The top mobile phone paparazzi of the 18th

The top mobile phone paparazzi of the 18th Century - etching by Thomas Rowlandson William Morton Boston Dentist showed that ether was safe October 16, 1846 first successful surgical procedure with ether as anesthetic

I think the greatest gift of Chemistry to Humanity Is the gift of Anaesthetics William Morton showed that ether was safe

October 16, 1846 first successful surgical procedure with ether as anesthetic Author information Abstract Of all milestones and achievements in medicine, conquering pain must be one of the very few that has potentially affected every human being in the world. It was in 1846 that one of mankind's greatest fears, the

pain of surgery, was eliminated. This historical review article describes how the various elements of anesthesiology (gasses, laryngoscopes, endotracheal tubes, intravenous medications, masks, and delivery systems) were discovered and how some brilliant entrepreneurs and physicians of the past two centuries have delivered them to humanity. One name stands out amongst all others when the founder of modern anesthesia is discussed, William T.G. Morton (1819-1868). A young Boston Dentist, Dr. Morton had been in the search for a better agent than what had been used by many dentists: nitrous oxide. With Dr. Morton's tenacity driven by enthusiasm and discovery, he and renowned surgeon at Massachusetts General Hospital, John Collins Warren

(1778-1856) made history on October 16, 1846 with the first successful surgical procedure performed with anesthesia. Dr. Morton had single-handedly proven to the world that ether is a gas that when inhaled in the proper dose, provided safe and effective anesthesia. One of the first accounts of an endotracheal tube being used for an airway comes from the pediatrician Joseph O'Dwyer (1841-1898). He used the metal "O'dwyer" tubes in diphtheria cases and passed them into the trachea blindly. Adding a cuff to the tube is credited to Arthur Guedel (1883-1956) and Ralph M. Waters (1883-1979) in 1932. This addition suddenly gave the practitioner the ability to provide positive pressure ventilation. The anesthesiologist Chevalier Jackson (18651958) promoted his handheld laryngoscope for the insertion of endotracheal tubes and its popularity quickly

caught hold. Sir Robert Reynolds Macintosh's (1897-1989) breakthrough technique of direct laryngoscopy came after being appointed Nuffield professor of anesthetics at the University of Oxford in 1937. He was the first to describe the routinely placing of the tip of his newly re-designed laryngoscope in the epiglottic vallecula which is attached to the base of the tongue, thus when lifted exposed the entire larynx. Macintosh was genuinely astonished at what a great view he could achieve with his new blade and technique. The use of barbiturates as an intravenous anesthetic began in 1932. Sodium thiopental gained popularity after its use was described in detail by a Dr. John Lundy (1894-1973) of the Mayo Clinic. Other I.V. medications were tried over

the past seventy years, but the newest induction drug which provided for a substantially shorter recovery period and seemed to actually suppress laryngeal reflexes has brought with it many benefits. Propofol, introduced clinically in 1977, demonstrated many positive effects even as an anti-emetic compound. Before October of 1846, surgery and pain were synonymous but not thereafter. As we entered the information age where the infrastructure of evidence based medicine and newer fields of genetics, transplantation, imaging radiology and even stem cells became quickly integrated into mainstream medicine, we can predict an excellent future on the

One name stands out amongst all others when the founder of modern anesthesia is discussed, William T.G. Morton (18191868). A young Boston Dentist, Dr. Morton had been in the search for a better agent than what had been used by many dentists: nitrous oxide. With Dr. Morton's tenacity driven by enthusiasm and discovery, he and renowned surgeon at Massachusetts General Hospital, John Collins Warren (17781856) made history on October 16, 1846 with the first successful surgical procedure performed with anesthesia. Dr.

Morton had single-handedly proven to the world that ether is a gas that when inhaled in the proper dose, provided safe and effective anesthesia.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Carl Rogers - WordPress.com

    Carl Rogers - WordPress.com

    Carl Rogers Self-Theory Who is in charge? "Man is the architect of himself." We choose We are each unique, and have a distinct world view We each have different potential What is the Self? The centre of experience Your ongoing...
  • PowerPoint Presentation

    PowerPoint Presentation

    Network / Hardware Assistant Office of Information Technology Profile: B.S. Electrical Engineering Technology, Purdue University, 2003 Worked for Physics Computer Network for several years as a student Married, no kids, new house Enjoys: reading, memorizing movies Watched every full length...
  • Gravity Model - owen.k12.ky.us

    Gravity Model - owen.k12.ky.us

    What is the gravity model? A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel...
  • Why do I already hate this module?

    Why do I already hate this module?

    A lack of focus on academic literature as a means of informing working practice is supported by Francis-Smythe, Robinson, and Ross (2013) whose investigation of evidence-based management practices within senior managers showed research evidence represented minimal importance.
  • Informed search algorithms

    Informed search algorithms

    Start with k randomly generated states. At each iteration, all the successors of all k states are generated. If any one is a goal state, stop; else select the k best successors from the complete list and repeat. Concentrates search...
  • The Arthropods:

    The Arthropods:

    Crayfish: Excretion organs are called "green glands" Other crustaceans: maxillary glands. Class Maxillopoda. Includes Barnacles and Copepods. Copepods are most abundant crustacean. Marine and Freshwater. Barnacles are sessile. Marine only. Most monoecious.
  • JBPHH ServMart - Grainger 03-2015

    JBPHH ServMart - Grainger 03-2015

    Delivery includes all of Oahu and neighbor islands. UPS handles deliveries *Exception - Large/Bulky/Heavy items. Check with Grainger ServMart staff. 2) Payment. DoDAAC/AAC and Access Code. Document number optional. GPC. Cardholder will be contacted for their card number when processing...
  • Angels Without Wings: Latin-American Street Children

    Angels Without Wings: Latin-American Street Children

    Death. Over sixty percent of Latin-American murders are committed by those aged ten to twenty-nine. In addition to the violence that forced some children on the street, they are continually downtrodden by killings, rapes, and abuse. Because of these reasons,...