ISOLATED CIVILIZATIONS OPERATION Aviv Hanuka Vid Klopcic David

ISOLATED CIVILIZATIONS OPERATION Aviv Hanuka Vid Klopcic David

ISOLATED CIVILIZATIONS OPERATION Aviv Hanuka Vid Klopcic David Snaider 1 Linfeng Li TOTAL MICROGRID DISTRIBUTION, WORLD MARKETS 2014 - 2023 2 https://microgridknowledge.com/how-fast-is-the-microgrid-market-growing-really/ WASTE OF ELECTRICITY

Transmission and distribution losses; 20.00% 64% WASTED 36% USED Generation losses; 44.00% Useful distributed energy; 36.00% Generation losses Useful distributed energy Transmission and distribution losses 3

https://blog.opower.com/2013/08/the-tradition-continues-the-united-states-wastes-more-energy-than-it-uses/ ISSUES CENTRALISED vs. DISTRIBUTED Tripping Blinding of protection Relay over-reaching Relay under-reaching Fault of the overcurrent protection scheme 4 ICO + STABILITY AND OPTIMIZATION

REAL TIME USAGE REPORTING allows for advanced analysis and predictions for future demand BATTERY BUFFER compensation for peaks in production and demand IMPLEMENTING PRIORITIES shuts down only the least important parts first (ex. heating, casinos) CONTROLLABLE LOADS keeping optimal balance between available energy and load Water reserve water can be pumped only during the day 5 Large water heater converting excessive energy to a hot water CONTROL UNIT SMART METER Data collection Analysis and predictions outputs (load and custom function) Microgrid diagnostics

Wireless control of the smart counters voltage measurement current measurement low priority cut-off battery buffer 6 REAL TIME USAGE REPORTING BATTERY CONTROL UNIT BUFFER peaks in usage can be covered from a battery REAL TIME USAGE REPORTING allows for advanced analysis and predictions for future demand IMPLEMENTING PRIORITIES shuts down only the least important parts first (ex. heating, lighting, casinos)

SMARTMETERS CONTROLLABLE LOADS keeping optimal balance between available energy and load Battery storage of excessive energy Large water heater converting excessive energy to a hot water SCADA = Supervisory Control And DataAcquisition 7 IMPLEMENTING PRIORITIES Modular Hierarchical Control (A,B,C,D) A I II III IV B I

II III IV C I II III IV D I

II III IV 8 9 DEMAND, USAGE BALANCING NIGHT DAY Air Conditioning; 5.94%

Refrigeration; 4.95% Space Heating; 41.58% Lightinh and Other Appliances; 29.70% Water Heating; 17.82% DISCHARGING CHARGING HEATING COOLING FILLING DRAINING

BATTERY STORAGE HOT WATER TAP WATER RESERVE10 COSTS RF module MCU MICROCHIP MRF24J40-I/ML STM32F103RCY6TR MAX71020AETI+ 7$

4.5$ 2.4$ Other Electricity meter Production and transportation PCB <1$ LESS THAN 1$

MONTH / HOUSE ~10$ ~20$ 5 years period 11 ICO This is ICO, this is innovation, this is the future SOURCES https://microgridknowledge.com/how-fast-is-the-microgrid-market-growing-really/ https://blog.opower.com/2013/08/the-tradition-continues-the-united-states-wastes-more-energy-than-it-uses/ http://www.alphr.com/tesla/1003563/tesla-powerwall-2-release-date-uk-price-and-specs-elon-musk-unveils-new-home-battery https://www.quora.com/What-does-it-mean-for-a-Power-grid-to-trip-How-is-it-caused http://www.electrical4u.com/voltage-or-electric-potential-difference/

http://www.pterra.com/distributed-generation-impact-sympathetic-tripping-of-protection-devices/ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235772296_Analysis_and_solutions_of_overcurrent_protection_issues_in_a_microgrid https://cdn.selinc.com/assets/Literature/Publications/Technical%20Papers/6061_Sympap_20020516_Web.pdf http://www.pcbassemblyexpress.com/ http://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/30671/estimating-assembly-cost http://www.digikey.com/en/product-highlight/m/maxim-integrated/max71020-single-chip-electricity-meter-afe http://il.farnell.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/Search?pageSize=25&st=stm32f103&catalogId=15001&categoryId=700000004185&langId=972&storeId=10164 http://il.farnell.com/stmicroelectronics/stm32f103r6h6a/mcu-32bit-cortex-m3-72mhz-tfbga/dp/2333162 https://www.aliexpress.com/item/FREE-SHIPPING-5PCS-LOT-CC2530-Wireless-Module-2-4G-ZIGBEE/741251240.html?spm=2114.40010508.4.2.lAolkh&s=p https://www.quora.com/What-is-over-reach-and-under-reach-of-a-protecting-relay http://insideenergy.org/2015/11/06/lost-in-transmission-how-much-electricity-disappears-between-a-power-plant-and-your-plug/

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