# Enlarge each shape by the given scale factor.

Enlarge each shape by the given scale factor. Rectangle B, C, and D are each enlargements of A from the point marked at (10, 8). What is the scale factor for each enlargement? Write ratios for the following relationships. Width A : Width B Width B : Width C Width C : Width D Width A : Width C Width A : Width D

What is the same and what is different? How do these connect to scale factor? Shape A has been enlarged onto shape B. Ron The scale factor of enlargement is 2

Ron is incorrect. What mistake has he made? Write down the correct scale factor. What is the scale factor of enlargement from Shape A to Shape C? To find the centre of enlargement, I can join corresponding vertices on Shape A and Shape B with a straight line. The centre of enlargement is the intersection Annie point of these lines.

Discuss Annie's statement. Is she correct? Why? On a set of axes, draw rectangle A with coordinates (4, 2), (8, 2), (4, 4) and (8, 4). Enlarge this shape by scale factor , centre the origin. Label this rectangle B. Dora The ratio of sides A : B is 4 : 3

Whos right, Dora or Jack? Justify your answer. No, it isnt. The ratio is 3 : 4 Jack Shape A has been enlarged onto Shapes B, C, D and E. How do you think the scale factor will change when transforming Shape A to Shapes D and E?

Complete the table. Shape A enlarged onto: Shape B Shape C Shape D Shape E Scale Factor Whats the same and whats different about these transformations?

Reflect the shape in the vertical line. Then reflect the shape in the horizontal line. Enlarge by a scale factor of Abdul has enlarged shape A by a scale factor of 2 to make the image B. Explain and correct Abduls mistake. A

B Teddy creates a sequence of shapes. All the rectangles are similar because they have the same angles and the ratio from one to the next is 1 : 2 4 4 3 6

8 Teddy 8 12 6 Do you agree with Teddys statement? Which rectangles are similar? Justify your answer.

Explain how you know these shapes are similar. 50 20 10 25 Decide which shapes in each group are similar. Explain why you think they are or are not similar.

Find the missing information in the these pairs of similar shapes. Here are two similar triangles with a missing length. Compare the two methods. Why do they both work? The longest side is double the length of the smallest side, so the missing length must be

6 2 12 cm The ratio of sides is 4 : 6 so there is a scale factor of 1.5 The missing length must be 8 1.5 12 cm Triangle ABC is similar to FGH. B

H 11 cm F 36 cm 49 A 60 12 cm C G

Which length in triangle FGH corresponds to AB? Which angle in triangle FGH corresponds to BAC? Calculate the length AC. Use colour coding to identify all the equal angles. Use colour coding to identify vertically opposite, corresponding, alternate and co-interior angles. What are the relationships?

State whether each pair of angles are corresponding, alternate or co-interior angles. State what this tells you about the angles. Work out the missing angles. Hint: what other angles do you need to work out first? Which statements are true. Justify your answers. = =

+ =180 = In each diagram, show that the triangles are similar. In each diagram, is ABC similar to ADE? AE is parallel to CD. Work out the following: BDC

Length BD Draw the following shapes. Then enlarge each by scale factor 2 For each enlargement, how many times does each object fit into its corresponding image? Repeat the activity using a scale factor of 3 What does this tell you about the area of an enlarged shape compared to the area of the original shape? Complete the table.

Original shape Enlarged shape 10 cm 5 cm 6 cm 3 cm Area = ____ cm2

Area = ____ cm2 6 cm 4 cm 2 cm Area = ____ cm2 3 cm

Area = ____ cm2 6 cm 4 cm Area = ____ cm2 3 cm 2 cm Area = ____ cm2

Length Scale factor Area scale factor Shape A is similar to shape B. A 3 cm

B 6 cm Write down the length scale factor of enlargement from Shape A to Shape B. State the area scale factor of enlargement from Shape A to Shape B. The area of Shape A is 45 cm2. Find the area of Shape B? Shape C is similar to Shape A above. The area of Shape C is

281.25 cm2. Rosie is calculating the side length on Shape C which corresponds to the labelled 3 cm side length on Shape A. Complete her steps. Area scale factor: 281.25 45 = ____________. To find the length scale factor, I need to _____________ the area scale factor. The length scale factor is ___________. To find the side length on shape C which corresponds to the labelled 3 cm on shape A, I need to multiply 3 by my length scale factor: 3 ____ = _____ cm Explain how the written calculations match the diagrams. 3 7 5 105 cm3

6 14 10 327252 105 8 840 cm3 What is the length scale factor for these cuboids? What is the volume scale factor for these cuboids? Why? Complete: To find the volume scale factor, we can ______ the length scale factor. Complete the following table. Volume of

original cuboid Length Volume scale factor scale factor 12 cm3 3 25 m3

1.5 310 cm3 Volume of enlarged cuboid 33 343

5 8 375 cm3 Quadrilateral ABCD is similar to EFGH. Work out the length FG. Work out the length AD. SW is parallel to TV. Explain why TUV and SUW are similar triangles. Find SWV Length UV is 50 cm and length UW is 125 cm.

If length TV is 42 cm, what is the length SW? If length SU is 100 cm, what is the perimeter of triangle TUV? Triangle LMN is similar to PQN. The ratio of LN : NP is 3 : 1 If NP is 4 cm and PQ is 3.5 cm, what is the area of triangle LMN? Can you find another way to calculate the answer? M

N P L Q In pairs, discuss which shapes are similar to shape A, which are congruent to shape A, and which are neither similar or congruent. Label the similar shapes, S, and the congruent shapes C.

Complete the sentences. Triangle ABC and triangle _______ are congruent. Triangle ABC and triangle _______ are similar. Triangle ______ is neither similar nor congruent to triangle ABC. In pairs or groups, after constructing each triangle, discuss if the triangles are congruent or not. Construct a triangle which has one side 8 cm long and another 5 cm Construct a triangle which has the

following sides: 8 cm, 5 cm and 6 cm Construct a triangle with one side of length 5 cm, another of length 8 cm and an angle of between them. Construct a triangle which has one side of length 6.5 cm and angles of and at either end. Construct a triangle which

has the following angles: , and Construct a right-angled triangle with hypotenuse of length 10 cm and base of length 6 cm Which of the following triangles are congruent to triangle A? Justify your answers. Which two of the following triangles are congruent? Prove it.

In triangle ABC, AB = 5 cm, ABC = 40 and AC = 3 cm In triangle DEF, DE = 5 cm, DEF = 40 and EF = 3 cm In triangle GHI, GH = 5 cm, GHI = 40 and GI = 3 cm Q P PQRS is a parallelogram. Prove that triangle PRS is congruent to triangle RPQ. R

S A B C D E

AB and DE are parallel lines of equal length. Prove that ABC is congruent to EDC. LMNO is a rectangle. X is the mid-point of LM and Z is the mid-point of ON. Prove that triangle LXY and NZY are congruent. L

X M Y O Z N

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