TP-CASTT: The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost What is TP-CASTT? (Add to p. 72) Its a method for analyzing poetry: T: Title (What do you think this poem will be about?) P: Paraphrase (Literal Meaning) C: Connotation (Interpretation) A: Attitude/Tone S: Shifts (Time, Tone, Speaker, etc.) T: Themes (Life lessons/message) T: Title again (What does it mean to you now
after analyzing the poem?) Treat this page as a reference page. Begin TP-CASTT for TRNT (p. 76 of NB) T- Title What do you think the poem will be about based on the title? (Complete sentence; CS) I think the poem will be about ______________________ because_____________________________. You cant get this part wrong; just try to make an
educated guess (Pretend its your hypothesis and the rest of the TPCASTT is an experiment to see if your hypothesis was right.) TP-CASTT TRNT P-Paraphrase Stanza 1 (CS): A traveler comes to a fork in the road and is sorry he cant go on both paths. Its fall (yellow wood). So, he takes his time and tries to look down one path but cant see all the way because the path curves and his vision gets blocked by bushes and
plants. Paraphrase Continued Stanza 2 (CS): He decides instead to take the other path which is pretty and is probably the better choice because it was still grassy (e.g., nobody had been on it that season). However, foot/horse traffic had actually worn the intersection equally. Paraphrase Continued Stanza 3 (CS): Its morning. He realizes
BOTH paths are covered with leaves no one has stepped on yet (thats why theyre not black). He promises to go back to the other road one day. He doubts he will do it because once you go down one road, it keeps leading to other roads. Paraphrase Continued Stanza 4 (CS): He says he sees his future self telling this story with a sigh. He will recall the fork in the road, how he took the path
less travelled, and how it will changed everything in his life. Metaphor (Extended Metaphor: Choosing a path is similar to making a major life choice): Detail from the Poem How is this similar to making a major life choice? Two roads (paths)
Symbolizes the choices we have to make in life. Yellow woods (autumn) We often make life changing choices in the autumn of our lives (young adult years) The speaker tries to look down one path until it bent in the undergrowth
When making choices, many of us try to imagine what the future will look like, but ultimately, we cant because it gets too hard to tell what will happen (vision gets blocked) Connotation continued Detail from Poem How is this similar to making a major life choice?
One road has a better claim because it was grassier and no one had been on it yet (wanted wear) Often, one choice looks better on the surface. This path could also symbolize the more adventurous choice, the choice most people dont make because they want a comfortable life.
Both paths were actually covered After analyzing our choices, we in fresh leaves (equally lay In still have a hard time telling which leaves no step had trodden black) choice is better because they still look SO similar and equally good/bad. The speaker plans to come back After making a choice, we think one day but knows that way leads we can always go back and on to way. change. However, once you make a choice, you have to stick to it.
Connotation continued Detail from Poem How is this similar to making a major life choice? The road less travelled made all the difference One simple choice can change your whole life. Some people think this line also
means that making the less popular choice can be the difference between living a normal life and an exciting one. Left Side of Attitude/Tone Chart Attitude/Tone: Evidence the tone is positive (The speaker is optimistic) Speaker says the road taken had the better claim (it was fair and grassy) Speaker says the road taken made all the difference Speaker repeats I twice in last stanza, meaning he takes ownership of his choice and is proud of it. (And II took the
road) Speaker says hell be telling this story with a sigha happy sigh? Right Side of Attitude/Tone Chart Evidence the tone is ambivalent (Speaker isnt sure of his choice) Speaker says PERHAPS (maybe) the road had the better claim (doesnt sound too sure) Speaker doesnt specify what KIND of difference it will makebad? Speaker says BOTH paths were covered by fresh leavesso they were actually pretty SIMILAR, despite what he said about the grass.
Speaker doesnt specify what KIND of sighit could also be a SAD one. Shifts: Stanza 3-4: Shift in tense (He goes from the present to the future) Stanza 2-3: Shift in tone (He goes from being ok with his decision to seeming a little doubtful) Themes What abstract nouns do you think this poem
touches on? Now, take one of your nouns and write a complete sentence about it (What does the POEM say about it? What truth is the poem trying to get across to readers?) Themes (Major life lessons): Decision-making is very hard to do; we have to make do with limited info and hope for the
best and try not to look back so much. Decisions determine our future. Be careful with the decisions you makethey can affect your life and you may regret it later. Individualism can be rewarding. If you read the poem positively, the message is Dont be afraid to take a chance and dont always do what others are doingit will be worth it. Title: What does the title mean to you now? I think the poems title is significant because
___________________________________. Short Answers Do you think the speaker was satisfied with his choice? What similar idea does The Road Not Taken share with New Directions?
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