Religion in the U.S. and the Mormons

Religion in the U.S. and the Mormons

Religion in the U.S. and the Mormons Unit 4: Chapter 6 Their Faces Toward Hope Take out all the papers Bell Activity you have for my class. Your words are communal and libel (use pg. 101 for context) Find the word on your study guide and complete the following information for it. Find the definition using a glossary. Use your own knowledge and experience to complete the rest of the definition. Work on questions 1-3 in your purple study guide if you finish early.

Where should your backpack be? Does your work look something like this? Word: communal Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Synonym/ Example: My Understanding: 4 3 2 1

Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: communal Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Mormon communities were often communal during the Pioneer Era, sharing what they had with each other. Synonym/ Example: shared,

My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Antonym/NonExample: private, Does your work look something like this? Word: libel My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence:

Synonym/ Example: Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: libel My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: the malicious publication of Draw a picture of it: untruths in order to harm a person or group

Sentence: He sued the newspaper for printing libel about him. Synonym/ Antonym/NonExample: lies, slur, Example: truth, defamation, rumors fact, accurate Bell Activity Get out your study guide, Early U.S. History notes, and a blank paper. Your words are convert and revival (use pg 98 for help with revival) Find the word on your pink study guide and complete the following information for the word. Find the definition using a glossary. Use your own knowledge and experience to complete the rest of the definition.

Where should your backpack be? Does your work look something like this? Word: convert My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Synonym/ Example:

Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: convert My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: a person who has adopted a Draw a picture of it: religion Sentence: The LDS church had many converts join the church in its early days. Synonym/

Example: change, switch Antonym/NonExample: stay the same, unconverted Does your work look something like this? Word: revival My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Draw a picture of it:

Sentence: Synonym/ Example: Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: revival My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: an awakening of interest in Draw a picture of it: religion; (a meeting to awaken interest in religion)

Sentence: Revival meetings were an important way religions gained new converts in the 1800s. Synonym/ Antonym/NonExample: renewal, Example: loss Great Awakening interest; secular 1800s Religion & Early Mormon History Religion in the United States Social Causes and Religions The Second Great Awakening

Mormon Origins Bell Activity: Take out a piece of paper and write this organize r on it. Today we will learn History Objective We will describe the early history of the LDS/Mormons and

what led them to move to Utah. Language Objective - We will listen & write the important information from the presentation. Behavior Objective Work Ethic: Listen to the presentation and stay on task taking good notes. Journeys for Religious Freedom Many different groups have settled in North American

for religious reasons Catholics (Pennsylvania) Protestants Puritans Pilgrims Religious freedom and tolerance are a part of the American ideal, but even now some people are not tolerant of others religious beliefs. Religion in the Early 1800s The early 1800s were a period of intense interest in religion that had important consequences for the U.S. and Utah history.

The previous time period was called the Enlightenment and was a period where classical philosophy, science, technology, and progress were emphasized. Some felt that the U.S. needed to revive religious activity. The Second Great Awakening This time period is called the Second Great Awakening. There was a great deal of Christian evangelism, people trying to convert other to their beliefs.

Revivals were a way for a pastor (preacher, minister) to gain converts. The family of Joseph Smith was part of those people caught up in these religious revivals. In 1839 J. Maze Burbank exhibited at the Royal Society in London this watercolor of "a camp meeting, or religious revival in America, from a sketch taken on the spot." It is not known where, when, or under whose auspices (patronage; guidance) the revival painted by Burbank occurred. Cross-Checking Camp meeting of of the Methodists

Methodists in North America. Aquatint engraving, 1819, after after J.G. J.G. Milbert. 1849 lithograph, Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Camp Camp Meeting Meeting by A. Rider, Rider, ca. 1835. 1835. Collection of the the New New York York Historical Historical Society.

Society. The Awakening of Social Conscience Many people began to feel that religion was tied to social causes. This led many churches to become involved with social movements abolitionism (no slavery) prison reform asylums for mental illness womens rights temperance (no alcohol). Christian Restoration Many churches also

wanted to restore a pure, primitive Christian church as they believe it would have been during the time of Christ. Some of these groups were the Baptists, Shakers, and Mormons. Pick up the two Bell Activity papers at the front. Get out your study guide, 1800s Religion & the Mormons notes. Your words are persecute & martyr

Find the word on your study guide and complete the following information for the word. Find the definition using a glossary. Use your own knowledge and experience to complete the rest of the definition. Where should your backpack be? Does your work look something like this? Word: persecute Definition: Draw a picture of it:

Sentence: . Synonym/ Example: My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: persecute My Understanding: 4 3 2 1

Definition: to harass with ill treatment, Draw a picture of it: especially because of race, religion, or beliefs Sentence: Many people have been persecuted for their beliefs. Synonym/ Antonym/NonExample: hound, Example: harass, bully , torment tolerant, respect Does your work look something like this? Word: martyr

My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Synonym/ Example: Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: martyr

Definition: a person who is killed because of his or her religion (or beliefs) Sentence: Many saints were martyred. Synonym/ Antonym/NonExample: sacrifice Example: save, for a cause preserve My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Draw a picture of it: Today we will learn History Objective We will describe the

early history of the LDS/Mormons and what led them to move to Utah. Language Objective - We will listen & write the important information from the presentation. Behavior Objective Work Ethic: Listen to the presentation and stay on task taking good notes. Who Were the Mormons?

Latter Day Saints Mormon was a nickname given by enemies of the followers of Joseph Smith in the early 1830s. Smith said that he had visions that had led to him discovering & translating an ancient book called the Book of Mormon. Gathering the Saints Joseph Smith organized a church he called the

Church of Christ. This name was later changed to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Smith called for his followers, who called themselves saints, to move to a gathering place, or Zion. This large gathering of Mormons, along with their religious, political and economic beliefs, often frightened their neighbors who did not understand their beliefs, which led to persecutions. Misunderstandings & Conflicts There were many problems between the Mormons and their

neighbors, mostly because of religious, political, and economic differences. These misunderstandings led to conflicts. The Mormons claims to be the only true church (more about new scriptures, many religions believe they are the one true church) & that Joseph Smith was said to be modern prophet sometimes upset people other religions who didnt believe that was possible. The Mormons believed in a gathering place, which meant that thousands would move together to a place. They often outnumbered their neighbors. In elections, the Mormons tended to all vote the same way, which led their neighbors to fear that they would take over state & local politics. In Missouri slavery was an important issue. Many Mormons were from the North and the people in Missouri were mostly from the South. This made them afraid the Mormons would oppose slavery. The Mormons in Ohio at first lived a communal economic lifestyle, meaning that everyone gave what they had to the church for the good of the whole group. This gave church leaders a lot of power. Some LDS church leaders had secretly began practicing polygamy,

meaning that a man could marry more than one wife. Many nonMormons felt this was very wrong. Back of notes LDS/Mormon Point of View Non-Mormon Point of View Nauvoo Exodus Differences in the 1800s Mormon/LDS Non-Mormon Beliefs New religious scripture

Prophets lead the church Gather converts in Zion Politics Beliefs Upset at new scriptures Worried about the power of prophets over people Outnumbered by Mormons Usually voted the same way Politics Believed to be anti-slavery Feared Mormons would take (some were, some were proover state & local slavery) government Lifestyle

Pro-slavery in Missouri Communal life You give Lifestyle what you have to the church Frightened by the power polygamy church leaders had over property Thought polygamy was evil A Series of Moves This climate of conflict and misunderstanding led to the Mormons being forced to move again and again; from New York to Nauvoo.

In Missouri there was even an extermination order. The governor, Lilburn Boggs, and the state legislature said all the Mormons must leave or they could be killed. Nauvoo Fleeing Missouri, the Mormons arrived in Quincy, Illinois where the people helped them and took them in. The Mormons then gathered farther north in a swampland that they later drained and

transformed it into a new town called Nauvoo. For many years they lived in peace, but eventually, as other towns in the area grew, their neighbors became wary and fearful of the LDS communities. Continuing trouble in Nauvoo A newspaper, created by a former Mormon, began printing stories about young girls being kidnapped to become the wives of Joseph Smith. The towns city council met, very angry about the stories, and declared the paper was guilty of libel.

They asked Smith to have the press destroyed and it was. Many accused the Mormons of going against Freedom of the Press. Persecutions Mobs began attacking Mormons and burning homes in Nauvoo. Smith and other leaders of the church were arrested and taken to jail. There Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were killed by an angry mob. For the Mormons, Joseph & Hyrum were martyrs. What do you think? Freedom of

religion is guaranteed in the Bill of Rights. Do you think the LDS people were denied this freedom? Why or why not? Exodus from Illinois The Mormons decided to move again. Many walked across the frozen Mississippi River in the middle of winter. Some Mormons didnt leave Nauvoo including many of Joseph Smiths family. Around 17,000 people had to leave Nauvoo, led by a new leader, Brigham Young. Can you think of groups today who want to be left alone to live their beliefs? What happens when their beliefs go against the laws of the

land or against what other people think is right? 1. Take out your Bell Activity reading papers and study guide. 2. Your words are polygamy & exodus Find the word on your study guide and complete the following information for the word. Find the definition using a glossary. Use your own knowledge and experience to complete the rest of the definition. 3. Work on questions 1-11 using your notes and the textbook. If those questions are finished, work on the extra credit activity on page 7.

Where should your backpack be? Does your work look something like this? Word: polygamy Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Synonym/ Example: My Understanding: 4 3 2 1

Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: polygamy My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Sentence: Some Mormons became polygamists during the 1800s, but fewer the number was less than half of all Mormons. Synonym/ Antonym/NonExample: bigamy, Example: polyandry, plural marriage monogamy (1 spouse)

Draw a picture of it: Does your work look something like this? Word: exodus My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Synonym/ Example:

Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: exodus My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: the departure or emigration Draw a picture of it: of a large group of people at the same time (religious overtones) Sentence: Mormons were forced to make an exodus from Illinois in 1846.

Synonym/ Example: leave Antonym/NonExample: stay Today we will learn History Objective We will describe the early history of the LDS/Mormons and what led them to move to Utah. Language Objective - We will read & write the important information from

the reading. Behavior Objective Work Ethic: Stay on task with your group to read, analyze, and then answer the reading guide questions. Agenda 1. Finish the reading guide, Moving West with your table group. Pick up where you left off. If you dont remember who read last, have the person in the front on the right start. 2. Work on the Study Guide, questions 1-13 3. Start the map, Going West: Pioneer Trails Across the West. This is a no gum class. Please

dispose of it properly! Bell Activity Take out your study guide and answer these questions using a book. Work on any parts of it that are not finished. Review day is tomorrow! The study guide is due on Wednesday!!! Test and Essay are Wednesday!!! Note - You cannot do the essay outside of class this time. It must be done at the same time as the test!! Where should your backpack be? Today we will learn History Objective Language We will learn more

Objective - We will about how the Mormonlisten & write the people came to Utah important and settled here. information from the video. Behavior Objective Work Ethic: Listen to the video and stay on task taking good notes. Utah: The Struggle for Statehood Take out a piece of paper and put the title at the top along with your name, hour, and todays date. One the first line write: Exodus

Count down 7 lines then write: Tierra Incognita Count down 7 lines then write: This is the Place Do the same for the rest of these titles: Survival, Deseret, The Utah Territory During the video, write down the 5 most important details from that segment. No trivia! Agenda 1. Parent teacher conferences are next week. 2. There are some assignments we need to finish before then. nd hour: Goshute video; missing quizzes 2nd th 6th

th hours: missing quizzes & tests 4th th 8th th hours: landforms quiz, incomplete tests 7th 3. Students who has finished and passed all of these assignments will work on the new study guide. Things that need to be done TODAY! Utah Landforms: Quiz #3 Chapter 4&5 Test Yellow Study Guide (Turn it in to your box!) If all of this is finished: Work on page 1 of the purple study guide. Work on the extra credit (page 7)

Does your work look something like this? Word: extermination Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Synonym/ Example: My Understanding: 4 3 2 1

Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: extermination My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: the complete destruction of Draw a picture of it: Sentence: There were so many bugs that they had to call in an exterminator. Synonym/ Example: kill, annihilation

Antonym/NonExample: save, preservation Does your work look something like this? Word: colonize My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence:

Synonym/ Example: Antonym/NonExample: Does your work look something like this? Word: colonize My Understanding: 4 3 2 1 Definition: Draw a picture of it: Sentence: Many Americans, like the

Mormons, were colonizing Native American lands in the West. Synonym/ Example: settle, inhabit, occupy Antonym/NonExample: emigrate; native; remain home

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