Winning your next proposal: Buzz Tactics to increase
Winning your next proposal: Buzz Tactics to increase the chances of success Joseph Lane, Jennifer Flagg, James Leahy Center on Knowledge Translation for Technology Transfer, University at Buffalo Session Objectives Introduce key concepts and buzz words. Understand federal funding sponsor needs for increased uptake and use of R&D outputs.
Identify where you are now and where youre going with your technology-based R&D projects. Secure valid Voice of the Customer through proper focus group methods. Objective 1. Key Concepts and Buzz Words Know what to do and what to avoid. Knowledge Translation (KT) A process for moving knowledge generated through research into implementation and application by various
stakeholders. Key definition Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR). Origins Systematic reviews to vet literature, and evidence-based practice to achieve efficacy. Current KT focus on linear model of research diffusion, and assume conduct of grant-based scholarly activity. Not sufficient for R&D proposals! Technology Transfer (TT) A process for moving technology-based prototypes generated through development into application and
exploitation by stakeholders. Key definition Wikipedias is as good as any. Origins Shifting control over invention from one sector to another, or from one application to another, to generate additional value. TT process focused on the Path to Market (PtM) where outputs from Research and Development become valid inputs to Production (R/D/P). Path to Market Supply Push (SP) Where R&D generates a discovery or invention independent of target application.
Underlies linear model where scientific outputs are assumed to eventually and somehow lead to innovations. Message in a Bottle Governments fund such exploratory or inquiry-driven activity in universities. Their Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) are saddled with the efforts to match the solution to a problem. Path to Market Demand Pull (DP) R&D is initiated in response to identified problem in society, unmeet need in the
marketplace, or fundamental requirement by industry. Lassie rescues Timmy Only pre-competitive needs can be addressed publicly due to competitive nature of industry. Solutions lack recipient input for customization. Relevant Buzz Words Corporate Collaboration (CC) - R&D projects conceived, implemented and operated in full partnership with company or industry. Partnership rather than passing solution from one party to
another. Hand-tailored Suit Corporate Collaborations focus on the optimal creation of innovative technology-based devices for the marketplace. Analogies between KT and TT End of Grant KT = Supply Push. Open-ended search for a way to apply conceptual discovery output from basic inquiry-driven science. Integrated KT Demand Pull TT. Emphasis on research prolongs timeframe and typically generates a suboptimal discovery/invention.
Prior to Grant KT = Corporate Collaboration. Validate need and design solution in partnership to complete optimal path for market success. Science Rigor + Industry Relevance = Impact! Translating Three States of Knowledge: Discovery, Invention & Innovation Lane & Flagg (2010) Implementation Science http://www.implementationscience.com/content/5/1/9 Delivering Solutions to Problems
Involves Progress Across Three Knowledge States Research Discovery Translation Utilization Development Invention Transfer Integration Production Innovation Release Lifecycle
Integrate Concepts Knowledge embodied in three distinct states: Know role of Research, Development and Production methods in context of project plan and budget accordingly. Initiate with industry engagement: Government and academia projects intended to benefit society fail to cross gaps to becoming market innovations. Apply evidence-based framework: Links three methods, communicates knowledge in three states, and integrates key stakeholder who will determine eventual success. Objective 2: Understanding Federal
Funding Sponsor Needs for Increased Uptake and Use of Funded Research by All Stakeholders James A. Leahy Center on Knowledge Translation for Technology Transfer University at Buffalo http://kt4tt.buffalo.edu/ Federal Sponsor Needs Using NIDRR of the US Department of Education as an example .. In NIDRR RFPs for RERCs the following requirement
appears: Increased transfer of RERC developed technologies to the marketplace. RERCs' must contribute to this outcome by developing and implementing a plan for ensuring that all technologies developed by the RERC are made available to the public. Hence the need for a technology transfer plan. - Why? Federal Sponsor Needs NIDRR intends to improve "marketplace" outcomes from RERC's. NIDRR has set specific goals to increase such outcomes by
20% by the year 2013. NIDRR needs to meet this goal to demonstrate results to the Office of Management and Budget. This is a serious program level mandate, with NIDRR's future funding in question if the performance goals are not met. Federal Sponsor Needs KT4TT in the context of NIDRR Technology grantees means the application of KT theory & practice in R&D to more effectively apply TT processes and generate TT outputs. Goal is to have NIDRR technology grantees increase the application of their outputs by manufacturers, clinicians,
researchers, policy makers, brokers, and consumers. University researchers, interested in having their research culminate in consumer products, must become skilled in translating their research findings into a format and language used by product manufacturers, clinicians, consumers and others. Federal Sponsor Needs Grant proposal differentiates between research projects and research and development projects generating new prototypes. For projects that intend to conduct research and generate
knowledge that is intended strictly for publication and scholarly application, this message is not relevant. This message is meant for projects that involve technologies and generate outputs intended for use by others, who in turn will generate outcomes with beneficial impacts for, in the NIDRR case, people with disabilities. Federal Sponsor Needs For example: Projects that intend to generate draft or final industry standards, clinical protocols or practice guidelines. Projects that intend to generate instruments or tools for use by others in
research or practice. Projects that intend to generate hardware devices or software systems that will be made available for free access by request or direct download. Projects that intend to generate a device or service intended for release into the commercial marketplace. Federal Sponsor Needs So what are federal funding sponsors, such as NIDRR, looking for in proposals? Concrete evidence of an intent to transfer. Any project that intends to involve technology transfer requires articulation of a Technology Transfer Plan.
We recognize that one might consider the expressed intent to transfer to be equivalent to a plan for transfer. But, its not!!! Federal Sponsor Needs In your proposal for each Research and Development project you need to generate an operational framework describing: The stages/steps/tasks involved; The monetary and staff resources dedicated to each; The timeline and resource loading by the grantee and expected by others; Anticipated milestones for tracking and evaluating progress through the process.
Federal Sponsor Needs Need access to a template or framework for this effort? Refer you to the NtK model at our website. Stage/gate framework articulates nine stages (three each for Research, Development and Production activity) and the steps and tasks for each stage. In cases where stages were completed in a prior funding cycle or completed by others, that information needs to be stated and shown on the project timeline. Federal Sponsor Needs
In cases where the proposed work may require the full grant cycle, with transfer to external stakeholders beyond the end of the grant cycle, this information should be stated and shown in timeline. Level of detail you provide should permit an independent external reviewer, to assess the quality and comprehensiveness of your R&D efforts. Level of detail you provide should allow sponsor to feel confident you will reach your stated goals. Objective 3: Identifying Where You are Now
and Where You are Going Jennifer L Flagg Center on Knowledge Translation for Technology Transfer University at Buffalo http://kt4tt.buffalo.edu/ Objective 3 Outline Need to Knowledge Model Template for Commercialization or TT Plans Gaant Charts Key Take-Aways
The Need to Knowledge Model Outline path to market Begin with the end in mind! Early identification of important downstream considerations Early involvement of partners Stages and gates Knowledge Base Main Page 6
Links Everywhere- What to click? Link to Example Supporting Evidence Link Link to Glossary Definitions
3 8 Supporting Evidence Links Supporting evidence links for stages and steps/tips/gates Stages Key themes Citations related to each theme All findings Steps/Tips/Gates Tools
Citations related to the step All findings 10 New InterfaceComing Soon! KT Table Now
How can YOU use this model for planning purposes? Using the Model as a Template Gaant Chart Example Objective and Task O1: T1 O1: T2 O1: T3
LJ LJ SUB SUB JD Key Take-Aways Think Prior to Grant KT. Involve stakeholders early- ideally before project funding is
obtained! Needs of end users are not the only consideration. Your Path to Market will define your key stakeholders. Do you need a manufacturer to achieve impacts? Contingency Plans are crucial! Plan for the what ifs. Objective 4: Identify and Articulate Appropriate Uses of Voice of the Customer
James A. Leahy Center on Knowledge Translation for Technology Transfer University at Buffalo http://kt4tt.buffalo.edu/ Voice of the Customer in Funded Research and Development Projects Inclusion of consumer input early on in funded researchers proposal shows reviewers increased likelihood of successful product outcome. Historically, manufacturers of consumer products have made product design decisions without factoring in the needs, wants, and expectations of the full range of end consumers.
This process leads to ineffective products in the marketplace, new product failures, and product abandonment. Failure rates for new product introductions vary by industry but range from 30% to 90%. The primary cause of these failures can be traced back to a point early in the product design process where significant consumer or device user information failed to be collected and analyzed prior to the initial fabrication of the device (aka prototype). Voice of the Customer in Funded Research and Development Projects Method of inclusion of consumer input Targeted Focus Groups! Targeted focus groups employ purposive sampling, rigorous primary and
secondary recruitment screens, and state of the art product and feature demonstrations early in the design process. Focus groups allow new product developers to obtain specific design functions and features for the product being developed directly from the products targeted end users. Farther on in the product development process these same targeted, educated, end users are reconvened to review functional prototypes of the new product prior to its initial production run. Focus Group Methodology Steps Prior to the Focus Groups Step 1: Identification of product target area.
Have you identified an unmet need in the consumer marketplace? Step 2: Identification of focus group participants and the use of purposive sampling. With purposive sampling you are seeking a predefined group of consumers not a random selection of the general population. Step 3: Use of general media outlets to recruit potential focus group participants. This includes newspaper, television or radio ads, and targeted placement of recruitment flyers.
Step 4: Rigorous primary and secondary screens administered to potential focus group participants. Focus Group Methodology Focus Group Process Step 5: Decision point. If this is a product refinement focus group, does the group have to be educated on the current state of the science through information or product demonstrations prior to the focus group so that the participants are not just identifying design functions and features of products currently available in the marketplace? If yes, see Step 6. If not, skip to Step 7.
Step 6: Prepare state of the art product demonstrations. Demonstrations will be performed prior to the start of the actual focus group. Or prepare a listing of the state of the art features currently available in products in the marketplace and discuss them with participants prior to the focus groups. Focus Group Methodology Step 7: Run the alpha focus groups or concept definition focus groups which involve consumers in defining product requirements and setting priorities for product design. To determine the current status and consumer satisfaction levels with their product function techniques and devices, the participants will be asked to provide background information on a variety of topics involving the product.
On the topic of ideal product, participants will be asked to provide the attributes of what they perceive to be the ideal device to perform the function. The focus group participants undertake an evaluation of static product concept models prepared in advance for the groups. Purchase intent and price point questions are asked of the participants for both the conceptualized ideal product and for the concept models shown. Focus Group Methodology Step 8: Beta Focus Groups. Primarily allow the refinement of a products appearance by the manufacturer through a critique of key design features of a prototype. They provide an opportunity to rank a products
function and design features previously identified in concept definition focus groups. Beta focus group participants are a representative sample of the alpha focus group participants. Two beta groups of twelve participants each are usually sufficient. Beta groups provide the ability to score how well a prototype meets consumer expectations and gauge consumer desire or intent to purchase the product. Focus Group Methodology Step 8: Beta Focus Groups. Beta groups provide the ability to obtain quantitative data on
the previously collected qualitative information and allows that data to be applied to the prototype being evaluated. They answer the question as to whether or not a prototype addresses the top function and design features a product must have to be deemed desirable by the consumer. Voice of the Customer in Funded Research and Development Projects
Resources: On the T2RERC web site is a Primary and Secondary Marketing Research Training Module which covers focus groups in detail and can be referenced at: http://www.t2rerc.buffalo.edu/pubs/training/mod4/PMR%20Modul e-%202009-%20Sept%2022.pdf Also on the KT4TT web site is a Resource Guide on Evaluation for New Product Development and that can be referenced at: http://kt4tt.buffalo.edu/publications/Eval%20Trg%20Module%20-%2 0a%20resource%20guide.pdf
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This is a presentation of the Center on Knowledge Translation for Technology Transfer, which is funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, U.S. Department of Education under grant #H133A080050. The opinions contained in this presentation are those of the grantee, and do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Department of Education.
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