Natural Selection Activity! The Hypotheticus Beast. Copyright 2010

 Natural Selection Activity! The Hypotheticus Beast. Copyright  2010

Natural Selection Activity! The Hypotheticus Beast. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it eats leaves and tubers (roots).

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it eats leaves and tubers (roots). A male hypotheticus meets a female. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The hypotheticus is a normal animal, it eats leaves and tubers (roots). A male hypotheticus meets a female. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

More babies are born than can possibly survive. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy More babies are born than can possibly survive.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than

the other. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each Hypotheticus is slightly different than the other. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Predators such the Fanged Tooth Scienceteachericus kept populations of the Hypotheticus in check. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Predators such the Fanged Tooth

Scienceteachericus kept populations of the Hypotheticus in check. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One of the offspring has more hair than most. The Hairy Hypotheticus.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One of the offspring has a slightly larger neck. The Long Necked Hypotheticus. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

One of the offspring is a bit shorter and has longer claws. The Clawed Hypotheticus. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Lets go back to the

beginning Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Climate in Hypotheticus Land became drastically dry for the next several years. Many of the shrubs are eaten or start to die.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Natural Resources are limited for the Normal Hypotheticus. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The normal Hypotheticus cant reach the leaves, and there arent enough shrubs to survive. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The normal Hypotheticus cant reach the leaves, and there arent enough shrubs to survive. The Normal Hypotheticus has a difficult time surviving. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The normal Hypotheticus cant reach the leaves, and there arent enough shrubs to survive. The Normal Hypotheticus has a difficult time surviving. Tuber roots just below the surface are eaten

quickly. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Over thousands of years, the normal type Hypotheticus slowly have trouble surviving to reproduce.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The Fanged Tooth Scienceteachericus has no problems killing these tired and weaker species.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The long necked Hypotheticus tend to survive more often because they can reach leaves on trees. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

With more Long Necked Hypotheticus surviving, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy With more Long Necked Hypotheticus

surviving, Long Necked Hypotheticus tend to mate with Long Necked Hypotheticuses, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy With more Long Necked Hypotheticus surviving, Long Necked Hypotheticus tend to

mate with Long Necked Hypotheticuses, over millions of years. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus,

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring with longer necks survive more often to reproduce and their offspring have long

necks. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring with longer necks survive more often to

reproduce, and their offspring have long necks. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Overtime, nature favors the Long Necked Hypotheticus, and gradually, those offspring

with longer necks survive more often to reproduce, and their offspring have long necks. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Lets go back to the beginning Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The clawed Hypotheticus can dig up tuber

roots better than the other Hypotheticuses. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers,

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over thousands and thousands of generations, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over thousands and thousands of generations, the Hypotheticus gets shorter, and gets larger claws for digging. Those that are shorter with longer claws survive

more to reproduce. Their offspring are also shorter and clawed. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over

thousands and thousands of generations, the Hypotheticus gets shorter, and gets larger claws for digging. Those that are shorter with longer claws survive more to reproduce. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Nature favors Longer Clawed Hypotheticus, as they can reach the tubers, slowly over thousands and thousands of generations, the Hypotheticus gets shorter, and gets larger claws for digging. Those that are shorter with longer claws survive

more to reproduce. Their offspring are also shorter and clawed. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Maybe it learns to dig and burrow in the earth to stay cool as the climate gets warmer.

Maybe it loses its hair. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Maybe it learns to dig and burrow in the earth to stay cool as the climate gets warmer. Maybe it loses its hair.

It is also advantageous to be smaller to burrow better. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Over thousands of years, the clawed group of the Hypotheticus finds it difficult to mate with

the Normal Hypotheticus. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Over thousands of years, the clawed Hypotheticus finds it difficult to mate with the Normal Hypotheticus.

? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Eventually, the two wont mate at all.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Over hundreds of thousands to millions of years a new species has evolved. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Over hundreds of thousands to millions of years a new species has evolved. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Over hundreds of thousands to millions of years a new species has evolved.

This is called adaptive radiation. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Lets go back to the beginning

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Lets go back to the beginning The Hairy Hypotheticus

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy In this environment, having more hair keeps you drier and warmer in a cold climate. The Long Haired Hypotheticus has a slightly better chance of survival.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Populations of the Hairy Hypotheticus are stable in size except for some seasonal changes. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The ones that have more hair survive more and thus reproduce more. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The ones that have more hair survive more

and thus reproduce more. Because traits are passed down, more and more Hairy Hypotheticus result. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The world is thrown into an ice age for

60,000 years, The world is thrown into an ice age for 60,000 years, only the most Hairy Hypotheticus survive. The world is thrown into an ice age for

60,000 years, only the most Hairy Hypotheticus survive. Now only really hairy hypotheticus have survived and they mate with other surviving hairy hypotheticus.

Now only really hairy hypotheticus have survived and they mate with other surviving hairy hypotheticus. Over time, the hairy Hypotheticus is so different from the normal Hypotheticus that they can no longer mate.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Over time, the hairy Hypotheticus is so different from the normal Hypotheticus that they can no longer mate. A new species has evolved.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink

Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide.

Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool

overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries,

Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones.

Usually an advancement. The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct,

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The Normal Hypotheticus went extinct, but its existence helped evolve several species. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Extinct Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that the manatees, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that the manatees, dugongs, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Interestingly, based on both morphological

and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that the manatees, dugongs, and hyraxes Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Interestingly, based on both morphological and biochemical evidence, it is agreed that

the manatees, dugongs, and hyraxes are the closest living relatives of today's elephants. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Extinct Moeritherium

species 50 million years ago. Variation + Many Offspring +

Heredity = Natural Selection. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Variation + Many Offspring +

Heredity = Natural Selection. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Variation + Many Offspring +

Heredity = Natural Selection. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when

Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad.

The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating

Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection

Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. You can now complete this question. This video is what we are often taught when we are young. (Not correct) Lamarck

We will create a childrens story soon that explains the process according to Darwin. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fmdWfPvyQ-A Shorter Version at.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wdeosyDtYfg Activity! You need to create a story book

about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). Create pictures, have fun with names. Provide text above or below the pictures. Your Hypotheticus should change into a new

animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. Be prepared for story time! Example next slide

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Example story using a combination of paint images and PowerPoint drawing. Example story using a combination of paint

images and PowerPoint drawing. (Keep it simple for time sake) Copy and paste saves time Todd the By Your Name Tortoise

This is the story of Todd the Tortoise and how he got his shell. One day Tom saw the love of his life Tina the Tortoise

They went behind a rock and decided to start a family. Tina laid many eggs. More were born than

can possibly survive. Natural resources are limited. Sammy the Snake Enjoys eating tortoise eggs and baby tortoise.

Only a few of the eggs survived to hatch into baby tortoise. No two individuals were alike and baby Todd had this weird shell on his back.

No two individuals were alike and baby Todd had this weird shell on his back.Cmon Todd, your so slow.

Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept

populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.

Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.

Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept

populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.

Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.

Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept

populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check. Predators such as Sammy the Snake kept populations of tortoise in check.

One day Todd meet another female turtle that had a small shell thing on her back. They went behind a rock and decided to start a family.

Variation is inheritable and most of the offspring also had this shell. Todd Jr. bumped into Sammy the snake one day as an adult tortoise.

Todds hard shell made it very difficult for Sammy to eat him. Shelled tortoise began surviving more often and were able to reproduce.

Overtime, more shelled tortoise survived because nature selected their shell for survival. Their offspring were also shelled. A new species was eventually born.

Their offspring were also shelled. A new species was eventually born. Who are you? The End

Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). Create pictures, have fun with names. Provide text above or below the pictures.

Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. Be prepared for story time! Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). Create pictures, have fun with names.

Provide text above or below the pictures. Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. Be prepared for story time!

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes).

Create pictures, have fun with names. Provide text above or below the pictures. Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities.

Be prepared for story time! Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus. Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the

notes). Create pictures, have fun with names. Provide text above or below the pictures. Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to millions of years. Use technology if you want, or use paper,

staples, and your creative abilities. Be prepared for story time! Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.

Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). Create pictures, have fun with names. Provide text above or below the pictures. Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands

to millions of years. Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Activity! You need to create a story book about your own type of unique Hypotheticus.

Please include the mechanism for change (The parts of Natural Selection from the notes). Create pictures, have fun with names. Provide text above or below the pictures. Your Hypotheticus should change into a new animal, or many animals over many thousands to

millions of years. Use technology if you want, or use paper, staples, and your creative abilities. Be prepared for story time! Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Video Link! How to draw / paint using

PowerPoint. (Can you recreate as she does?) Older version of PowerPoint. Video is a bit dry but works through the drawing process. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QS9_K7pTcgU These are the mechanisms that must be mentioned in your story.

Please record one on each slide now. You can arrange them into your story later. Hypotheticus Animal Peer Review Sheet Evolution Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.

Evolution Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork. Due Soon You can now complete this question for

homework. You can now complete this question for homework. Divergent

evolution: When a group from a specific population develops into a new species. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Examples of divergent evolution.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy People are all of the same species, but we can see that people all over the world have minor differences from each other.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Teacher can minimize out of slideshow and assist students in dragging the person to the correct star on next slide

Northern Peoples Fair Skin Northern Peoples Fair Skin = More skin sun exposure and vitamin D production

Northern Peoples Fair Skin = More skin sun exposure and vitamin D production r o

t a u q E d e

n n i k s r e

k Dar Northern Peoples Fair Skin = More skin sun exposure and vitamin D production

r o t a u q

E d e r e n t

t e n i b k n

i s k s r r n

e e u k r s k

a d r D e Da = d for increas suite

Northern Peoples Fair Skin = More skin sun exposure and vitamin D production r

o t a u q E d

e r e n t t e

n i b k n i s

k s r r n e e

u k r s k a d

r D e Da = d for increas suite Lighter skin near the equator

can lead to increased cancers and infertility overtime. Northern Peoples Fair Skin = More skin sun exposure and vitamin D production

r o t a u q

E d e r e n t

t e n i b k n

i s k s r r n

e e u k r s k

a d r D e Da = d for increas suite

Darker skin living near the poles wont get enough vitamin D which is critical. Northern Peoples Fair Skin = More skin sun exposure

and vitamin D production r o t a u

q E d e r e n

t t e n i b k

n i s k s r r

n e e u k r s

k a d r D e Da = d for increas

suite These differences are minor and wonderful Northern Peoples Fair Skin

= More skin sun exposure and vitamin D production r o t a

u q E d e r e

n t t e n i b

k n i s k s r

r n e e u k r

s k a d r D e

Da = d for increas suite These differences are minor and wonderful We are a product of

living in our environment The Maasai in Kenya are tall and thin, adapted for maximum heat loss in the heat of East Africa. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

If you live in a cold environment, then you will usually have small ears to retain your heat. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and

which in the cold climate? A B Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? A B

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? A

Cold B Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? A Cold

B Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate?

A Cold B Warm

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which rabbit lives in the warm climate, and which in the cold climate? A

Cold B Warm

Large ears help rabbit Stay cool. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate.

A B Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. A B

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. A

B Cold Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which fox lives in the warm climate, and

which lives in the cold climate. A B Cold

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which fox lives in the warm climate, and which lives in the cold climate. A

Cold B Warm

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The Inuit of the Arctic are short and squat, perfectly adapted for retaining heat in the cold winter. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Who is more adapted to live in a hot dry climate? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Who is more adapted to live in a hot dry

climate? Im sweating like a wild beast out here! Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Who is more adapted to live in a cold wet climate? A B

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Get me out of here! Im freezing!

You can now complete this question. Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated

animals. This Side: One part of the world Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. This Side: This Side:

One part of Another part the world of the world Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. This Side: This Side:

One part of Another part the world of the world Ex. S. America

Ex. Asia and Australia Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent

Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent

Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated

animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Similar

evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent

Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent

Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Convergent

Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Convergent Evolution: Similar

evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent

Evolution: Similar evolved structures in unrelated animals. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve

similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to

similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve

similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different.

What will this look like? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different.

Not Related Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions.

Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different. All similar in sizes and shapes Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different.

All similar in sizes and shapes Evolving to the environment they live in Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors are very different.

All similar in sizes and shapes Evolving to the environment they live in They dont share

a recent ancestor Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Convergent Evolution: Organisms evolve similar shapes or structures, in response to similar environmental conditions. Despite the fact that their evolutionary ancestors

are very different. All similar in sizes and shapes Evolving to the environment they live in

They dont share a recent ancestor Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Having a long nose and sticky long

tongue is good for eating ants Ants and termites are everywhere Having a long nose

and sticky long tongue is good for eating ants We see convergent evolution in Australia, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

We see convergent evolution in Australia, it separated from the rest very early, Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy We see convergent evolution in Australia,

it separated from the rest very early, and similar type of animals are found on each. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Extinct

Similar in size and shapes Similar in sizes and shapes Evolved this way on two different

parts of the planet You can now complete this question. Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Sunlight

Water Temperature Disease Parasites Predators Competition

Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent Factors (Other living things)

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Sunlight Water Temperature Disease Parasites

Predators Competition a H Density

Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) k w Density Dependent

Factors (Other living things) Pigeon? Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size.

Sunlight Water Temperature Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Sunlight

Water Temperature Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Sunlight Water Temperature Disease Parasites

Predators Competition Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Sunlight Water Temperature Disease Parasites

Predators Competition Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent

Factors (Other living things) Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Sunlight Water

Temperature Disease Parasites Predators Competition Density

Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a

population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent? A B

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent? A

B Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent?

A Density Dependent B

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent? A Density

Dependent B Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is

density dependent? A B Density

Density Dependent Independent Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent?

A B Living Factors

Density Density Dependent Independent Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is

density dependent? A B Living Factors Nonliving (Abiotic)

Density Density Dependent Independent Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is

density dependent? A B Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a

population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent? A B

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent? A

Density Independent (Sunlight) B Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a

population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is density dependent? A Density Independent

(Sunlight) B Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Which is density independent and which is

density dependent? A Density Independent (Sunlight)

BDensity Dependent (Parasites) Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size.

Sunlight Water Temperature Disease Parasites Predators Competition

Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent Factors (Other living things)

Humans have been able to control their limiting Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Borrowed

Sunlight Water Temperature Disease Parasites Predators

Competition Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent Factors

(Other living things) Humans have been able to control their limiting Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size.

Borrowed Sunlight Dams Water Temperature

Disease Parasites Predators Competition Density Independent Factors

(Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Humans have been able to control their limiting

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Borrowed Sunlight Dams

Water Clothes Temperature Climate Control Disease

Parasites Predators Competition Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)

Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Humans have been able to control their limiting

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Borrowed Sunlight Dams

Water Clothes Temperature Climate Control Disease Vaccines

Parasites Predators Competition Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)

Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Humans have been able to control their limiting

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Borrowed Sunlight Dams

Water Clothes Temperature Climate Control Disease Vaccines

Parasites Hygiene Predators Competition Density Independent Factors

(Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Humans have been able to control their limiting

Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Borrowed Sunlight Dams

Water Clothes Temperature Climate Control Disease

Vaccines Parasites Hygiene Predators Weapons, Competition (tool use)

Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent Factors (Other living things)

Humans have been able to control their limiting Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. Borrowed

Sunlight Dams Water Clothes Temperature

Climate Control Disease Vaccines Parasites Hygiene Predators

Weapons, Competition (tool use) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)

Density Dependent This is a picture ofFactors food aid being delivered to an area of the world (Other living things) that needs

it very badly. Humans have been able to control their limiting Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size.

Borrowed Sunlight Dams Water Clothes

Temperature Climate Control Disease Vaccines Parasites Hygiene

Predators Weapons, Competition (tool use) Density Independent Factors

(Non-living / Abiotic) Density Dependent This is a picture ofFactors food aid being delivered to an area of the world (Other living things)

that needs it very badly. Humans have been able to control their limiting This is a very important limiting factor in

the human population. This is a very important limiting factor in the human population. SPACE

Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size

Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once

Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity

Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies

Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species

Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low

Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity

Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life

Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life Are we a R Species or a K Species?

R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism

Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make a new organism is high Many babies made at once

Low number of babies made at a time Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life

Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times

throughout life Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species

Organism is very small size Large Organism Energy to make a new organism is low K Selected Species

Energy to make organism is high tend toa new live

near their carrying capacity Many babies made at once Low number of babies made at a time

Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life

Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life

Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species Organism is very small size

Large Organism Early maturity Long time for maturity Short Life

Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times

throughout life R Selected Species K Selected Species will often go way Energy to make a new organism is low Energy

to make organism is high tend toa new live near

over carrying capacitytheir carrying capacity (exponential Growth) Low number of babies made at a time Many babies made at once Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species

K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism

R Selected Species K Selected Species will often go way Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make organism

is high tend toa new live near over carrying capacitytheir carrying capacity (exponential

Growth) Low number of babies made at a time Many babies made at once Cheap Offsping Early maturity

Long time for maturity Short Life Long Life

Each individual reproduces once and then dies Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life Are we a R Species or a K Species?

R Species K Species Organism is very small size Large Organism

R Selected Species K Selected Species will often go way Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make

organism is high tend toa new live near over carrying capacitytheir carrying capacity

(exponential Growth) Low number of babies made at a time Many babies made at once Cheap Offsping

Early maturity Large Die-Off Long time for maturity

Short Life Long Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies

Individuals can reproduce many times throughout life Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species

Organism is very small size Large Organism R Selected Species K Selected Species

will often go way Energy to make a new organism is low Energy to make organism is high tend

toa new live near over carrying capacitytheir carrying capacity (exponential Growth) Low number of babies made at a time Many babies made at once

Cheap Offsping Early maturity Large

Die-Off Short Life Each individual reproduces once and then dies

Expensive Offspring Long time for maturity Long Life Individuals can reproduce many times

throughout life Are we a R Species or a K Species? R Species K Species

Organism is very small size Large Organism Early maturity Long time for maturity

Many specie Expensive Cheap Offsping sOffspring Large

Die-Offare R Selected Species K Selected Species will often go way Energy to make a new organism is low Energy

to make organism is high tend toa new live near

over carrying capacitytheir carrying capacity (exponential Growth) Low number of babies made at a time Many babies made at once The key idea of r/K selection theory is that evolutionary pressures Shorttend

Life to drive animals in one of two Long Life directions towards quickly reproducing animals who adopt as many niches as possible using simple strategies, and slowly reproducing animals who are strong

Eachcompetitors individual reproduces onceniches and and Individuals canofreproduce many

times in crowded invest lots energy in their then offspring. dies

throughout life Activity! Bird Monsters. A nice lesson in adaptations, competition NS, and limiting factors

Please Beak record the following types (utensils)

- Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Spoon beak.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Grabber Beak.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Magnetic Beak. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Tweezer Beak. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Tweezer Beak. Pl a s

i c st i r e f

sa Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy In the follow activity: You are required to eat seeds from a tray using different style beaks.

In the follow activity: You are required to eat seeds from a tray using different style beaks. As Darwins finches varied, the type of beak and food sources also vary.

Rules Nothing hits the floor (slipping hazard). Obtain seeds casually (not a race) even though in nature its a struggle for survival. No interference, although this does occur in nature a little bit. Put seeds in cup (without use of hands)

Return neatly at end. Keep voices down and stay focused on the task. No complaining please if you get a stinky beak. The environment / food source determines the usefulness of your beak. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Activity! Bird Eating Monsters. Please sketch the following trays into your journal. You will record your table rank (1-4) 1st is the winner, 4th is last in the circle. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Activity! Bird Eating Monsters. Can you make a prediction as to which beak will be the best before the activity begins. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bird Eating Monsters Procedure.

A.) You are required to compete (being friendly) with other members of your table to eat the seeds in the tray. B.) Each group member only gets one type of beak for the whole class. You must use only your left hand, collect as many seeds as possible in the time given. A new tray will arrive at your table

by rotating from group to group clockwise. C.) Put the seeds in your cup. D.) Estimate your count when down (Record your table rank on your pictures) Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural

selection? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed?

2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why?

3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Depends on the environment at the time Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural

selection? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The Grabber beak? Relies on only a few food sources

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird

beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:

The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer: The environment decides which traits are

favorable and unfavorable. Whats favorable one year may not be favorable the next. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:

The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. Whats favorable one year may not be favorable the next. Survival of the Fittest

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species,

predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population

Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime.

Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes

Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival by investigating beak type and foot type. Each table group gets a token for each member, a white board, and dry erase marker + wipe. Guess right and keep your token, guess wrong and lose it. Who will survive to the end?

Tokens = surprise at end. More tokens, more of the surprise. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival by investigating beak type and foot type.

Each table group gets a token for each member, a white board, and dry erase marker + wipe. Guess right and keep your token, guess wrong and lose it. Who will survive to the end? Tokens = surprise at end. More tokens, more of the surprise.

Good behavior = Bonus tokens to well behaved groups. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking

tough seeds? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking tough seeds?

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by catching many small fish from the air? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which bird will be best at surviving by catching many small fish from the air? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals?

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? also Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its beak through the water to collect food? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its

beak through the water to collect food? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking through plant matter to find insects?

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking through plant matter to find insects? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which bird can survive in a number of different habitats including coastal waters, agricultural land, and probing deep into insect burrows. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird can survive in a number of different

habitats including coastal waters, agricultural land, and probing deep into insect burrows. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of

ponds. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of ponds.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which bird will be best at stabbing through the water to catch fish and other animals.

Which bird will be best at stabbing through the water to catch fish and other animals. Which bird will be best at tearing through the body of small birds? Which bird will be best at tearing through

the body of small birds? Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multifunctional beak? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multifunctional beak? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multifunctional beak?

also Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multifunctional beak?

also Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multifunctional beak?

also Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to survive in an aquatic environment?

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to survive in an aquatic environment? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which foot type is best adapted to survive by walking through the mud? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to survive

by walking through the mud? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to survive by perching on branches?

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to survive by perching on branches? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which foot type is best adapted to survive by clinging to the side of trees? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to survive by clinging to the side of trees?

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to survive by grasping and killing prey? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Which foot type is best adapted to survive by grasping and killing prey? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to hop

around, cling, and eat French Fries? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which foot type is best adapted to hop around, cling, and eat French Fries?

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What animal has these feet? What animal has these feet? What animal has these feet?

What animal has these feet? Fe e t d e s i g n e d f o r s p e e d . O s t r i c h c a n ' t fl y. Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs

Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs This is grouse foot jewelry Foot with lots of fine feathers to keep the bird warm on the snow.

The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly Pads because its toes are long. The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly Pads because its toes are long.

What type of birds are these? What type of birds are these? Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands. What type of birds are these?

Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands. What type of birds are these? Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands. Which letter is the male, and which is the female?

A B Which letter is the male, and which is the female?

A B Which letter is the male, and which is the female?

A B Which letter is the male, and which is the female?

A B Which letter is the male, and which is the female?

A B Male birds are generally more flashy than females because they dont usually sit upon

the eggs / need the camouflage. They try to impress the girls Activity! Bird Structure Function. Who still has their token left? Tropical birds show many variations in

colors. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Hey! Stop looking

at my butt. Video Link: Birds of Paradise. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L54bxmZ y_NE

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species,

predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population

Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime.

Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes

Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

Coevolution: The evolution of two or more species, each adapting to changes in the other.

These ecological relationships include:

These ecological relationships include: Predator/prey and parasite/host

These ecological relationships include: Predator/prey and parasite/host

Competitive species These ecological relationships include:

Predator/prey and parasite/host Competitive species Mutualistic species

Pollinators These ecological relationships include:

Predator/prey and parasite/host Competitive species Mutualistic species

Seed Dispersal These ecological relationships include:

Predator/prey and parasite/host Competitive species Mutualistic species

Plants and Protective Ants

These ecological relationships include:

Predator/prey and parasite/host Competitive species Mutualistic species Leaf Cutter Ants

These ecological relationships include:

Predator/prey and parasite/host Competitive species Mutualistic species Leaf Cutter Ants

Fu n g u s These ecological relationships include:

Predator/prey and parasite/host Competitive species Mutualistic species

Leaf Cutter Ants Bacteria Fu n g u s

Mutualism: Both organisms benefit. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Types of mutualisms

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus colonies. Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their

fungus colonies. -The ants then feed on the growing fungus. Leaf cutter ants feed leaves to their fungus colonies. -The ants then feed on the growing fungus.

There were all examples of trophic Mutualisms Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed each other. -

Trophic mutualism: Both species help feed each other. Usually nutrient related.

Cleaning symbiosis: One species gets food and shelter, the other has parasites removed.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Video Link! Bulldozer Shrimp and the Goby. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR9X3gFTp L0&feature=related

Video Link! Review of Symbiosis http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSmL2F1t81Q Question! Are these ants killing this caterpillar? Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Question! Are these ants killing this caterpillar? Answer: No. they are eating some sugary secretions releases by the caterpillar. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Video! Caterpillar and Ant defensive mutualism. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z3bWqlPLpMg Defensive

mutualisms: One species protects the other and gets some benefits for its help. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Never climb Acacia trees that have these

galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Never climb Acacia trees that have these galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and

coming running out to attack. They get drops of sugar from the leaves of the tree. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Never climb Acacia trees that have these

galls. Viscous ants feel the vibrations and coming running out to attack. They get drops of sugar from the leaves of the tree. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The Sea Anemome and the Clownfish are a mutualism. The Sea Anemome and the Clownfish are a mutualism. The Anemome gets small scrapes from the clownfish, and the Clownfish gets protection.

Dispersive mutualisms: One species receives food in exchange for moving the pollen or seeds of its partner.

Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Pollination Insects transfer pollen from one flower to the next, insects gets nectar. Wow! Look how this flower

has evolved to be white, and shaped in a way so I can visit it. Seed dispersal

Video Link Coevolution and a nice review of other forms of evolutoin. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDVbt2qQRq s&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL7A 750281106CD067

There are an estimated 3 million to 100 million species on planet Earth. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy You can now complete this question.

Photo tour of some of the neatest and rarest life on the planet. Will these species be able to adapt to a rapidly changing environment? Music at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4VtO7MZWbUA

Wow How did an animal like this come to be?

I didnt just get run over by a truck. I am shaped this way for a reason. I dont think this

mutation is a favorable one. Ill bet youve never seen a

Pangolin Nature has selected a long nose and tongue

for Check out my large eyes. I usually

come out at night. 2m et e rs

I have big ears for a reason I live in the

desert Never seen a blob fish before?

Im a Frilled Shark Frilled to meet you. The Dumbo Octopus

Hi! Im having a great day today! .

In a few million years, maybe I will have legs?

Visit Tazmania to see some cool examples of evolution.

I had legs, but have lost them.

Called a vestigial structure I had legs, but have lost

them. Called a vestigial structure I had legs, but have

lost them. Called a vestigial structure I had legs, but

have lost them. Video Link! Hank explains the Top 10 New Species. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDI3RexF0UM

End Tour Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. e

t Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating

Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection

Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. y d u t

S fo 1 r

m u in Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime.

Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes

Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators.

Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow.

Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when

Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad.

The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating

Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection

Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink

Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide.

Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool

overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries,

Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones.

Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species,

predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population

Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime.

Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes

Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators.

Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow.

Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when

Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad.

The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating

Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection

Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink

Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide.

Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Pa r t I : D a rw i n , E v o l u t io n , N a

Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators.

Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow.

Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement. Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. Gene Pools can change when

Populations can shrink Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. Non-random mating Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, Mutations in the genes Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad.

The environment will decide. Movement in and out of the population Immigration, gene flow. Natural selection Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.

You should be very close to completion of the Evolution and Natural Selection portion of the unit assessment. Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Video Link! Evolution and Natural Selection

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Theory Optional and Ver Advanced http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6La6_kIr9g Activity! Evolution and Natural Selection Review Game.

STUDY! Copyright 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn More at the Tree of Life Project http://tolweb.org/tree/ AYE Advance Your Exploration ELA and

Literacy Opportunity Worksheet Visit some of the many provided links or.. Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) http:// www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j

Please ournal=tst visit at least one of the learn more educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet.

AYE Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet Visit some of the many provided links or.. Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo

urnal=tst Pa r t I I: N a t u ra l S e le c t i o n

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