PowerPoint to accompany Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology ...

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines to accompany Holes Human Anatomy and Physiology Eleventh Edition Shier Butler Lewis

Chapter 1 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 1

Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology 2 Levels of Organization Subatomic Particles electrons, protons, neutrons

Atom hydrogen atom, lithium atom Molecule water molecule, glucose molecule Macromolecule protein molecule, DNA molecule Organelle mitochondrion, Golgi apparatus, nucleus Cell muscle cell, nerve cell Tissue simple squamous epithelium, loose connective tissue Organ skin, femur, heart, kidney

Organ System skeletal system, digestive system Organism - human 3 Levels of Organization 4

Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy study of structure (Greek a cutting up) Physiology study of function (Greek relationship to nature) Structure is always related to function 5

Clinical Application Medical Imaging Noninvasive procedures Provide images of soft internal structures Ultrasonography Use of highfrequency sound

waves Relatively quick and inexpensive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Requires injection of dye Produces computerized images from different

angles 6 Characteristics of Life Movement change in position; motion Responsiveness reaction to a change Growth increase in body size; no change in shape

Reproduction production of new organisms and new cells Respiration obtaining oxygen; removing carbon dioxide; releasing energy from foods 7 Characteristics of Life Digestion breakdown of food substances into simpler

forms Absorption passage of substances through membranes and into body fluids Circulation movement of substances in body fluids Assimilation changing of absorbed substances into chemically different forms

Excretion removal of wastes produced by metabolic reactions 8 Requirements of Organisms Life depends on five environmental factors

water food oxygen heat pressure 9

Requirements of Organisms Water - most abundant substance in body - required for metabolic processes - required for transport of substances - regulates body temperature Food

- provides necessary nutrients - supplies energy - supplies raw materials 10 Requirements of Organisms Oxygen (Gas) - one-fifth of air

- used to release energy from nutrients Heat - form of energy - partly controls rate of metabolic reactions Pressure - application of force on an object

- atmospheric pressure important for breathing - hydrostatic pressure keeps blood flowing 11 Homeostasis Bodys maintenance of a stable internal environment

Homeostatic Mechanisms monitor aspects of the internal environment and corrects any changes Receptors - provide information about stimuli Control center - tells what a particular value should be (includes a set point) Effectors - elicit responses that change conditions in the 12 internal environment

Homeostatic Mechanisms 13 Homeostatic Mechanisms 14

Body Cavities 15 Thoracic & Abdominal Membranes Visceral layer covers an organ

Parietal layer lines a cavity or body wall Thoracic Membranes Visceral pleura Parietal pleura Visceral pericardium Parietal pericardium

Abdominopelvic Membranes Parietal peritoneum Visceral peritoneum 16 Serous Membranes

17 Serous Membranes 18 Organ Systems

19 Organ Systems 20 Organ Systems

21 Organ Systems 22 Organ Systems

23 Organ Systems 24 Anatomical Terminology Anatomical Position standing erect, facing forward,

upper limbs at the sides, palms facing forward Terms of Relative Position Superior versus Inferior Anterior versus Posterior Medial versus Lateral Ipsilateral versus Contralateral Proximal versus Distal Superficial versus Peripheral

Deep 25 Body Sections Sagittal / Midsagittal or Median / Parasagittal Transverse or Horizontal Coronal or Frontal Cross section, Oblique, Longitudinal

26 Body Sections 27 Body Sections

28 Body Sections 29 Abdominal Subdivisions

30 Body Regions 31

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Dante's Inferno

    Dante's Inferno

    Each part consists of a prologue and approximately 33 cantos (Inferno has 34.) Since the narrative poem is in an exalted form with a hero as its subject, it is an epic poem. Dante's Inferno Dante the Poet's hero is...
  • Steroids: Estrogens, Synthetic Estrogens, Estrogen ...

    Steroids: Estrogens, Synthetic Estrogens, Estrogen ...

    Arial Century Gothic Wingdings 2 Verdana Calibri Lucida Grande Times New Roman Tahoma Verve 1_Verve 2_Verve 3_Verve 4_Verve 5_Verve 6_Verve Steroids: Estrogens, Synthetic Estrogens, Estrogen Antagonists, Progestins, Synthetic Progestins Outline Steroids basics Steroid basics Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7...
  • Pronoun Case - Introducing Adam Morton

    Pronoun Case - Introducing Adam Morton

    A pronoun case item on an objective test might look like this ... Sample Item. Stan and I offered to help move the furniture, but . the new residents rolled their eyes when they . saw that us two had...
  • Ian Kyle Childrens Planning Manager, The Highland Council

    Ian Kyle Childrens Planning Manager, The Highland Council

    • Crown Primary • Hilton Primary • Milton Primary • Farr High School • Thurso High School • Plockton High School • Kinlochbervie High School • Youth Highland • Action for Children • Highlife Highland. SAS Award . Launch of...
  • Soil Acidity - James Madison University

    Soil Acidity - James Madison University

    Photo credit: www.oocities.org Accessed: 1/13/14. Turn stopper slowly and add titrant dropwise. To determine the acidity of a solution, using a known concentration of strong base. At the end point (equivalence point) the [H+] = [OH-]
  • BELL WORK - Siegel Middle School

    BELL WORK - Siegel Middle School

    BELL WORK You need an Expo board today. Check your Smiley Face Dichotomous Key answers to the answers posted to the right of the screen. It was practice so you don't have to turn it in. What do we know...
  • The Romantic Era The Age of Imagination

    The Romantic Era The Age of Imagination

    1) Romantics are more interested in the private self (rather than the good of the whole country) 2) Romantics are more interested in . emotion and insanity (rather than logic and reason) 3) Romantics are more interested in . place...
  • ASM: A Programmable Interface for Extending Android Security

    ASM: A Programmable Interface for Extending Android Security

    It is important to note that ASM only considers mediation at the process level. This means that applications such as TaintDroid and AppFence cannot be built on top of ASM. This, however, does not mean that it will remain the...