Sources of Oil in Water - MARINE DEFENDERS

Sources of Oil in Water - MARINE DEFENDERS

Sources of Oil in Water Oil and Organisms - Oil is toxic. - Birds feathers rapidly absorb oil decreasing their insulating, buoyancy, and waterproofing capabilities. - Oil exposure to eggs decreases hatch rates, and increases deformities, and causes behavioral changes. - Fish that are exposed to oil often

develop fin erosion, skin sores, liver damage, and cancer, and they can also bioaccumulate dangerous chemicals. Photo Credit: Charlie Riedel, AP Photo Credit: Mark Carls, NOAA Marine Debris Marine debris is any man-made solid that finds its way into the water.

Plastic items are the most common type of marine debris. Fishing gear, food packaging, glass, metal, medical waste, and cigarette filters are other common types of marine debris. Cigarette filters release carcinogens and other toxic chemicals when in the ocean. Photo credits top to bottom: Ocean Conservancy, Ocean Conservancy, Lamoit Laws and Treaties MARPOL 73/78 is an international treaty governing marine pollution.

136 countries have signed the MARPOL convention. US Clean Water Act/Oil Pollution Act 1990 US Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships (APPS) 1980 US Ports and Waterways Safety Act of 1972 Whistleblowers are entitled to a portion of the fines against oil polluters

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