REALITY THERAPY - Dr. Karen D. Rowland's Counseling Courses

REALITY THERAPY - Dr. Karen D. Rowland's Counseling Courses

REALITY THERAPY CHOICE THEORY Reality Therapy in School 1 THEORY Created by William Glasser Enhanced by Robert Wubbolding It is based on Choice Theory and Control Theory. One of the basic concepts of Reality Therapy is that human behavior is control by the individual and therefore

base on choice. Reality Therapy in School 2 THEORY Individuals who are unhappy with their current behavior have the capacity for exploring and discovering new behaviors and replacing the old ineffective ones. Once individuals find these new behaviors satisfying, they will repeat the behaviors until the new behaviors become a consistent part of their lives

Reality Therapy in School 3 THEORY BASIC ASSUMPTIONS Symptoms are the result of choices weve made in our lives. We can chose to think, feel and behave differently. Emphasis is on personal responsibility.

Therapists function is to keep therapy focused on the present. Reality Therapy in School 4 THEORY BASIC ASSUMPTIONS We often mistakenly choose misery in our best attempt to meet our needs We act responsibly when we meet our needs without keeping others from meeting their needs Reality Therapy in School

5 THEORY BASIC NEEDS Internally driven Love/ Belonging Fun Freedom You Power

Reality Therapy in School Physiology 6 THEORY BASIC ASSUMPTIONS Glasser believes that an individual has five (5) basic internally driven needs:

Belonging (love) Freedom (independence) Power (sense of control) Fun (enjoyment) Physiology Glasser believes that human personality development is an attempt to fulfill these five basic needs. Reality Therapy in School 7

THEORY BASIC ASSUMPTIONS Our brain functions as a control system to get us what we want. Our quality world consists of our visions of specific people, activities, events, beliefs and situations that will fulfill our needs. Reality Therapy in School 8 THEORY BASIC

ASSUMPTIONS We create picture albums based on our quality world. The difference (frustration) between what we want and what we perceive we are getting from our environment produces specific behaviors. Reality Therapy in School 9 THEORY BASIC ASSUMPTIONS

Human behavior composed of doing, thinking, feeling and physiological behaviors is purposeful; that is, it is designed to close the gap between what we want and what we perceive we are getting. Doing, thinking, and feeling are inseparable aspects of behavior and are generated from within, most of them are choices Reality Therapy in School 10 THEORY Individuals choose their behaviors, which

could be effective or ineffective in helping to satisfy those basic needs. They either develop a success or failure identity based on the way they see themselves and how others see them. Reality Therapy in School 11 SEVEN PRINCIPLES 1. 2. 3. 4.


relationship between client and therapist/counselor. CURRENT BEHAVIOR The focus is on the here and now behavior and its ramifications, that behavior is self-selected and so the consequences are self-inflicted. EVALUATING BEHAVIOR Clients are made to look critically at their own behavior and to judge whether or not the behavior is in their best interest; clients determine what is good for themselves and for those around them who care about them. 7 Principles of Reality Therapy

PLANNING RESPONSIBLE BEHAVIOR The helper helps the client develop a realistic plan to implement the identified value judgment; the therapist is strongly involved in teaching responsibility. COMMITMENT Client and helper commit to follow the plan, which may be a written agreement, but is usually an oral exchange. Equivocations (Maybe, Ill try) are not acceptable. 7 Principles of Reality Therapy

ACCEPT NO EXCUSES The therapist helps clients gain experiences that will enable them to keep their commitment. New behaviors must be satisfying and thus self-reinforcing. Clients cannot accept or make excuses for failure to keep commitments. NO PUNISHMENT The therapist will not implement sanctions not agreed upon in the commitment. Punishment depletes the relationship and reinforces the clients loneliness and isolation. THERAPEUTIC PROCESS The therapeutic process of RT includes a working relationship that is agreed to by

both counselor and client. This agreement usually include the goals of counseling, the responsibilities of counselor and client, the duration of counseling, confidentiality and its limitations, as well as the therapeutic relationship. Reality Therapy in School 16 THERAPEUTIC PROCESS The agreement for counseling is usually introduced and addressed in the first few counseling sessions.

The reality counselor/therapist normally plays an active and directive role in this section of the counseling process. Reality Therapy in School 17 RT-COUNSELOR CHARACTERISTICS Always be Courteous Determined Enthusiastic Firm

Genuine Suspend judgment Do the unexpected Reality Therapy in School 18 RT-COUNSELOR CHARACTERISTICS Use humor

Be yourself Share yourself Listen for metaphors Listen for themes Use summaries and focus Allow or impose consequences Allow silence Be ethical Reality Therapy in School

19 RT-COUNSELOR CHARACTERISTICS Dont accept excuses Dont punish, criticize or argue, allow consequences Dont give up easily Reality Therapy in School 20 TECHNIQUES Procedures That Lead to Change:

The WDEP System formulated by Robert Wubbolding The WDEP system: Want Doing (action) or Direction (self)-Evaluation Plans Reality Therapy in School

21 TECHNIQUES W Wants - What do you want to be and do? Your picture album D Doing and Direction - What are you doing? Where do you want to go? E Evaluation - Does your present behavior have a reasonable chance of getting you what you want? P Planning SAMIC3 Reality Therapy in School 22

TECHNIQUES Planning For Change S Simple - Easy to understand, specific and concrete A Attainable - Within the capacities and motivation of the client M Measurable - Are the changes observable and helpful? I Immediate and Involved - What can be done today? What can you do? C Controlled - Can you do this by yourself or will you be dependent on others? - Can you do this on a continuous basis? Reality Therapy in School

23 TECHNIQUES The WDEP system ask clients what they want, what they are doing now or direction they are going, to conduct a thorough self-evaluation, and to make plans that will help them fulfill their needs. Reality Therapy in School 24

PROCEDURES OF EXPLORING What do you want? What do you Really want? What do you think people want from you? How do you look at it? Tell them what you have to offer, what you want from them, how you look at the situation. Get a commitment to counseling.

PROCEDURE OF EXPLORING TOTAL BEHAVIOR What are you doing? What - specific Are current You client Doing total behaviors Evaluations Value Judgments Is your behavior helping or hurting you? Is what youre doing helping you get what you want?

Is what youre doing against the rules? Is what youre doing realistic or attainable? Does it help you to look at it that way? How committed are you to the process of therapy and to changing your life will that level work to your advantage? Is it a helpful plan? Levels of Commitment 1 I dont want to be here I was forced. 2 I want the pleasure resulting from change, but I dont want to make the effort. 3 Ill try. 4 Ill do my best.

5 Ill do whatever it takes. A Positive Plan Need Fulfilling Simple Realistic and Attainable Something to DO, not Stop doing Dependent on the Doer

Specific A Positive Plan Repetitive

Choose to approach others first Choose to achieve something Choose to have fun Choose to act independently Immediate Realistic Process Centered Evaluated Firm Reinforced TECHNIQUES With the WDEP system:

The counselor takes the lead in asking the questions but allows the client to fully describe his/her issue/s in a systematic way. The counselor also shows a caring attitude towards the client but does not accept any excuses from the client. Reality Therapy in School 31 Total Behavior Our Best Attempt to Satisfy Our Needs

DOING active behaviors THINKING thoughts, self-statements FEELINGS anger, joy, pain, anxiety PHYSIOLOGY bodily reactions GLASSERS BEHAVIORAL CAR Feeling Physiology Acting Thinking The 4 wheels on the car describe a persons total behavior. In

order for the car to move, the four wheels have to move together. It is the same for a person to display any behavior, all four components are present and work simultaneously. Reality Therapy in School 33 Glasser's Reality Therapy Two Assumptions: A. Need to love and be loved B. To be worthwhile as a person

Three Theoretical Components: A. Involvement B. Rejection of unrealistic behavior C. Relearning How might you work with a student who wants to get out of gang/delinquent behaviors?

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