Entrepreneurship: Successfully Launching New Ventures, 2/e Bruce R.
Entrepreneurship: Successfully Launching New Ventures, 2/e Bruce R. Barringer R. Duane Ireland Chapter 3 2008 Prentice Hall 3-1 Chapter Objectives (1 of 3) 1. Explain what a feasibility analysis is and why its important.
2. Discuss the proper time to complete a feasibility analysis when developing a business venture. 3. Describe the purpose of a product/service feasibility analysis and the two primary issues that a proposed business should consider in this area. 4. Identify three primary purposes of concept testing. 5. Explain a concept statement and its contents. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-2 Chapter Objectives (2 of 3) 6. Define the term usability testing and explain why its important. 7. Describe the purpose of industry/market feasibility
analysis and the three primary issues to consider in this area. 8. Explain the difference between primary research and secondary research. 9. Describe the purpose of organizational feasibility analysis and list the two primary issues to consider in this area. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-3 Chapter Objectives (3 of 3) 10. Explain the importance of financial feasibility analysis and list the most critical issues to consider in this area.
2008 Prentice Hall 3-4 What Is Feasibility Analysis? Feasibility Analysis Feasibility analysis is the process of determining whether a business idea is viable. It is the preliminary evaluation of a business idea, conducted for the purpose of determining whether the idea is worth pursuing. Feasibility analysis takes the guesswork (to a certain degree) out of a business launch, and provides an entrepreneur with a more secure notion that a business idea is feasible or viable.
2008 Prentice Hall 3-5 When To Conduct a Feasibility Analysis Timing of Feasibility Analysis The proper time to conduct a feasibility analysis is early in thinking through the prospects for a new business. The thought is to screen ideas before a lot of resources are spent on them. Components of a Properly Conducted Feasibility Analysis A properly conducted feasibility analysis includes four separate components, as shown in the figure on the next slide. 2008 Prentice Hall
3-6 Feasibility Analysis Role of feasibility analysis in developing successful business ideas 2008 Prentice Hall 3-7 Four Forms of Feasibility Analysis Product/Service Feasibility Analysis Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis
Organizational Feasibility Analysis Financial Feasibility Analysis 2008 Prentice Hall 3-8 Product/Service Feasibility Analysis Product/Service Feasibility Analysis Is an assessment of the overall appeal of the product or service being proposed. The idea is that before a prospective firm rushes a product or service into development, it should be confident that the
product or service is what its prospective customers want. The two components of a product/service feasibility analysis are: Concept testing. Usability testing. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-9 Preparing a Concept Statement (1 of 3) Concept Statement Before a company undertakes product/service feasibility analysis, a concept statement should be developed. A concept statement is a one page description of a business
that is distributed by a startup entrepreneur to people who are asked to provide feedback on the potential of the business idea. The feedback will hopefully provide the entrepreneur (1) a sense of the viability of the business idea, and (2) suggestions for how the idea can be strengthened or tweaked before proceeding further. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-10 Preparing a Concept Statement (2 of 3) Information to Include
A description of the product or service being offered. The intended target market. The benefits of the product or service. A description of how the product will be positioned relative to similar ones in the market. A description of how the product or service will be sold and distributed. Information about the founder or founders of the firm. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-11 Preparing a Concept Statement
(3 of 3) New Venture Fitness Drinks Concept Statement 2008 Prentice Hall 3-12 Usability Test (1 of 2) Usability Testing Is the method by which users of a product are asked to perform certain tasks in order to measure the products ease-of-use and the users perception of the experience. Usability tests are sometimes called user tests, beta tests, or
field trials, depending on the circumstances involved. While it is tempting to rush a new product or service to market, conducting a usability test is a good investment of an entrepreneurs or firms resources. Many products that consumers find frustrating to work with have been brought to market too quickly. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-13 Usability Test (2 of 2) Usability Testing (continued) Prototype Conducting a usability test typically requires the development of a
prototype. A prototype is the first physical depiction of a new product, which is usually still in a rough or tentative mode. Virtual Prototype A virtual prototype is a computer-generated 3D image of an idea. It displays an invention as a 3D model that can be viewed from all sides and rotated 360 degrees. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-14 Product/Service Feasibility Analysis in Action Role of feasibility analysis in the development of successful business ideas at Activision (an electronic games company) The Activision Green Light Process
2008 Prentice Hall 3-15 Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis (1 of 6) Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis Is an assessment of the overall appeal of the market for the product or service being proposed. For industry/market feasibility analysis, there are three primary issues that a proposed business should consider: Industry attractiveness, market timeliness, and the identification of a niche market. Industry Attractiveness
A primary determinant of a new ventures feasibility is the attractiveness of the industry it chooses. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-16 Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis (2 of 6) Characteristics of attractive industries for new ventures Are large and growing (with growth being more important than size). Are important to the customer. Are fairly young rather than older and more mature. Have high rather than low operating margins. Are not crowded. 2008 Prentice Hall
3-17 Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis (3 of 6) Industry Attractiveness Although the criteria shown on the preceding slide is an ideal list, the extent to which a new businesss proposed industrys growth possibilities satisfy these criteria should be taken seriously. In addition to evaluating an industrys growth potential, a new venture will want to know more about the industry it plans to enter. This can be accomplished through both primary and secondary research, as explained in the next slide.
2008 Prentice Hall 3-18 Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis (4 of 6) Role of Primary and Secondary Research in Investigating Industry Attractiveness Type of Research Primary research Secondary research 2008 Prentice Hall
How It Is Conducted This is research that is original and is collected by the entrepreneur. In assessing the attractiveness of a new market, this typically involves an entrepreneur talking to potential customers and key industry participants. This is research that probes data that are already collected. Examples of where this data might come from are: industry-related publications, government statistics, competitors Web sites, and industry reports from research firms like Forrester Research. 3-19 Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis (5 of 6) Market Timeliness Considerations
Nature of Product or Service Introduction Major Considerations Improvement on something already available in the marketplace Is the window of opportunity open or closed? Is now a good time for a new market entrant (i.e., Breakthrough new product or service, which should establish a new market segment
Should we try to capture a first-mover advantage? 2008 Prentice Hall are customers buying, are industry incumbents making money?) 3-20 Industry/Market Feasibility Analysis (6 of 6) Identification of a Niche Market A niche market is a place within a larger market segment that represents a narrower group of customers with similar interests.
For a new firm, selling to a niche market makes sense for at least two reasons. It allows a firm to establish itself within an industry without competing against major competitors head on. A niche strategy allows a firm to focus on serving a specialized market very well instead of trying to be everything to everybody in a broad market, which is nearly impossible for a new entrant. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-21 Organizational Feasibility Analysis (1 of 4) Organizational Feasibility Is concerned with determining whether the business itself
has sufficient skills and resources to bring a particular product or service idea to market successfully. There are two primary issues to consider in this area: Management prowess. Resource sufficiency. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-22 Organizational Feasibility Analysis (2 of 4) Management Prowess A firm should candidly evaluate the prowess, or ability, of its management team to satisfy itself that management has the requisite passion and expertise to launch the venture.
Two of the most important factors in this area are: The passion that the solo entrepreneur or the founding team has for the business idea. The extent to which the solo entrepreneur or the founding team understands the markets in which the firm will participate. Solo entrepreneurs or founding teams with established social and professional networks also have an advantage. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-23 Organizational Feasibility Analysis (3 of 4) Resource Sufficiency
This topic pertains to an assessment of whether an entrepreneur has sufficient resources to launch the proposed venture. The focus here should be on nonfinancial resources in that financial feasibility is considered separately. To test resource sufficiency, a firm should list the 6 to 12 most critical nonfinancial resources that will be needed to move the business idea forward successfully. If critical resources are not available in certain areas, it may be impractical to proceed with the business idea. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-24 Organizational Feasibility Analysis (4 of 4) Examples of nonfinancial resources that may be critical to
the successful launch of a new business Availability of affordable office or lab space. Likelihood of local and state government support of the business. Quality of the labor pool available. Proximity to key suppliers and customers. Willingness of high quality employees to join the firm. Likelihood of establishing favorable strategic partnerships. Proximity to similar firms for the purpose of sharing knowledge. Possibility of obtaining intellectual property protection in key areas. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-25 Financial Feasibility Analysis (1 of 5)
Financial Feasibility For feasibility analysis, a quick financial assessment is usually sufficient. The most important issues to consider at this stage are: Total start-up cash needed. Financial performance of similar businesses. Overall attractiveness of the proposed venture. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-26 Financial Feasibility Analysis (2 of 5) Total Start-Up Cash Needed The first issue refers to the to the total cash needed to
prepare the business to make its first sale. An actual budget should be prepared that lists all the anticipated capital purchases and operating expenses needed to generate the first $1 in revenues. When projecting start-up expenses, it is better to overestimate rather than underestimate the costs involved. Murphys Law is prevalent in the start-up worldthings will go wrong. It is a rare start-up that doesnt have some setbacks in getting up and running. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-27 Financial Feasibility Analysis (3 of 5) Financial Performance of Similar Businesses
Estimate the proposed start-ups financial performance by comparing it to similar, already established businesses. There are several ways to doing this, all of which involve a little ethical detective work. First, there are many reports available, some for free and some that require a fee, offering detailed industry trend analysis and reports on thousands of individual firms. Second, simple observational research may be needed. For example, the owners of New Venture Fitness Drinks could estimate their sales by tracking the number of people who patronize similar restaurants and estimating the average amount each customer spends. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-28 Financial Feasibility Analysis
(4 of 5) Overall Attractiveness of the Investment A number of other financial factors are associated with promising business startups. In the feasibility analysis stage, the extent to which a business opportunity is positive relative to each factor is based on an estimate rather than actual performance. The table on the next slide lists the factors that pertain to the overall attractiveness of the financial feasibility of the business idea. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-29 Financial Feasibility Analysis
(5 of 5) Financial Factors Associated With Promising Business Opportunities Steady and rapid growth in sales during the first 5 to 7 years in a clearly defined market niche. High percentage of recurring revenuemeaning that once a firm wins a client, the client will provide recurring sources of revenue. Ability to forecast income and expenses with a reasonable degree of certainty. Internally generated funds to finance and sustain growth. Availability of an exit opportunity for investors to convert equity to cash. 2008 Prentice Hall 3-30
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