Chapter 3 Review Power Point on Federalism national,
Chapter 3 Review Power Point on Federalism
national, state, and local governments including regulations, transfer of funds, and the sharing of information that
constitute the workings of the federal system. Intergovernmental Relations
A central government that holds supreme power within a nation.
Unitary Governments federal grant involves allocating money
based on population? Formula Grant
Which Supreme Court case established that the national government had the authority to regulate interstate commerce?
Gibbons vs. Ogden 1824 The division of powers between the National and States governments.
Federalism Powers not listed in the Constitution.
U.S. vs. Morrison - 2000 Does Congress have the authority to enact the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 under either the Commerce Clause or Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment? Answer was no. The Violence Against Women
Act of 1994 was ruled unconstitutional. This case did not involve interstate commerce and the protections of the 14th Amendment do not constrain private individuals, so the state action doctrine did not apply.
Implied Powers Which clause from Article VI of the Constitution makes the national government preempt state
and local laws? Supremacy Clause
Baker vs. Carr 1962 Did the Supreme Court have jurisdiction over questions of legislative redistricting or attempts to change the way voting districts are drawn up? If yes, this would allow courts to intervene in and to decide redistricting.
The Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment equal protection issues raised in this case were within the courts jurisdiction. The pattern of spending, taxing, and
providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national governments relations with state and local governments.
Fiscal Federalism Powers listed in the Constitution.
Enumerated or Expressed Powers What are the two powers given to the national government
from the Constitution. Enumerated and Implied Powers
Powers saved for the states. Reserved Powers Powers shared by the states and the
National government. Concurrent Powers State and local governments derive
their power from this. The Constitution In the 1980s and 1990s Republicans
moved to return administrative authority for programs to the states. This was known as ___________. Devolution
(Revolution) McCullough vs. Maryland - 1819 This case involves the Supremacy and Necessary and Proper Clauses. Primary issue is the Supremacy
Clause. SC says Congress has the implied power (Necessary and Proper Clause or Elastic Clause) to create a national bank because of its power over financial matters as expressed in the Constitution.
The national and state governments were viewed as very distinct with little overlap. The form of
Federalism for most of the history of the U.S. Dual or Layer Cake
Federalism This form of Federalism began in the 1930s and involves greater
cooperation and collaboration between the levels of government, but with policy changes typically. AKA Marble
Cake Federalism. Cooperative or Marble Cake Federalism
The type of grant from the national to state governments has been favored in recent years and has few spending guidelines.
Block Grant Which amendment states that powers not granted to the national
government are reserved to the states, but also limits the power of states. 10
Which Supreme Court Case ruled that the National Government had exceeded its power to regulate interstate commerce when it dealt with firearm possession on a school campus.
U.S. vs. Lopez 1995 Which clause of the Constitution creates an obligation of one state to recognize and give effect to the
public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of her sister states. Full Faith and Credit Clause
Which type of federal grant is used provided for a specific purpose, such as mass transit w/in the transportation budget or school
lunch w/in the educational budget. Categorical Grant This requires states to
treat non-state residents within their borders as they would treat their own residents.
Privileges and Immunities Clause Which Supreme Court Case ruled that same sex marriages are
protected under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. That it guarantees the right to marry as one of the fundamental liberties it protects, and that analysis applies to samesex couples in the same manner as it does to opposite-sex couples. Obergefell
v. Hodges, 2015 What is the term from the Constitution that requires states to return a person
charged with a crime to the state in which the crime was committed. Extradition
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