DO NOW: Review the Navigation Acts slip, and tape it into your notebook (Ill be passing around tape), then answer in your notebook a) What is the purpose of these acts? b) How do you think a colonist would have felt when the government passed them? Todays AIM: How did Englands economic policy of mercantilism and the
Navigation Acts impact its relationship with the colonies? EQ: Was salutary neglect helpful or harmful to the What were relations like between England and its colonies? Initially, Britain issued charters charter: official permit to make a colony
(like Jamestown) BUTWHY did Britain offer charters? Now, although many colonists benefited from the relationship with their home country, the REAL PURPOSE of the colonial system was to MAKE BRITAIN RICH OF COURSE! So, WHY did Britain offer charters?
Economic Benefits! Colonies provided resources for manufacturing and markets for selling goods Partner Document Analysis: With a partner, analyze the quote on mercantilism by the famed Austrian theorist Philipp Wilhelm von Hornick. Think about what mercantilism might be based on the quote. After doing this, brainstorm two positive and two
negative results of mercantilism on the colonies and the mother country using the chart below the quote. The British interest in establishing colonies in America was influenced by the theory of MERCANTILISM Colonies were controlled by the British Meaning = colonies had to be loyal to Britain Mercantilism: the belief that colonies exist to
benefit the mother country Manufactured goods (ex: furniture) Mother Country (Britain) 13 Colonies Raw Materials (ex. lumber) Interpret the Painting With a partner, examine
the painting to the left and answer the following questions 1. What words would you use to describe the man in the painting? 2. What does the scene in the painting imply about colonial expansion or
mercantilism? Have you ever felt like your parents were being too overprotective? When? But the British enforce even more  from thence forward, no goods or commodities whatsoever shall be imported into or exported out of any lands  in any other  ships or  vessels whatsoever, but in such ships or vessels as do truly and without fraud
belong only to the people of England  or are built of and belonging to any the lands [of English people] and whereof the master and three fourths of the mariners at least are English. Source: Navigation Act of 13 September 1660 How did the Navigation Acts attempt to regulate colonial trade? A NEW British Policy arises
1651-1696 Navigation Acts are created What do they say? (already in your notebook) 1. No country could trade with the British colonies unless the goods were shipped on either colonial or English ships. 2. All ships had to be operated by crews that were at least 3/4 English or colonial. 3. The colonies could export certain products only to England. 4. Almost all goods traded between the colonies and
Europe first had to pass through an English port. In your notebook 1. Why would the British create this policy? 2. How would you have felt if you were a colonial merchant living in New England? Now, how do the relations change? Colonists secretly export raw materials to other countries like Spain and France Why?
Money, money, money! Britain issued the Navigation Acts BUT they didnt enforce the laws Why not? Britain was in the middle of a political crisis at home and war in Europe so it was distracted Salutary Neglect (1700 1763)
Salutary = beneficial Neglect = ignore Salutary Neglect: British policy where it ignored the colonies, as long as they remained loyal England relaxed its enforcement of regulations Yes, well ignore you colonies, but BEHAVE! Reasons for salutary neglect
The reasons for the policy of Salutary Neglect were it was too difficult, too expensive and politically too risky to enforce the laws: Enforcement: During the early period of colonization there were no effective enforcement agencies in place Distance & Transport: 3000 miles from England to the colonies Complex Logistics: Required difficult coordination of people, facilities and supplies Expense: To expensive to implement Political Dangers: Dissatisfied and discontented Colonists
would find a willing ally in the French Turn and talk What are some benefits of salutary neglect to the British? How about to the Colonies? Salutary Neglect (1700 1763) Benefits to Britain Benefits to the Colonies
Less enforcement = Less $ $ spent Continue to smuggle to other countries Colonies still relatively loyal Self-governments grow
Still making $$ Still making $$ Think about thisoverall, was salutary neglect more HELPFUL or HARMFUL to the colonies? In Conclusion By the mid 1700s colonies are still loyal to Britain
BUT, OUTSIDE threats will force the colonists to join together. Who are the threats? EXIT Assessment: Answer the AIM question in your notebook How did Englands economic policy of mercantilism and the Navigation Acts impact its relationship with the colonies?
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