting room until the nurse calls you to take your: Height Weight Blood Pressure (take B/P from each student) Nurse will ask you to undress and wear a gown The doctor will knock on the door and come in with the nurse or medical assistant Tell the doctor why you are there and describe your symptoms Examination THE DOCTOR Vocabulary Words Pronunciation Tap the Stress (p. 27 Teacher Guide)
Describing Symptoms/Health History (p. 31 Teachers Guide) Activities Conversation: Information Desk or phone Math: Understanding Blood Pressure (p. 28 Teachers Guide) Grammar: (p. 29-30 Teachers Guide) Feel Have and When After and Have You Ever Practice Describing Symptoms (p.23-27 handbook) www.eslpod.com Describing Symptoms to the Doctor
Conversation with the Doctor THE DOCTOR Conversation 1: (Role play) Doctor: Im Dr. Robbins. How are you today? Patient: OK, thank you. Doctor: What can I do for you today? Patient: I feel dizzy and I have a headache. Doctor: How long have you been feeling dizzy and have had a headache? Patient: For a week. Doctor: Do you have a history of high blood pressure? Patient: Yes. Doctor: Are you taking any medications for your blood
pressure? Patient: No. Doctor: Is there anyone in your family with high blood pressure? Patient: Yes, my mother and my grandmother. THE DOCTOR Conversation 2: (Role play) Doctor: You have mild hypertension. Im going to write you a prescription for medication. Patient: Excuse me, but I dont understand. Doctor: Hypertension means high blood pressure. Your blood pressure is a little too high, so I want you to take some medicine to bring your blood pressure to a normal level. Patient: OK, thank you for explaining that.
Doctor: Youre welcome. I want to schedule a follow-up appointment in 6 weeks to see if the medicine is working. Patient: OK, thank you. STAYING HEALTHY: LESSON 3: MEDICINES Lisa Leiby, RN MEDICINES Learning Objectives Students will understand the difference between over-the-counter and prescription medicines
Students will know how to find and understand 6 pieces of information on a prescription label Students will explain how to take medicines from reading the directions on the label Tools required: variety of empty prescription/ OTC bottles/pkgs, tsp/Tbsp, syringes for demonstration, handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks MEDICINES Different Types of Medicine (p. 39-40) Prescription Over The Counter (OTC) Different Kinds of Medicine (p. 37)
Tablets, liquid, powder, drops, injection, inhalant, ointment, capsules Hands-on medicines demonstration with variety of MEDICINES Medicine Labels Over 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
the Counter (OTC) Name of the medicine What is the medicine for How and when to take the medicine How much of the medicine to take Side effects Warnings Expiration date (end) MEDICINES Medicine Labels Prescription 1. 2. 3. 4.
5. 6. 7. Name of medicine Dose = how much medicine to take Prescription Rx # Pharmacy phone number Date when you receive medicine Number of refills Your name and your doctors name MEDICINES How to measure and take medicine All
medicine labels give directions: How to take the medicine Oral - mouth Rectal - rectum Topical skin Optical eyes Inhalant - lungs MEDICINES How much medicine to take 1 tablet, 2 tablets, tablet 1 capsule, 2 capsules
1 teaspoon, 2 teaspoons, teaspoon MEDICINES How often or when to take the medicine Once a day 8 am Twice a day 8 am and 5 pm Three a day 8 am, 5 pm, 8 pm
Every 4 hours 6 am, 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm, 10 pm Every 6 hours 6 am, 12 pm, 6 pm, 10 pm MEDICINES Taking Medicine tablets, capsules, liquid Vocabulary Words Pronunciation Tap the Stress (p. 43 Teachers Guide)
Activities Grammar: How much, How many, How often (p. 44 Teachers Guide) Hands on: Reading Medicine Label Measuring Liquid Medicines Side Effects Warning Labels (p. 45) www.reepworld.org/englishpractice/health/medicine/index.htm MEDICINES Conversation 1: (Role play)
Patient: What is my problem? Doctor: You have an infection. The medicine I give you will kill the infection. Patient: What do I need to do? Doctor: Start taking the medicine right away. Take it for the entire 14 days, even if you think you are feeling better. Patient: Why is that important for me to do that? Doctor: The medicine is an antibiotic. You need to take all of it so the infection will not return. MEDICINES Conversation 2: (Role play) Pharmacist:
How may I help you? Patient: I need to fill this prescription, please. Pharmacist: OK. Here you are. Do you have any questions? Patient: Yes. How do I take this medicine? Pharmacist: Take 2 capsules twice a day. Patient: When should I take them? Pharmacist: Take 2 capsules in the morning and 2 capsules in the evening. Patient: OK. Thank you. STAYING HEALTHY: LESSON 4: NUTRITION Lisa Leiby, RN NUTRITION
Learning Objectives Students will explain 2 ways how nutrition affects your health Students will describe the function of 5 important nutrients, and name foods that contain them Students will identify 4 important pieces of information on a food label Tools required: variety of food packages with food labels, handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks, recipes NUTRITION How the body uses food to stay healthy
Good nutrition helps the body to: (p. 52) Grow Stay Strong To Have Energy Fight Sickness and Disease All foods contain 3 important nutrients: (p.53-57) Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats Fiber, Vitamins, Minerals
Healthy Eating (p. 57-58) Variety Eat 5-9 Servings of Fruits/Vegetables Every Day Less fat Less sugar NUTRITION Food Labels and Nutrition Facts Vocabulary Words Pronunciation Tap the Stress (p. 59 Teachers Guide) Activities
Comparing Labels/Choose Healthier Foods 1. 2. 3. 4. Serving size: (p. 62) Calories Total Fat Carbohydrates/Fiber Grammar: Words that Mean the Same Thing (p.63) Hands on: Looking at Food Labels and Grouping Healthy Weight www.choosemyplate.gov www.fruitsandveggiesmatter.gov STAYING HEALTHY
Eat Healthy Foods Keep a Healthy Weight Exercise Dont Smoke Get Regular Checkups Take Care of Stress www.healthyroadsmedia.org
5 SUPER FOODS 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Spinach - high in Vitamin K good for bones and vision Curry turmeric decreases brain aging, cancer and boosts metabolism Tomatoes Lucopein great antioxidant and decreases skin damage while in sun Almonds Vitamin E good for coordination and decreases heart disease Dark Chocolate great antioxidant decreases blood pressure and heart disease
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