Quarter 2 - Home - Fort Thomas Independent Schools

Quarter 2 - Home - Fort Thomas Independent Schools

Quarter 2 Literary Period Focus: American Romanticism Learning Targets Where are we going? Page 170 Q2 Learning Targets Snapshot of the Quarter I can read a nineteenth century text and analyze how it develops a universal idea that is characteristic of the time period(i.e., idealism, individualism, intuition,

inspiration, imagination). I can read a narrative text and analyze how it uses narrative elements (i.e., point of view, structure, figurative devices, diction) for specific purposes and effects. I can use diction to create a specific tone: choose precise nouns, verbs, and adjectives (including phrases and clauses) paying particular attention to the denotation and connotation of words. I can write a body paragraph that supports a thesis (claim) by including a topic sentence, sufficient evidence, and commentary linked to a universal idea.

I can write phrases (i.e., appositive, infinitive, prepositional, participial) and clauses (adjective and adverb) that enhance descriptive passages but avoid errors (i.e., misplaced modifiers and dangling phrase). I can craft an argumentative thesis statement. I can write body paragraphs for an argument essay, including crafting a concession/refutation paragraph

Diction Narrative Techniques 19th Century Texts Body Paragraphs and Commentary Transitions Argument Question (defend,

challenge, qualify) Placement of Modifiers-dangling (syntax), Verbals, Phrases Literary Movements Enlightenment Romanticism (Pilgrims/religion & Patriots/politics) Romantics) (Transcendentalism & Dark American Romanticism:

The Spirit of Individualism If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away. - Henry David Thoreau Historical Context Around the beginning of the 19th century, the movement known as romanticism sprang up in both Europe and America. As a reaction to everything that had come before it: the rationalism of the 18th century Age of Reason the strict doctrines of the Puritanism

MAJOR SHIFT in: thinking/philosophy writing modes Historical Context contd 19th Century America: Unrestrained growth in U.S. 1803-1853: area of U.S. increases from 846,000 to 2, 181, 000. 1800-1850: population of U.S. increases from 5 million to over 23 million

Westward expansion Technological advancements (i.e., steel plow, telegraph, cotton gin) Transportation improvements (canals, railroads) Literature and Literacy Newspapers/Magazines With advancements in transportation and education, more people were exposed to literature than ever before. Lyceum Movement Part education, part entertainment Debating societies

Issues of the day: manifest destiny, slavery, voting rights. Major Events and Historical Figures 1803 Jefferson completes Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S. Exploration, Manifest Destiny, Lewis and Clark 1820 Missouri Compromise prohibits slavery in western territory north of Missouris southern border and allows slavery in Arkansas territory and Louisiana. 1830 Indian Removal Act authorizes relocation of southeastern

Native Americans to territories west of Mississippi River. Trail of Tears 1848 Gold discoveries in California lead to first gold rush 1850 Congress passes Fugitive Slave Act, forcing officials in Northern states to return escaped slaves to owners. Conditions that Influenced Romantic Writers: Frontier promised opportunity for expansion, growth, freedom; Europe lacked this element. Spirit of optimism invoked by the promise of an uncharted frontier.

Immigration brought new cultures and perspectives Growth of industry in the north that further polarized the north and the agrarian south. Search for new spiritual roots. Delineation of Movement Romanticism A movement across the arts Definition Romanticism refers to a movement in art,

literature, and music during the 19th century: 1800 1890(ish) Romanticism is characterized by the 5 Is Imagination Intuition Idealism Inspiration Individuality Imagination

Imagination was emphasized over reason. This was a backlash against the rationalism characterized by the Neoclassical period or Age of Reason. Imagination was considered necessary for creating all art. Imagination was a gateway to

Intuition Romantics placed value on intuition, or feeling and instincts, over reason. Intuition and a reliance on natural feelings as a guide to conduct are valued over controlled, rationality British Romantic William Wordsworth described poetry as the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.

Idealism the concept that we can make the world a better place. A sense of optimism refers to any theory that emphasizes the spirit, the mind, or language over matter thought has a crucial role in making the world the way it is. Continually striving for betterment Romantics idealized a country life and

believed that many of the ills of society are a result of urbanization. Inspiration The Romantic artist, musician, or writer, is an inspired creator rather than a technical master. going with the moment or being spontaneous, rather than getting it precise. Individuality

celebrated the individual During this time period, Womens Rights and Abolitionism were taking root as major movements. Walt Whitman, a later Romantic writer, would write a poem entitled Song of Myself: it begins, I celebrate myself The artist was an extremely individualistic creator whose creative spirit was more important than strict adherence to formal rules and traditional procedures Romantics were attracted to rebellion and

revolution, especially concerned with human rights, individualism, freedom from oppression Modes/Style Markers Modes: Short stories Novels Poetry Essays

Gothic literature (subgenre of Romanticism) 1. Use of the supernatural Imagination over reason; intuition over fact 2. Characters with both evil and good characteristics Focused on the fantastical elements of human experience 3. Dark landscapes; depressed characters

Writing that can be interpreted 2 ways: surface and in depth Focus on inner feelings Transcendentalists Sub-genre of Romanticism Rise of Transcendentalism late 1820s/1830s A religious and philosophical movement Emphasized living a simple life Celebrate truth found in nature

and emotion and imagination Stressed individualism and selfreliance Intuition leads to knowledge People are inherently good Spiritual well-being trumps financial well-being Mode/Rhetorical Devices Mode/Authors Rhetorical Devices Mode: mainly essays Imagery

Ralph Waldo Emerson Metaphor Considered the father of transcendentalism Henry David Thoreau Analogy Hyperbole Rhetorical Questions Allusions

Gothic Horror A Brief History The Birth of a Genre combined elements of both horror and romance. aimed for a pleasing sort of terror combined melodrama and parody opposition to the perfectionist beliefs of

Transcendentalism It explored: the joys of extreme emotion, the thrills of fearfulness and awe inherent in the sublime, and the inevitable decay and collapse of human creations human fallibility and proneness to sin and selfdestruction the difficulties inherent in attempts at social reform Key Ingredie

nts Prominent Features: Stock Characters: terror (both psychological and physical) mystery the supernatural ghosts haunted houses and Gothic architecture (castles) darkness death and decay madness

secrets hereditary curses tyrants villains maniacs persecuted maidens madwomen magicians vampires and werewolves monsters and demons the Devil himself. Gothic Architecture The term "Gothic" often applied to

buildings Castles, mansions, and monasteries, often remote, crumbling, and ruined. This fascination inspired the first wave of gothic novelists. American Gothic An important and innovative reinterpreter of the Gothic in this period was Edgar Allan Poe He believed 'that terror isof the soul. His story "The Fall of the House of Usher" (1839) explores these 'terrors of the soul' whilst revisiting classic Gothic ingredients of decay, death and madness. The legendary villainy of the Spanish Inquisition is

revisited in "The Pit and the Pendulum" (1842) "Annabel Lee" by Edgar A. Poe Rhetorical Devices/ Elements of a Narrative Point of View Imagery Persona Details Organization and Structure

Figurative Language Metaphor Characterization Symbol Allegory Foreshadowing Tone

Irony Setting

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