The Gilded Age 1865 - 1900 Gilded Age 1870-1900 Post-Reconstruction America Phrase coined by Mark Twain; used to represent America during this time Also, think of a beautiful, shiny, red apple that is rotten on the inside This was America during this time period (1870-1900) On the outside, golden, shiny, beautiful:
Expanding economy, population growth Extravagant displays of wealth by Americas upper class Hiding the rotten inside: Political corruption, scandals, greed, child labor, materialism, racial discrimination, etc. Industrialization Immigration Urbanization
The Gilded Age Discrimination in the South & West Populism Political Corruption Changes in Daily Life Life in the 1860s Life in the 1900s
No indoor electric lights No refrigeration No indoor plumbing Kerosene or wood to
heat Wood stoves to cook with Horse and buggy In 1860, most mail from the East Coast took ten days to reach the Midwest and three weeks to get to the West Coast.
A letter from Europe to a person on the frontier could take several months to reach its US Govt issued 500,000 patentselectricity Refrigerated railroad cars Sewer systems and sanitation Increased productivity made live easier and
comfortable. Power stations, electricity for lamps, fans, printing presses, appliances, typewriters, etc. New York to San Francisco to 10 days using railroad. 1.5 million telephones in use all over the country Western Union Telegraph was sending thousands of
FACTORS FOR INDUSTRIAL GROWTH Natural Resources Capital (gold, silver and banking) US Government support Desire: Creative inventors and industrialists Transportation System Labor force (immigrants) NEW INDUSTRIES Oil
Typewriters Automobile Salt Coal Agricultural 1st TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD May 10, 1869 at Promontory, Utah The Wedding of the Rails Central Pacific and Union Pacific BESSEMER PROCESS
In 1856 Henry Bessemer devised a way of converting iron into steel on a large scale. His invention involved blowing air through molten iron in a converter, or furnace, in order to burn off the excess carbon. His invention revolutionized the Industrial Age. New Uses for Steel Steel used in railroads, barbed wire, farm machines
Changes construction: Brooklyn Bridge; steel-framed skyscrapers With the Bessemer Process and Carnegie steel, Skyscrapers revolutionized the building industry.. Major city
skylines would be dotted with this new type of building as the 1900s begin. KEY INVENTIONS BETWEEN 1860 TO 1900 Elevator---1852 Bessemer Process---1852 Sewing Machine---1853 Dynamite---1867
Typewriter---1868 Between 1800 to Levi Blue Jeans/Basketball---1873 1900, US Govt. issued 500,000 Telephone---1876 patents Phonograph---1878 Light bulb and cash register---1879 Zipper---1883 Gasoline automobile and skyscraper---1885 New York City---first city to have electricity--1890 Radio---1895
Subway---1897 X-ray---1900 Some other inventions created during Gilded Age Cola-Cola (1886) Streetcars (1888) Record Player (1877) Skyscraper (1885) Airplane (1903) Thomas Alva Edison
Wizard of Menlo Park Wizard of Menlo Park Edison Inventions helped to shape modern society More than 1,000 inventions patented Light bulb Phonograph Incandescent electric lamp Starter for automobiles that eliminated hand crank Batteries Perfected stock ticker
New York City first city to powered by electricity The motion picture camera and projector First used hello as phone greeting Helped Alexander G. Bell with the telephone The Airplane Wilbur Wright Orville Wright Kitty Hawk, NC December 7, 1903
Model T Automobile Henry Ford I want to pay my workers so that they can afford my product! Model T Prices & Sales NEW STORES BETWEEN 1860 TO
1900 Specialty stores----sold single line of goods Department stores---combined specialty stores Chain stores---stores with branches in cities Mail catalog stores New ways to advertise Montgomery Wards, J.C. Penney, Macys, Sears and Roebuck and Woolworths Causes of Rapid Industrialization
1. Steam Revolution of the 1830s-1850s. 2. The Railroad fueled the growing US economy: First big business in the US. A magnet for financial investment. The key to opening the West. Aided the development of other industries. Causes of Rapid Industrialization 3. Technological innovations.
Bessemer and open hearth process Refrigerated cars Edison oo Wizard of Menlo Park o light bulb, phonograph, motion pictures. Causes of Rapid
Industrialization 4. Unskilled & semi-skilled labor in abundance. 5. Abundant capital. 6. New, talented group of businessmen [entrepreneurs] and advisors. 7. Market growing as US population increased. 8. Government willing to help at all levels to stimulate economic growth (government intervened). 9. Abundant natural resources.
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