RIS3 as a tool to promote transnational cooperation in Francesco Molinari, [email protected] innovation MED JOINT CAPITALISATION CONFERENCE 2nd April 2014 Chamber of Commerce and Industry Marseille Provence The Third Globalisation First wave: Markets Increasing openness and thickness due to Free Trade reforms Second round: Manufacturing sites Geographical redistribution of production places
where the cost of labour (and living) is lower Third round: (Segments of) Value Chains Geographical redistribution of (some of the) corporate activities that, taken together, concur to a product/service design, assembly, consumption and disposal or recycling. Francesco Molinari 2 Example (1) Francesco Molinari 3
Example (2) Francesco Molinari 4 Example (3) Source: Carlo Gianelle Francesco Molinari 5 Notable Dynamics Functional integration Vs. disintegration Example: a firm creates / dismisses an internal
design team Stability (or persistence) of business relations Example: a firm joins / leaves a network of OEMs or subcontractors Multiple value chains Example: Forestry Furniture, Forestry Pulp & Paper Sectorial diversification More often driven by product, rather than process, innovation Francesco Molinari 6
Detectable Value Streams Export Revenues Globalized firms Intra-region Purchases Local SMEs Instruments: - Free Trade - Public Procurement Foreign firms
Internal Demand (including from PA) Administrative border of a Region Francesco Molinari 7 Looking for impact 1 0.93 0.9 0.86 0.83 0.83 moltiplicatore
2.1 2.3 2.5 Source: Stefano Casini Benvenuti Francesco Molinari 8 Looking for connections Source: Emanuele Fabbri Francesco Molinari
9 Looking for connections (2) Francesco Molinari 10 Looking for complementarities Source: Invitalia Francesco Molinari 11
Limits of Local Knowledge No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it Attributed to Albert Einstein Knowledge is no longer localised (if it ever was) geographically and sectorially, but diffused and distributed across actors and territories The issue is not that much of accessing it, but giving order, sense, logic to available information A coordination problem that adds to Entrepreneurial Discovery In the sense of Foray Francesco Molinari
12 Detectable (?) K-Flows Source: Bathelt 2002 Francesco Molinari 13 Impacts (1) Spurce: MET 2012 Francesco Molinari 14 Impacts (2)
International cooperation is conducive to all kinds of innovation BUT cooperation with competitors can significantly harm entrepreneurial capacity to innovate BUT regional / national cooperation has little or no effect, esp. on DUL
ALL types of interaction matter CONCLUSIONS: 1) Excessive territorial proximity may be detrimental to innovation 2) Heterogeneity of industrial agents is important Francesco Molinari 15 Increasing role for ETC Experimentation space for Macro-Regional
Strategies Danube, Adriatic-Ionian Transnational dimension of Blue Growth Especially relevant to MED Space New links with ENPI and Sea Basin policies Extending scope and relevance Spatial dimension of Territorial Cohesion Bringing ESPON into action And more Framework for outward looking policies in the RIS3 context Francesco Molinari
16 Triple loop learning Policies Programmes Projects Results Single Loop Learning How to do things right Double Loop Learning How to do the right things
Triple Loop Learning How to decide what is right Indicators Francesco Molinari 17 Difficulties faced Lack of recognition of ETC as a strategic, relevant and exploitable contribution to RIS3 Silo effect of organization in most regions Too little money, too fine granularity of experience to be relevant Tight time-scales of RIS3, little possibility to pay attention
Barriers to contributing to broader challenges Policy discontinuity from programme to programme Lack of capitalization, integration of results Capacity building of policy makers Need of integrating the private sector Francesco Molinari 18 Case in point CreativeMED shows how Territorial Cooperation can bring added-value to Regional Innovation Policies by not only sharing and transferring good practices but also exchanging and integrating support resources and infrastructures translocally CreativeMED shows how field-based experience, conclusions and best practices of pilot projects
can be transformed through an integrated model that can guide broader and/or higher-impact policy processes and choices Francesco Molinari 19 Open Issues Links between emergent bottom-up macroregional strategies and top-down definitions Openness vs coordination Platforms for sustainability of policy learning and innovation processes Long term support to social and institutional innovation Applicability of CreativeMED model to other TNETC geographical areas Cultural framing of macro-regional models
Towards a Europe of multiple roads to innovation Francesco Molinari 20 Thank you for your attention Francesco Molinari Municipality of Prato [email protected] Francesco Molinari 21
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