SS5CG1 Responsible Citizenship Why does good citizenship matter

SS5CG1 Responsible Citizenship Why does good citizenship matter

SS5CG1 Responsible Citizenship Why does good citizenship matter in a democracy? What are the qualities of a responsible citizen? How does being a good citizen affect others? Learning Targets I can: explain the responsibilities of a citizen. explain how due process protects my rights as a citizen.

What Does It Mean to Have a Right? How would you explain it to someone? Or think about it this way: How would you know you did NOT have a right? List everything you can think of! How does the Constitution provide for the rights of citizens? Rules and laws set up the relationship between a government and its

citizens. With citizenship comes roles, rights, and responsibilities. In a democracy, citizenship requires active, lifelong participation. The rights of citizens may be protected by a constitution. Citizens can influence the way that government works. Citizens contribute to the lives of others by doing something for the community. The rights of citizens are guaranteed by the Constitution 1. To vote and hold elected office 2. To say what you think in speech or

in writing 3. To practice your own religion 4. To have a fair trial 5. To be protected while in other countries The duties of citizens are legal rules 1. To obey societys laws 2. To defend the nation against threats to peace and security 3. To serve on a jury or as a witness in court

4. To pay taxes 5. To attend school The responsibilities of citizens are expectations of society and are voluntary 1. To contribute to the common good 2. To learn about issues and take part in government 3. To influence government by expressing opinions 4. To improve communities

Read the two quotes. Turn and talk about their meaning. How does citizenship promote democracy? How does it promote patriotism? The American legal system requires that every person be treated fairly. This concept is known as due process of law. It says that laws must be reasonable, consistent, and fair for all citizens. Due process helps get to the truth! The Fifth Amendment says that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. The Fourteenth Amendment declares that no state can deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.

The Constitutional principle of due process, which holds that government must interact with citizens according to duly enacted laws, balances the rights of suspects with public safety. The Fourth Amendment was added to the Constitution to ensure we would be protected from unreasonable searches and seizures. But do all searches require a judge approved warrant? How do we know which ones do? Further, technology has posed challenges to the meaning and application of the Fourth Amendment. Understanding, analyzing, and applying the Fourth Amendment is vital to maintaining the freedom the Founders sought to protect and the principle of due process.

SS5CG2 Amending the Constitution As a living document, and thanks to Article V, the U.S. Constitution can change. How do you know when society is ready for the document to change? Learning Targets I can: explain how amendments are made to the US Constitution.

explain why we have the amendment process. The United States Constitution is known as the Supreme Law of the Land It is also seen as a living document What does that mean? Amendments are written changes to the Constitution They keep the Constitution updated There are currently 27 changes to the Constitution

Three steps to the amendment process: 1.Proposal 2.Ratify 3.Repeal (if necessary) Article V The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths

thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. In my own words: Constitutional Amendments Each amendment has a number. Amendments can include more than one right. Read amendment Six and see if you can find the six rights listed. VI. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the

State and district where in the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. Constitutional Amendments Each amendment has a number. Amendments can include more than one right. VI. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of

the State and district where in the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. How to add an amendment Keys to help To amend means to change To propose means to suggest

To ratify means to approve or pass 2/3 will always apply to the federal government 3/4 will always apply to the states Federal government always proposes States will always ratify Use the cartoon

analyzer organizer to infer the meaning of this political cartoon SS5CG3 Maintaining a Democracy Voting Rights

One reason Americans fought the Revolutionary War was because of unfair laws passed by English Parliament for which they had no representation. Why would the Bill of Rights not allow all Americans the right to vote? Learning Targets I can: explain how voting rights are protected by the: 15th, 19th, 23rd, 24th, and 26th amendments. 15 Amendment- 1870 th

The 15th Amendment says that no state may take away a persons voting rights on the basis of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. It was intended to guarantee suffragethe right to voteto African Americans. It applied only to men. With the end of the Civil War and the beginning of Reconstruction, Congress abolished slavery (13th Amendment), guaranteed

citizenship to all persons born in the United States (14th Amendment), and granted the right to vote to male citizens (15th Amendment). This lithograph pictures the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution, which gave male citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. In its central scene, this image documents a grand parade held

to celebrate the amendments passage in Baltimore, Maryland, on May 19, 1870. Surrounding the central vignette are portraits of notable politicians and abolitionists, as well as scenes of African Americans freely participating in the cultural, intellectual, economic, religious, political, and military life of the nation. 19 Amendment - 1920

th The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Key Vocabulary: Right to Vote- legal rights guaranteed by amendments (15th- African American men, 19th- women) Suffrage- the right to vote Franchise- constitutional right to vote

Many women were arrested as they fought for the right to vote. Women were put in prisons and treated cruelly. Many women went on hunger strikes but were forced fed while in prison. 23

rd Amendment - 1961 The 23rd amendment gives residents of Washington DC the right to vote for representatives the Electoral College. The Electoral in the The 23rd

amendment gives residents ofinWashington DC the right to vote for representatives Electoral College. Remember thatnext the Electoral Collegebased chooses on our next

based on the voting College chooses our president, the president, voting within within their state. state. Since DC is DC not aisstate, wereresidents

not allowed were to votenot for President as well as their Since notitsaresidents state, its allowed elected to Congress. DC sendsvoting a delegate

to Congress who may to voting vote representative for President as well Today, as elected representative to speak on behalf of those that Today, live in DC,DC but that delegate

may not vote. Congress. sends a delegate to Congress who may speak The 23rd amendment passed Congress in June of 1960 and reached the approval threshold less than a on behalf of those that live in DC, but that delegate may not vote. year later, on March 23, 1961. The 23rd amendment passed Congress in June of 1960 and reached the approval threshold less than a year later, on March 23, 1961. 24

th Amendment- 1964 The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representatives in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States

or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax 26 th Amendment- 1971 The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote,

shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

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