Dr Hans Bruyninckx I 24 November 2016 I Towards a non-toxic future, Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark Pathways towards a strategy for a nontoxic environment EEA: a network organisation with a direct link to policy The European Environment Agency is an EU body that operates at the interface of science and policy. With a network of more than 300 institutions in 39 European countries, the EEA provides timely, reliable and relevant
information to support sustainable development. The EEAs work is targeted at EU institutions, EEA member countries, civil society and the general public. Policy framework 7th EAP In 2050, we live well, within the planet's ecological limits. Our prosperity and healthy environment stem from an innovative,
circular economy where nothing is wasted and where natural resources are managed sustainably, and biodiversity is protected, valued and restored in ways that enhance our society's resilience. Our low-carbon growth has long been decoupled from resource use, setting the pace for a global safe and sustainable society. How much risk from chemicals is society willing to accept? Risk Hazard x Exposure Water Air Food and packaging
Toxicity Consumer products Personal care products Pharmaceuticals Soil ... Source: GAHP An evolving understanding of chemical risks single exposure combined exposure
Examples of the toxicity of lead neuro -toxic behavioural disorders toxic to the immune system and reproduction expansion of harm, lower thresholds Megatrend increasing dependency on chemicals
Global chemical production is increasing. How does this affect the environment and human health and resilience? Risk Hazard x Exposure Source: SOER 2010, Global Megatrends 2014 EU production of toxic chemicals 100% 326 millions tonnes total 90%
80% 63% hazardous to health 70% 60% Benign by design 50% 40% 37% non-hazardous
30% 20% Harmful health hazard Toxic health hazard 10% Very toxic health hazard Chronic toxic health hazard Carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic health hazard 0% 2014 Non-hazardous Source: Eurostat, 2016 Chemical pollution and disease
Source: http://www.gahp.net/new/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/SDG-graph-updated.jpg h EAP: Strategy for a non-toxic environment by 20 Topics considered: A: Substitution, including grouping of chemicals & measures to support substitution B: Non-toxic products and clean material cycles C: Vulnerable groups D: Very persistent chemicals E: Policy means, innovation and competitiveness F: An R&D Programme on non-toxic substances G: An early warning system for new and emerging risks Chemicals in the circular economy What is the circular economy? 11.5 tonnes of materials
extracted in 2014 Chemicals play a key role in enabling or disabling the circular economy: 3.0 tonnes of material per person imported in 2014 0.3 tonnes of
waste per person incinerated in 2012 Producer responsibility Product longevity Multiple cycles Contamination/loss of resources and materials 2.2 tonnes of waste per person sent to landfill in 2012 Transition towards a non-toxic environment NON-TOXIC
ENVIRONMENT CIRCULAR ECONOMY TRANSITIONS SYSTEMS CHANGE RISKS Conclusions and opportunities Integration of policies across thematic areas would support management of risks and effects on human and environmental health. Combined transition to a circular economy and a non-toxic environment - opportunity to re-design products and processes.
Evidence and narratives on environmental health and human well being; human bio-monitoring; costs and injustice as drivers for the transition. Thank you [email protected] Sign up to receive EEA news, reports and alerts on your areas of interest at http://eea-subscriptions.eu/subscribe eea.europa.eu
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