Disaster Management Centre Responding Responding to to Disaster
Disaster Management Centre Responding Responding to to Disaster Disaster Situations Situations UWL UWL Chandradasa Chandradasa Disaster Management Centre Establishment Establishment of of the the DMC DMC and and its its Activities
Activities Lankan Parliament Select mmittee on Natural Disasters i-Partisan Committee elebarated and Made ommendations Towards hieving a safer Sri Lanka uided legislative and Policy orts Report Sri Lankan Parliament Select Committee on Natural Disasters Legislative Background Tsunami (2004), floods and landslides (2003) and various small to medium scale disasters over the past few years have brought back into focus the fact that Sri Lanka is a disaster prone country. Recurrent disasters have caused losses to human
lives, property and the environment and eroded development gains. Need to strengthen all aspects of Disaster Risk Management (DRM) both proactive risk reduction as well as reactive disaster response mechanisms Tsunami has reaffirmed the urgent need for a DRM legislation in Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan Parliament passed the Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act No 13 of 2005. Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act; No.13 of 2005 Framework for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) in Sri Lanka Addresses Disaster Management (DM) holistically, leading to a policy shift from response based mechanisms to a proactive approach Establishment of Institutional and Legislative framework for DRM National Council for Disaster Management (NCDM) and Disaster Management Centre
(DMC) established in accordance with the Act. DRM Institutional Framework in Sri Lanka - National Level Ministers in charge of Social Services Rehabilitation & Reconstruction Home Affairs Health Science & Technology Housing Coast Conservation Irrigation National Council for
Disaster Management Ministers in charge of Chair Person: H.E. President Vice Chairman: Hon. Prime Minister Opposition Leader Police Chief Ministers (7) Minister of Disaster Management Land Fisheries & Aquatic
Resources Foreign Affaires Water Supply Highways Urban Development Education Power Defense Oppositio n MPs (5) Finance Environment DMC DRM Institutional Framework in Sri Lanka
- Sub national Level DMC Provincial Councils Local Authorities District Secretariats Line Departments Divisional Secretariats Grama Niladaries Village Task Forces (Activities will be coordinated through Disaster Management Coordinators)
Disaster Management Centre (DMC) Vision: Safer communities and sustainable development in Sri Lanka The Broad Mission To create a culture of safety among communities and the nation at large through systematic management of natural, technological and man-made disaster risks Organizational Structure Disaster Management Centre Disaster Management Technology, Mitigation
Unit (Director) (Director General) Tech. Com. Tech. Com. Forecasting, Early warning & Dissemination Unit Preparedness Planning Unit Tech. Com.
Tech. Com. Training, Education & Public Awareness Unit (Director) (Director) Finance Branch (Deputy Director) Intermediate & Local Levels National Consultants Disaster Management Centre
National National Level Level (Director) Personnel & Administration Branch (Deputy Director) District Emergency Operation Centres (DRM Coordinators) Disaster Management Assistants Tech. Com. National Emergency Operation
Centre (Director) Media Unit (Deputy Director) Main Activities of the DMC Disaster Management Technology, Long-term Mitigation & DRR Early Warning Emergency Operations in case of a disaster Preparedness Planning (National and Other levels) Training, Education & Public Awareness How to enforce, coordinate and monitor activities Through countrywide ministries, departments
public corporations, Provincial Councils local authority administration; District secretaries Divisional secretaries Grama Niladhari administration Hazards that come under the purview of DMC Floods Tornadoes, Lightening strikes and Severe Thunder Storms Landslides Tsunami Earthquakes Coastal Erosion Epidemics Chemical Accidents
Radiological Emergency Oil Spills Nuclear Disaster Industrial Hazards Urban and Forest Fire Explosions Air Raids Civil or Internal Strife
Agencies Involved in the DRM activities DMC Atomic Energy Authority Colombo Municipal Council Central Environmental Authority Ceylon Electricity Board Coast Conservation Dept Dept. of Agriculture Fire Service Dept. Irrigation Dept. Mahaweli Authority Health Sector Agencies
Dept. of Meteorology Ministry of Finance & Planning Urban Development Authority National Planning Department Department of Social Services NARA NBRO National Institute of Education SL Army SL Navy SL Air Force Sri Lanka Telecom SLIDA, CHPB, SLILG Survey Dept Water Supply and Drainage Board NGOs, SL Red Cross Society Universities NSF RDA, PRDAs
UNDP / UN Agencies District / Divisional Secretariats Provincial Councils & LAs Disaster Risk Management Developing a Roadby MapDMC Approach Through consultative process which is the Guide for DRM activities in the country for next 10 years for donors as well as other stakeholders Areas covered
NDM Policy, Mandate & Institutional Development Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Mult-Hazard Early Warning System Planinig for Disaster Preparedness and Response Disaster Mitigation and Integration in to Development Community Based DRM Public Awareness , Education & Training Disaster Response Activities Establishment of Early Warning Centre Tsunami Multihazard Development of Prepared Plan Establish 24/7 Emergency Operating Centre Community Based Disaster Preparedness Programme
15 District Disaster Management Coordinators to liaise and coordinate with Chief Secretaries, District Secretariats, Divisional Secretaries, Police and Forces, Local Authorities and Grama Niladaries, Civil Societies etc. Coordinate and implement Community Based Awareness Programme, Capacity Building, Risk Reduction, Community Contingency Plans & Evacuation from vulnerable areas. DMC will initially focus on Tsunami affected districts and gradually concentrate in other vulnerable districts to hazards such as floods, cyclones, landslides, dam safety, droughts etc. Coordination with International agencies & NGOs DMC will serve as the national focal point and coordinating body for all International fora related to disaster risk reduction; Initiatives of development and donor
agencies and NGOs and INGOs Present & Future Activities of DMC Conducting Awareness Programmes at national and district levels Community based Disaster Preparedness Programme Formulation of National Day on Disaster Management Establishment of Emergency Operation Centres & Resource Network at provincial and district levels Development of National Disaster Management Plan and National Emergency Operation Plan Preparation of Preparedness and Response plans at agency, PC, LA, Districts, Divisional and GN levels Awareness Programmes at National
and District levels contd.. TV documentary films named Tsunami and Kumarilage Kathawa to be shown on Rupavahini. District Disaster Management Coordinators are conducting awareness programmes in villages in Hambantota, Matara, Galle, Kalutara, Colombo, Gampaha, Puttlam and Ampara Printing and distributing one million leaflets on Tsunami. NSF is planning to conduct School Awareness Programmes in all Tsunami affected districts. NSF launched a book on Tsunami Muhuda Kaluwuna. NSF has telecast a Video films on Tsunami. NSF is planning to develop 7 video films on Disasters. Disaster Preparedness & Response Plans at other levels At District, Division & GN levels At Municipal Councils, Urban Councils and Pradeshiya Sabhas At National Ministries & Provincial
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