Preventing Drug Abuse and Excessive Alcohol Use

Preventing Drug Abuse and Excessive Alcohol Use

Drinking Responsibly Presenters: Ms. Brandi Alford, CHES, MPH, NMCPHC Mr. Mike Aukerman, NADAP Lead Program Analyst Drinking Responsibly Presenter: Ms. Brandi Alford, MPH, CHES The views expressed in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, Department of Defense, nor the U. S. Government. Objectives Describe the prevalence of alcohol use among active duty Sailors and Marines Explain characteristics of alcohol consumption (moderate drinking, heavy drinking, binge drinking) and health effects associated with irresponsible alcohol consumption Identify ways to consume alcohol responsibly Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center

3 Prevalence of Alcohol Use 2011 DoD Health Related Behaviors Survey1 36.1% reported binge drinking in the last 30 days (USN) 48.6% reported binge drinking in the last 30 days (USMC) 33.1% reported binge drinking in the last 30 days (DoD) < 24.4% Goal for HP 2020 USN has highest reported alcohol use rates when deployed Fleet and Marine Corps Health Risk Assessment Data2 22% reported heavy drinking (USN) 1 Barlas FM, Higgins WB, Pflieger JC, et al. 2011 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty Military Personnel. February 2013. Report prepared for the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) and U.S. Coast Guard under Contract No. GS-23F-8182H. 2 Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center. EpiData Center Department. Fleet and Marine Corps Health Risk Assessment Annual Report, 2012. http://www.med.navy.mil/sites/nmcphc/Documents/health-promotion-wellness/general-tools-and-programs/HRA/HRA2012_FINAL.pdf. Published April 2013. Accessed May 2013. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center

4 What is a standard drink? This is not necessarily equal to a serving size or what you get at a bar/restaurant. Graphic courtesy of Rethinking Drinking, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/standard-drink Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 5 What is moderate drinking?3 MEN WOMEN No more than 4 drinks on any single day No more than 3 drinks on any single day

No more than 14 drinks per week No more than 7 drinks per week Must keep between single day AND weekly limits 3 Moderate and Binge Drinking. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/moderate-binge-drinking. Accessed May 2013. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 6 What is heavy drinking? Consuming more than the single-day or the weekly amounts listed under moderate drinking. About 1 in 4 people who drink above these levels already has alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse problems.4 OR

MEN: Consuming more than an average of 2 drinks/ day WOMEN: Consuming an average of more than 1 drink/day5 4 Moderate and Binge Drinking. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/moderate-binge-drinking. Accessed May 2013. 5 Alcohol and Public Health. Frequently Asked Questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm. Updated 7 November 2012. Accessed 15 May 2013. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 7 What is binge drinking?6 Drinking so much that blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels reach 0.08g/dL (usually in about a 2 hr period). Women: ~ 4+ drinks Men: ~ 5+ drinks Who binge drinks?7

18-34 years old: group with most binge drinkers Income: $75k+ (Most binge drinkers), <$25k (More frequently binge drinks and drinks most) 6 Moderate and Binge Drinking. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/moderate-binge-drinking. Accessed May 2013. 7 Vital Signs. Binge Drinking. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/BingeDrinking/index.html. Published January 2012. Accessed May 2013. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 8 Excessive Alcohol Use8 Consists of Heavy drinking Binge drinking Underage drinking Any drinking while pregnant Photo Credit: CDC, Debora Cartagena

8 Alcohol and Public Health. Frequently Asked Questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm. Updated 7 November 2012. Accessed 15 May 2013. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 9 Why are people affected differently by alcohol?9 Age Amount of food consumed before drinking Gender Family history of alcohol problems Race/ethnicity

How quickly alcohol was consumed Physical condition- fitness level, weight, etc. Use of drugs or prescription medications 9 Alcohol and Public Health. Frequently Asked Questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm. Updated 7 November 2012. Accessed 15 May 2013. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 10 Health Effects of Alcohol Associated with numerous health problems10 Chronic disease to include blood pressure and psychological

disorders Unintentional injury Violence Alcohol Abuse or Alcohol Dependence Brain, Heart, Liver, Pancreas, Cancer, Immune System 11 10 Alcohol and Public Health. Frequently Asked Questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm. Updated 7 November 2012. Accessed 15 May 2013. 11 Alcohols Effects on the Body. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/alcohols-effects-body. Accessed May 2013. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 11 How to Consume Alcohol Responsibly Do not drink and drive. Have a plan on how to get home before you start drinking. Alternate alcoholic beverages with non-alcoholic beverages.

Know your limits and the amount youre consuming. Make sure to eat beforehand and while you are drinking. Sip, dont gulp your drinks. Dont drink while taking medications. Limit yourself to one type of alcohol in a 24 hr period. Do not participate in drinking games or try to keep up with others around you. Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 12 Resources Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center: http://www.med.navy.mil/sites/nmcphc/health-promotion/preventing-drug-al cohol-abuse/Pages/preventing-drug-alcohol-abuse.aspx U.S. Marine Corps Substance Abuse Program: https://www.manpower.usmc.mil/portal/page/portal/M_RA_HOME/MF/G_B ehavioral%20Health/C_Substance%20Abuse

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/alcohols-effects-body Rethinking Drinking: http://rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov/default.asp Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/index.htm Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 13 Navy Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Program (OPNAV 135F) Mr. Mike Aukerman, NADAP Lead Program Analyst 14 Learning Objectives 1. Explain Navy-wide research findings with young, enlisted Sailors regarding alcohol use

2. Communicate and explain the Navys new responsible drinking campaign, Keep What Youve Earned (KWYE) 3. Illustrate how the KWYE campaign can be implemented within commands and installations 4. Identify other prevention campaigns provided by NADAP and how to order materials through the Navy Logistics Library 15 Formative Research Findings Sailors primarily drink because of stress related to the workplace, their families, and life changes Sailors felt that the most significant consequence of alcohol abuse was Navy discipline Affirmative messages/images combined with a reminder of what they could lose as a result of alcohol resonated with Sailors of all ages/rates

Immediate career consequences (losing money, rank, or financial opportunities) resonated better than more severe or long-term consequences Fellow sailors, family members, and friends have the strongest influence over drinking habits 16 Keep What Youve Earned Campaign Basics The Keep What Youve Earned campaign Recognizes that Sailors are responsible, decision-making adults Acknowledges that Sailors have worked hard to get where they are in their careers Reminds Sailors that one bad decision with alcohol could

result in serious consequences The campaign does NOT Suggest that Sailors shouldnt drink at all How to Get Involved 1 April 2013 marked the official launch of the Keep What Youve Earned (KWYE) campaign KWYE will be promoted year round in conjunction with Navy awareness events and holidays How to get started with your command: 1. Visit www.nadap.navy.mil and follow links to the KYWE campaign. 2. Download the suite of multimedia products. 3. Familiarize yourself with the campaign messaging and materials. 4. Follow the instructions in the campaign implementation guide on how to distribute and display materials at your command. Implementation Dos and Donts

DO DONT DO use positive, affirmative messaging. DONT focus primarily on the consequences of alcohol abuse. DO remind Sailors to know their limit before they get there. DONT use phrases such as 0-0-1-3 or 0-1-2 that are blanket statements on how much to drink. DO provide tips on how to drink responsibly. DONT use a prohibitionist attitude.

DO use social media channels to convey messages DONT rely solely on a top-down, leadershipheavy approach to convey messages. DO provide tips to reduce Sailors stress. DONT assume all Sailors drink solely to have fun or escape boredom. DO focus on immediate career consequences (losing money, rank, or other privileges). DONT focus primarily on long-term, severe consequences such as alcohol addiction or loss of life. DO use multiple, accessible methods of communicating such as videos and social media.

DONT rely solely on posters and flyers to communicate your messages. DO use a variety of messages and multimedia to keep messages new and fresh. DONT use outdated, repetitive messages. DO use messages that treat Sailors like responsible, decision-making adults. DONT use messages that Sailors perceive as being treated like children or disrespectful of what they have earned. DO use the weekly KWYE social media messaging and leadership talking points. DONT repeat the same messages every week.

19 Campaign Products Posters Posters are available via Navy Logistics Library for each of the five Navy communities Where to post them: o Exchange, Galley and other common areas o MTF and clinics o Gym and recreational facilities o Local restaurants and bars (with permission) Fact Sheets Fact sheets are available for five different audiences and stakeholders

o ADCOs/DAPAs o Navy leadership o Local communities o Partnering organizations and agencies o Sailors Distribute the Sailor fact sheet in areas with high traffic and waiting times (e.g., MTF waiting room) 20 Campaign Products (Cont.) Leadership Messaging Calendar Set of 52 alcohol-related messages for the 52 weeks in a year Provide all levels of your Navy leadership with this set of monthly topics Share the messages with Sailors at liberty briefings or other regularly scheduled interactions

Social Media Messaging Guides messaging and multimedia content about responsible drinking for social media channels Includes appropriate character limits and links for different social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook Graphics and images are provided that can be used to boost engagement Examples of platforms for sharing: o o o o o Ships Facebook page Twitter feed for your installation ADCO/DAPA personal Facebook page Navy/DoD social media account Navy health educators Facebook pages 21

A Look at Whats to Come Video Public Service Announcements (PSAs) In June, the campaign will release videos highlighting real life stories and testimonials of Sailors who have faced consequences of irresponsible drinking. The campaigns video series will include: o 1 motion graphics video o 5 testimonial PSA videos Mobile Applications

The Keep What Youve Earned mobile application will also be released in June. Features include: o A role playing adventure game to help Sailors understand the effects of their drinking habits and learn how to drink responsibly. o A customizable Sailor avatar who must make choices including what to do in their free time (e.g., nutrition and exercise), how much to drink, and whether to plan for a safe ride home. o An arcade-style game similar to shuffleboard that becomes more difficult when players allow their avatar to make irresponsible drinking decisions and easier when players make smart choices. 22 Other Prevention Campaigns

Who Will Stand Your Watch? Designed to educate Sailors of the negative impact substance abuse can have on a Sailor's family, shipmates, and career The Domino Strategy on How to Drink Responsibly Encourages Sailors to pay attention to the size, content and amount of alcohol they consume each time they drink That Guy On- and offline communication to reduce excessive drinking among young Sailors

Navy Logistics Library (NLL) To register for an NLL account go to: https://nll.ahf.nmci.navy.mil/ NOTE: You must have a Digital Certificate (CAC/PKI) to access the Naval Logistics Library. Click on: Registration and complete Registration form NOTE: Please be advised regarding your UIC/DoDAAC address, that the Naval Logistics Library does not designate addresses, addresses are generated by the Department of Defense Activity Address Code (DoDAAC). Click on: SUBMIT A WARNING: click on AGREE Each individual must complete a SAAR form (which has instructions for completion included). Implementation Q&A Questions, concerns, or lessons learned? For more information or to submit feedback: Visit www.nadap.navy.mil Contact Mr. Mike Aukerman (NADAP/OPNAV 135)

o Email: [email protected] o Phone: COMM (901) 874-4237/ DSN 883 25 Continuing Education NMCPHC is a designated provider of continuing education contact hours (CECH) in health education by the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, INC. This program is designated for Certified Health Education Specialists (CHES) to receive up to 1 total Category I continuing education contact hour. E-mail your name and CHES number to: [email protected] Complete the four question survey found at: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/T7B2D5K Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center 26

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