Community Cohesion Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies Unit 2.4
Community Cohesion Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies Unit 2.4 Community Cohesion Key Words Community Cohesion:
Prejudice: Discrimination: Ethnic Minority: Sexism: Racism: Multi-Ethnic Society: Racial Harmony: Multi-Faith Society: Religious Freedom: Religious Pluralism: Interfaith Marriage: Key Words Community Cohesion: A common vision and shared sense of belonging for all groups in society. Prejudice: Believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them. Discrimination: Treating people unfairly because of their race, colour, gender, class, age, etc. Ethnic Minority: An ethnic group smaller than the majority group. Sexism: Discriminating against people because of their gender
(sex). Racism: the belief that some races are superior to others because of their race or colour. Multi-Ethnic Society: Different races and cultures live together in one society. Racial Harmony: A society where different races/colours live together happily. Multi-Faith Society: Different religions live together in one society. Religious Freedom: The right to practice your religion and change your religion if you want to. Religious Pluralism: Accepting all religions as having an equal right to exist together From one human being He created all races on earth. St Paul - Acts 17:26 There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you
are all one in Christ. St Paul - Galatians 3:28 God created man in his own image Genesis 1:27 A new command I give you: love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. Jesus - John 13:34 Love your neighbour Matthew 22:40 Jesus The Parable of the Good Samaritan
Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you Jesus - Matthew 5:44 We state that racism is a direct contradiction to Revision Quotes the teaching of Christ. Christianity Methodist Church The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats God will judge everyone on how well they have looked after their fellow humans: food, water, clothes, homeless, sick, in prison Jesus - Matthew 25:32-33
Blessed are the peacemakers Jesus - Matthew 5:9 God does NOT show favouritism, but accepts people from every nation. Acts 10:34-35 I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. ( For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. St Paul writing to Timothy 1Timothy 2:12-14
Any attack on the dignity and human rights of any racial or religious group damages all of us. May 1998 the Churches Together in England published a letter against racism and religious hatred. I am the way, the truth and the life; no one goes to the Father except by me. Jesus - John 14:6 Adam & Eve unequal because Eve was tempted Adam & Eve created equally
Because of this: Women should be treated equally Women are respected by Catholics Women can be priests un C of E St. Paul said: Because of this: Women should be inferior to men Women shouldnt do same jobs as men Women cant be priests Women cant be equal Q: Where is the woman?
A: There isn't one! Because of this: Only men can become priests. Only men are important in Church God has no favourites amongst races Women should be silent in Church Jesus had women disciples and he appeared to women first after
resurrection St. Peter said: Women are not equal Cant be priests There is neither Jew nor Gentile, man or woman, we are all equal in Christ Dont be racist Allow people to practise religion
Allow people to change Inter marry There are many rooms in my fathers house Because of this: Women should be equal in all ways.. Allowed to be priests Women are equal Can be priests No prejudice or discriminatio
n Pluralism and freedom are good No racism Be tlerant The Good Samaritan: A man was beaten and left for dead. Two 2 people left him because it was hassle/against their religion. His enemy, a Samaritan, helped him and gave him money to sort himself out.
Meaning: Treat everyone the same even your enemies. Show compassion to all. Because of this: No sexism No racism No intolerance of other faiths Pro multi-faith and ethnicity. Prejudice: Im not sure I like the look of this fella! Discriminati
on: Hey guys, I didnt ask Discrimination is the act. Prejudice is the thought. Prejudice & Discrimination Sexism Sexism: Traditionally certain roles have seemed more suited to certain genders.
Remember, men can be the victims of sexism too. Equality: Women make up 84% of workers in the service industries Men make up 66% of all senior officials (2001 Census) Advances in Equal Rights for Women The Qualification of Women Act 1918 gave women over 31 the right to vote in elections. In 1928 the age was lowered to 21 to be the same as men. (Now all
18) The Equal Pay Act 1970 The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 Why Attitudes Have Changed Towards Women 1. World Wars 2. The example of other countries 3. Women role models 4. UN Declaration of Human Rights 5. Abortion and the Pill For Christians the bible sometimes seems to say different things. Most Christians believe men and women are equal whilst Catholic Christians believe they
are equal but were given different roles by God. The Bible on Women Wives submit to your husband for the husband is head of the wife. Ephesians 5:22 God created humanity in his own image, male and female he created them both. Genesis There is neither Women must 1:27 Jew nor Greek, remain silent in slave nor free, male
church, they are not nor female, for you allowed to speak. are all one in 1 Corinthians 14:34 Christ. Galatians Top Tip: Quotes from the Bible are often 3:28 seen as the best kind of evidence to show Christian belief but must be used with a relevant Women and the Church The Catholic Church do not accept women as priests: The Lord chose men to form his 12 disciples and the apostles did the same when they chose their successors. For this reason the ordination of women is not possible.
Ord i n a ti o n is when the The Church of Church officially England recognises a person as a have officially priest/vicar etc. accepted the The Methodist ordination of Church has allowed women; but they women still are barred to hold any level of from being leadership within Bishops the church for Multi-Ethnic Society
Where different races and cultures live together in one society. Racial Harmony A society where different ethnic groups live together happily. Multi-Faith Society Where people of different faiths live together in one society. Benefits People gain an understanding and acceptance of other cultures this can lessen the chance of conflicts and wars. People experience
different cultures, festivals and foods from around the world. Society can make better Racism Racism: The belief or attitude that some races are superior to others. A Racist attitude can lead to racial incidents where some races have been discriminated against or shown violence. In the past this has led to many injustices happening: The Slave Trade: Segregation:
The Bible on Race Jesus story, The Good Samaritan, told his Jewish listeners that God valued all people. Luke 10:25-37 St Peter originally thought Christians from a Jewish background were better, but after God spoke to him in a dream he said God does NOT show favouritism, but accepts people from every nation. Acts 10:34-35 St Paul said there is no difference between people from different nations in the eyes of God. There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor
female, for you are all equal to Christ.. Galatians 3:28 Exam tip: Use clear P.E.E. with Bible verses to secure Racism vs Racial Harmony Racism is strongly rejected in the Christian Church. We state that Christian belief We state that racism is a direct contradiction to the teaching of Christ. Methodist Church
is incompatible with any philosophy that is based on hatred or treats people as inferior because of their race, religion or for any other reason. Baptist Church Every form of social & cultural discrimination must be stopped and eradicated as incompatible with Gods design. Catholic The Effects If certain groups feel that they are being treated unfairly by
society, they may become insular, cut themselves off from society, and even work against that society. Racism and of Discrimination & Racism In 2001, Oldham, Burnley and Bradford riots by disaffected Asian youths. discrimination in society can lead to the rise
in groups such as the BNP who encourage division between different ethnic groups in society. The July 7th (2005) bombers were British citizens who had lost their sense of allegiance to Britain and were prepared to kill because they felt society
worked against them. Extremis m and acts of terror It is thought that some young people from minority backgrounds turn to crime because they cannot see a future for themselves in a discriminating society.
The Law & Racism The Race Relations Act 1976 Leading to... The Commission for Racial Equality An organisation set up by the Government in 1976 to Government Action to Promote Community Cohesion Community Cohesion: when a common vision and shared sense of belonging exists for all groups in society. Education Funding What can be done to
promote community cohesion? Laws People Equality and Human Rights Commission The Church, Asylum Seekers & Immigrant Workers The Church of England (also called the Anglican Church) has worked with many minority groups in society including asylum seekers and immigrant workers. What They Do Why They Do It Legal advice clinics with lawyers and interpreters for the immigration process.
home starter kits with essential items such as kettles etc. language classes to help people integrate in society. They support the Still Human, Still Here campaign to support the human rights of asylum seekers and immigrants The Bible shows God as demanding justice for all people - this means fair treatment for everyone. Christians follow the Golden Rule taught by Jesus - Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.. The Bible tells
Christians to Love God and thy neighbour. The parables of the Good Samaritan and the Sheep and Goats tell Christians to treat all The Good Samaritan Jesus told a story about minority groups and helping others A Jewish man was once attacked by robbers. A little later a religious leader came by but hurried off scared that he might be attacked also. After a little more time a teacher of the Jewish faith
came along but also refused to touch the man as this would Eventually a Samaritan man came along, they were enemies of the Jews. However, he saw the man needed help no matter what religion he was. So, he helped the man on to his donkey, took him to an inn and paid the inn keeper to look after Jesus said this foreign man, part of a minority group in
his day and distrusted and hated by those listening to Jesus story, was a hero. Jesus said the Samaritan was a true neighbour, and people who act like him will be the ones who are doing what Multi-Faith Britain Most people believe that individuals have the right to believe in the god of their choice and follow the religion they choose. Religious Freedom: The right to practice your religion and change your religion if you want to.
Outline of Religious belief in Britain - 2001 Christian 42,558,000 No Religion 8,197,221 No Answer 4,823,000 1,591,207 Muslim 558,746 Hindu 336,040 Sikh 267,711 Jewish 149,237 Buddhist Other Religion 157,000 HM Office of National Statistics 2001 Census Exclusive Christians
I (Jesus) am the way, the truth and the life, no one comes to the Father (God) except through me. John 14:6 Exclusive: Most Christians are exclusive, this means they believe; only those people who follow Jesus, and live by his teachings, will go to heaven. Problems: intolerant and discriminato ry. There are many good, caring people in other religions How could a
loving God allow anyone to go to hell because theyve been born into a non- Inclusive Christians Inclusive: Some Christians believe you should only go to heaven by accepting Jesus, and his teachings, but, some members of other religions and some non-Christians may also be able to go to heaven. When religious God saved people before people die they Christianity existed. God will realise Jesus will save people who lived teaching was the right lives as if the God
right way and they followed had been convert after the right one. death. Problem: This goes against what Jesus said in the Bible (John 3:16). Pluralist Christians Religious Pluralism: Accepting all religions as equally valid and correct and can all coexist. John Hick: Modern day theologian, philosopher and religious pluralist. Problems: Faithful followers of all religions will be saved and go to heaven. All religious experience comes
from God, different cultures follow it in different ways. E.g. Hinduism in India. Pluralist belief goes against the teaching of Jesus so is not always considered as truly Christian. Most other world religions reject pluralism and are either inclusive or, more commonly, John Hick: Religious Pluralism Hicks Mountain Paths: Hick pictures religion like mountain paths. People try and get to the top but take different
routes. Each route is mapped out through the cultural, family and religious experiences of their life. Hick pictured the Eventually all summit as God. followers will reach the same summit. Hick concluded; all religions are looking for the same God. HOW RELIGIONS PROMOTE COMMUNITY COHESION IN THE UK Similarities - Work with other religions to see what they have in common. E.g. Christianity, Islam and Judaism all believe in Abraham and Moses. Try to find ways to live together. Interfaith services - Develop ways of having interfaith marriages e.g. Protestant churches and liberal Jewish synagogues have special
wedding services for mixed couples. Support for bringing up children e.g. how they should be brought up. Some Protestant Churches and liberal Jewish synagogues encourage mixed couples to raise children in both faiths and let the child decide when they are older. Projects: Join together in special groups to explore ways of helping community cohesion e.g. the Bradford District Faiths Forum who meet together, plant trees, share meals etc. Multi-faith society The benefits Issues for families Conversion Less chance of conflict
because people of different religions, races and nationalities will get to know each other and like each other. More progress because new people will bring new ideas and new ways of doing things to the country. Life is more interesting with a much greater variety of food, festivals, music, fashion and entertainment. Bringing up children Interfaith marriages Food Where to worship God Many different religions living together in one
society Exam style questions a) What is racism? (2) a) What is meant by a multi-ethnic society? (2) b) Do people from a different religion have the right to try to convert you? Give two reasons for your point of view (4) b) Do you think we need laws against racism? Give two reasons for your point of view (4) c) Explain why some Christians give equal roles to women in religion and some do not. (8) c) Explain why the United Kingdom is often referred to as a multi-faith society. (8) c) Choose one religion other than Christianity and explain why the followers of that religion should help to promote racial harmony. (8) d) Men and women should have equal roles in life Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion. Give reasons why some people may disagree with you (6) d) All societies should be multi-faith societies Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion. Give reasons why some people may disagree with you (6) The Media - East is East Community Cohesion in 1971
Themes Racism That Paki Multi-faith marriage - Muslim and Christian living together Multi-faith society different religions e.g. Islam and Christianity Multi-ethnic society Asian (Pakistani) and English living together in Manchester Issues raised Different attitudes to homosexuality from religions and society in 1971 e.g. Circumcision causing family tension Culture clash for young people e.g. Mosque van/white dating Asian, diet (eating bacon) Sexist attitudes The fathers attitude re first wife and owning the house Arranged marriage Domestic violence Biased or offensive? Examples racist language, humour about circumcision Do we laugh at the father because of his race or religion? Or is it a fair portrayal of life in the 1970s and educating and entertaining at the same time?
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