Social Studies Unit 2 - Swedesboro-Woolwich School District

Social Studies Unit 2 - Swedesboro-Woolwich School District

Social Studies Unit 3 Lesson 1 Progress As A State What Are We Going to Learn? How did the issue of slavery affect New Jersey?

How did New Jersey grow and change in the early twentieth century? How did New Jerseyans meet challenges during difficult times? How had New Jersey changed by the end

of the 1900s? Lesson 1 Vocabulary emancipateTo free enslaved people Underground RailroadA system of secret routes Lesson 1 Vocabulary Civil warWar between two groups in the same country Slave stateStates where slavery was allowed Free stateStates where slavery was against

the law Lesson 1 Vocabulary secedeTo leave Border stateA state located between the North and South; allowed slavery but did not secede Lesson 1 How did the issues of slavery

affect New Jersey? Fighting Slavery African Americans had been forced into slavery for a long time. Around the 1800s the people that wanted to end slavery gained popularity.

Abolitionists in New Jersey freed enslaved people (emancipate) Underground Railroad NJ abolitionists helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad. Routes led to: Canada- slavery was

against the law there Along their journey, slaves were helped by conductors (people against slavery) Station- place where many runaway slaves hid

Underground Railroad William Still- ran a station in Philadelphia Abigail Goodwin- abolitionist and Quaker from New Jersey Harriet Tubman- escape slave, risked

her life as conductor 1832-worked for a hotel in Cape May. Used the money to help people on the Underground Railroad. Question Time! What was the Underground Railroad?

BRAINPOP!-UNDERGROUND RAILROAD North & South 1861- Civil War between North and South over slavery Southern states- slave states Northern states- free states

The Civil War Begins 1860- Abraham Lincoln was elected President. Lincoln was against slavery Many southerners thought Lincoln would end slavery, and because of this they seceded (left) the United States and formed

their own country called the Confederate States of America Border States (allowed slavery but DID NOT secede): Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri The Civil War Begins cont. Lincoln believed in the Union and

hoped the Southern states would return to the Union (USA) in peace. April 12, 1861- Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter in South Carolina CIVIL WAR HAD BEGUN!!

New Jerseyans in the Civil War 70,000 New Jerseyans fought in the Civil War. 3,000 were African American 1863- Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania

Confederate Army retreated, and war was in Unions favor April 9, 1865- Confederate General E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulyssess S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in VA. Civil War was over. Question Time!

How did the Civil War affect New Jersey? BRAINPOP!!-CIVIL WAR CAUSES BRAINPOP!!-CIVIL WAR Lesson Review 2.

How did the issue of slavery affect New Jersey? 3. Why do you think New Jersey had so many stations on the Underground Railroad? Important People

William Still Abigail Goodwin Important People Harriet Tubman Abraham Lincoln

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