Allusions Allusion: an indirect or passing reference to

Allusions  Allusion: an indirect or passing reference to

Allusions Allusion: an indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place or artistic work When used it is assumed that both the author and the reader share the same historical or literary knowledge. Allusions derived from Greek Mythology

The Midas Touch To be very lucky OR to have the ability to make money easily. King Midas wanted to be the richest man in the world. He was given the ability to turn everything he touched into gold. This became his greatest ability, but also a curse for even his food turned to gold. The worst part of

his abilityhe turned his own daughter into gold. Pandoras Box A temptation that leads to trouble To punish Prometheus, Zeus sent him a mortal woman with a sealed box

as a gift. Not able to contain her curiosity, she opened the box and out flew all the evils of mankind. Herculean Task A task that requires great strength Hercules is a demigod half human, half god (son of Zeus). He was given the gift of brute force. As his story goes on,

Hercules unknowingly kills his three sons. In order to atone for his sin, he is given a series of impossible tasks by the Oracle of Delphi. Achilles Heel A weakness; a weak spot Achilles mother was fearful that harm

would come to her son. She therefore dipped Achilles into the River Styx, which was known to have magical powers. His whole person got wet, except for the spot on his ankle, known as the Achilles. This is the only vulnerable spot on Achilles body.

The Face that Launched a Thousand Ships Helen: an extremely beautiful woman for whom men would be willing to fight and die. Daughter to Zeus, Wife to the King of Sparta, was taken captive by Paris, Prince of Troy. They eloped, and war

began. Trojan Horse To defeat from within The Greeks won the Trojan war by hiding men inside of a giant wooden horse intended as a gift to their enemy.

Once inside the city gates the soldiers jumped out defeated Troy. A long journey or an adventure This is in reference to Odysseus journey home from the

Trojan War. Amazon A strong, aggressive, and masculine woman. The Amazons were a tribe of war-like women who had their right breasts cut off to

facilitate a bow and arrow. Prometheus A creative and courageous man who defies authority Prometheus was the god who created man out of clay. He wanted to provide

for man, so he stole fire from Mt. Olympus. Pygmalion One who creates or remakes another person by teaching skills or accomplishments and then falls in love with his or her protg.

Pygmalion was a sculptor who rejected the love of all women and created a statue of the ideal woman with whom he fell madly in love George Bernard Shaws play Pygmalion and the musical My Fair Lady both used the story

Just like Icarus Fell Someone who disregard warnings and pays the price for pride Daedalus, an artist & inventor who constructed wings of wax and feathers to escape from imprisonment, warned his son, Icarus not to fly too high lest the sun would melt the wax. Icarus

ignored his fathers warning and fell to his death. Sword of Damocles an impending potential danger Damocles was invited to a banquet where he was seated under a sword suspended by a strand of hair as a

reminder that people with power are in a similar precarious situation Biblical Allusions Garden of Eden an unspoiled, idyllic, peaceful place Adam & Eve

Mans ancestors Noahs Ark A safe haven Solomon A wise man Judas

A traitor Ten Commandments Strict Rule or Guidelines Judgement Day The end of the world / Armageddon

Forbidden Fruit Something that his morally wrong, especially sex outside of marriage. Tower of Babel a confusion or scene of noisy confusion of sounds and voices Allusions to fairy tales,

fables, and legends Snow White, Cinderella, Beauty & the Beast, etc. a pretty girl whose kindness is rewarded in the end Pinocchios Nose An indicator of falsehood

Cry Wolf An indicator of falsehood Robin Hood A heroic figure who steals from the rich and gives to the poor Aladdins Lamp

Something that can satisfy all wishes and whims Bell the cat To do a daring or risky deed Emperor's New Clothes something meaningless or wrong that is automatically and uncritically agreed with

Historical Allusions Cross the Rubicon To make an irrevocable decision Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River with his army knowing that step would mean civil war.

A Pyrrhic Victory A victory won at an excessive cost A cost that outweigh expected benefits Pyrrhic, the king of Epirus, defeated the Romans with heavy losses

Meet Ones Waterloo Suffer a decisive or final defeat or setback Waterloo was the scene where Napoleon was totally defeated by Duke of Wellington. Dunkirk A retreat to avoid total defeat or

A crisis situation that requires a desperate last effort to forestall failure Dunkirk was the scene of the greatest military evacuation in history. During WWII, 340,00 men were rescued from the beach by allied ships while under attack by Germans. D-Day Any beginning day of a major event

June, 6, 1944 was the date when allies forces launched a massive counter-attack against Nazi German in Normandy, France. The Fifth Column Hidden traitors within an organization In the Spanish Civil War, the fifth column referred to a group

of secret sympathizers or supporters of an enemy that engage in espionage or sabotage within the country. 4. Don Quixote: a chivalrous man who is romantically unrealistic and

unrealistically idealistic (Don Quixote by Cervantes) 5. Don Juan: a womanizer, a libertine, a

lady-killer (Don Juan by Lord Byron) 6.

Robinson Crusoe: a castaway living in a isolated place (Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe) Man Friday: an efficient and devoted 8. Uriah Heep: a fawning sycophant, a

unctuous hypocrite (David Copperfield by Charles Dickens) 9.

Mr. Micawber: a kindhearted, incurable optimist (ibid) 10. Scrooge: a miser, a skinflint, a

cheapskate (A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens) 11. Mr. Pickwick: a fat, nave, kindly, cheerful man (Pickwick Papers by

Charles Dickens) 12. Jekyll and Hyde: one having a twosided personality, one side of which is

good, the other evil (The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Stevenson) 13. Frankenstein: one who creates and

is ultimately destroyed by a technological marvel or scientific advance (Frankenstein by Mary Shelley)

14. Faustian bargain: a bargain made for present gain without regard for future cost or consequences, a pact with the Devil selling ones

soul in order to gain power, knowledge, wealth, beauty or other desired goals (Faust by Goethe) 15.

Holden Caulfield: a teenager who is repelled by the phoniness and hypocrisy of the adult world (The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger) 16. Lolita: a precociously seductive girl

(Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov) 17. Main Street: an environment of materialistic, complacent

provincialism (Main Street by Sinclair Lewis) 18. 19.

Walter Mitty: a hen-pecked daydreamer who escapes boredom by imagining himself in heroic adventures (The Secret Life of Walter Mitty by James Thurber) Catch-22: an illogical,

unreasonable, senseless situation (Catch-22 by Joseph Heller) 20. Shangri-la: a remote, beautiful, ] peaceful place, a utopia (Lost

Horizon by James Hilton)

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