Aristides Speeches 5 and 6, Or, How to

Aristides Speeches 5 and 6, Or, How to

Aristides Speeches 5 and 6, Or, How to Argue Pro and Con Agenda Whats Rhetoric? Journal Entries Aristides Present in Speeches 5 and 6? Antirrhsis, thopoiia

Lets Talk Contradiction, Characterization in Aristides 5 & 6 Fable, Continued The Frog Who Isnt Talking to You Whats Rhetoric? Lets Talk Our Definition of Rhetoric Those features of discourse focused on persuading ones audience

Dicanic, symbouleutic Of the truth of something Of the worthiness/excellence of ones/anothers Character Skill

Etc. Dicanic, symbouleutic, epideictic Journal Entries Aristides Present in Speeches 5 and 6? Rhetorical Exigence In any rhetorical situation there will be at least one controlling exigence which functions as the organizing principle: it specifies the audience to be addressed and the change to be effected (Bitzer The Rhetorical Situation Philosophy and Rhetoric 1968) Rhetorical Frames Issues of empire Aristides: his performance, his world

Speakers characterization Debate issues, 413 BCE Antirrhsis, thopoiia Contradiction, Characterization in Aristides 5 &6 Contradiction, Characterization Speech 5 Non-contentious Non-invidious

pro(kata)leptic (anticipatory) pro(kata)lpsis Appeal to the passions Shame/honor a fortiori logic Desire Speech 6

Non-manipulative Frank and to the point (parrhsia) Non-contentious Appeal to reason a fortiori argument

laws versus decrees Appeal to religion Fable, Continued The Frog Who Isnt Talking to You Theon on Fable, etc. Definition Introduction

A fable is a fictitious story giving an image of truth (p. 23) the prooemion should be appropriate to the fable (p. 26) Elaboration We expand a fable by lengthening the remarks of the characters and by describing a river or something of that sort, and we condense by the opposite (p. 25) Theon on Fable, etc. (contd) Characterization

is not only an historical exercise, but most advantageous in everyday life and in our conversations with each other (p. 4) Refutation, Confirmation Since even the fablemaker himself acknowledges that what he writes is false and impossible, though plausible and useful, one should refute by showing that what he says is implausible and not beneficial, and one should confirm in the opposite way (p. 26) one should ... find a supply of things to say in reply to each part of the fable ... : the unclear, the implausible, the inappropriate, the deficient, the redundant, the unfamiliar, the inconsistent, the disordered, the inexpedient, the unlike, the false (p. 26)

Psilos logos A frog is always on her cellphone. The frog ignores everything outside her world and is rude. One day, she gets stuck to her phone, but no one helps the frog. Phone and frog die, and where they die, a cell tower grows. [That the frog is punished is perhaps obvious; still, more an interpretation than a stated fact. Thus part of the spin placed on the story, a starting point for rhetorical elaboration.] Morals Moral Anti-moral 1. Dont be rude and expect others

to help. 1. Always be self-sufficient 2. Give others the attention you would want for yourself. 2. Look after yourself dont get caught in a sticky situation. 3. Treat others the way you would

want to be treated. 3. Help others despite the way they treat you. 4. Pay attention to others. 4. Mind your own business. 5. Tech ruins stuff.

5. Tech is good. 6. Dont focus only on one thing. 6. [anti-moral pending.] Structure Prooimion (intro very brief)

Digsis (narrative) Epimuthion (moral) Antirrhsis (contradiction based on countermoral)

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