Author: Unknown 1 Kings Date of events: 970 850 BC Theme: Each king is evaluated in light of the covenant Key Verse: 1 Kings 9: 4-5 As for you, if you walk before me in integrity of heart and uprightness as David you father did, and do all I command and observe may decrees and laws, I will establish your royal throne over Israel forever, as I promised David your father when I said, you shall never fail to have a man on the throne of Israel. Overview 1. The United Kingdom under Solomon (ch 1-11) 2. The Divided Kingdom (ch 12-22)
3. Elijah (ch 17-19) The United Kingdom of Solomon (1:1-11:43) Solomons Accomplishments: Third King of Israel Davids chosen heir (1:1-3:1) Wisest man who ever lived (3:2-4:34) Built Gods Temple (5: 1-8:66) Diplomat, trader, collector, patron of arts (19:1-10:29)
Wrote Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, Song of Songs, and Psalms 72 & 127 Solomons Weaknesses He did not keep the covenant: Started small Made alliance with Pharoah Offered sacrifices on the high places Then collected many chariots and wealth Eventually had 1,000 mostly foreign wives Foreign wives lead him astray in his old age The Lord raised up adversaries against him, including Jeroboam Wise Solomon Knew One Thing but Did Another What he knew
The requirements of the king (Dt 17) Gods promise to him: As for you, if you walk before me in integrity of heart and uprightness as David you father did, and do all I command and observe may decrees and laws, I will establish your royal throne over Israel forever, as I promised David your father when I said, you shall never fail to have a man on the throne of Israel. What he did Disobeyed Heart turned away from the Lord Did not seem to repent The Divided Kingdom (12:1-22:53) After Solomons death, northern tribes revolt Israel
Imposes calf worship at Bethel and Dan Without exception, all Israelite kings were wicked Many rebellions Judah Preserved the line of David without break Although most kings were wicked, there were some who did what was right in the eyes of the Lord High places were not removed The Northern Kingdom of Israel (10 tribes) Jeroboam2 2 yrs Baasha 24 yrs Nadab
? Omri 12 yrs Ahab 22 yrs Jehoshaphat 17 yrs The Southern Kingdom of Judah (2 tribes) Elijahs Ministry Elijah means the Lord is my God Prophesied a three year drought Fed by ravens Survived famine in the house of a widow
Raised her son to life Destroyed 450 priests of Baal let it be known today that you are God in Israel and that I am your servant and have done all these things at your command. Answer me so that these people will know that you are God, and that you are turning their hearts back again. Flees from Jezebel I have had enough, LORD. Take my life. I am the only one left, and now they are trying to kill me. God tells him to go back and anoint 3 people Yet I reserve seven thousand in Israel all whose knees have not bowed down to Baal What I Learned From 1 Kings
God judges a successful life on the basis of: keeping the covenant being a good influence not in terms of wealth or social achievements The importance of one man Commitment to the will of God Solomon contrasts with David in this regard He was not fully devoted to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father had been.
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