By Susan Martin Biology Standard Standard 5.0 - The student will investigate the diversity of organisms by analyzing taxonomic systems, exploring diverse environments, and comparing life cycles. Learning expectation 5.2- infer the types of organisms native to specific major biomes Performance indicator level 1 - Infer animals or plants indigenous to an environment, given pictures or diagrams of the organisms and a description of the environment. Link to TN Curriculum Standards
Why Would This Standard Be Hard to Teach? Each Biomes characteristics contains a great deal of information Some biomes share similar plant and animal life This may be the first time some students are exposed to the terminology What is a Biome? Scientists have developed the term Biome to describe areas on the earth with similar climate, plants, and animals. The plants and animals that live in a specific biome are physically well adapted for that area.
Plants and animals that live in a specific biome share similar characteristics with other plants and animals in that biome throughout the world. The types of biomes that will be explored during this exercise include: Tundra, Deserts, Grasslands, Taiga, Temperate Forests, and Rainforests EXIT Click on the Biome you wish to explore Tundra Temperate Forest
Taiga Rainforest Grassland Desert Click on the Question you wish to go back to Moose Eurasian Beaver
Location: Canada, Europe, Asia, and the United States Description: Also known as Coniferous forests. Taiga regions have cold, long, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers; well-defined seasons Plants: Coniferous-evergreen trees (trees that produce cones needles). The trees are narrow and grow very close together. This is so they can help protect each other from
the weather. There are also moss, lichen, and other species of plants that live in the Taigas bogs. Animals: Snow, cold, and a scarcity of food make life very difficult, especially in the winter. Some taiga animals migrate south, others go into hibernation, while others simply cope with the environment. Click here to see more examples of taiga animals and plants EXIT More Taiga Animals and Plants
Lynx Hemlock Wolverine Larch Needles Red Throated Loon Lichen growing on a tree EXIT White Tailed
Deer Raccoon Temperate Forest Location: Eastern United States, Canada, Europe, China, and Japan Description:Temperate forests go through four distinct seasons. Leaves change color in autumn, fall off in the winter, and grow back in the spring. This adaptation allows plants to survive the cold winters. Plants: Broadleaf trees (oak, maple, beech), shrubs, and mosses
Animals: Animals living within this biome must adjust to cold winters and hot summers by hibernating, migrating, or keeping active all winter. Click here to see more examples of Temperate Forest Plants and Animals EXIT More Temperate Forest Plants and Animals Grey Squirrel
Wild Turkey Black Bear Oak Maple American Beech EXIT Gila Monster Sidewinder Location: North & South America, Africa, Middle East,
Australia, and Asia Description:Extremely hot and dry (less than 10 inches of rain a year). Some deserts can be cold at night (40s or 50s) Plants: Cacti, small bushes, and short grasses. Desert plants are adapted to collect and store water, and/or reduce water loss. Animals: Animals in this biome must adapt to intense heat and lack of water. Some animals never drink water, instead they get water from the seeds and plants that they consume.
Many animals are nocturnal so that they do not have to combat the suns heat. Click here to see more examples of Desert plants and animals EXIT More Desert Plants and Animals Lappet Faced Vulture Thorny Devil Hairy Old Man Cactus
Description: Plants: Animals: Zebra Every continent except Antarctica Grasslands are big open spaces. There are not many bushes in the
grassland. Trees are found only by rivers and streams. Grasses (prairie clover, salvia, oats, wheat, barley, coneflowers) Many large herds of grazing animals such as zebras or bison. Animals live in herds for protection, because there are few trees and bushes to camouflage themselves. Click here to see more Grassland plants and animals EXIT More Grassland Plants and Animals
Brown Hyena Coneflower Giraffe Wheat Grass Black tailed prairie dog Salvia EXIT
Green Winged Macaw Jungle Python Location: Near the equator between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. South America, Asia, Pacific Islands, Australia, New Zealand, and Africa Description: Two types of rainforests, tropical and temperate. Several varieties of exotic plants and
animals. Lush greens and vibrant colors. Plants: Vines, palm trees, orchids, ferns. Most plants must compete for sunlight and nutrients due to their dense population. The majority of common houseplants come from the rainforest. Animals: Life inside the wet tropical rainforest is bustling with slithering snakes and chirping birds. An animal must be both smart and strong to survive in this environment. Click here to see more examples of Rainforest Plants and Animals EXIT More Rainforest Plants and
Animals Capybara Flying Dragon Chimpanzee Bamboo Orchid Banana Tree EXIT Artic Fox
Tundra Location: Description: the Plants:
Animals: in Polar Bear Regions south of the ice caps in the Artic. In North America, Europe, and Siberia. Coldest biome and also covers 1/5 of Earths surface. lichens, mosses, grasses, sedges, shrubs. Almost no trees due to short growing season and permafrost Every animal must adapt in order to survive. Some have grown thick fur which turns white
the winter. Others find a place to hibernate during the winter months. Click here to see more Tundra Plants and Animals EXIT More Tundra Plants and Animals Snowy Owl Caribou Cotton Plants
Siberian Lynx Yellow Tundra Flower Lichen EXIT Given identifying factors (such as plants and animals) identify the biome. Click here to begin acti vity EXIT Musk ox enjoy munching on
grass, leaves, moss, and lichen. They have dense fur that protects them from cold and rain. A musk ox can be found in Northern Canada and Greenland. In which biome do they live? Grasslands Tundra Temperate Forest
EXIT You did a Good Job! EXIT Better Luck Next Time, Please TRY AGAIN EXIT The Hawk Owl feeds on
mice, lemmings, squirrels, and other small mammals that may be hiding amongst pine needles, moss, and lichen. They build their nest in the hollow top of a coniferous tree stump or in an abandoned nest or woodpecker hole. The Hawk Owl can be found in Canada, extreme Northern USA, Northern Asia, and Scandinavia. In which Biome does a Hawk Owl live?
Tundra Temperate Forest Taiga EXIT Better Luck Next Time, Please TRY AGAIN EXIT
You did a Good Job! EXIT Rainforest The Slow Loris spends its day curled up in a tight ball in the forest canopy. At night, the Slow Loris makes its way down to the ground feeding on insects, eggs, small exotic birds, and tropical fruit. The
Slow Loris can be found in the hot and humid regions of South and Southeast Asia, Eastern India, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and the Philippines. In which Biome does the Slow Loris call home? Temperate Desert Forest EXIT You did a
Good Job! EXIT Better Luck Next Time, Please TRY AGAIN EXIT EXIT Resources education.discovery.com/. ../freeimagebig.jpg
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