The Poetry of Langston Hughes Mother to Son Dreams A Dream Deferred Language of Literature (Green Book) P. 192 (Mother to Son) Mirrors & Windows (Purple Book) P. 481 (Dreams) Essential Question #1 How can readers distinguish between a poems author and a poems speaker? The poet is the poem's author; he/she is the physical
writer of the poem. The poem's speaker is the voice that speaks the poem's words--the individual who is presenting the idea through the poem. Sometimes, they are the same, but most often, they are not. In many cases, the poem's speaker is not obvious and is considered to be unknown. Langston Hughes 1902-1967 Major poet during Harlem Renaissance Writing focuses on
themes related to the African-American experience Mother to Son Language of Literature (Green Book) P. 192 Facing Lifes Challenges What kind of problems do people experience?
What kinds of barriers are difficult for them to overcome? Copy the chart in your notes. As you read, record your inferences about the speaker. In order to understand the speaker of a poem, you need to make inferences logical guesses or conclusions- based on clues in the
poem. Clue Inference The title is Mother to Son The speaker is a woman. Mother to Son
Life for me aint been no crystal stair. Its had tacks in it, And splinters, And boards torn up, And places with no carpet on the floor Bare. But all the time Ise been a-climbin on, And reachin landins, And turnin corners, And sometimes goin in the dark Where there aint been no light. So boy, dont you turn back. Dont you set down on the steps
Cause you finds its kinder hard. Dont you fall now For Ise still goin, honey, Ise still climbin, And life for me aint been no crystal stair. SOAPS Title of Poem: Mother to Son Author & Facts: Langston Hughes had a difficult life wrote during the Harlem Renaissance Subject: keep trying to overcome lifes struggles Occasion: personal experience of life in Harlem Audience: general audience; other African
Americans Purpose: to encourage readers to keep trying in life Speaker: a mother is speaking to her son Essential Question #2 Why do writers use figurative language like similes and metaphors in their poetry? Writers use metaphors and similes to invite the reader to make a comparison between two unlike things and to note a surprising characteristic they share.
Dreams and A Dream Deferred Think about goals you have set for yourself but are not sure you can achieve. How does the possibility of failure make you feel? What if someone told you that you couldnt achieve your goals and dreams? Dreams and A Dream Deferred Mirrors
& Windows (Purple Book) P. 481 The poem Dreams warns of what happens when goals fall by the wayside. Mirrors & Windows (Purple Book) P. 484 The poem A Dream Deferred illustrates what could happen if you choose to put off your dreams or procrastinate. As you read, think about how the speakers advice might influence their outlooks toward their futures.
Post-Reading Text to Text Connection What similarities do you see between the poems Dreams and A Dream Deferred? How are the poems different? Use evidence from the poems to
support your answers. Figurative Language Rhyme the repetition of sounds at the ends of words (ex. soon, moon) Free Verse does not use consistent rhymes or rhythms Imagery language that enables the reader to create an image of an object or experience (ex. white cattle under trees and midsummer moths) Repetition a sound, word, phrase or
line is repeated for effect or emphasis Figurative Language Alliteration the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (ex. bright, blue bottle) Simile compares two things using like or as (She is as tall as a skyscraper.) Metaphor compares two things without using like or as (My house is a zoo.) Personification when something that is not human is described as if it were
human (I love bright words, words up and singing early;) SOAPS Title of Poem: Dreams Author & Facts: Langston Hughes Wrote during the Harlem Renaissance Wrote about African-American life themes Subject: keep trying to achieve your dreams Occasion: personal experience Audience: general audience; other African Americans Purpose: to show you cannot live to your full potential if you let your dreams die
Speaker: unknown narrator-possibly poet SOAPS Title of Poem: A Dream Deferred Author & Facts: Langston Hughes Lived a hard life Knew that many African Americans felt dreams were the only thing they had Subject: warning to people to not give up on their dreams or wait until later to achieve them Occasion: personal experience Audience: general audience; other African Americans Purpose: to deny your dream is to deny your
hope for a better future Speaker: unknown narrator-possibly poet Follow-up: Life Lessons Choose one of the three poems by Langston Hughes. In your notes, write the life lesson that can be gained from reading this poem. Briefly describe the poem to help support your choice of lesson.
Communication Skills Cont. Active Listening: your full attention on what the other person is saying and letting that person know you understand and care.. Ex: Show your interest by looking at the person. Then, encourage the speaker to begin speaking.
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