Does Breakfast Club Attendance Benefit Childrens Social Relationships?

Does Breakfast Club Attendance Benefit Childrens Social Relationships?

Does Breakfast Club Attendance Benefit Childrens
Social Relationships?
Pamela Louise Graham, Margaret Anne Defeyter & Riccardo Russo
[email protected]

Northumbria University Research Conference 2011

http://sites.google.com/site/pamelalgraham

Time 1

Results: Peer Victimisation

Time 1

Time 2

Time 2

5

*

3

0

Closeness

Security

Help

Conflict

Compani...

*

1

1

Friendship Quality Dimensions

*

2

2
0

*

3

Property

*

Verbal

*

4

*

Social

*

4

Physical

5

Mean Score

Evaluations of school breakfast clubs have predominantly focussed on the
effect of the breakfast meal, while the potential impact of the social
environment has received little attention.

Results: Friendship Quality

Mean Score

Introduction:
Prior research into school breakfast clubs has linked participation to
numerous benefits including improvements in nutrient intake at breakfast
(Murphy et al, 2010) and fruit intake (Shemilt et al, 2004).

Dimensions of Victimisation

Figure 1: Mean friendship quality scores for breakfast club attendees at
Time 1 and Time 2

Figure 4: Mean peer victimisation scores for breakfast club attendees at
Time 1 and Time 2

Procedure:
Children completed the Friendship Qualities Scale and the Multidimensional
Peer Victimisation Scale 2 months after the introduction of breakfast club
then again 6 months later.

3

*

*

Physical

Property

1

Closeness

Security

Help

Conflict

Companionship

*

Discussion:
- Breakfast club attendance facilitates the quality of childrens friendships
with their best friend across time
- Spending time in an out of school club, before or after school, can reduce
childrens exposure to victimisation across time
-Research is currently being conducted to investigate whether out of
school club attendance influences the social relationships of secondary
school pupils

2
0

Dimensions of Victimisation

Friendship Quality Dimensions

Figure 2: Mean friendship quality scores for after school club attendees at
Time 1 and Time 2

Figure 5: Mean peer victimisation scores for after school club attendees
at Time 1 and Time 2
5
4

2

References:
Bukowski, W.M., Hoza, B. & Boivin, M. (1994). Measuring friendship quality during pre and
early adolescence: The development and psychometric properties of the Friendship Qualities
Scale. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 11, 471484.

*

Murphy S, Moore G.F, Tapper K, Lynch R, Clark R, Rasianen L, Desousa C, Moore L. (2010).
Free healthy breakfasts in primary schools: a cluster randomised controlled trial of a policy
intervention in Wales, UK. Public Health Nutrition, 14 (2), 219-226.

Property

1
0

Friendship Quality Dimensions

*

3

Verbal

*

Social

*

Physical

*

Mean Score

*

Closeness

5
4
3
2
1
0

4

Verbal

*

Social

Mean Score

*

Security

- Peer victimisation was measured using the Multidimensional Peer
Victimisation Scale (Mynard & Joseph, 2000).

*

Help

Materials:
- Friendship quality was measured using the Friendship Qualities Scale
(Bukowski, Hoza & Boivin, 1994).

*

*

Conflict

Participants were divided into 3 groups based on their out of school club
participation:
-94 breakfast club attendees
-86 after school club attendees
-88 controls attended no school clubs

5
4
3
2
1
0

Companionship

Method:
Participants:
268 primary school children (mean age=8.4 years; age range=6.3 years10.11 years) from 8 primary schools in the UK.

Mean Score

Aim of Current Study:
The aim of the current study was to investigate whether breakfast club
attendance facilitates childrens relationships with their peers in school.

Mean Score

5

Summary of Results:
- A one-way ANOVA revealed no differences between groups in terms of
friendship quality (F (1, 265) = 1.16, p > .10) or peer victimisation (F (1,
265) = 1.7, p > .10) at Time 1
- For friendship quality, factorial ANOVAs revealed a significant group by
time interaction on all friendship dimensions for each group when scores
from Time 1 were compared to scores from Time 2
- For peer victimisation, factorial ANOVAs showed a significant group by
time interaction for physical and social victimisation in the breakfast club
and after school club groups
- All groups showed a significant reduction in verbal victimisation across
time
- The control group showed a significant decrease in property related
victimisation across time

Mynard, H. & Joseph, S. (2000). Development of the multidimensional Peer Victimization
Scale. Aggressive Behavior, 26, 169-178.

Dimensions of Victimisation

Figure 3: Mean friendship quality scores for the control group at Time
1 and Time 2

*p<0.01 Figure 6: Mean peer victimisation scores for the control group at Time 1 and Time 2 *p<0.01 Shemilt, I, Harvey, I, Shepstone, L, Swift, L, Reading, R, Mugford, M, Belderson, P, Norris, N, Thoburn, J, Robinson, J. (2004). A national evaluation of school breakfast clubs: evidence from a cluster randomized controlled trial and an observational analysis. Child: Care, Health & Development, 30 (5), 413-427.

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