DIABETES A Tu Salud S Cuenta! Educational Module

DIABETES A Tu Salud S Cuenta! Educational Module

DIABETES A Tu Salud S Cuenta! Educational Module WHAT IS DIABETES? Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States When you have diabetes, your body

either doesnt make enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as it should It causes sugars to build up in your blood and can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower extremity amputations TYPES OF DIABETES TYPE 1 Known as childhood diabetes Insulin-dependent

Caused by an autoimmune reaction in which the bodys defense system attacks the insulin cell producers Accounts for 5-10% of all diagnosed cases TYPE 2 Known as adult diabetes Noninsulin-dependent Generally able to control their glucose levels in their blood by maintain a healthy

diet and performing regular exercise Accounts for 90-95% of all diagnosed cases CAUSE OF TYPE 2 DIABETES Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough

insulin Exactly why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and inactivity, seem to be contributing factors INSULIN What is insulin?

It is a hormone that comes form the gland situated behind and below the stomach The hormones are chemical messengers that circulate in the blood sending messages to other parts of the body If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly and cannot make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose (sugar) at normal levels

TYPE 2 DIABETES RISK FACTORS Risk factors include:

Obesity Age Family history Prior history of gestational diabetes Impaired glucose tolerance Poor diet & exercise Race/ethnicity Hispanics are at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes than non-Hispanic SYMPTOMS

Signs and symptoms often develop slowly Look for:

Increased thirst and frequent urination Increased hunger Weight loss Fatigue Blurred vision Areas of darkened skin Slow-healing sores or frequent infections TYPE 2 DIABETES SCREENINGS

The American Diabetes Association recommends routine screening for type 2 diabetes beginning at age 45 If the results are normal, repeat test every 3 years Also recommended for

people who are under 45 and overweight TREATMENT Management of type 2 diabetes includes:

Healthy eating Regular exercise Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy Blood sugar monitoring MYTHS The following statements are commonly believed to be true, but are actually false. MYTH #1

People with diabetes cannot eat sweets or chocolate. MYTH #1: FALSE If eaten as part of a healthy meal plan, and combined with exercise, sweets and desserts can be eaten by people with diabetes

The key is to have small portions and focus your meal on more healthful foods MYTH #2 People with diabetes should eat special diabetic food. MYTH #2: FALSE

A healthy meal plan for people with diabetes is generally the same as a healthy diet for anyone Eat a balanced diet including lean proteins, vegetables, whole grains, and fruit MYTH #3 If you are overweight or obese, you will

eventually develop type 2 diabetes. MYTH #3: FALSE Being overweight is a risk factor for developing this disease, but other risk factors such as family history, and age also play a role. The best thing to do is to be proactive, live a healthy lifestyle

and get screened when necessary MYTH #4 Diabetes is not that serious of a disease MYTH #4: FALSE

Diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast and AIDS combined Having diabetes nearly doubles your chance of having a heart attack The good news is that it can be controlled and reduce your risk for complications HOW TO START

Take control of your health and reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes Eat healthy with plenty of fruits and vegetables

Get moving with regular physical activity Stay at a healthy weight Stay away from tobacco Limit how much alcohol you drink Know yourself, your family history, and your risks Have regular check-ups and screening tests TIPS & TRICKS Find your support system. It could be a friend, co-worker, neighbor or family member.

TIPS & TRICKS Lower your stress. TIPS & TRICKS Check your blood glucose regularly. TIPS & TRICKS Educate family and friends.

TAKE CONTROL! Scenario: My father was a diabetic, I am a diabetic, therefore my children will be diabetic as well. CONTROLLING DIABETES IS POSSIBLE My dad and brother have diabetes. I routinely checked it every year but was not doing anything to prevent it. I would not eat anything all day and I would eat a large meal at night. I know now that this was could have been part of why my blood sugar would be at 100 and then at 240. I began to feel

tired, thirsty, and have blurred vision. In denial, I began looking for reasons for my symptoms. At the time that I was diagnosed with diabetes, I changed my habits so I could prevent having to take medications. I walk at least 30 minutes for 3 to 5 days each week and I am disciplined about what I eat. It is not easy but I have been able to keep my levels low without medication. Its not impossible nor do I have to deprive myself of food. If I know there is a party coming up that I know Ill want to eat more rich foods, either the day before or the day after I know I need to do more exercise to balance out. Alfredo Hernandez 7 years with diabetes under control NEXT STEP

Start today beacuse Your Health Matters! THE PLAN Disadvantages Advantages THE PLAN On a scale of 1-10, how confident are you that you can eat healthy

portions daily? 0 1 Less Important 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 1 0 Very

Important MAKE A PLAN Setting goals is the key to sucess. Write small, clear and realistic goals. What part of your plate is vegetables? _____________________________________________________ How do you remember the portions? _____________________________________________________ When will you start eating healthy portions? _____________________________________________________

REFERENCES http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000313.htm

http://www.epodiatry.com/poor-circulation.htm Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5516128 http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/kidney-dis ease-nephropathy.html http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/neuropathies/ http:// www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/conditions/diabetes/controlling_blood _sugar_importance.htm : http://www.livestrong.com/article/355397-diabetic-diet-food-selection/ #ixzz1EueJ8I76 http://www.livestrong.com/article/355397-diabetic-diet-food-selection/

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • General PPT - gem-technology.com

    General PPT - gem-technology.com

    GEM Technology - General PPT, 2013. Competencies. GEM Applications. Sport Special Interfaces. Consulting. IT services and software development. Web design. GEM Solutions. Single sport event (GEM SSE) Multi sport event (GEM MSE) Business conference Events (GEM BCE) Fairs and Exhibitions...
  • International Liver Surgery Outcomes Study Snapshot" study on

    International Liver Surgery Outcomes Study Snapshot" study on

    Snapshot" study on liver surgery worldwide over 3 months. Provide a verified record of . true morbidity and mortality. Identify . risk factors . of outcome . after liver . surgery. Study period . January to December 2019. Obtain PubMed...
  • Chapter 7 Consciousness - MCCC

    Chapter 7 Consciousness - MCCC

    In an average night's sleep - we go through about 5 sleep cycles The cycles continue throughout the night - stages 3 and 4 get shorter as the night progresses while REM and stage 2 gets longer * * *...
  • Chile: 1970-1990

    Chile: 1970-1990

    Chile in the 20th Century produced multiple canonical works of literature in Latin America. By 1972, two poets had won the Nobel Prize for Literature (Gabriela Mistral, 1945 and Pablo Neruda, 1971) Other important literary figures of the region included...
  • Chapter 4

    Chapter 4

    Synectics. Technique used for uncovering perspectives. ... Determine if the idea is a workable solution to the design problem. Construction Kits. Useful strategy. Use construction kits to make a model of the mechanism. Examples: Lego, K'NEX, Meccano, etc.
  • Monday February 1, 2016  Do Now:  Agenda:  Reading

    Monday February 1, 2016 Do Now: Agenda: Reading

    Aunt Alexandra accepts that the Cunninghams may be good people, but she still thinks "they're not our kind of folks." Later, she calls them "trash." This book was first published in 1960 and set in the 1930s, yet these class...
  • + Unit 3: Lesson 3 Different Perspectives of

    + Unit 3: Lesson 3 Different Perspectives of

    Firstly, Boukreev explains his decision to descend from the summit before all the climbers had arrived. He believes that if he hadn't, he wouldn't have been able to go back later to help rescue those stuck in the storm. Secondly,...
  • Current Topics in Middle Eastern Studies Valerie Hoffman ...

    Current Topics in Middle Eastern Studies Valerie Hoffman ...

    Arab Spring uprising brings down the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, but no government succeeds in taking control. a three-way war between the government (in . Tobruk), Libya Dawn (in Tripoli), and ISIS - each of which is itself a temporary...