Motor Fleet Safety Basics: Training for the Safety

Motor Fleet Safety Basics: Training for the Safety

Motor Fleet Safety Basics: Training for the Safety Supervisor Unit 3: Canadian Provincial, Federal, Workers Compensation and USDOT Record-Keeping Issues and Requirements Unit 3 Objectives Identify the government agencies and regulations that are relevant to your job as a fleet safety supervisor Identify record-keeping requirements for the sections of the Canadian Provincial, Federal, Workers Compensation, and USDOT requirements discussed in class Audit sample hours of service logbooks and identify required supporting documentation Identify errors and/or violations in driver qualification files Correctly complete an Accident Register NATMI 2018

Federal Agencies that Regulate Motor Carriers Transport Canada Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) Canada Labour Code (CLC) Part II Employment Equity Canada Natural Resources Canada Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) US Department of Transportation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 3 Federal & Provincial Status in Canada Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. The major difference between a Canadian province and a Canadian

territory: Canadian Province is a creation of the Constitution Act. Canadian Territory is created by federal law. The federal government has more direct control over the territories, while provincial governments have many more competencies and rights. 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 4 Highway Traffic Safety Act National Safety Code Standard 1 - Single Driver License Compact Standard 2 - Knowledge and Performance Tests (Drivers) Standard 3 - Driver Examiner Training Program

Standard 4 - Classified Driver Licensing System - May 1998 Standard 5 - Self Certification Standards and Procedures Standard 6 - Medical Standards for Drivers Standard 7 - Carrier and Driver Profiles - November 2002 Standard 8 - Short Term Suspension 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 5 National Safety Code - Continued Standard 9 - Hours of Service Standard 10 - Cargo Securement -September 2004 Standard 11 - Commercial Vehicle Maintenance and Inspection (PMVI) Standards December 2006 Standard 12 - CVSA On-Road Inspections Standard 13 - Trip Inspection

Part I General Requirements May 2005 Part II Schedules Schedule 1 Truck, Tractor Trailer December 2003 Schedule 2 Bus May 2004 Schedule 3 Motor Coach (Daily) May 2005 Schedule 4 Motor Coach (30 Days or 12000km) May 2005 Standard 14 - Safety Rating - September 2002 Standard 15 - Facility Audits - December 2003 Standard 16 - First Aid Training 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA

6 Canada Labour Code Employers Annual Hazardous Occurrence Report Every employer shall, not later than March 1 in each year, submit to the Minister a written report setting out the number of accidents, occupational diseases and other hazardous occurrences of which the employer is aware affecting any employee in the course of employment during the 12 month period ending on December 31 of the preceding year. Retention of Reports and Records Every employer shall keep a copy of the annual report, as well as documentation of each incident for 10 years following submission of the report 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA

7 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 8 II-8 Other Hazardous Occurrences Other hazardous occurrences are any other situations where events have occurred that resulted in: An explosion; Damage to a boiler or pressure vessel that results in fire or rupture of the boiler or pressure vessel: or Damage to an elevating device that renders it unusable, or a free fall of an elevating device; An electric shock, toxic atmosphere or oxygen deficient atmosphere that caused an employee to lose consciousness;

The implementation of rescue, revival or other similar emergency procedures; or A fire. 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 9 USDOT Regulations Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR) Part 395 - Hours of Service of Drivers Part 391 - Qualifications of Drivers Part 382 - Controlled Substances and Alcohol Testing Part 383 - Commercial Drivers License Part 396 - Inspection, Repair & Maintenance

2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 10 Canada Labour Code & TDG Under the Canadian Labour Code employers need to train their employees related to their Safety. For Transportation, Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) is one of the most important certifications required by all employees that work with carriers working with transportation of Dangerous Goods 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 11

Provincial Information http://www.infratrans.qov.ab.ca/ http://www.gov.ns.ca/tran/ Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation Nova Scotia Transportation and Public Works http://www.gov.bc.ca/bvprd/bc/channel.do? action=ministry&channellD=8394&navld=NAV_ID_province http://www.gov.nu.ca/Nunavut/ Nunavut Department of Community and Government Services British Columbia Ministry of Transportation http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/

http://www.gov.mb.ca/tgs/portal.html Ontario Ministry of Transportation Manitoba Transportation http://www.gov.pe.ca/tpw/index.php3 http://www.gnb.ca/O113/index-e.asp PEI Transportation and Public Works New Brunswick Transportation http://www.highways.gov.sk.ca/ http://www.tw.gov.nl.ca/ Saskatchewan Highways and Transportation Newfoundland and Labrador Transportation and Works

http://www.mtg.gouv.qc.ca/en/ http://www.gov.nt.ca/Transportation/index.html Northwest Territories Department of Transportation Transports Quebec http://www.hpw.gov.yk.ca/ Yukon Highways and Public Works 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 12 Record-Keeping Matrix Issues and Type of Record Guidelines Common Errors

13 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA USDOT Hours of Service Enforcement Hours of service rules enforced through log audits: 11-hour rule 14-hour rule 60/7-hour rule 70/8-hour rule NATMI 2018 Sleeper Berth Exception Drivers may split on-duty time by using sleeper berth periods, but must do so by accumulating the equivalent of 10 consecutive hours off-duty by taking 2 periods of rest in

the sleeper berth, provided: 1. CMV drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two. 2. Driving time in the period immediately before and after each rest period when added together does not exceed 11 hours; and 3. The on-duty time in the period immediately before and after each rest period when added together does not exceed 14 hours. NATMI 2018

Sleeper Berth Example Violation prior to 10/1/2005? Violation after 10/1/2005? No Yes What Time did it occur? NATMI 2018 8:00 p.m. 16-Hour Exception For Property-Carrying Drivers Drivers may extend the 14-hour on-duty period by 2 additional hours

IF THEY: Are released from duty at the normal work reporting location for the previous 5 duty tours; AND Return to their normal work reporting location and are released from duty within 16 hours; AND Have not used this exception in the previous 7 days, except following a 34-hour restart of a 7/8-day period. Total hours driving may not exceed 11 hours. NATMI 2018 New HOS Rules Dual compliance dates of February 27, 2012 and July 1, 2013. May drive 11 hours, following 10 hours off-duty. May not drive beyond the 14th hour after coming on-duty, following 10 hours off-duty. May drive only if 8 hours or less have passed since the end of the driver's last off-duty period of at least 30 minutes. May not drive after 60/70 hours on-duty in 7/8 consecutive days. May restart a 7/8 consecutive day period after taking 34 or more consecutive

hours off-duty NATMI 2018 Based on CMV Restart Study published 3/9/2018, these limitations will not be enforced NATMI 2018 2012 11-Hour Rule Explanation 11 HOURS DRIVING 10 HOURS OFF DUTY Effective 7/1/2013 30

minute break NATMI 2018 2012 11-Hour Rule Example 10 HOURS OFF DUTY Effective 7/1/2013 30 minute break 11 HOURS DRIVING 9 HOURS DRIVING NATMI 2018 11-Hour Rule - Example 1

VIOLATION: YES START: NATMI 2018 6:30 p.m. 11-Hour Rule - Example 2 VIOLATION: YES START: NATMI 2018

8:00 p.m. 11-Hour Rule - Example 3 VIOLATION: YES START: NATMI 2018 7:00 p.m. 11-Hour Rule - Example 4 VIOLATION: YES

START: NATMI 2018 7:00 p.m. 14-Hour Rule - Example 1 VIOLATION: YES START: NATMI 2018 10:00 p.m. 14-Hour Rule - Example 2 VIOLATION:

NO NATMI 2018 14-Hour Rule - Example 3 VIOLATION: YES START: NATMI 2018 9:00 p.m. 14-Hour Rule - Example 4 VIOLATION:

YES START: NATMI 2018 2:00 p.m. and 10:00 p.m Applying the 70/8 Rule 1. 2. 3. On the morning of Saturday the 6th, how many hours did the driver have available? On the morning of Tuesday the 9th,

how many hours did the driver have available? On the morning of Friday the 12th, how many hours does the driver have available? NATMI 2018 DATE DAY TOTAL HOURS ON DUTY AND DRIVING 1 MON

12 2 TUE 14 3 WED 15 4 THU 10

5 FRI 14 6 SAT 10 7 SUN 0

8 MON 9 9 TUE 12 10 WED 11 11

THU 0 12 FRI ? Duty Status Record Requirements NATMI 2018 100-Mile Radius Exemption Requirements: Time records must show start and finish times s

ile m 0 10 No more than 12 consecutive hours X Normal Work Reporting Location No more than 11 hours driving time 10 hours off between periods NATMI 2018 How Logs Are Falsified What Actually Happens

What Is Logged Drive 14 hours Log shows 11 hours driving Many hours on-duty Hours shown as off-duty or as less than actual Many drop-offs and side trips Trips not shown on log A number of short trips Log shows off-duty entire day Hours spent in yard work

Hours shown as off-duty or as less than actual One driver makes many trips in one day Two separate driver logs submitted for same day NATMI 2018 Supporting Evidence

Bills of lading Delivery receipts Fuel receipts Meal receipts Motel and lodging records Dispatch records Accident reports Daily vehicle inspection reports Payroll records Lease agreements Time worked reports Per diem payments

Mileage report Daily trip sheet reports Road-side inspection reports Leased operator statements to the motor carrier Ports of entry inspections C.O.D receipts Special permits for over-weight / over-length / over-height loads Unloading stop-off reports NATMI 2018

Lease inspection reports Charges for demurrage and other accessorial services Pick-up orders Temperature control records or other in-trip record or inspections, etc. GPS records Canadian Hours of Service 2013 North American

Transportation Management Institute - CA The Big changes to the HOS Rules are: 1. Increase minimum daily off-duty time by 25% (8hrs to 10hrs) 2. Reduce daily on-duty time by 13% (16 hrs to 14 hrs) 3. Reduce daily driving time by 18% (16 hrs to 13 hrs) 4.

Eliminate the 4 Hour Sleep Reduction(once-a-week) 5. Restrict drivers work shift to 16 hours (Tour of Duty) 6. Requirement for driver to elect a cycle (no more switching) 7. Standards for sleeper berths (split times, design, construction) 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 36

The Big changes to the HOS Rules are: 8. Mandatory 24-hour off-duty period in 14 days (regardless of onduty accumulation) 9. Allowing drivers to use a CMV for personal use (75km restriction) 10. Shared responsibility for compliance (carrier, driver, dispatch, shipper, consultant) 11. New powers for enforcement officers - out-of-service orders up to 72 hours 2013 North American

Transportation Management Institute - CA 37 Comparison Old vs. New HOS Old Regulations Regulations - 2007 15 Hours On Duty 14 Hours On Duty 13 Hours Driving 13 Hours Driving 8 Hours Off Duty/Sleeper

10 Hours Off Duty/Sleeper 3 cycles 60/7, 70/8, 120/14 2 Cycles 70/7, 120/14 No Switching 2 Cycle Resets 36 & 72 No Cycle Reset 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 38 Canadian Hours of Service Every Log sheet must contain the following information: Drivers complete name PRINTED

Proper name and complete address of Carrier Principal Place of Business Complete Home Terminal Address if different than principal Place of Business Signature of driver Co-drivers name printed if driving team License plate or unit # of truck (Quebec requires plate #) License plate or unit # trailer (s) (Quebec requires plate #) Date in full Month, Day and Year Elected Cycle 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 39 Canadian Hours of Service

Starting odometer Total distance driven by you for the day Total distance driven for the day (Team) The time spent in each duty status for the day (graph grid) The total time spent in each duty status during the day (daily re-cap) Location of each change of duty status. Closest city or town and province or state abbreviation Personal use of CMV Starting and ending Odometer Daily Deferral Day 1 or 2

A hand written log must be made in duplicate 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 40 Motor Carrier:____________________ Truck plate/unit # ___________________ Trailer plate/unit __________________ Day ______ Month __________ Year _______ Principle Place of Business:__________________

Trailer plate/unit # ___________________ Trailer plate/unit __________________ Home Terminal Address:___________________ Cycle (1) 70/7 ______ 120/14______ Odometer finish: _______________ km / mile Odometer start: ______________ km / mile Cycle (2) Total mileage: _____________ km / mile Use Local Time Standard at Home Terminal

DUTY STATUS Total Hours Midnight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10 11 Midnight 1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Noon 1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 1. Off Duty 2. Sleeper Berth 3. Driving 4. On Duty (not driving) 12 Noon Total Hours REMARKS Shipper Name: _________________________________

Commodity: _________________________________ Personal Use Odometer start:___________ end: ___________ Name and Signature Driver (Certified True and Correct) Print:_______________________ Sign: _______________________________ Daily Deferral Day # ___________ Name of co-driver: ___________________________________________________ 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA B/L #: _________________________________ 41

Canadian Hours of Service In Canada you are permitted to: Drive for 13 hours in a day Be on duty for 14 hours in a day Must take 10 hours in the sleeper berth or off duty every day (8 must be consecutive and the other 2 in increments of 30min or more) Work shift is limited to 16 hours in a day 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 42 Understanding the 14 and 16 hour rules Maximum On-duty time in a day is 14 hours

Maximum length of work shift in a day is 16 hours. Although maximum on duty time in a Day is 14 hours; drivers can extend their work shift to 16 hours only by taking off-duty breaks which are greater than or equal to 30 minutes up to 2 hours maximum. In essence you can stop the on duty clock. 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 43 Understanding the 14 & 16 hour rules Drivers: At the start of the day, a driver should count 16 hours forward. This is the time that the driver must go off duty. E.g.: If a driver starts the work shift at 2 a.m., that driver must finish the work shift no later than 6 p.m. During this 16 hour period drivers are restricted to: 13 hours driving and a maximum of

14 hours on duty, but: Driver can take 2 hours off duty to make the total shift 16 hours as long as the 2 hours are taken in increments of 30 minutes or more. Less than 30 minutes off-duty will not stop the clock 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 44 Understanding the 14 & 16 hour rules DAY 8 consecutive hours off duty, prior to midnight. 8 consecutive hours off duty rolls over to next day

10 0 13 1 Shift Reset 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA Work Shift 16 hours Driving time 13 hours No driving after 14 hours on-duty End 45

Daily Deferral You may defer the 2 other hours of off duty to the following day certain conditions apply: The off duty time deferred is not part of the mandatory 8 consecutive hours of off duty time; The total off duty time taken in the 2 days is at least 20 hours The off duty time deferred is added to the 8 consecutive hours of off duty time taken in the 2nd day. The total driving time in the 2 days does not exceed 26 hours; and There is a declaration in the Remarks section of the daily log that states that the driver is deferring off-duty time under this section and that clearly indicates whether the driver is driving under day one or day two of that time. 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 46

8 Hours consecutive Off Day 1 0 8 8 13 2 1 15 1 Remarks: Daily deferral taken Day 1

Day 2 10 Hours consecutive Off 8+2 day 1 0 12 8+2 = 10 2 5 6 11 1 1

Remarks: Daily deferral made up Day 2 Work Shift Day 1 13 Hours Driving time (13) Work Shift Day 2 14 Hours On Duty (13+1) 13 Hours Driving Time (13) 16 Hours Elapsed time (14) 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 14 Hours On Duty (7+1+6=14) 16 Hours Elapsed time (16)

47 Split Sleeper Berth Provision Drivers may split their sleeper berth time if their vehicle is fitted with a sleeper berth A sleeper berth must meet prescribed standards specified in Schedule 1 Driver cannot stretch across the seats and call it a sleeper berth. It must be constructed as a sleeper with a mattress 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 48 Split Sleeper Berth Provision For single drivers splitting their sleeper berth time: they can only use 2 time periods, neither of which can be less than 2 hours; and

The total of those 2 periods must be 10 hours; and The off duty time is spent in the sleeper berth; and The total of the driving time in the periods immediately before and after each sleeper berth period does not exceed 13 hours; and The elapsed time in the periods immediately before and after each of the periods of off-duty time does not include any driving after the 16th hour after the driver comes on duty. 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 49 Split Sleeper Berth Provision Continued None of the daily off-duty time can be deferred to the next day The total of the on duty time in the periods immediately before and after each of the periods of off-duty time does not include

any driving time after the 14th hour The 16th hour is calculated by excluding any period spent in the sleeper berth that is 2 hours or more in duration and that when added to a subsequent period in the sleeper berth totals at least 10 hours 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 50 Split Sleeper Berth Provision Continued Team drivers who split their sleeper berth time must follow different guidelines. Sleeper berth minimum for teams is: 4 hours Total Sleeper berth period for teams is: 8 hours They must still take an additional 2 hours off duty to meet the 10

hour off duty daily requirement 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 51 Sleeper Berth (Single Driver) 3 + 7 = 10 hours Off-duty 10 Driving 13 No driving after 14 hours On-duty Driving < 13 No Driving after 14 hours On-Duty

No Driving after 16th hour since last sleeper period 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 52 Sleeper Berth (Team Driver) 4 + 4 = 8 hours 2 8 12 2 Driving < 13 No Driving after 14 hours On-Duty No Driving after 16th hour since last sleeper period 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute

- CA 53 The Cycles Only two cycles A driver must elect one and show which cycle on log book Cycle 1: 70 hours/7 days, Cycle 2: 120 hours/14 days and driver must take 24 consecutive hours off-duty prior to 70th hour Cycle switching only allowed after completing required off-duty period Cycle 1: 36 hours Cycle 2: 72 hours 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 54

Mandatory 24 Hours Off Duty Regardless of which cycle a driver is on they must take a Mandatory 24 hours off duty every 14 days. In other words they must take the 14th day off duty if they have been on duty for 13 days. 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 55 Local Drivers Are exempt from completing a log book if the following apply: Operates CMV within 160 km radius of their home terminal and Returns to home terminal each day to begin an 8 hour off-duty period; and Carrier maintains accurate and legible records for each day indicating; hour at which each duty status begins & ends:

total hours spent in each status; elected cycle; and records kept for 6 months; and not subject to an HOS permit 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 56 On-duty Status Records 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 57 Personal Use of a CMV

A driver may use a CMV for personal use provided they follow these guidelines: CMV is unloaded Not towing a trailer (bobtail) Not under direction of the carrier (bobtail to pick up an empty would be driving) Maximum of 75 km/day Odometer readings are recorded Driver is not subject of an OOS declaration 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 58 Previous 14 days Regardless of your cycle you must keep a copy of the previous 14 days logs with you at all times. Must also carry supporting documents for current trip (document

or information recorded or stored by any means required by a director or inspector to assess compliance with these Regulations.) 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 59 Canadian Hours of Service If you have a sleeper berth you may split your 10 hours however certain conditions apply as follows for single drivers only: Total sleeper berth time for both periods must amount to a minimum of 10 hours There can be no more than 2 periods counted towards the 10 hours In order to count towards your 10 hours a period can be no less than 2 hours Total driving time on both sides of the counted sleeper berth period

cannot exceed 13 hours. You cannot use the daily deferral option 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 60 13-Hour Rule Example 1 10 .5 13 .5 24 VIOLATION: 2013 North American

Transportation Management Institute - CA No START: 61 13-Hour Rule Example 2 9 0 14 .5 24 VIOLATION: 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute

- CA Yes START: 10:30pm 62 14 16 Hour Rule Example 1 .5 8 12.5 3 24 VIOLATION: 2013 North American

Transportation Management Institute - CA Yes START: 10:30pm 63 14 16 Hour Rule Example 2 10 0 13 1 24 VIOLATION:

2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA NO 64 USDOT Requirements and Recommended Best Practices Driver Qualification File supplemental records: Employee record card Notice to drivers/certificate of compliance I-9 immigration form SIN starts with 9 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA

65 Inquiries to Past Employers - 391.23 Past drug & alcohol testing results requirement changed from 2 years to 3 years Within 30 days, employer must investigate drivers employment record for previous 3 years Previous employers must respond within 30 days NATMI 2018 Driver Investigation History File 391.53 Carriers must maintain records on investigation into safety performance history of a new or prospective driver Limited access to those involved in hiring Can only be used in hiring process NATMI 2018 Driver Investigation History File Contd

File must include: Drivers written authorization to seek information on alcohol/controlled substances history Copy of responses received for investigations from previous employers History info must be retained for as long as you employ the driver and 3 years thereafter File must be available to FMCSA or authorized state officials or authorized third party NATMI 2018 Acceptable Road Test Equivalents In place of a road test, carrier may accept: Valid commercial drivers license, if State administered prior road test (except doubles/triples trailer or tank endorsement) Road test certificate issued to driver within previous 3 years NATMI 2018

Part 382 Testing Requirements Pre-employment (drugs only) Post-accident Random Reasonable suspicion Return to duty Follow-up NATMI 2018 Pre-Employment Testing Requirements Test prior to performing safety sensitive functions Negative report from MRO must be received Exemption available by obtaining test results from previous employer: if driver was in a random pool within past 30 days AND if driver was: tested in previous 6 months OR

in a random program for the past year NATMI 2018 Post-Accident Testing Requirements Required as soon as possible after: Fatality, OR Bodily injury AND the driver receives a citation for a moving violation, OR Disabling damage requiring tow away AND driver receives a citation for a moving traffic violation NATMI 2018 Post-Accident Testing Requirements Alcohol: Test within 2 hours of accident After 8 hours, cease test attempts

Drugs: After 32 hours, cease test attempts If no test administered, document why Federal or State test results may be used NATMI 2018 Drug and Alcohol: Errors on Records NATMI 2018 Situations Requiring Accident Register Entries A fatality Bodily injury to a person who immediately receives medical treatment away from scene One or more vehicles incurs disabling damage and must be towed away NATMI 2018

Required Accident Register Information Date of accident City or town in which (or most near) accident occurred State in which accident occurred Driver name Number of injuries and fatalities Whether hazardous materials were released NATMI 2018 Importance of Vehicle Maintenance Record Safety Safety rating Customer satisfaction NATMI 2018

Inspection and Maintenance Recordkeeping Problems Drivers Daily Inspection Report Mistakes Sometimes drivers skip those items that require getting under the truck or behind the wheels Power unit - service brakes, suspension, wheels/rims/lugs, brakes Towed unit - suspension, tires, brakes Mechanics Annual Inspection Record Steering linkage Frame members NATMI 2018 Drivers Inspection Report NATMI 2018

Drivers Inspection Report 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 80 Drivers Inspection Report 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 81 Inspection Criteria Schedule 2013 North American

Transportation Management Institute - CA 82 Inspection Criteria Schedule 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 83 Inspection Criteria Schedule 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA

84 Record of Annual Inspection NATMI 2018 Record of Annual Inspection Cab Card 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA 86 CVSA Inspection Criteria 2013 North American Transportation Management Institute

- CA 87 Summary of US & CDN Record-Keeping Time Frame Requirements Record Duration US Drivers' Logs Vehicle Inspection Reports Annual Inspection Report Maintenance Records Positive D&A Tests Negative D&A Tests Driver Qualification Files (post employment)

2013 North American Transportation Management Institute - CA Canada 6 months 3 Months Same 6 months (if defect noted 2 yrs) 14 months 2 years 1 Year 2 years 5 Years Same 1

Year 3 Years Same 7 Years (post employment) 88 Questions NATMI 2018

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