LCF Climate Science Computational End Station Presented by

LCF Climate Science Computational End Station Presented by

LCF Climate Science Computational End Station Presented by James B. White III (Trey) Scientific Computing National Center for Computational Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory Lawrence Buja National Center for Atmospheric Research Objectives of the Climate Science Computational End Station

Predict future climate Based on scenarios of anthropogenic emissions Resulting from options in energy policies Deliver simulations that improve climate models Scientific basis Accuracy Fidelity Inform national science policy Thus contribute to DOE science mission

2 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Approach of the Climate Science Computational End Station Develop, maintain, and support the Community Climate System Model (CCSM) Execute high-priority simulations at LCF Outreach to research community Simulation products Analysis of model results CCSM workshop Champion and execute research program to deliver CCSM4 in three years

In time for next assessment by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 3 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 CCSM4 development objectives Document, understand, and correct biases and systematic errors Improve simulation of important quantities, like regional precipitation patterns Higher resolution in dynamics Higher fidelity in physical parameterizations Characterize dominant nonlinear dynamical mechanisms

Climate variability and abrupt transitions Ice and ocean processes with long timescales but small characteristic length scales Quantify nature and timing of biogeochemical feedbacks Atmosphere, ocean, and land Impacting global carbon cycle 4 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Unique value of the Climate Computational End Station Coordination of development and simulations Priority setting in climate-change research simulations

Sharing of software expertise Development of scalable solutions 5 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Roles within the Climate Science Computational End Station National Center for Atmospheric Research Higher-resolution atmosphere models Improved physical processes that remove biases Climate-change studies Los Alamos National Laboratory Increased resolution of ocean and sea-ice models

High-resolution coupled experiments Ocean biogeochemistry models Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Comparison and validation of new models Scaled, distributed analysis infrastructure Development and testing of high-resolution atmosphere models 6 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Roles within the Climate Science Computational End Station Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Downscaling to investigate regional water resources

Embedded cloud-resolving models Physically based replacements for cloud parameterizations NASA Goddard Space Flight Center New observations and measurements to evaluate models Advanced data-assimilation technologies Improvements for policy formulation and impact planning Oak Ridge National Laboratory Software integration Coupled carbon-cycle simulation Biogeochemistry feedbacks Additional experiments by university partners

7 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 CCSM development (Peter Gent) Three 100-year control runs of new CCSM 3.5 Tuned snow albedos for best simulation of Arctic sea ice Much-improved El Nino / Southern Oscillation Critical-path development of CCSM4 for the IPCC AR5 8 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Dynamic-ecosystem feedback simulation (Hoffman) Tests of ocean advection schemes on ecosystem tracers

Spin up of terrestrial carbon in CLM-CASA and CLM-CN for Carbon Land Model Intercomparison Project Courtesy of Jamison Daniel, ORNL 9 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Regional downscaling Goal: Improve simulation and surface hydrology in regions of complex orography Simulations of orographic effects on western United States Regional simulation with Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model Subgrid parameterization with global Community

Atmosphere Model (CAM) 10 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Regional downscaling WRF Subgrid CAM Surface temperature 11 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07

Precipitation Snowpack Resolution studies Fully coupled simulations at T170 resolution (versus T85 for last IPCC) Improved simulation of tropical cyclones and transients Better input for regional models 12 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 High-resolution ocean Several simulated years

of spinup at 0.1 resolution Resolve inconsistency in surface forcing Tested new modules Lagrangian particles High-frequency time-series output Passive-tracer transport 13 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Courtesy of Jamison Daniel, ORNL

Emissions-reduction scenarios 450 ppm CO2 case First of a series of Climate Change Science Program scenarios examining alternative future energy and emissions reduction pathways 450 ppm IPCC commitment B1 A1B A2

14 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07 Contact James B. White III (Trey) Scientific Computing National Center for Computational Sciences (865) 241-2103 [email protected] 15 White_LCFClimateSci_SC07

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